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bioactive material

Yuankun Dai, Tao Shen, Lie Ma, Dongan Wang, Changyou Gao
A scaffold with an oriented porous architecture to facilitate cell infiltration and bioactive interflow between neo-host tissues is of great importance for in situ inductive osteochondral regeneration. In this study, a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) scaffold with oriented pores in its radial direction (O-PLGA) was fabricated via unidirectional cooling of the PLGA solution in the radial direction, following with lyophilization. Micro-CT evaluation and SEM observation confirmed the radially oriented microtubular pores in the scaffold...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Markus Göttlicher, Marcus Rohnke, Yannik Moryson, Jürgen Thomas, Joachim Sann, Anja Lode, Matthias Schumacher, Romy Schmidt, Stefan Pilz, Annett Gebert, Thomas Gemming, Jürgen Janek
BACKGROUND: Surface functionalization of orthopedic implants with pharmaceutically active agents is a modern approach to enhance osseointegration in systemically altered bone. A local release of strontium, a verified bone building therapeutic agent, at the fracture site would diminish side effects, which could occur otherwise by oral administration. Strontium surface functionalization of specially designed titanium-niobium (Ti-40Nb) implant alloy would provide an advanced implant system that is mechanically adapted to altered bone with the ability to stimulate bone formation...
2017: Biomaterials Research
Elena Mancuso, Oana Bretcanu, Martyn Marshall, Kenneth W Dalgarno
Three novel glass compositions, identified as NCL2 (SiO2-based), NCL4 (B2O3-based) and NCL7 (SiO2-based), along with apatite-wollastonite (AW) were processed to form sintered dense pellets, and subsequently evaluated for their in vitro bioactive potential, resulting physico-chemical properties and degradation rate. Microstructural analysis showed the carbonated hydroxyapatite (HCA) precipitate morphology following SBF testing to be composition-dependent. AW and the NCL7 formulation exhibited greater HCA precursor formation than the NCL2 and NCL4-derived pellets...
October 15, 2017: Ceramics International
Hazel O Simila, Natalia Karpukhina, Robert G Hill
Biodentine™ is a novel tricalcium silicate based material used both as a coronal dentine replacement and in pulp therapy. Its multiple use in sealing perforations, pulp capping and as a temporary restoration arises from its ability to promote dentine formation and to confer an excellent marginal seal. However, there is still room for improvement of this cement as it lacks the anticariogenic effect typically conferred by fluoride ion release as seen in glass ionomer cement based dental materials. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the impact of bioactive glass addition to Biodentine™...
October 14, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Guofeng Li, Kecheng Quan, CongCong Xu, Bo Deng, Xing Wang
Composites are attractive for its potential synergistic effects that can result in high-performance, but the synergy depends on subtle design. In this study, a hemostatic composite, a thrombin/cross-linked graphene sponge (TCGS), was developed through a facile gradient composite strategy. The porous structure of the CGS assures that the thrombin is stably embedded in the TCGS, avoiding a burst release but maintaining its bioactivity. In the synergy between proper thrombin stimulation and the fast absorption of the sponge, TCGS exhibits outstanding hemostatic performance, ultrafast bleeding cessation, within 100s, which is superior to both CGS and equal amounts of native thrombin...
October 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Alexander E G Baker, Roger Y Tam, Molly S Shoichet
In order to mimic native breast cancer cell growth in vitro as spheroids, a well-defined matrix that mimics the tumor microenvironment is required. Finding a biomimetic material for 3D cell culture, other than Matrigel, has challenged the field. Since hyaluronan is naturally abundant in the tumor microenvironment and can be chemically modified, we synthesized a hyalu-ronan hydrogel with independently tunable mechanical and chemical properties for 3D culture of breast cancer cells. By modifying HA with distinct bioorthogonal functional groups, its mechanical properties are controlled by chemical crosslinking via oxime liga-tion while its biochemical properties are controlled by grafting bioactive peptides via Diels-Alder chemistry...
October 17, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Michelina Catauro, Elisabetta Tranquillo, Michela Illiano, Luigi Sapio, Annamaria Spina, Silvio Naviglio
Organic/inorganic hybrid materials are attracting considerable attention in the biomedical area. The sol-gel process provides a convenient way to produce many bioactive organic-inorganic hybrids. Among those, poly(e-caprolactone)/zirconia (PCL/ZrO₂) hybrids have proved to be bioactive with no toxic materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of these materials on the cellular response as a function of the PCL content, in order to evaluate their potential use in the biomedical field. For this purpose, PCL/ZrO₂ hybrids containing 6, 12, 24, and 50 wt % of PCL were synthesized by the sol-gel method...
