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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219692/prevention-of-thromboembolic-complications-in-patients-with-superficial-vein-thrombosis-given-rivaroxaban-or-fondaparinux-the-open-label-randomised-non-inferiority-surprise-phase-3b-trial
#1
Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Sebastian M Schellong, Horst Gerlach, Eberhard Rabe, Jeffrey I Weitz, Katja Jersemann, Kurtulus Sahin, Rupert Bauersachs
BACKGROUND: Superficial-vein thrombosis can lead to deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Rivaroxaban, an oral factor Xa inhibitor, might simplify treatment compared with fondaparinux because it does not require daily subcutaneous injection and is cheaper. We compared efficacy outcomes in patients with superficial-vein thrombosis and additional risk factors given either rivaroxaban or fondaparinux to assess whether rivaroxaban is non-inferior to fondaparinux in the prevention of thromboembolic complications...
February 16, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194291/internal-jugular-and-subclavian-vein-thrombosis-in-a-case-of-ovarian-cancer
#2
Hiroto Moriwaki, Nana Hayama, Shouko Morozumi, Mika Nakano, Akari Nakayama, Yoshiomi Takahata, Yuusuke Sakaguchi, Natsuki Inoue, Toshiki Kubota, Akiko Takenoya, Yoshiko Ishii, Haruka Okubo, Souta Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Ono, Toshiaki Oharaseki, Mamoru Yoshikawa
Central venous catheter insertion and cancer represent some of the important predisposing factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). DVT usually develops in the lower extremities, and venous thrombosis of the upper extremities is uncommon. Early diagnosis and treatment of deep venous thrombosis are of importance, because it is a precursor of complications such as pulmonary embolism and postthrombotic syndrome. A 47-year-old woman visited our department with painful swelling on the left side of her neck. Initial examination revealed swelling of the region extending from the left neck to the shoulder without any redness of the overlying skin...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156447/practice-patterns-and-outcomes-of-rivaroxaban-usage-in-patients-with-cancer
#3
Ali Zalpour, Juhee Song, Marsha N Richardson, Tony Lam, Josiah Halm, SWamique Yusuf, Shuwei Gao
: 194 Background: Patients with cancer have an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and frequently require anticoagulation. In addition, many patients with cancer also have comorbidities such as atrial fibrillation (AF) and are on stroke prevention. Rivaroxaban (RV) is an oral (factor Xa inhibitor) used in these scenarios; however, there is little experience utilizing this agent in patients with cancer. Our aim is to describe practice patterns and outcomes of RV usage in patients with cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123155/rivaroxaban-induced-chest-wall-spontaneous-expanding-hematoma
#4
Nikolaos S Salemis
Rivaroxaban is an oral direct Factor Xa inhibitor approved in the European Union and the United Sates for the single-drug treatment of several thromboembolic diseases in adults. Ιt has been evaluated in large phase III clinical trials and has been found to have similar efficacy and safety with standard therapy. Herein, is described a very rare case of a rivaroxaban-induced spontaneous expanding chest wall hematoma, that required surgical intervention, in a breast cancer patient. Use of the Naranjo adverse drug reaction probability scale indicated a probable relationship (score of 7) between the patient's development of hematoma and treatment with rivaroxaban...
January 26, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057799/prospective-study-of-oral-anticoagulants-and-risk-of-liver-injury-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Alvaro Alonso, Richard F MacLehose, Lin Y Chen, Lindsay Gs Bengtson, Alanna M Chamberlain, Faye L Norby, Pamela L Lutsey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of liver injury hospitalisation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) after initiation of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or warfarin and to determine predictors of liver injury hospitalisation in this population. METHODS: We studied 113 717 patients (mean age 70, 39% women) with AF included in the MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases with a first prescription for oral anticoagulation after 4 November 2011, followed through 31 December 2014...
January 5, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027659/oral-rivaroxaban-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-in-400-patients-with-active-cancer
#6
Bruno Soriano Pignataro, Kenji Nishinari, Rafael Noronha Cavalcante, Guilherme Centofanti, Guilherme Yazbek, Mariana Krutman, Guilherme Andre Zotelle Bomfim, Igor Yoshio Imagawa Fonseca, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Nelson Wolosker, Solange Moraes Sanches, Eduardo Ramacciotti
PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban-a direct oral anticoagulant-use in patients with active cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 400 patients with active cancer and associated VTE, defined as deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism. This single-center study was carried out from January 2012 to June 2015. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety, using the incidence of recurrent symptomatic VTE and major bleeding, respectively, throughout the treatment with rivaroxaban...
