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Asthma symptoms and treatments in elderly.

Yo Seino, Takashi Hasegawa, Toshiyuki Koya, Takuro Sakagami, Ichiro Mashima, Natsue Shimizu, Yoshiyuki Muramatsu, Kumiko Muramatsu, Eiichi Suzuki, Toshiaki Kikuchi
Objective Whether or not depression affects the control or severity of asthma is unclear. We performed a cluster analysis of asthma patients with depressive symptoms to clarify their characteristics. Methods and subjects Multiple medical institutions in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, were surveyed in 2014. We recorded the age, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), medications, and surveyed asthma control status and severity, as well as depressive symptoms and adherence to treatment using questionnaires. A hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on the group of patients assessed as having depression...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Massimo Guerriero, Marco Caminati, Giovanni Viegi, Gianenrico Senna, Carlo Pomari
OBJECTIVE: There is controversy about the diagnostic criteria, prevalence, symptoms, and spirometry characteristics of asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO). Recent data indicate that the fixed method for diagnosing airway obstruction (AO) may overestimate ACO prevalence in the elderly, and a variable method may be more accurate. We aimed at estimating ACO prevalence in a general population sample and comparing patient and clinical features in subjects with ACO, COPD, and asthma...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Claudio Sorino, Nicola Scichilone, Maria D'Amato, Vincenzo Patella, Fabiano DI Marco
The term asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) has been proposed for individuals with features of both asthma and COPD. Several attempts have been done to define ACOS on the basis of medical history, symptoms, and functional findings. The main diagnostic criteria include airflow obstruction with a strong although incomplete reversibility to bronchodilation tests, a significant exposure to cigarette or biomass smoke, and a history of atopy or asthma. Additional diagnostic elements include eosinophilic airway and systemic inflammation, a good response to corticosteroid treatment, and a high concentration of exhaled nitric oxide...
June 2017: Minerva Medica
Gyu-Young Hur, Ji-Ho Lee, Hae-Sim Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Respiratory allergies, including asthma and allergic rhinitis can also occur in the elderly. Allergen immunotherapy for allergic diseases is the only disease-modifying treatment for patients with allergies available thus far. Here, we review current evidence supporting the use of allergen immunotherapy in the elderly and discuss its efficacy and utility for the treatment of respiratory allergic diseases in this setting. RECENT FINDINGS: Subcutaneous and/or sublingual immunotherapy are effective therapeutic options in not only young but also older patients...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Michele Columbo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about asthma in the elderly as most studies of this condition have not included this patient group. It is unclear whether leukotriene antagonists benefit older asthmatics. We studied the effect of adding montelukast to the asthma treatment of elderly subjects. METHODS: Twenty-five subjects 65 years old and older with asthma were evaluated at week 0, 1, 5, 9, 13, and 17. Each subject received montelukast 10 mg and placebo each for 8 weeks in a cross-over design...
2017: Asthma Research and Practice
Sae-Hoon Kim, Ha-Kyeong Won, Sung-Do Moon, Byung-Keun Kim, Yoon-Seok Chang, Ki-Woong Kim, In-Young Yoon
BACKGROUND: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and sleep disturbances have been reported to be associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma. However, population-based studies of this issue in the elderly are rare. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of self-reported rhinitis and asthma on sleep apnea and sleep quality using polysomnography in an elderly Korean population. METHODS: A total of 348 elderly subjects who underwent one-night polysomnography study among a randomly selected sample were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
Alida Benfante, Nicola Scichilone
Historically, asthma has been envisioned as a disease of younger ages. This has led to the assumption that respiratory symptoms suggestive of asthma occurring in older ages are to be attributed to conditions other than asthma, mainly COPD. Old observational reports and new epidemiological studies confirm that asthma is as frequent in older as it is in younger populations. Nevertheless, under-recognition, misdiagnosis and under-treatment are still relevant issues. The characterization of asthma in the aged suffers from the fact that there has been very little original research in this field...
2016: Asthma research and practice
Tugba Songul Tat, Aykut Cilli
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma management in elderly patients may be difficult because of increased comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, physiologic changes that occur with aging, incorrect use of inhaler devices, and poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the anti-IgE antibody omalizumab in elderly (aged ≥65 years) patients with uncontrolled allergic asthma. METHODS: The efficiency and adverse effects of omalizumab treatment were evaluated based on data extracted from medical records...
November 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Hoang Kim Tu Trinh, Ga-Young Ban, Ji-Ho Lee, Hae-Sim Park
Elderly asthma (EA) is regarded as a distinct phenotype of asthma and is associated with age-related changes in airway structure and alterations in lung function and immune responses. EA is difficult to diagnose because of aging and co-morbidities, and overlaps with fixed airway obstructive disease. Novel modalities to differentiate between EA and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are necessary. A multifaceted approach, including clinical history, smoking habits, atopy, and measurement of lung function, is mandatory to differentiate asthma from COPD...
October 2016: Drugs & Aging
J-N Cornu, G Amarenco, F Bruyere, E Chartier-Kastler, B Fatton, P Grise, F Haab, R Bourouina
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome in France and gather data about initial patient trajectories in the healthcare system. METHODS: A dedicated questionnaire (41 questions) has been sent to a 12,000 sample of people representative of the global population. The following data were investigated: social and demographic features, medical history, Urinary Symptom Profile questionnaire, bother, history of symptoms, care seeking and treatments received...
