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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190527/assessing-quality-of-life-in-diabetes-ii-deconstructing-measures-into-a-simple-framework
#1
REVIEW
Tricia S Tang, Fardowsa L A Yusuf, William H Polonsky, Lawrence Fisher
A growing number of instruments measuring diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have been identified in previous systematic reviews, the most recent being published in 2008. The purpose of this paper is report on an updated systematic review of diabetes-specific HRQOL measures highlighting the time period 2006-2016; to deconstruct existing diabetes-specific HRQOL measures into a simple framework for evaluating the goodness-of-fit between specific research needs and instrument characteristics; and to present core characteristics of measures not yet reported in other reviews to further facilitate scale selection...
October 26, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186509/hydroxychloroquine-retinopathy-an-emerging-problem
#2
M Latasiewicz, H Gourier, I H Yusuf, R Luqmani, S M Sharma, S M Downes
PurposeThe aim of this case series is to raise awareness of the emerging issue of serious retinal damage caused by the prolonged use of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and the importance of adequate and appropriate monitoring of visual function during treatment.Patient and methodsThis is a small retrospective case series of 3 patients on long-term HCQ who developed serious symptomatic retinal toxicity confirmed on imaging and functional testing.ResultsAll 3 patients were treated with HCQ for over 15 years; two for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the third for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
February 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183036/which-one-is-more-effective-for-analgesia-in-infratentorial-craniotomy-the-scalp-block-or-local-anesthetic-infiltration
#3
Eren Fatma Akcil, Ozlem Korkmaz Dilmen, Hayriye Vehid, Lutfiye Serap Ibısoglu, Yusuf Tunali
OBJECTIVES: The most painful stages of craniotomy are the placement of the pin head holder and the skin incision. The primary aim of the present study is to compare the effects of the scalp block and the local anesthetic infiltration with bupivacaine 0.5% on the hemodynamic response during the pin head holder application and the skin incision in infratentorial craniotomies. The secondary aims are the effects on pain scores and morphine consumption during the postoperative 24h. METHODS: This prospective, randomized and placebo controlled study included forty seven patients (ASA I, II and III)...
January 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174104/new-1-4-dihydro-1-8-naphthyridine-derivatives-as-dna-gyrase-inhibitors
#4
Hülya Karaca Gençer, Serkan Levent, Ulviye Acar Çevik, Yusuf Özkay, Sinem Ilgın
Owing to the growing need for novel antibacterial agents, we synthesized a novel series of fluoroquinolones including 7-substituted-1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-6-fluoro-4-oxo-1,4-dihydro[1,8]naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acid derivatives, which were tested against clinically relevant Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were identified using spectroscopic methods. In vitro antimicrobial effects of the compounds were determined via microdilution assay. Microbiological examination revealed that compounds 13 and 14 possess a good antibacterial profile...
January 26, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116279/bilateral-femoral-fracture-in-a-newborn-with-myelomeningocele-at-cesarean-section-a-case-report
#5
Yusuf Erdem, Serkan Akpancar, M Hanifi Gemci
INTRODUCTION: Femur fractures as a result of birth trauma can still occur during the C/S, in spite of recent developments of surgical and anesthetic techniques. In this study, we aimed to present a rare case of a newborn with myelomeningocele who delivered by cesarean section due to breech presentation and sustained bilateral fracture of femoral shaft. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2690 g female newborn with myelomeningocele sustained bilateral femoral shaft fractures during cesarean section...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107922/-rough-guide-evanescent-wave-optrode-for-colorimetric-metalloporphyrine-sensors
#6
Abraham Kirwa Tuwei, Nicholas H Williams, Mohammad Yusuf Mulla, Corrado Di Natale, Roberto Paolesse, Martin Grell
When films of zinc 5-(4-carboxyphenyl),10,15,20-triphenyl porphyrin (ZnTPP) are exposed to waterborne amine in pH- neutral or alkaline media, both Q- band and Soret band respond with a change of absorbance due to the donation of amine 'lone pair' electrons to the metalloprophyrin π orbital. However, this is difficult to reveal with a conventional spectrometer even under high amine concentration. We therefore introduce optical fibres coated with ZnTPP into a bespoke 'light balance' evanescent wave absorbance meter [doi:10...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104186/effects-of-bidi-smoking-on-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiorespiratory-outcomes-in-men-from-south-asia-an-observational-community-based-substudy-of-the-prospective-urban-rural-epidemiology-study-pure
#7
MyLinh Duong, Sumathy Rangarajan, Xiaohe Zhang, Kieran Killian, Prem Mony, Sumathi Swaminathan, Ankalmadagu Venkatsubbareddy Bharathi, Sanjeev Nair, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Indu Mohan, Rajeev Gupta, Deepa Mohan, Shanthi Rani, Viswanathan Mohan, Romaina Iqbal, Khawar Kazmi, Omar Rahman, Rita Yusuf, Lakshmi Venkata Maha Pinnaka, Rajesh Kumar, Paul O'Byrne, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Bidis are minimally regulated, inexpensive, hand-rolled tobacco products smoked in south Asia. We examined the effects of bidi smoking on baseline respiratory impairment, and prospectively collected data for all-cause mortality and cardiorespiratory events in men from this region. METHODS: This substudy of the international, community-based Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study was done in seven centres in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099740/association-of-previous-severe-low-birth-weight-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-a-subsequent-pregnancy-among-hiv-prevalent-urban-african-women