January 1, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886530/choosing-wisely-the-impact-of-patient-selection-on-efficacy-and-safety-outcomes-in-the-einstein-dvt-pe-and-amplify-trials
#7
Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Anthonie W A Lensing, Roopen Arya, Henri Bounameaux, Alexander T Cohen, Philip S Wells, Saskia Middeldorp, Peter Verhamme, Rodney Hughes, Nils Kucher, Akos F Pap, Mila Trajanovic, Martin H Prins, Paolo Prandoni, Jeffrey I Weitz
BACKGROUND: The results of the EINSTEIN-DVT/PE and AMPLIFY trials, which compared rivaroxaban and apixaban with conventional anticoagulation therapy for acute venous thromboembolism (VTE), respectively, are often compared. However, the trials differed in duration of therapy (3-12 and 6months, respectively) and in patient selection (few exclusion criteria and more stringent exclusion criteria, respectively). METHODS: To determine the effect of these methodological differences on outcomes, the patients enrolled in EINSTEIN-DVT/PE were divided into 2 cohorts; the 5253 patients that matched the exclusion criteria for AMPLIFY and were treated for at least 6months (cohort 1) and the 2368 patients who would have been ineligible for AMPLIFY (cohort 2)...
January 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818480/rivaroxaban-for-periprocedural-anticoagulation-therapy-in-japanese-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-of-paroxysmal-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mihoko Kawabata, Takeshi Sasaki, Shingo Maeda, Yasuhiro Shirai, Yasuteru Yamauchi, Junichi Nitta, Masahiko Goya, Kenzo Hirao
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been shown to be safe and effective for the prevention of stroke in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients, however, experience with peri-AF ablation management of DOACs is scarce. This study aimed to investigate the safety and feasibility of periprocedural anticoagulation therapy with rivaroxaban in Japanese patients undergoing paroxysmal non-valvular AF (NVAF) ablation using radiofrequency energy.This study was a multicenter, prospective pilot study. In paroxysmal NVAF patients, rivaroxaban (15 mg or 10 mg once-daily) was started at least 4 weeks prior to AF ablation, discontinued on the day of the procedure, resumed within 24 hours after ablation, and continued at least 3 months afterwards...
December 2, 2016: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806307/rivaroxaban-versus-standard-anticoagulation-for-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-remotev-observational-study-analysis-of-6-month-outcomes
#9
Sébastien Gaertner, Elena-Mihaela Cordeanu, Salah Nouri, Alix-Marie Faller, Anne-Sophie Frantz, Corina Mirea, Pascal Bilbault, Patrick Ohlmann, Isabelle Le Ray, Dominique Stephan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide safety and efficacy data of rivaroxaban in routine patient care in a non-selected symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) population. METHODS AND RESULTS: REMOTEV is a prospective, non-interventional study of patients with acute symptomatic VTE, treated with oral rivaroxaban, VKA or parenteral heparin/fondaparinux alone for at least 3months and who are followed up for 6months. From Nov. 2013 to July 2015, 499 consecutive patients were retained for baseline analysis and 445 for safety analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766043/doacs-advances-and-limitations-in-real-world
#10
REVIEW
Lai Heng Lee
The group of new oral anticoagulants or NOACs, now termed direct oral anticoagulants or DOACs, with their favourable results from large scale phase III clinical trials, represent a major advancement and expanded armamentarium in antithrombotic therapy. Dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are now in clinical routine use for prevention and treatment of arterial and venous thrombotic diseases as addressed in their clinical trials. Usage of the DOACs is expected to increase as clinicians gain more experience and reassurance with data from the real world studies which are generally consistent with that from clinical trials...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696084/safe-and-effective-use-of-rivaroxaban-for-treatment-of-cancer-associated-venous-thromboembolic-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Simon Mantha, Eva Laube, Yimei Miao, Debra M Sarasohn, Rekha Parameswaran, Samantha Stefanik, Gagandeep Brar, Patrick Samedy, Jonathan Wills, Stephen Harnicar, Gerald A Soff
Low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) has been the standard of care for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer. Rivaroxaban was approved in 2012 for the treatment of pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), but no prior studies have been reported specifically evaluating the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban for cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT). Under a Quality Assessment Initiative (QAI), we established a Clinical Pathway to guide rivaroxaban use for CAT and now report a validation analysis of our first 200 patients...
February 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637548/laboratory-assessment-of-the-anticoagulant-activity-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-a-systematic-review
#12
Bethany T Samuelson, Adam Cuker, Deborah M Siegal, Mark Crowther, David A Garcia
BACKGROUND: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are the treatment of choice for most patients with atrial fibrillation and/or noncancer-associated venous thromboembolic disease. Although routine monitoring of these agents is not required, assessment of anticoagulant effect may be desirable in special situations. The objective of this review was to summarize systematically evidence regarding laboratory assessment of the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban...
January 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623682/spotlight-on-advances-in-vte-management-callisto-and-einstein-choice
#13
Miriam Bach, Rupert Bauersachs
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with numerous complications and high mortality rates. Patients with cancer are at high risk of developing cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT), and VTE recurrence is common. Evidence supporting use of non-vitamin K antagonist (VKA) oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with cancer is lacking - direct comparisons between NOACs and low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) are needed, along with patient-reported outcomes. Cancer Associated thrombosis - expLoring soLutions for patients through Treatment and Prevention with RivarOxaban (CALLISTO) is an international research programme exploring the potential of the direct, oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban for the prevention and treatment of CAT, supplementing existing data from EINSTEIN DVT and EINSTEIN PE...
