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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214213/the-relationship-between-brafv600e-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-tgab-expression-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#1
Wei Li, Hui Ming, Danyang Sun, Wei Li, Dan Wang, Guizhi Zhang, Jian Tan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential link between thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) titers and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) aggressiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 122 patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy and neck central area lymph dissection followed by radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation for PTC between July 2012 and July 2014. The parameters included clinical characteristics of PTC, TgAb levels and tumor histopathological characteristics...
January 12, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213934/transverse-process-anatomy-as-a-guide-to-vertebral-artery-exposure-during-anterior-cervical-spine-approach-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Ali Nourbakhsh, Jinping Yang, Howard McMahan, Kim Garges
INTRODUCTION: Safe exposure of the vertebral artery (VA) is needed during resection of tumors close to the artery and during repair of lacerations. We defined the anatomy of the anterior root of each transverse process (TP) from C3 to C6 for identification and exposure of the VA during the anterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the anatomy of the TP and assessed two approaches for safe identification of the VA, lateral to medial and medial to lateral dissection of the TP, in 20 cadavers...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209491/the-preterm-cervix-reveals-a-transcriptomic-signature-in-the-presence-of-premature-pre-labor-rupture-of-membranes
#3
Sofia Makieva, Aurelija Dubicke, Sara F Rinaldi, Emma Fransson, Gunvor Ekman-Ordeberg, Jane E Norman
BACKGROUND: Premature Pre-labor Rupture of Fetal Membranes (PPROM) accounts for 30% of all premature births and is associated with detrimental long-term infant outcomes. Premature cervical remodeling, facilitated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), may trigger rupture at the zone of the fetal membranes overlying the cervix. The similarities and differences underlying cervical remodeling in PPROM and spontaneous preterm labor with intact membranes (PTL) are unexplored. OBJECTIVES: We aimed a) to perform the first transcriptomic assessment of the preterm human cervix to identify differences between PPROM and PTL and b) to compare the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and 9 between PPROM and PTL...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28200084/characterization-of-the-cervical-retaining-ligaments-during-subplatysmal-facelift-dissection-and-its-implications
#4
Andrew A Jacono, Melanie H Malone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192269/anterior-transposition-of-anomalous-tortuous-vertebral-artery-causing-cervical-radiculopathy-a-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-literature
#5
Doris D Wang, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Stephen T Magill, Michael T Lawton
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy secondary to compression from vertebral artery (VA) tortuosity is a rare entity. OBJECTIVE: To describe successful transposition of tortuous VA loops causing cervical radiculopathy through an anterolateral approach. METHODS: Two patients with cervical radiculopathy (first case at C5-6 and second case at C3-4) secondary to anomalous VA loop compression underwent anterolateral approaches to the cervical spine for decompression and VA transposition...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187501/anatomical-study-of-the-brachial-plexus-in-the-common-marmoset-callithrix-jacchus
#6
Kenji Emura, Takamitsu Arakawa, Toshio Terashima
To elucidate the forelimb phylogeny of primates, anatomical analysis of the brachial plexus in platyrrhines is beneficial. In the present study, six brachial plexuses and the surrounding arteries of four common marmosets were dissected. In five specimens, the brachial plexus consisted of five ventral rami from the fifth cervical nerve (C5) to the first thoracic nerve (T1). In one specimen, the ventral ramus of the fourth cervical nerve joined with the brachial plexus. In five specimens, the upper trunk was composed of C5 and the sixth cervical nerve (C6)...
February 10, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182829/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-vestibular-approach-toetva-from-a-to-z
#7
Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Matteo Lavazza, Alessandro Bacuzzi, Davide Inversini, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Ralph P Tufano, Hoon Yub Kim, Angkoon Anuwong
We depict the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA). Patient selection criteria are (1) ultrasonographically (US) estimated thyroid diameter no larger than 10cm, (2) US estimated gland volume ≥45mL, (3) nodule size ≥5mm, (4) a benign tumor, such as a thyroid cyst, single-nodular goiter, or multinodular goiter, (5) follicular neoplasm, and (6) papillary microcarcinoma without evidence of metastasis. TOETVA is carried out through a three-port technique placed at the oral vestibule, one 10mm port for 30° endoscope and two additional 5mm ports for dissecting and coagulating instruments...
February 7, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181743/cervical-artery-dissection-choice-of-diagnostic-imaging
#8
Erik Magnus Berntsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180046/risk-of-delayed-lymph-node-metastasis-in-clinically-n0-esthesioneuroblastoma
#9
Justin G Peacock, William S Harmsen, Michael J Link, Jamie J Van Gompel, Caterina Giannini, Kerry D Olsen, Yolanda I Garces, Michelle A Neben Wittich, Daniel J Ma, Sean S Park, Robert L Foote
Objective To determine both the rate of delayed cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB) and a clinically N0 untreated neck and the effectiveness of salvage treatment. Design Retrospective review. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Participants All patients from January 1, 1965, to December 31, 2010, who received definitive treatment for ENB. Main Outcome Measures The study involved 52 patients: 27 (52%) patients underwent surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy (SART) to the primary site only and 25 (48%) underwent surgery alone (SA) as treatment of the primary site, without elective neck dissection...
