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An De Meester, David Stodden, Ali Brian, Larissa True, Greet Cardon, Isabel Tallir, Leen Haerens
BACKGROUND: Positive associations between motor competence and physical activity have been identified by means of variable-centered analyses. To expand the understanding of these associations, this study used a person-centered approach to investigate whether different combinations (i.e., profiles) of actual and perceived motor competence exist (aim 1); and to examine differences in physical activity levels (aim 2) and weight status (aim 3) among children with different motor competence-based profiles...
2016: PloS One
Zenith Gaye A Orozco, Satoshi Soma, Toyoji Kaneko, Soichi Watanabe
The tissue distribution of slc15a1a, a gene that encodes an oligopeptide transporter, PepT1, and its response to fasting and refeeding were investigated in the intestinal epithelium of Mozambique tilapia for a better understanding of its role on nutrient absorption. The slc15a1a was predominantly expressed in the absorptive epithelia of the anterior part of the intestine, suggesting that digested oligopeptides are primarily absorbed in the anterior intestine. The response of slc15a1a to fasting was evaluated at 1, 2, 4, 7 and 14days after the last feeding...
September 30, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
S H Downs, J M Broughan, A V Goodchild, P A Upton, P A Durr
Field surveillance of British cattle using the single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT) test shows a higher incidence rate of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in dairy compared to beef herds, but a lower probability of post-mortem examination confirmed (PMC) Mycobacterium bovis infection in dairy herds. A cross-sectional study was conducted to compare animal level differences in bTB detection between dairy and non-dairy cattle in Great Britain. During the period from 2002 to 2005, 200 (41% dairy) reactors in the SICCT test (standard interpretation) were randomly selected, and 200 in-contact cattle (43% dairy) were purposively selected from bTB-infected herds...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Vignesh Shanmugam, Brian Geraghty, Robert DeSimone, Rana S Hoda
INTRODUCTION: Urothelial carcinoma (UCC) of the bladder is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract. The performance of urine cytology (UCy) after radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion is quite variable and there is no consensus regarding its role in post-treatment surveillance. The goal of this study is to retrospectively review the diagnostic value of positive (suspicious or positive for malignancy) diverted urine cytology (DUCy) in the detection of urinary tract recurrence of UCC...
September 26, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
J C Fradinho, M A M Reis, A Oehmen
Currently, the feast and famine (FF) regime is the most widely applied strategy to select for polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) accumulating organisms in PHA production systems with mixed microbial cultures. As an alternative to the FF regime, this work studied the possibility of utilizing a permanent feast regime as a new operational strategy to select for PHA accumulating photosynthetic mixed cultures (PMCs). The PMC was selected in an illuminated environment and acetate was constantly present in the mixed liquor to guarantee a feast regime...
November 15, 2016: Water Research
Xun Helen Hou, Minsuk Hyun, Julian Taranda, Kee Wui Huang, Emmalee Todd, Danielle Feng, Emily Atwater, Donyell Croney, Mark Lawrence Zeidel, Pavel Osten, Bernardo Luis Sabatini
Urine release (micturition) serves an essential physiological function as well as a critical role in social communication in many animals. Here, we show a combined effect of olfaction and social hierarchy on micturition patterns in adult male mice, confirming the existence of a micturition control center that integrates pro- and anti-micturition cues. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a cluster of neurons expressing corticotropin-releasing hormone (Crh) in the pontine micturition center (PMC) is electrophysiologically distinct from their Crh-negative neighbors and sends glutamatergic projections to the spinal cord...
September 22, 2016: Cell
Y Huang, C Y Wu, W Wu, L K Hou, L P Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMC). METHODS: Fifth-five cases of PMC were included in the study; their clinicopathological, immunohistochemical features were evaluated, and in 31 cases, paraffin embedded specimens were subjected to mutation analysis of exons 18, 19, 20 and 21 of the EGFR gene by ARMS method. RESULTS: There were 32 females and 23 males...
September 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Takashi Ishiguro, Noboru Takayanagi, Yuri Baba, Naho Kagiyama, Takashi Miyamoto, Makoto Mutoh, Yoshihiko Shimizu, Yutaka Sugita
Pulmonary tumor embolism (PTE) and intravascular lymphoma cause rapidly progressive deterioration and an antemortem diagnosis is difficult. The usefulness of pulmonary microvascular cytology (PMC) in the diagnosis of these disorders has been reported in sporadic case reports. We retrospectively evaluated the records of 7 patients with tumor cells in the pulmonary microvasculature (4 with PTE and 3 with malignant lymphoma) who underwent pulmonary microvascular cytology. Two of the 4 patients with PTE and 2 of the 3 patients with malignant lymphoma (all 3 had intravascular metastasis) had positive PMC results...
2016: Internal Medicine
Gerald F Guala
The synonyms of biological species names are shown to be an important component in comprehensive searches of electronic scientific literature databases but they are not well leveraged within the major literature databases examined. For accepted or valid species names in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) which have synonyms in the system, and which are found in citations within PLoS, PMC, PubMed or Scopus, both the percentage of species for which citations will not be found if synonyms are not used, and the percentage increase in number of citations found by including synonyms are very often substantial...