September 28, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592622/optimizing-the-safety-of-treatment-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-era-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#14
Jeffrey I Weitz, Iqbal H Jaffer
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are rapidly replacing vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The DOACs include dabigatran, which inhibits thrombin, and rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban, which inhibit factor Xa. When compared with conventional VTE treatment consisting of a parenteral anticoagulant followed by a VKA, the DOACs were equally effective for prevention of recurrence, but were associated with less bleeding. With similar efficacy, better safety, and the convenience of fixed dosing without the need for routine coagulation monitoring, guidelines now recommend DOACs over VKAs for VTE treatment in patients without active cancer...
September 5, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543162/venous-thromboembolism-treatment-outcomes-in-cancer-patients-and-effect-of-third-party-payers-on-anticoagulant-choice
#15
Gary W Jean, Katherine Kelly, Jennie Mathew, Eneko Larumbe, Randall Hughes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the rates of recurrent VTE among cancer patients treated with parenteral agents to the oral anticoagulants. METHODS: This single-center study was a retrospective chart review of cancer patients with recurrent VTE between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. The primary outcome of the study is the rate of recurrent VTE in patients who received a parenteral anticoagulant (enoxaparin, dalteparin, fondaparinux) versus those who received oral anticoagulants (warfarin and rivaroxaban)...
January 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346301/rivaroxaban-for-the-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-the-swiss-venous-thromboembolism-registry-swivter
#16
Nils Kucher, Drahomir Aujesky, Jürg H Beer, Lucia Mazzolai, Thomas Baldi, Martin Banyai, Daniel Hayoz, Thomas Kaeslin, Wolfgang Korte, Robert Escher, Marc Husmann, Beat Frauchiger, Iris Baumgartner, David Spirk
We investigated three-month clinical outcomes in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) treated with rivaroxaban or conventional anticoagulation in routine clinical practice. Between November 2012 and February 2015, 2,062 consecutive patients with VTE from 11 acute care hospitals in Switzerland were enrolled in the SWIss Venous ThromboEmbolism Registry (SWIVTER). Overall, 417 (20 %) patients were treated with rivaroxaban. In comparison to 1,645 patients on conventional anticoagulation, patients on rivaroxaban were younger (56 ± 18 vs...
August 30, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161729/po-41-rivaroxaban-is-effective-therapy-for-high-risk-cancer-patients-with-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#17
P S Wells, I A Theberge, J C Bowdridge, M A Forgie, M Carrier
INTRODUCTION: The standard of care for cancer associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) is generally accepted to be at least six months of therapeutic doses of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). After six months it is recommended that therapy be continued but no studies have evaluated treatment in this period. Rivaroxaban is a potentially effective therapy given cancer patients were enrolled in the EINSTEIN trial with acceptable safety and efficacy but details on these patients is lacking...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161723/po-36-thrombin-inhibition-preoperatively-tip-in-early-breast-cancer-the-first-clinical-trial-of-noacs-as-an-anti-cancer-agent-trial-methodology
#18
C C Kirwan, N J Bundred, J Castle, R Clarke, C Dive, J Morris, C Holcombe, J R Harvey
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is associated with a 3-4 fold increased risk of VTE. These patients have a 4-fold lower survival than those remaining free of VTE, implying VTE is a surrogate marker for aggressive cancer. Tumour expression of thrombin pathway markers are increased in the oestrogen receptor negative (ER-), high Ki67, more aggressive breast cancer subtypes. In in vitro and in vivo studies, the thrombin pathway promotes cancer growth and metastases, highlighting the potential role of the thrombin pathway as a therapeutic target in cancer...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161683/oc-11-anticoagulation-therapy-in-selected-cancer-patients-at-risk-of-recurrence-of-venous-thromboembolism
#19
A Young, J Phillips, H Hancocks, C Hill, N Joshi, A Marshall, J Grumett, J A Dunn, A Lokare, O Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients is an increasingly frequent clinical problem. The overall impact of VTE on cancer patients can be considerable. Targeted patient selection by identifying patients with clinically significant recurrent VTE may have wider health economic benefits whilst reducing patient risk through over-treatment. In the UK, dalteparin is one licensed anticoagulant for the extended treatment and prevention of recurrence of VTE in cancer patients...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102510/treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-with-new-anticoagulant-agents
#20
REVIEW
Cecilia Becattini, Giancarlo Agnelli
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease associated with high risk for recurrences, death, and late sequelae, accounting for substantial health care costs. Anticoagulant agents are the mainstay of treatment for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. The recent availability of oral anticoagulant agents that can be administered in fixed doses, without laboratory monitoring and dose adjustment, is a landmark change in the treatment of VTE. In Phase III trials, rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban (antifactor Xa agents), and dabigatran (an antithrombin agent) were noninferior and probably safer than conventional anticoagulation therapy (low-molecular-weight heparin followed by vitamin K antagonists)...
April 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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