October 17, 2017: Materials
Roslinda Shamsudin, Farah 'Atiqah Abdul Azam, Muhammad Azmi Abdul Hamid, Hamisah Ismail
The aim of this study was to prepare β-wollastonite using a green synthesis method (autoclaving technique) without organic solvents and to study its bioactivity. To prepare β-wollastonite, the precursor ratio of CaO:SiO₂ was set at 55:45. This mixture was autoclaved for 8 h and later sintered at 950 °C for 2 h. The chemical composition of the precursors was studied using X-ray fluorescence (XRF), in which rice husk ash consists of 89.5 wt % of SiO₂ in a cristobalite phase and calcined limestone contains 97...
October 17, 2017: Materials
Shi-Tang Ma, Cheng-Tao Feng, You-Xi Xiong, Xiao-Lin Zhang, Cheng-Gui Miao, Hao Yu
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the action mechanism of Xingnaojing Injection (, XNJI) for sepsis, and to target screen the potential bioactive ingredients. METHODS: An integrated protocol that combines in silico target screen (molecular docking) and database mapping was employed to find the potential inhibitors from XNJI for the sepsis-related targets and to establish the compound-target (C-T) interaction network. The XNJI's bioactive components database was investigated and the sepsis-associated targets were comprehensively constructed; the 3D structure of adenosine receptor A2a and 5-lipoxygenase proteins were established and evaluated with homology modeling method; system network pharmacology for sepsis treatment was studied between the bioactive ingredients and the sepsis targets using computational biology methods to distinguish inhibitors from non inhibitors for the selected sepsis-related targets and C-T network construction...
October 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Pattrathip Rodsamran, Rungsinee Sothornvit
Microencapsulation was investigated to enhance the stability of Thai rice grass extract. Microencapsulated powder (MP) was formed using total solid of extract solution and maltodextrin ratios of 1:4 (MP 1:4) and 1:9 (MP 1:9). The absence of an endothermic peak for both MPs confirmed all extract solutions were coated with maltodextrin. MP 1:9 had a lower total phenolic content (TPC) but was higher in antioxidant capacity than MP 1:4. Moreover, the TPC of the MPs slightly decreased (70.02-93.04%) during storage at 10, 30 and 70°C for 30d...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Anil U Tatiya, Ajay K Saluja, Mohan G Kalaskar, Sanjay J Surana, Prakash H Patil
Several species of Bridelia have been used in the condition of pain & arthritis in Indian folk medicine. Present study revealed the preliminary phytochemical investigation and evaluation of analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity as well as underlying mechanism of bark of Bridelia retusa Spreng. (Euphorbiaceae). The bark was subjected to extraction using pet.ether, ethyl acetate and acetone. All the extracts were significantly inhibit abdominal writhings response and licking time in late phase of formalin test...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Carla D Di Mattia, Giampiero Sacchetti, Dino Mastrocola, Mauro Serafini
Chocolate is a product processed from cocoa rich in flavonoids, antioxidant compounds, and bioactive ingredients that have been associated with both its healthy and sensory properties. Chocolate production consists of a multistep process which, starting from cocoa beans, involves fermentation, drying, roasting, nib grinding and refining, conching, and tempering. During cocoa processing, the naturally occurring antioxidants (flavonoids) are lost, while others, such as Maillard reaction products, are formed. The final content of antioxidant compounds and the antioxidant activity of chocolate is a function of several variables, some related to the raw material and others related to processing and formulation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Tia Kowal, Natalie C Hahn, Stephanie Eider, Jutta Marzillier, Daniella Marie Fodera, Ukrit Thamma, Himanshu Jain, Matthias M Falk
Tissue regeneration is a significantly improved alternative to tissue replacement by implants. It requires porous bioscaffolds for the restoration of natural tissue rather than relying on bio-inactive, often metallic implants. Recently, we developed technology for fabricating novel, nano-macroporous bioactive 'Tailored Amorphous Multi-Porous (TAMP)' hard tissue scaffolds using a 70 mol% SiO2-30 mol% CaO model composition. The TAMP silicate scaffolds, fabricated by a modified sol-gel process, have shown excellent biocompatibility via the rapid formation of hydroxyapatite in biological fluids as well as in early tests with bone forming cells...