2016: PloS One
Stelvio Sestini, Rosanna Perone, Sandro Domenichetti, Christian Mazzeo, Veronica Massai, Alessandra Rispoli, Agnese Barbacci, Angela Valtancoli, Antonio Castagnoli, Luigi Mansi
PURPOSE: To assess changes in social and neuro-cognition and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in schizophrenic patients with psychotic syndrome treated with Social Skill Training (SST). METHODS: 17 patients underwent two high resolution rCBF SPECT at rest before and after a one-year treatment with SST. Patients were assessed using a neuropsychological evaluation (W.A.I.S.-R, T.M.T, Verbal Fluency, W.C.S.T.). SPM8 was used to investigate rCBF changes from the pre- to the post-SST condition and the relationship between rCBF and clinical scores used as covariates of interest...
2016: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
Jia-Qiong Li, Hong-Yang Xu, Mao-Qin Li, Jing-Yu Chen
In the present study, the effect of setting high airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) pressure guided by an expiratory inflection point of pressure-volume (PV) curve following lung recruitment maneuver (RM) on oxygen delivery (DO2) in canine models of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was examined. Canine models of severe ARDS were established by intravenous injection of oleic acid. After injection of sedative muscle relaxants, a PV curve plotted using the super-syringe technique, and the pressure at lower inflection point (LIP) at the inhale branch and the pressure at the point of maximum curvature (PMC) at the exhale branch were measured...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Stefan M Pulst
As of April 8, 2016, articles in Neurology® Genetics can be searched using PubMed. Launched in 1996, PubMed is a search engine that accesses citations and abstracts of more than 26 million articles. Its primary sources include the MEDLINE database, which was started in the 1960s, and biomedical and life sciences journal articles that date back to 1946. In addition, PubMed accesses other sources, for example, citations to those life sciences journals that submit full-text articles to PubMed Central (PMC). PubMed Central was launched in 2000 as a free archive of biomedical and life science journals...
August 2016: Neurology. Genetics
Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Rooban Thavarajah
INTRODUCTION: Contribution of Indian Psychiatrists as publications in peer-reviewed journals listed with PubMed and their impact has not been studied. The aim of this manuscript is to assess such contribution using a new article level metric measure. The relative citation ratio (RCR) has been used to assess the quality, quantity, and impact of research output of Indian Psychiatrists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publications by Indian psychiatrists in PubMed during 1995-2013 were collected, their RCR and associated factors estimated...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ellen R Cohn, Jana Cason
The Fall 2015 issue of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation (IJT) presents original articles in the areas of Research; Privacy and Security; and Technology Review. As of May 2015, the International Journal of Telerehabilitation (IJT) is live on PubMed Central: Articles from all past issues are indexed, as will be the current and future issues.
2015: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
Ellen R Cohn, Jana Cason
The Spring 2015 issue of the International Journal of Telerehabilitation (IJT) contains original research that analyzes provider perspectives on the use of telepractice to serve the families of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Two case studies examine the utility of administering Facial Affect Training through telepractice to individuals with chronic traumatic brain injury. An article in IJT's policy section describes the process for the formulation of the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) international telehealth position statement for occupational therapy...
2015: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
Prashant Kumar, Anju Goel
The understanding of rapidly evolving concentrations of particulate matter (PMC) at signalised traffic intersections (TIs) is limited, but it is important for accurate exposure assessment. We performed "mobile" and "fixed-site" monitoring of size-resolved PMCs in the 0.25-34 ╬╝m range at TIs. On-road mobile measurements were made inside a car under five different ventilation settings on a 6 km long round route, passing through 10 different TIs. Fixed-site measurements were conducted at two types (3- and 4-way) of TIs...
September 14, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Jan Focke, Sylvia Kemmet, Vanessa Krause, Ariane Keitel, Bettina Pollok
While the primary motor cortex (M1) is involved in the acquisition the premotor cortex (PMC) has been related to over-night consolidation of a newly learned motor skill. The present study aims at investigating the possible contribution of the left PMC for the stabilization of a motor sequence immediately after acquisition as determined by susceptibility to interference. Thirty six healthy volunteers received anodal, cathodal and sham transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the left PMC either immediately prior to or during training on a serial reaction time task (SRTT) with the right hand...
January 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Mia Wei, Yi-jie Liu, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and minimally invasive reconstruction of posteromedial corner (PMC). METHODS: There were 22 cases of ACL and PMC tear were performed with reconstruction from March 2012 to February 2014. The patients were 29.4 years old on average, including 8 males and 14 females. ACL reconstruction was performed under arthroscopy and PMC reconstruction was performed minimally invasively through the ACL incision...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Nupur Bansal, Abhishek Soni, Paramjeet Kaur, Ashok Kumar Chauhan, Vivek Kaushal
INTRODUCTION: Radiation proctitis is radiation induced rectal mucositis, occurring as a consequence to radiation therapy of the pelvic organs for various pelvic region malignancies. The management of radiation proctitis is extremely challenging as no recommended guidelines are available and limited number of studies are there in the literature involving the various treatment options. AIM: The aim of the study is the in-depth review of published literature to see the role of various treatment modalities in the management of radiation proctitis...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Zhiqiang Guo, Xiyan Huang, Meng Wang, Jeffery A Jones, Zhengjia Dai, Weifeng Li, Peng Liu, Hanjun Liu
It has been well documented that speakers produce rapid compensatory vocal adjustments for errors they perceive in their auditory feedback. The fact that they differ greatly in the degree to which they compensate for perceived errors, however, has received much less attention. The present study investigated whether intrinsic brain activity during resting can predict an individual's behavioral and cortical responses in compensating for pitch-shifted auditory feedback during vocalization. This relationship was investigated by correlating the regional homogeneity (ReHo) of resting-state fMRI signals with the vocal compensation and event-related potentials (N1 and P2) in response to pitch shifts of -200 and -500 cents...
August 5, 2016: NeuroImage
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