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Halima Albalushi, Magdalena Kurek, Leif Karlsson, Luise Landreh, Kristín Rós Kjartansdóttir, Olle Söder, Outi Hovatta, Jan-Bernd Stukenborg
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells represent an important tool to study early cell development. The previously described use of human recombinant laminin (LN) 521 represented a step forward in generating clinically safe culture conditions. To test the short-term effect of LN521 on cultured hES cells, five male hES cell lines were cultured on human foreskin fibroblasts (hFFs), Matrigel, LN521, and LN121 and characterized by qPCR, immunofluorescence analysis, as well as their potential for three-germ layer differentiation...
2018: Stem Cells International
Monica Currò, Tiziana Russo, Nadia Ferlazzo, Daniela Caccamo, Pietro Antonuccio, Salvatore Arena, Saveria Parisi, Patrizia Perrone, Riccardo Ientile, Carmelo Romeo, Pietro Impellizzeri
Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder, considered the male genital variant of lichen sclerosus. Anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used in BXO. We evaluated the effects of an innovative formulation of ozonated olive oil with vitamin E acetate (OZOILE® ) on the inflammatory status and tissue remodeling in male children with BXO. The mRNA transcripts of proteins involved either in inflammation or in dynamics of tissue regeneration were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR, in foreskins affected by BXO removed from patients untreated or treated with OZOILE® cream for 7 days before circumcision...
March 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wasco Wruck, James Adjaye
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) provide a defined and renewable source of cells for drug screening, toxicology and regenerative medicine. We previously reprogrammed human fetal foreskin fibroblast cells (HFF1) into iPSCs employing an episomal plasmid-based integration-free approach, this iPSC-line and the hESC lines H1 and H9 were used to model hepatogenesis in vitro. Biochemical characterisation confirmed glycogen storage, ICG uptake and release, urea and bile acid production, as well as CYP3A4 activity...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Data
Wenquan Liu, Liyang Huang, Qimei Wei, Yu Zhang, Shengnan Zhang, Wenting Zhang, Liya Cai, Shaohui Liang
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that can infect mammalian cells and thereby regulate host gene expression. The long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to be an important class of RNA molecules that regulate many biological processes, including host-pathogen interactions. However, the role of host lncRNAs in the response to T. gondii infection remains largely unknown. METHODS: We applied a microarray approach to determine the differential expression profiles of both lncRNAs and mRNAs in the human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cells after T...
March 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Karen E Hayes, Jamie A Barr, Mingyi Xie, Joan A Steitz, Ivan Martinez
Cellular quiescence (also known as G0 arrest) is characterized by reduced DNA replication, increased autophagy, and increased expression of cyclin-dependent kinase p27Kip1 . Quiescence is essential for wound healing, organ regeneration, and preventing neoplasia. Previous findings indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating cellular quiescence. Our recent publication demonstrated the existence of an alternative miRNA biogenesis pathway in primary human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cells during quiescence...
February 5, 2018: Bio-protocol
Xin Wang, Chuanan Shen, Zhe Li, Shengbo Xu, Dawei Li
Cultured keratinocytes play important roles in burn wound healing and scientific research studies. We aimed to modify the isolation method to avoid over-digestion, maximize the number of isolated epidermal cells and establish a more efficient and innocuous way of cell isolation. Compared to the conventional method, the modified method combines the more dynamic process of enzymatic digestion with multiple harvestings of dissociated cells via digestion. The cells from each harvesting were immediately re-suspended in culture medium with serum to avoid extended trypsinization and then pooled for further analysis...
March 8, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
JiaLi Xu, YaDong Feng, GuoXin Song, QiXing Gong, Li Yin, YingYing Hu, Dan Luo, ZhiQiang Yin
Background: Topical calcineurin inhibitors including tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are used in the treatment of many inflammatory skin diseases mainly via blocking T-cell proliferation. Our previous studies found that pimecrolimus 1% cream could reverse high-dose ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation-induced epidermal Langerhans cell (LC) reduction via inhibition of LC migration. We conducted this study to investigate the effects of topical tacrolimus 0.03% ointment on high-dose UVB-irradiated human epidermal LCs. Methods: Twenty fresh human foreskin tissues were randomly divided into four groups as follows: Control , Tacrolimus (0...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Pieter Cools, Mahtab Asadian, Wannes Nicolaus, Heidi Declercq, Rino Morent, Nathalie De Geyter
This work describes the surface modification of 300PEO-PEOT/PBT 55/45 thin films using a medium pressure dielectric barrier discharge system operated in argon, helium, nitrogen or dry air to improve cell-surface interactions of this established biomaterial. The first part of the paper describes the optimization of the plasma processing parameters using water contact angle goniometry. The optimized samples are then characterized for changes in surface topography and surface chemical composition using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XPS) respectively...
March 7, 2018: Materials
Ana Artero Castro, Marian León, Verónica Del Buey Furió, Slaven Erceg, Dunja Lukovic
The human iPSC cell line, derived from foreskin fibroblasts was generated by non-integrative, non-viral reprogramming technology using OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, LIN28, c-MYC mRNAs.
February 20, 2018: Stem Cell Research
Angela Burleigh, Joseph M Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Ming-Hong Yen, Ching-I Huang, Min-Sheng Lee, Ya-Ping Cheng, Chia Jung Hsieh, Lien-Chai Chiang, Jung-San Chang
Artemisia capillaris (A. capillaris) is a common herbal drug used for thousands years in ancient China. A. capillaris has been empirically used to manage hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD), which is commonly caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71). EV71 can cause meningoencephalitis with mortality and neurologic sequelae without effective management. It is presently unknown whether A. capillaris is effective against EV71 infection. To test the hypothesis that it could protect cells from EV71-induced injury, a hot water extract of A...
