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nutritional status of patients with CKD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782097/association-between-low-dietary-protein-intake-and-geriatric-nutrition-risk-index-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-retrospective-single-center-cohort-study
#1
Aki Kiuchi, Yasushi Ohashi, Reibin Tai, Toshiyuki Aoki, Sonoo Mizuiri, Toyoko Ogura, Atsushi Aikawa, Ken Sakai
Reduced dietary protein intake in malnourished patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be associated with adverse clinical outcomes, which may mask any efficacy of a low-protein diet. The study included 126 patients with CKD who attended a dedicated dietary counseling clinic in 2005-2009 and were systematically followed until January 2015. Of these patients, 20 (15.9%) had moderate or severe nutrition-related risk of geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) < 92; these patients were more likely to be older, have a greater proteinuria, and have lower body mass index and serum albumin concentration...
October 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774887/lipoprotein-subfractions-uric-acid-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-end-stage-renal-disease-esrd-patients
#2
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Piotr Bartnicki, Magdalena Rysz-Górzyńska, Jacek Rysz
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a worldwide public health problem. CKD is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the cardiovascular risk in ESRD patients and to evaluate the relationship between serum uric acid and lipoprotein subfractions. METHODS: The study group consisted of 66 patients on dialysis and control group of 25 healthy volunteers. Concentration of HDL and LDL subfractions were analysed with Lipoprint™...
October 21, 2016: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769183/role-of-low-protein-diet-in-management-of-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease-practical-aspects
#3
Bharat V Shah, Zamurrud M Patel
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem and more so in India. With limited availability and high cost of therapy, barely 10 % of patients with incident end stage renal disease (ESRD) cases get treatment in India. Therefore, all possible efforts should be made to retard progression of CKD. This article reviews the role of low protein diet (LPD) in management of CKD subjects and suggests how to apply it in clinical practice. DISCUSSION: The role of LPD in retarding progression of CKD is well established in animal experimental studies...
October 21, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759735/the-role-of-low-protein-diet-in-ameliorating-proteinuria-and-deferring-dialysis-initiation-what-is-old-and-what-is-new
#4
Mengjing Wang, Jason Chou, Yongen Chang, Wei L Lau, Uttam Reddy, Connie M Rhee, Jing Chen, Chuanming Hao, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
In the management of patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD), a low-protein diet usually refers to a diet with protein intake of 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day (g/kg/day) and should include at least 50% high-biologic-value protein. It may be supplemented with essential acids or nitrogen- free ketoanalogues if <0.6 g/kg/d. Low-protein diet can reduce proteinuria especially in non-diabetic CKD patients. In hypoalbuminemic patients it may lead to an increase in serum albumin level...
October 19, 2016: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745594/nutrition-interventions-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Cheryl A M Anderson, Hoang Anh Nguyen, Dena E Rifkin
Dietary modification is recommended in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Individuals with CKD often have multiple comorbidities, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease, for which dietary modification is also recommended. As CKD progresses, nutrition plays an important role in mitigating risk for cardiovascular disease and decline in kidney function. The objectives of nutrition interventions in CKD include management of risk factors, ensuring optimal nutritional status throughout all stages of CKD, preventing buildup of toxic metabolic products, and avoiding complications of CKD...
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701453/plasma-pentosidine-and-its-association-with-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Anna Machowska, Jia Sun, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Naohito Isoyama, Paul Leurs, Björn Anderstam, Olof Heimburger, Peter Barany, Peter Stenvinkel, Bengt Lindholm
BACKGROUND: Circulating advanced glycated end-products (AGEs) including pentosidine accumulating in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients due to retention and increased formation are thought to contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Here we evaluated factors linked to increased plasma pentosidine and its association with mortality in patients with different stages of CKD and undergoing different treatments. METHODS: Plasma pentosidine, biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and nutritional status were investigated in CKD 1-2 (n = 37), CKD 3-4 (n = 54), CKD 5 non-dialyzed (CKD5-ND; n = 386), peritoneal dialysis (PD; n = 74) and hemodialysis (HD; n = 195) patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683011/compliance-illiteracy-and-low-protein-diet-multiple-challenges-in-ckd-and-a-case-of-self-empowerment
#7
Stefania Maxia, Valentina Loi, Irene Capizzi, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Antonello Pani
BACKGROUND: Low-protein diets (LPD) are an important means of delaying the need for dialysis and attaining a stable metabolic balance in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Many authors consider a low educational level and illiteracy to be adverse features for a good dietary compliance. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 77-year old woman, illiterate, affected by advanced CKD (stage 4 according to KDIGO guidelines). She was initially ashamed of her problem and did not declare it, leading to an overzealous reduction in protein intake...