#8
Marcela C Smid, Yusuf Ahmed, Marie C D Stoner, Bellington Vwalika, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between severity of prior low birth weight (LBW) delivery and adverse perinatal outcomes in the subsequent delivery among an HIV-prevalent urban African population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 41 109 women who had undergone two deliveries in Lusaka, Zambia, between February 1, 2006, and May 31, 2013. The relationship between prior LBW delivery (<2500 g) and a composite measure of adverse perinatal outcome in the second pregnancy was assessed using multivariate logistic regression...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099725/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-lusaka-zambia-2008-2012
#9
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C D Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G Tshuma, Somwe W Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Benjamin H Chi
OBJECTIVE: To measure key obstetric and neonatal outcomes recorded at a tertiary hospital in Zambia over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among women who had delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012. Data were extracted from electronic medical records. The main outcomes were maternal mortality, cesarean delivery, prenatal or intrapartum hemorrhage, stillbirth, a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079658/normal-tension-glaucoma-and-low-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure
#10
Imran H Yusuf, Gokularaj Ratnarajan, Richard S Kerr, John F Salmon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069729/systematic-review-on-the-predictive-ability-of-frailty-assessment-measures-in-cardiac-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Yusuf S Abdullahi, Leonidas V Athanasopoulos, Roberto P Casula, Marco Moscarelli, Mark Bagnall, Hutan Ashrafian, Thanos Athanasiou
OBJECTIVES: Patient frailty is increasingly recognised as contributing to adverse postoperative outcomes in cardiothoracic surgery. The goal of this review is to evaluate the predictive ability of frailty scoring systems and their limitations in risk assessment of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Frailty studies were identified by searching electronic databases. Studies in which the measuring instrument was defined as a multidimensional tool focusing on a population undergoing cardiac operations were included...
January 9, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067466/anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-integrated-screw-cages-intrinsic-load-generation-subsidence-and-torsional-stability
#12
Yusuf Assem, Matthew H Pelletier, Ralph J Mobbs, Kevin Phan, William R Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To perform a repeatable idealized in vitro model to evaluate the effects of key design features and integrated screw fixation on unloaded surface engagement, subsidence, and torsional stability. METHODS: We evaluated four different stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) cages with two, three, and four screw designs. Polyurethane (saw-bone) foam blocks were used to simulate the vertebral bone. Fuji Film was used to measure the contact footprint, average pressure, and load generated by fixating the cages with screws...
January 9, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027696/a-dose-volume-response-model-for-brain-metastases-treated-with-frameless-single-fraction-robotic-radiosurgery
#13
Mark J Amsbaugh, Mehran B Yusuf, Jeremy Gaskins, Anthony E Dragun, Neal Dunlap, Timothy Guan, Shiao Woo
: Purpose/Objective(s): To establish a dose-volume response relationship for brain metastases treated with single-fraction robotic stereotactic radiosurgery and identify predictors of local control. MATERIALS/METHODS: We reviewed a prospective institutional database of all patients treated for intact brain metastases with stereotactic radiosurgery alone using the CyberKnife robotic radiosurgery system from 2012 to 2015. Tumor response was determined based on Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors version 1...
January 1, 2016: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002151/use-of-biologic-therapy-in-racial-minorities-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-from-2-us-health-care-systems
#14
Gail S Kerr, Christopher Swearingen, Ted R Mikuls, Yusuf Yazici
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there is racial/ethnic disparity in the care of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), yet there are limited data regarding the impact of varied health care systems on treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim fo this study was to compare the frequencies of use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and biologic agents in racial minorities with RA in a single-payer and variable-access health systems. METHODS: Rheumatoid arthritis disease status was examined in the Ethnic Minority Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium (EMRAC) and Veterans Affairs Rheumatoid Arthritis Registry (VARA); frequencies of prednisone and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and biologic agent use at enrollment were documented...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993695/effects-of-orally-administered-augmentin-on-glutamate-transporter-1-cystine-glutamate-exchanger-expression-and-ethanol-intake-in-alcohol-preferring-rats
#15
Alqassem Y Hakami, Fahad S Alshehri, Yusuf S Althobaiti, Youssef Sari
Alcohol dependence is associated with deficits in glutamate uptake and impairment of glutamate homeostasis in different brain reward regions. Glutamate transporter subtype 1 (GLT-1), cystine-glutamate exchanger (xCT) and glutamate/aspartate transporter (GLAST) are one of the key players in regulating extracellular glutamate concentration in the brain. Parenteral treatment with ceftriaxone, β-lactam antibiotic, has been reported to attenuate ethanol consumption and reinstatement to cocaine-seeking behavior, in part, by restoring the expression of GLT-1 and xCT in mesocorticolimbic brain regions in rats...
