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Chronic elevated hemoglobin levels

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418911/elevated-serum-level-of-pancreatic-stone-protein-regenerating-protein-psp-reg-is-observed-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#1
Ling Li, Dongyu Jia, Rolf Graf, Jiayue Yang
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major complication of diabetes, and serves as an important cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The role of chronic inflammation in DKD is becoming widely accepted. Pancreatic stone protein/regenerating protein (PSP/reg) is a secretory protein, which is elevated in blood during infected conditions and organ failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum PSP/reg and DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). A total of 120 subjects which includes newly diagnosed T2DM patients, diabetes patients without DKD, DKD patients, as well as healthy controls were enrolled in this study...
March 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369140/serological-characteristics-of-autoimmune-pancreatitis-and-its-differential-diagnosis-from-pancreatic-cancer-by-using-a-combination-of-carbohydrate-antigen-19-9-globulin-eosinophils-and-hemoglobin
#2
Tianlian Yan, Yini Ke, Yi Chen, Chengfu Xu, Chaohui Yu, Youming Li
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a special type of chronic pancreatitis, which may be misdiagnosed as pancreatic carcinoma. This study aims to verify new biomarkers for AIP and propose a serological pattern to differentiate AIP from pancreatic adenocarcinoma with routinely performed tests. In this study, data of serum samples were collected and compared between 25 patients with AIP and 100 patients with pancreatic carcinoma. Receiver operating characteristic analysis and logistic regression was performed to evaluate the diagnostic effect of serum parameters in differentiating AIP from pancreatic carcinoma alone or in combination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359802/low-level-arsenite-exposures-suppress-the-development-of-bone-marrow-erythroid-progenitors-and-result-in-anemia-in-adult-male-mice
#3
Sebastian Medina, Huan Xu, Shu Chun Wang, Fredine T Lauer, Ke Jian Liu, Scott W Burchiel
Epidemiological studies report an association between chronic arsenic (As) exposure and anemia in men, and women who are predisposed to anemia. The purpose of these studies was to determine whether a 60 d drinking water exposure of adult male C57BL/6J mice to 0, 100, and 500ppb arsenite (As(+3)) results in anemia due to alterations in erythroid progenitor cell development in the bone marrow. Exposure to 500ppb As(+3) for 60 d resulted in a reduction of mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) levels, but did not significantly alter red blood cell (RBC) counts, hemoglobin (Hgb) levels, mean corpuscular Hgb concentrations (MCHC), or mean corpuscular volumes (MCV)...
March 27, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281237/adipokine-levels-versus-hepatic-histopathology-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#4
Rafael Bergesch D'Incao, Cristiane Valle Tovo, Vanessa Suñé Mattevi, Diego Olschowsky Borges, Jane Maria Ulbrich, Gabriela Perdomo Coral, Mauricio Jacques Ramos, Nelson Guardiola Meinhardt
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide prevalent disease and is an underlying factor of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It has been understood as a chronic inflammatory state, being associated with the production of adipokines. The aim of this study was to analyze the levels of adipokines in the serum, visceral, and subcutaneous fat and to compare them with hepatic histopathology in morbidly obese patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study, which analyzed the findings of liver biopsy in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and who had performed analysis of adipokines mRNA expression (adiponectin-ADIPOQ, leptin-LEP, and resistin-RETN) in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue and circulating adipokines in serum...
March 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223291/ctrp7-deletion-attenuates-obesity-linked-glucose-intolerance-adipose-tissue-inflammation-and-hepatic-stress
#5
Pia S Petersen, Xia Lei, Risa M Wolf, Susana Rodriguez, Stefanie Y Tan, Hannah C Little, Michael A Schweitzer, Thomas H Magnuson, Kimberley E Steele, G William Wong
Chronic low-grade inflammation and cellular stress are important contributors to obesity-linked metabolic dysfunction. Here, we uncover an immune-metabolic role for C1q/TNF-related protein 7 (CTRP7), a secretory protein of the C1q family with previously unknown function. In obese humans, circulating CTRP7 levels were markedly elevated and positively correlated with body mass index, glucose, insulin, insulin resistance index, hemoglobin A1c, and triglyceride levels. Expression of CTRP7 in liver was also significantly upregulated in obese humans and positively correlated with gluconeogenic genes...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218436/differentially-expressed-haptoglobin-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-type-2-diabetic-mellitus-in-hispanic-population
#6
Zhongwei Liu, Du Feng, Danshan Gu, Richard Zheng, Christina Esperat, Weimin Gao
Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurement is currently a primary tool for diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially for the assessment of chronic hyperglycemia. However, many studies reported the limitation of using HbA1c for T2DM diagnosis/prognosis, such as poor sensitivities, difficult standardization, and variable cut points across ethnic groups. Therefore, the aim of this study was to discover novel biomarkers associated with elevated HbA1c levels as complementary T2DM diagnostic tools...