June 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Katharina Marth, Monica Spinola, Judith Kisiel, Christian Woergetter, Milos Petrovic, Wolfgang Pohl
OBJECTIVE: Scant clinical data are available on the effects of current treatments for asthma on different subgroups of patients with this disease. We conducted a prospective, noninterventional, multicenter real-life study in adult patients with persistent asthma, and we specifically analyzed the effects of treatment with extrafine beclometasone dipropionate/formoterol (BDP/F) in asthma patients categorized by phenotypes related to small airways (i.e. smoking habits, disease duration, and air trapping)...
June 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
K Sekiya, E Nakatani, Y Fukutomi, H Kaneda, M Iikura, M Yoshida, K Takahashi, K Tomii, M Nishikawa, N Kaneko, Y Sugino, M Shinkai, T Ueda, Y Tanikawa, T Shirai, M Hirabayashi, T Aoki, T Kato, K Iizuka, S Homma, M Taniguchi, H Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Severe or life-threatening asthma exacerbation is one of the worst outcomes of asthma because of the risk of death. To date, few studies have explored the potential heterogeneity of this condition. OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical characteristics and heterogeneity of patients with severe or life-threatening asthma exacerbation. METHODS: This was a multicentre, prospective study of patients with severe or life-threatening asthma exacerbation and pulse oxygen saturation < 90% who were admitted to 17 institutions across Japan...
August 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
V V Tsukanov, E V Kasparov, E V Onuchina, A V Vasyutin, N N Butorin, O S Amelchugova, Yu L Tonkikh
AIM: To investigate the frequency of extraesophageal syndromes in elderly patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to compare the clinical manifestations of GERD in 1100 patients aged 60 to 75 years and in 453 patients aged 36 to 60 years. A control group consisted of 154 elderly patients without GERD and 178 mature-aged patients without this condition. GERD was diagnosed via analysis of its symptoms, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and 24-hour pH monitoring on the basis of the Montreal consensus guidelines...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Li Zuo, Benjamin K Pannell, Zewen Liu
Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by reversible airflow limitation, coughing, bronchial constriction, and an inflammatory immune response. While asthma has frequently been categorized as emerging in childhood, evidence has begun to reveal that the elderly population is certainly susceptible to late-onset, or even long-standing asthma. Non-atopic asthma, most commonly found in elderly patients is associated with elevated levels of serum and sputum neutrophils and may be more detrimental than atopic asthma...
May 3, 2016: Oncotarget
C Maradey-Romero, R Prakash, S Lewis, A Perzynski, R Fass
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is primarily diagnosed by clinicians. There are less than a handful of epidemiological studies in EoE that have included elderly patients (>65 years). AIM: To determine the prevalence of elderly subjects among EoE patients and compare their clinical presentation, associated conditions and treatment modalities with adult and paediatric EoE patients. METHODS: A large nationwide database (Explorys) between January 2011 and January 2014 was used...
May 2015: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Nydia Arjona
Asthma affects the elderly as often as other age groups; however, it more often becomes fatal in the elderly. Unfortunately, asthma is often unmanaged or underdiagnosed in the older population. It is important for health care providers to recognize risk factors in the elderly and properly treat them before asthma becomes fatal. This article describes near-fatal asthma and identifies risk factors specifically for the elderly. Symptoms of asthma are reviewed as well as assessments and diagnostic tests to identify asthma severity and complications...
January 2015: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Heung-Woo Park, Woo-Jung Song, Sae-Hoon Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Sang-Heon Kim, Yong Eun Kwon, Hyouk-Soo Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Yoon-Seok Chang, You-Sook Cho, Byung-Jae Lee, Young-Koo Jee, An-Soo Jang, Dong-Ho Nahm, Jung-Won Park, Ho Joo Yoon, Young-Joo Cho, Byoung Whui Choi, Hee-Bom Moon, Sang-Heon Cho
BACKGROUND: No attempt has yet been made to classify asthma phenotypes in the elderly population. It is essential to clearly identify clinical phenotypes to achieve optimal treatment of elderly patients with asthma. OBJECTIVES: To classify elderly patients with asthma by cluster analysis and developed a way to use the resulting cluster in practice. METHODS: We applied k-means cluster to 872 elderly patients with asthma (aged ≥ 65 years) in a prospective, observational, and multicentered cohort...
January 2015: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Claudio F Donner, Alberto Visconti
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with complex forms of bronchial asthma and COPD is not usually addressed in the major international guidelines and management documents which exclusively address pure forms. AIMAR thus undertook a survey to obtain information about: a) the perceived frequency of complex forms of asthma/COPD in adult patients and in the elderly; b) patient management regarding the complex forms (focus on therapeutic goals and consequent treatment); c) the management problems perceived in diagnosis, management, monitoring, indices of appropriateness in pharmacological treatment and adherence to treatment...
2014: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Michael J Abramson, Jennifer L Perret, Shyamali C Dharmage, Vanessa M McDonald, Christine F McDonald
Adult-onset asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are major public health burdens. This review presents a comprehensive synopsis of their epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentations; describes how they can be distinguished; and considers both established and proposed new approaches to their management. Both adult-onset asthma and COPD are complex diseases arising from gene-environment interactions. Early life exposures such as childhood infections, smoke, obesity, and allergy influence adult-onset asthma...
2014: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Andrzej Bozek, Krzysztof Kolodziejczyk, Barbara Warkocka-Szoltysek, Jerzy Jarzab
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of specific sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) against grass pollen allergens in patients >60 years of age with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and/or asthma. This study sought to assess nasal symptoms during the grass pollen season, reduce medication use, and monitor adverse reactions during immunotherapy. METHODS: Seventy-eight 60- to 70-year-old patients with SAR and a confirmed grass pollen allergy according to skin-prick tests, nasal provocation, and measurement of serum IgE were included in the study...
September 2014: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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