March 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988011/improvement-of-n-phthaloylchitosan-based-gel-polymer-electrolyte-in-dye-sensitized-solar-cells-using-a-binary-salt-system
#16
S N F Yusuf, A D Azzahari, V Selvanathan, R Yahya, M A Careem, A K Arof
A binary salt system utilizing lithium iodide (LiI) as the auxiliary component has been introduced to the N-phthaloylchitosan (PhCh) based gel polymer electrolyte consisting of ethylene carbonate (EC), dimethylformamide (DMF), tetrapropylammonium iodide (TPAI), and iodine (I2) in order to improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) with efficiency of 6.36%, photocurrent density, JSC of 17.29mAcm(-2), open circuit voltage, VOC of 0.59V and fill factor, FF of 0.62. This efficiency value is an improvement from the 5...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959665/retrospective-analysis-of-the-safety-and-cost-implications-of-pediatric-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-at-a-single-center
#17
Gibran T Yusuf, Maria E Sellars, Annamaria Deganello, David O Cosgrove, Paul S Sidhu
OBJECTIVE: Because of concern over medical ionizing radiation exposure of children, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has generated interest as an inexpensive, ionizing radiation-free alternative to CT and MRI. CEUS has received approval for pediatric hepatic use but remains off-label for a range of other applications. The purposes of this study were to retrospectively analyze adverse incidents encountered in pediatric CEUS and to assess the financial benefits of reducing the number of CT and MRI examinations performed...
February 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956783/value-added-by-spirulina-platensis-in-two-different-diets-on-growth-performance-gut-microbiota-and-meat-quality-of-japanese-quails
#18
Mohamed S Yusuf, Marwa A Hassan, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Adel S El Nabtiti, Ali Meawad Ahmed, Sherief A Moawed, Ahmed Kamel El-Sayed, Hengmi Cui
AIM: The growth promoting effect of the blue-green filamentous alga Spirulina platensis (SP) was observed on meat type Japanese quail with antibiotic growth promoter alternative and immune enhancing power. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 180 Japanese quail chicks for 4 weeks to find out the effect of diet type (vegetarian protein diet [VPD] and fish meal protein diet [FMPD])- Spirulina dose interaction (1 or 2 g/kg diet) on growth performance, gut microbiota, and sensory meat quality of growing Japanese quails (1-5 weeks old)...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941107/malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-and-malaria-microscopy-for-guiding-malaria-treatment-of-uncomplicated-fevers-in-nigeria-and-prereferral-cases-in-3-african-countries
#19
Catherine O Falade, IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti, Mohamadou Siribié, Amidou Diarra, Luc Sermé, Chinenye Afonne, Oyindamola B Yusuf, Zakaria Gansane, Ayodele S Jegede, Jan Singlovic, Melba Gomes
BACKGROUND:  The World Health Organization recommends that malaria treatment be based on demonstration of the infecting Plasmodium parasite specie. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are recommended at community points of care because they are accurate and rapid. We report on parasitological results in a malaria study in selected rural communities in 3 African countries. METHODS:  In Nigeria, community health workers (CHWs) performed RDTs (SD-Bioline) and thick blood smears on all children suspected to have malaria...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941101/feasibility-of-malaria-diagnosis-and-management-in-burkina-faso-nigeria-and-uganda-a-community-based-observational-study
#20
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti, Mohamadou Siribié, Catherine O Falade, Luc Sermé, Andrew Balyeku, Chinenye Afonne, Armande K Sanou, Vanessa Kabarungi, Frederick O Oshiname, Zakaria Gansane, Josephine Kyaligonza, Ayodele S Jegede, Alfred B Tiono, Sodiomon B Sirima, Amidou Diarra, Oyindamola B Yusuf, Florence Fouque, Joëlle Castellani, Max Petzold, Jan Singlovic, Melba Gomes
BACKGROUND:  Malaria-endemic countries are encouraged to increase, expedite, and standardize care based on parasite diagnosis and treat confirmed malaria using oral artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) or rectal artesunate plus referral when patients are unable to take oral medication. METHODS:  In 172 villages in 3 African countries, trained community health workers (CHWs) assessed and diagnosed children aged between 6 months and 6 years using rapid histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2)-based diagnostic tests (RDTs)...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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