February 20, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182041/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-determinants-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
M Manavalan, A Majumdar, K T Harichandra Kumar, P S Priyamvada
Health-related quality of life is an important, yet neglected aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care. We evaluated the quality of life and its determinants across CKD 3 to 5D using a kidney disease specific tool (Kidney Disease Quality of Life-SF™) in an underprivileged, predominantly rural population with high rates of illiteracy and unemployment. The scores of individual domains were summarized to three composite scores - physical composite summary (PCS), mental composite summary (MCS), and kidney disease component summary score (KDCS)(...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182038/study-of-anemia-in-nondialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-with-special-reference-to-serum-hepcidin
#8
H Goyal, S Mohanty, M Sharma, A Rani
We studied the role of serum hepcidin in anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a hospital-based cross-sectional study. Serum hepcidin, ferritin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were evaluated in patients of CKD. Hepcidin levels were increased in patients as compared to healthy adults. Hepcidin levels increased as CKD progressed through stage 3-5 (P trend = 0.015) but did not correlate with estimated glomerular filtration rate. Hepcidin correlated positively with ferritin (P < 0...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165154/predictors-of-treatment-efficacy-and-alt-non-normalization-with-sofosbuvir-ribavirin-therapy-for-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-2
#9
Takao Watanabe, Yoshio Tokumoto, Kouji Joko, Kojiro Michitaka, Norio Horiike, Yoshinori Tanaka, Fujimasa Tada, Yoshiyasu Kisaka, Seiji Nakanishi, Takashi Nonaka, Kazuhiko Yamauchi, Masashi Hirooka, Masanori Abe, Yoichi Hiasa
AIM: The tolerability and efficacy of sofosbuvir and ribavirin in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 were investigated under actual clinical conditions. METHODS: A total of 208 patients with chronic HCV genotype 2 infection were treated with sofosbuvir 400 mg and ribavirin (weight-based dosing) for 12 weeks. Treatment discontinuation and sustained virological response 12 (SVR12) were evaluated. Moreover, factors associated with SVR12, hemoglobin decreasing to less than 10 g/dL during treatment, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) non-normalization after treatment were evaluated...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157397/association-of-red-cell-distribution-width-with-noninfarct-related-artery-chronic-total-occlusion-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients
#10
Mikail Yarlioglues, Alparslan Kurtul
OBJECTIVE: The presence of chronic total occlusion (CTO) in noninfarct-related artery (non-IRA) is an independent predictor of mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We investigated whether red cell distribution width (RDW) levels are associated with presence of non-IRA-CTO in AMI (ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] and non-STEMI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 858) were categorized into three groups: single vessel disease, multivessel disease (MVD) without CTO and MVD with CTO...
February 3, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147377/case-report-acute-flair-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-pregnancy-is-still-a-major-problem
#11
Marijana Protic, Srdjan Markovic, Dino Tarabar
Although severe flare of ulcerative colitis (UC) is uncommon, it significantly increases the risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight and other adverse fetal outcomes. It is critical to optimize aggressive medical treatment with both mother and fetal health. Here, we present a case of a 30-year-old woman with a severe flare of UC at the 16th gestational week. The diagnosis of extensive UC was established 8 years ago. From the time she was diagnosed, she had 5 moderate flares successfully treated with oral and topical mesalamine...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142050/relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-elevated-glycated-hemoglobin-levels-in-health-checkups-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-japanese-participants
#12
Saigo Baba, Toru Takashima, Miki Hirota, Michihiro Kawashima, Etsuo Horikawa
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance has been associated with cytokines, including interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha soluble receptor, both of which are elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Few studies have investigated the relationship between pulmonary function tests using spirometry (PFT) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in Japanese participants. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between PFT in Japanese people who had health checkups and their FPG or HbA1c levels...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117618/association-between-abnormal-arterial-stiffness-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-people-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Masae Miyatani, S Mohammad Alavinia, Maggie Szeto, Cameron Moore, B Catharine Craven
Aims To describe the association between cardiovascular risk factors and abnormal arterial stiffness, defined by a carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity ≥ 10 m/s, in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods Ninety consenting adults with chronic SCI (C1-T10 ASIA Impairment Scale A-D) participated in this cross-sectional study. The cardiovascular risk factors considered included age, sex, duration of injury, neurological level of injury (C1-T1, tetraplegia; T2-T12, paraplegia), age at injury, impairment scale category, supine resting systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, leisure time physical activity, treated hypertension, treated hyperlipidemia, diabetes, lipid profiles, fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and C reactive protein...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116667/is-there-an-association-between-hemoglobin-a1c-and-deep-postoperative-infection-after-tka
#14
Jourdan M Cancienne, Brian C Werner, James A Browne