October 16, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Mario Tanomaru-Filho, Fernanda Ferrari Esteves Torres, Gisselle Moraima Chávez-Andrade, Madelise de Almeida, Luciana Guilherme Navarro, Liviu Steier, Juliane Maria Guerreiro-Tanomaru
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated setting time (ST), radiopacity, pH, flow, solubility, and volumetric change (VC) of a silicone, gutta-percha, and bioactive glass-based sealer, GuttaFlow Bioseal (GFB), and a calcium silicate-based sealer, TotalFill BC Sealer (TFBC), in comparison with AH Plus. METHODS: ST and flow were evaluated in accordance with the ISO 6876 Standard. pH was evaluated after different time intervals (1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days). Radiopacity was evaluated by radiographic analysis in millimeters of aluminum...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Vijayendar Venepally, Ram Chandra Reddy Jala
Heterocyclic compounds are the interesting core structures for the development of new bioactive compounds. Fatty acids are derived from renewable raw materials and exhibit various biological activities. Several researchers are amalgamating these two bioactive components to yield bioactive hybrid molecules with some desirable features. Heterocyclic-fatty acid hybrid derivatives are a new class of heterocyclic compounds with a broad range of biological activities and significance in the field of medicinal chemistry...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
N A Al-Eesa, F S L Wong, A Johal, R G Hill
OBJECTIVE: Dental materials that release calcium, phosphate and fluoride ions could prevent demineralisation and/or enhance remineralisation of enamel. The objective was to develop a novel bioactive glass (BAG) resin and investigate pH changes and ion release in 3 immersion media. METHODS: Quench melt derived BAG (35.25% SiO2, 6% Na2O, 43% CaO, 5.75% P2O5, and 10% CaF2) was incorporated into a resin (42.25% BisEMA, 55% TEGDMA, 0.25% DMAEM, 0.5% camphorquinone and 2% 4-Meta), with a filler load of 80% by weight...
October 10, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Xuan Xiao, Lijia Xu, Huagang Hu, Yinjun Yang, Xinyao Zhang, Yong Peng, Peigen Xiao
Hawk tea (Litsea coreana Lévl. var. Lanuginosa (Migo) Yen C. Yang & P.H. Huang), a very popular herbal tea material, has attracted more and more attention due to its high antioxidant properties and possible therapeutic effect on type II diabetes mellitus. The raw materials of Hawk tea are usually divided into three kinds: bud tea (BT), primary leaf tea (PLT) and mature leaf tea (MLT). In this study, the DPPH radical scavenging activity and the antimicrobial properties of these three kinds of Hawk tea from different regions were comparatively investigated, and a ultra-high performance liquid chromatographic coupled with a photodiode array detector (UPLC-DAD) method was employed for comparison of the three major flavonoid constituents, including hyperoside, isoquercitrin and astragalin, in different samples of Hawk tea...
October 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Behzad Adibi-Motlagh, Abbas Sahebghadam Lotfi, Aram Rezaei, Ehsan Hashemi
The immobilization of bioactive peptides as key molecules in numerous biological and physiological functions holds promise for designing advanced biomaterials. Graphene and its derivatives, having unique physicochemical properties, have brought considerable attention in the life sciences. In this regard, the chemical manipulation of the graphene surface with bioactive peptides opens a new horizon to design bioactive materials for a variety of future nanobiotechnologies. In this study, the first straightforward strategy for the covalent immobilization of the cell-adhesion peptide onto the graphene surface based on the Ugi four-component assembly process (Ugi 4-CAP) will be presented...
January 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Dong Joon Lee, Yan-Ting Lee, Rui Zou, Renie Daniel, Ching-Chang Ko
A hydroxyapatite-collagen (HC) composite material can mimic composition and ultra-structures of natural bone and provide adequate bioactive material-tissue interactions. Incorporation of dopamine (DA) is one of keys in increasing the mechanical strength of the HC material to approaching that of cortical bone. In this study, the in vitro osteogenic effects of polydopamine-laced hydroxyapatite collagen calcium silicate (HCCS-PDA) were examined by culturing rat mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs) on HCCS-PDA and HCCS coated plates...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mustafa Beter, Hatice K Kara, Ahmet E Topal, Aykutlu Dana, Ayse B Tekinay, Mustafa O Guler
Noncovalent and electrostatic interactions facilitate the formation of complex networks through molecular self-assembly in biomolecules such as proteins and glycosaminoglycans. Self-assembling peptide amphiphiles (PA) are a group of molecules that can form nanofibrous structures and may contain bioactive epitopes to interact specifically with target molecules. Here, we report the presentation of cationic peptide sequences on supramolecular nanofibers formed by self-assembling peptide amphiphiles for cooperative enhanced antibacterial activity...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
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