September 29, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653449/do-metabolic-derangements-in-end-stage-polycystic-kidney-disease-differ-versus-other-primary-kidney-diseases
#8
Magdalena Jankowska, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Peter Barany, Olof Heimburger, Peter Stenvinkel, Bengt Lindholm
AIM: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), a systemic disorder caused by mutation in genes encoding polycystins, has been reported to lead to metabolic derangements including new-onset diabetes mellitus after kidney transplantation. We analyzed markers of insulin resistance (IR), inflammation, nutritional status and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with ADPKD and ESRD patients with other primary kidney diseases. METHODS: In a post hoc cross-sectional analysis in 254 non-diabetic CKD 5 patients starting on dialysis, glucose metabolism (insulin, IGF-1, homeostasis model assessment of IR, HOMA-IR), inflammation (high sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor), nutritional status, and bone mineral density (BMD), were assessed...
September 22, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649693/vegan-vegetarian-low-protein-supplemented-diets-in-pregnant-ckd-patients-fifteen-years-of-experience
#9
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Silvia Parisi, Federica Fassio, Irene Capizzi, Valentina Loi, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Martina Gerbino, Stefania Maxia, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Fosca Minelli, Ettore Piccoli, Elisabetta Versino, Marilisa Biolcati, Paolo Avagnina, Antonello Pani, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Tullia Todros, Giorgina B Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with advanced CKD becoming increasingly common. However, experience with low-protein diets in CKD patients in pregnancy is still limited. Aim of this study is to review the results obtained over the last 15 years with moderately restricted low-protein diets in pregnant CKD women (combining: CKD stages 3-5, proteinuria: nephrotic at any time, or > =1 g/24 at start or referral; nephrotic in previous pregnancy). CKD patients on unrestricted diets were employed for comparison...
September 20, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600818/nutritional-support-in-the-tertiary-care-of-patients-affected-by-chronic-renal-insufficiency-report-of-a-step-wise-personalized-pragmatic-approach
#10
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Biagio Di Iorio, Anna Bottai, Claudia Zullo, Domenico Giannese, Massimiliano Barsotti, Maria Francesca Egidi
BACKGROUND: Dietary treatment is helpful in CKD patients, but nutritional interventions are scarcely implemented. The main concern of the renal diets is its feasibility with regards to daily clinical practice especially in the elderly and co-morbid patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a pragmatic, step-wise, personalized nutritional support in the management of CKD patients on tertiary care. METHODS: This is a case-control study. It included 823 prevalent out-patients affected by CKD stage 3b to 5 not-in-dialysis, followed by tertiary care in nephrology clinics; 305 patients (190 males, aged 70 ± 12 years) received nutritional support (nutritional treatment Group, NTG); 518 patients (281 males, aged 73 ± 13 years) who did not receive any dietary therapy, formed the control group (CG)...
September 6, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573728/heart-failure-and-kidney-dysfunction-epidemiology-mechanisms-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Joerg C Schefold, Gerasimos Filippatos, Gerd Hasenfuss, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
Heart failure (HF) is a major health-care problem and the prognosis of affected patients is poor. HF often coexists with a number of comorbidities of which declining renal function is of particular importance. A loss of glomerular filtration rate, as in acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD), independently predicts mortality and accelerates the overall progression of cardiovascular disease and HF. Importantly, cardiac and renal diseases interact in a complex bidirectional and interdependent manner in both acute and chronic settings...
October 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496421/dietary-intake-of-vitamins-in-different-options-of-treatment-in-chronic-kidney-disease-is-there-a-deficiency
#12
M Jankowska, N Szupryczyńska, A Dębska-Ślizień, P Borek, M Kaczkan, B Rutkowski, S Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: The importance of diet in the management of kidney transplantation (KT), as well as other treatment options of chronic kidney disease (CKD), is generally acknowledged. However, data regarding vitamin intake are very limited. Vitamins are essential in maintaining good nutritional status and preventing many chronic complications. It is still not clear which treatment modality imposes the highest risk of dietary vitamin deficiency and whether successful KT reverses such a threat...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385380/fixed-dose-of-long-acting-erythropoietic-stimulating-agents-at-higher-frequency-improves-appetite-reduces-inflammation-and-corrects-anaemia-in-patients-on-haemodialysis
#13
Wen-Sheng Liu, Da-Chen Chu, Hsiang-Lin Chan, Szu-Yuan Li, Chih-Kuang Liu, Chih-Yu Yang, Yu-Wei Chen, Pui-Ching Lee, Yen-Ting Lai, Chih-Ching Lin
Anaemia is an important issue in patients undergoing haemodialysis. We aimed to identify a better dosing schedule of a fixed monthly dose of continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on haemodialysis. The CERA dosing schedule included 100 μg once monthly for 2 months, 50 μg twice monthly for 2 months and then 100 μg once monthly for two months. The effectiveness was determined by comparing haematocrit, nutritional status (serum protein and albumin) and inflammatory markers (tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and Hepcidin) at the beginning of the study with those at the end of the study...