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial research into the use of glycemic markers to stratify infection risk in patients with diabetes mellitus, there is little evidence to support a perioperative hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level associated with an increased risk of deep postoperative infection after TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is there an association between perioperative HbA1c level in patients with diabetes and deep postoperative infection after primary TKA? (2) Is the perioperative HbA1c level in patients with diabetes a useful test as an independent predictor for postoperative infection after TKA? METHODS: We queried the PearlDiver Patient Records Database Humana dataset for patients who underwent primary TKA...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099381/daily-propranolol-administration-reduces-persistent-injury-associated-anemia-after-severe-trauma-and-chronic-stress
#15
Ines G Alamo, Kolenkode B Kannan, Letitia E Bible, Tyler J Loftus, Harry Ramos, Philip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr
BACKGROUND: After severe trauma, patients develop a norepinephrine-mediated persistent, injury-associated anemia. This anemia is associated with suppression of bone marrow (BM) erythroid colony growth, along with decreased iron levels, and elevated erythropoietin (EPO) levels, which are insufficient to promote effective erythropoiesis. The impact of norepinephrine on iron regulators, such as ferroportin, transferrin, and transferrin receptor-1 (TFR-1), is unknown. Using a clinically relevant rodent model of lung contusion (LC), hemorrhagic shock (HS), and chronic stress (CS), we hypothesize that daily propranolol (BB), a nonselective β blocker, restores BM function and improves iron homeostasis...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097367/impaired-glucose-homeostasis-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Toby Pillinger, Katherine Beck, Cristian Gobjila, Jacek G Donocik, Sameer Jauhar, Oliver D Howes
Importance: Schizophrenia is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. However, it is not clear whether schizophrenia confers an inherent risk for glucose dysregulation in the absence of the effects of chronic illness and long-term treatment. Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis examining whether individuals with first-episode schizophrenia already exhibit alterations in glucose homeostasis compared with controls. Data Sources: The EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched for studies examining measures of glucose homeostasis in antipsychotic-naive individuals with first-episode schizophrenia compared with individuals serving as controls...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050765/association-of-periodontal-disease-with-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-indian-population
#17
Palka Kaur Khanuja, Satish Chander Narula, Rajesh Rajput, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari
This study aims to investigate the link between glycated hemoglobin and diabetic complications with chronic periodontitis. A total of 207 patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis (CP) were divided according to tertiles of mean PISA (periodontal inflamed surface area) scores as low, middle and high PISA groups. Simultaneously a group of 67 periodontally healthy individuals (PH) was recruited. Periodontal examinations, including full-mouth assessment of probing depths (PPD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level and plaque scores were determined...
January 3, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045962/association-of-tsh-elevation-with-all-cause-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Mei-Hsing Chuang, Kuo-Meng Liao, Yao-Min Hung, Yi-Chang Chou, Pesus Chou
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a widespread condition in the global population and is more common in the elderly. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level increases with aging, and hypothyroidism is highly prevalent in CKD patients. However, the relationship between low thyroid function and mortality in CKD patients is unclear. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the relationship between TSH elevation and all-cause mortality in elderly patients with CKD. This retrospective cohort study included individuals ≥65 years old with CKD (n = 23,786) in Taipei City...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028749/oral-cyclophosphamide-was-effective-for-coombs-negative-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-in-cd16-cd56-chronic-lymphoproliferative-disorder-of-nk-cells
#19
Nodoka Sekiguchi, Sayaka Nishina, Toru Kawakami, Hitoshi Sakai, Noriko Senoo, Yasushi Senoo, Toshiro Ito, Hiroshi Saito, Hideyuki Nakazawa, Tomonobu Koizumi, Fumihiro Ishida
An 84-year-old woman was referred to our hospital presenting anemia. Her hemoglobin level was 5.8 g/dL, and white blood cell count was 9400/μL, consisting of 82% lymphocytes. Given the lymphocyte phenotype (CD2+, CD3-, CD16+, and CD56-) and negative whole blood EBV viral load, we made a diagnosis of chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of NK cells (CLPD-NK). We suspected hemolytic anemia because of the high levels of reticulocytes in the peripheral blood and the low haptoglobin value. Although the direct Coombs test was negative and there was no cold agglutination, we examined her red-blood-cell-bound IgG (RBC-IgG), which was elevated...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995726/glycemic-control-indicator-levels-at-diagnosis-of-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-comparison-with-other-types-of-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Shigeru Suzuki, Akiko Furuya, Yusuke Tanahashi, Hiroshi Azuma, Yukihiro Bando, Soji Kasayama, Masafumi Koga
BACKGROUND: Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a monogenic insulin-dependent diabetes that develops within 6 months of age. The progression of hyperglycemia until diagnosis is unknown. Glycemic control indicators at diagnosis are useful to estimate the extent and duration of hyperglycemia. We recently established that age-adjusted glycated albumin (GA) is a useful indicator of glycemic control, regardless of age. OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of various glycemic control indicators at diagnosis between NDM and other types of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus...
December 20, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
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