March 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Giuseppe La Pera, Francesco De Luca, Attilio Guerani, Alessandro Palmieri, Giorgio Franco
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of andrological abnormalities, such as phimosis and foreskin sliding abnormalities among male adolescents, and if these might interfere with sexuality, leading to a later onset of sexual experiences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between April and May 2015 a prevention campaign in andrology was conducted in an area surrounding Rome, Ostia and the Ladispoli area, among 15-19 year-old students...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Chrysovalantou Faniku, Erin O'Shaughnessy, Claire Lorraine, Scott R Johnstone, Annette Graham, Sebastian Greenhough, Patricia E M Martin
In the epidermis, remodelling of Connexin43 is a key event in wound closure. However, controversy between the role of connexin channel and non-channel functions exist. We compared the impact of SiRNA targeted to Connexin43 and the connexin mimetic peptide Gap27 on scrape wound closure rates and hemichannel signalling in adult keratinocytes (AK) and fibroblasts sourced from juvenile foreskin (JFF), human neonatal fibroblasts (HNDF) and adult dermal tissue (ADF). The impact of these agents, following 24 h exposure, on GJA1 (encoding Connexin43), Ki67 and TGF-β1 gene expression, and Connexin43 and pSmad3 protein expression levels, were examined by qPCR and Western Blot respectively...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Erick Okello, Valentine Pengo, Betha Ochomo, Mary Emmaculate Auma, Simon Were, Stella Ojuok, Evelyne Adoyo, Mildred Adhiambo, Marisa R Young, Rebeca M Plank, Fredrick O Otieno
BACKGROUND: As countries scale up adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, they are looking ahead to long term sustainable strategies, including introduction of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). Although a number of devices for EIMC are prequalified by the World Health Organization, evaluation of additional devices can provide policy-makers and clinicians the information required to make informed decisions. We undertook a field evaluation of the safety and acceptability of the AccuCirc device in Kisumu County, Kenya...
2018: PloS One
Shiao-Pieng Lee, Chen-Yu Kao, Shun-Cheng Chang, Yi-Lin Chiu, Yen-Ju Chen, Ming-Hsing G Chen, Chun-Chia Chang, Yu-Wen Lin, Chien-Ping Chiang, Jehng-Kang Wang, Chen-Yong Lin, Michael D Johnson
The membrane-bound serine proteases prostasin and matriptase and the Kunitz-type protease inhibitors HAI-1 and HAI-2 are all expressed in human skin and may form a tightly regulated proteolysis network, contributing to skin pathophysiology. Evidence from other systems, however, suggests that the relationship between matriptase and prostasin and between the proteases and the inhibitors can be context-dependent. In this study the in vivo zymogen activation and protease inhibition status of matriptase and prostasin were investigated in the human skin...
2018: PloS One
Elijah Odoyo-June, Kawango Agot, Edward Mboya, Jonathan Grund, Paul Musingila, Donath Emusu, Leonard Soo, Boaz Otieno-Nyunya
BACKGROUND: Self-reported male circumcision (MC) status is widely used to estimate community prevalence of circumcision, although its accuracy varies in different settings depending on the extent of misreporting. Despite this challenge, self-reported MC status remains essential because it is the most feasible method of collecting MC status data in community surveys. Therefore, its accuracy is an important determinant of the reliability of MC prevalence estimates based on such surveys...
2018: PloS One
Qianjiang Hu, Camilla Luni, Nicola Elvassore
Cell secretome, the complex set of proteins that are secreted by the cells, is a fundamental mechanism of cell-cell communication both in vitro and in vivo. In vivo, the analysis of proteins secreted into body fluids can bring to the identification of biomarkers for important physiopathological conditions. However, due to the complexity of the protein content of body fluids, a better understanding of the secreted proteins by different cell types is highly desirable and can be performed in vitro for dissection...
February 6, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yan-Ping Hou, Zhi-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Yu Xing, Jin Zhou, Jie Sun
The reprogramming of fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells raises the possibility that a somatic cell can be reprogrammed to an alternative, differentiated fate without first becoming a stem/progenitor cell. Recent work has shown that fibroblasts can be reprogrammed to other, terminally differentiated cells with a combination of several transcription factors. Here, we report that a combination of four developmental transcription factors; GATA4, SF-1, NGFI-B, and COUP TF2; efficiently reprogrammed human foreskin fibroblasts into functional induced Leydig-like cells (iLCs)...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Fang Fang, Zili Li, Qian Zhao, Zhen Ye, Kai Zhao, Xiuli Gu, Shiliang Shen, Renee A Reijo Pera, Chengliang Xiong
Human fibroblasts were isolated from foreskin of a clinically diagnosed 40-year old patient with idiopathic infertility. The fibroblasts were reprogrammed with the Yamanaka KOSM transcriptional factors using the retroviral vectors. The obtained induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line showed pluripotency verified by the expression of pluripotency markers, NANOG, SOX2, OCT4, TRA-1-60, and SSEA-4. And the iPSC line was demonstrated to have the three germ layers differentiation capacity in vivo by teratoma assay...
January 27, 2018: Stem Cell Research
Adarsh S Manjunath, Matthias D Hofer
Urologic emergencies can involve the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, penis, scrotum, or testicles. History and physical examination are essential to diagnosis, whereas imaging is increasingly used to confirm diagnoses. Acute urinary retention should be relieved with Foley placement. Penile emergencies include paraphimosis, which can be treated by foreskin reduction, whereas penile fracture and priapism require urologic intervention. Fournier gangrene and testicular torsion are scrotal emergencies requiring emergent surgery...
March 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
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