October 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371993/protein-energy-wasting-and-nutritional-supplementation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#14
A Sabatino, G Regolisti, T Karupaiah, S Sahathevan, B K Sadu Singh, B H Khor, N Salhab, M Karavetian, A Cupisti, E Fiaccadori
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Protein-Energy Wasting (PEW) is the depletion of protein/energy stores observed in the most advanced stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). PEW is highly prevalent among patients on chronic dialysis, and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes, high morbidity/mortality rates and increased healthcare costs. This narrative review was aimed at exploring the pathophysiology of PEW in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. The main aspects of nutritional status evaluation, intervention and monitoring in this clinical setting were described, as well as the current approaches for the prevention and treatment of ESRD-related PEW...
June 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349639/acupuncture-and-related-interventions-for-symptoms-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
REVIEW
Kun Hyung Kim, Myeong Soo Lee, Tae-Hun Kim, Jung Won Kang, Tae-Young Choi, Jae Dong Lee
BACKGROUND: People living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience a range of symptoms and often have complex comorbidities. Many pharmacological interventions for people with CKD have known risks of adverse events. Acupuncture is widely used for symptom management in patients with chronic diseases and in other palliative care settings. However, the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for people with CKD remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the benefits and harms of acupuncture, electro-acupuncture, acupressure, moxibustion and other acupuncture-related interventions (alone or combined with other acupuncture-related interventions) for symptoms of CKD...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238245/body-fat-analysis-in-predialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-multifrequency-bioimpedance-assay-and-anthropometry-compared-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#16
Jayasurya Ravindranath, Priyamvada P Sivan Pillai, Sreejith Parameswaran, Sadish Kumar Kamalanathan, Gopal Krushna Pal
OBJECTIVES: Body composition analysis is required for accurate assessment of nutritional status in patients with predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). The reference method for assessing body fat is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), but it is relatively expensive and often not available for widespread clinical use. There is only limited data on the utility of less expensive and easily available alternatives such as multifrequency bioimpedance assay (BIA) and skinfold thickness (SFT) measurements for assessing body fat in predialysis CKD...
September 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229347/vitamin-d-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-mechanisms-and-therapy
#17
Giuseppe Cianciolo, Andrea Galassi, Irene Capelli, Maria Laura Angelini, Gaetano La Manna, Mario Cozzolino
Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is common in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), where secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPTH) and post-transplantation bone disease (PTBD) are potential effectors of both graft and vascular aging. Reduced 25(OH)D levels are highly prevalent in KTRs. Experimental and clinical evidence support the direct involvement of deranged vitamin D metabolism in CKD-MBD among KTRs. This review analyzes the pathophysiology of vitamin D derangement in KTRs and its fall out on patient and graft outcome, highlighting the roles of both nutritional and active vitamin D compounds to treat PTBD, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and graft dysfunction...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222407/nutritional-risk-screening-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rongshao Tan, Jianting Long, Shi Fang, Haiyan Mai, Wei Lu, Yan Liu, Jianrui Wei, Feng Yan
Knowledge concerning nutritional status of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is limited. Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) has been used to evaluate the nutritional aspects of patients according to the recommendation of European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Here we aim to assess the prevalence and characteristics of nutritional risk in CKD patients by using NRS-2002. NRS-2002 scores of 292 CDK patients were recorded in first 24 hours subsequent to their admission to hospital...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169395/malnutrition-renal-dysfunction-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-synergistically-increase-the-long-term-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events
#19
Keisuke Maruyama, Naoki Nakagawa, Erika Saito, Motoki Matsuki, Naofumi Takehara, Kazumi Akasaka, Nobuyuki Sato, Naoyuki Hasebe
Although malnutrition indicates an unfavorable prognosis in some clinical settings, the synergistic impact of nutritional state, renal dysfunction and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on cardiovascular events is unknown. Among 338 patients aged 40-80 years who underwent echocardiographic evaluation between 2003 and 2005, 161 patients who were followed for >7 years were recruited. Malnutrition was defined as a geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) of ⩽96. The mean patient age was 63.5±9.2 years; the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 72...
September 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012030/adipocytokines-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-5
#20
Raida S Yahya, Mohammed A Atwa, Ibrahim H El-Sayed, Doaa M El-Ghanaam, Dalia T Hussein, Fathi A El-Taweel
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leading to kidney failure and end stage renal disease (ESRD) is a common health problem associated with wasting syndrome characterized by inadequate nutrient intake and decrease tissue anabolism and/or catabolism. In CKD adipokines, especially leptin and adiponectin (ADPN), accumulate in serum due to reduced renal clearance. Although, rapidly growing, knowledge of adipocytokines is limited and much is still unknown of the altered adipocytokine pattern in patients with impaired renal function...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
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