February 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176030/endoscopic-approach-to-the-upper-cervical-spine-and-clivus-an-anatomical-study-of-the-upper-limits-of-the-transoral-corridor
#10
Emanuele La Corte, Philipp R Aldana
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in endoscopic techniques have allowed minimally invasive approaches to the cranio-vertebral junction (CVJ) through the oropharynx (ETA) in addition to the transnasal approach (EEA). These minimally invasive endoscopic techniques allow for increased surgical exposure using no visible incisions, with a potential less morbidity. The ability to know preoperatively the limit of the ETA is vital for the surgical planning in order to better address CVJ pathology. The aim of the present study is to determine the anatomical limits of endoscopic dissection of the skull base and upper cervical spine through the transoral corridor and the superior limit reached by adopting this approach...
February 7, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175555/355%C3%A2-endovascular-management-of-cervical-carotid-and-vertebral-artery-dissection-indications-techniques-and-outcomes-from-a-20-year-experience
#11
Karam Moon, Felipe Albuquerque, Tyler Scott Cole, Bradley A Gross, Cameron G McDougall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171776/adverse-events-associated-with-the-use-of-cervical-spine-manipulation-or-mobilization-and-patient-characteristics-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
H A Kranenburg, M A Schmitt, E J Puentedura, G J Luijckx, C P van der Schans
Cervical spinal manipulation (CSM) and cervical mobilization are frequently used in patients with neck pain and headache. Pre-manipulative cervical instability and arterial integrity tests appear to be unreliable in identifying patients at risk for adverse events. It would be valuable if patients at risk could be identified by specific characteristics during the preliminary screening. Objective was to identify characteristics of 1) patients, 2) practitioners, 3) treatment process and 4) adverse events (AE) occurring after CSM or cervical mobilization...
January 23, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166115/morbidity-of-staging-inframesenteric-paraaortic-lymphadenectomy-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-compared-with-infrarenal-lymphadenectomy
#13
Clothilde Petitnicolas, Henri Azaïs, Louise Ghesquière, Emmanuelle Tresch-Bruneel, Abel Cordoba, Fabrice Narducci, Lucie Bresson, Eric Leblanc
OBJECTIVE: Extended-field chemoradiation is typically used for the management of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. Given the low rate of skipped metastases above the inferior mesenteric artery, ilioinframesenteric dissection seems to be an acceptable pattern of paraaortic lymph node dissection (LND). Our objective is to compare the surgical morbidity of inframesenteric LND (IM-LND) with infrarenal LND (IR-LND). METHODS: In our center, all of the patients with locally advanced cervical cancer and negative magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography-computed tomography imaging at the paraaortic level were offered laparoscopic staging including a diagnostic laparoscopy followed, if negative, by an extraperitoneal paraaortic lymphadenectomy...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159465/a-comparison-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-to-lymphadenectomy-for-endometrial-cancer-staging-fires-trial-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Emma C Rossi, Lynn D Kowalski, Jennifer Scalici, Leigh Cantrell, Kevin Schuler, Rabbie K Hanna, Michael Method, Melissa Ade, Anastasia Ivanova, John F Boggess
BACKGROUND: Sentinel-lymph-node mapping has been advocated as an alternative staging technique for endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to measure the sensitivity and negative predictive value of sentinel-lymph-node mapping compared with the gold standard of complete lymphadenectomy in detecting metastatic disease for endometrial cancer. METHODS: In the FIRES multicentre, prospective, cohort study patients with clinical stage 1 endometrial cancer of all histologies and grades undergoing robotic staging were eligible for study inclusion...
January 31, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154766/case-of-superficial-cancer-located-at-the-pharyngoesophageal-junction-which-was-dissected-by-endoscopic-laryngopharyngeal-surgery-combined-with-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#15
Kenro Kawada, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Taro Sugimoto, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Yuudai Kawamura, Toshihiro Matsui, Masafumi Okuda, Taichi Ogo, Yuuichiro Kume, Yutaka Nakajima, Andres Mora, Takuya Okada, Akihiro Hoshino, Yutaka Tokairin, Yasuaki Nakajima, Ryuhei Okada, Yusuke Kiyokawa, Fuminori Nomura, Takahiro Asakage, Ryo Shimoda, Takashi Ito
Aims. In order to determine the indications of transoral surgery for a tumor located at the pharyngoesophageal junction, the trumpet maneuver with transnasal endoscopy was used. Its efficacy is reported here. Material and Methods. An 88-year-old woman complaining of dysphagia, diagnosed with cervical esophageal cancer, and hoping to preserve her voice and swallowing function was admitted to our hospital. Conventional endoscopy showed that the tumor had invaded the hypopharynx. When inspecting the hypopharynx and the orifice of the esophagus, we asked the patient to blow hard and puff her cheeks with her mouth closed (trumpet maneuver)...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149809/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-via-vestibular-approach-operative-steps-and-video
#16
Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Alessandro Bacuzzi, Matteo Lavazza, Davide Inversini, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Luigi Boni, Stefano Rausei, Marcin Barczynski, Ralph P Tufano, Hoon Yub Kim, Angkoon Anuwong
In this video we describe transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA). Inclusion criteria are (I) patients who had a ultrasonographically (US) estimated thyroid diameter not larger than 10 cm; (II) US estimated gland volume ≤45 mL; (III) nodule size ≤50 mm; (IV) a benign tumor, such as a thyroid cyst, single-nodular goiter, or multinodular goiter; (V) follicular neoplasm; (VI) papillary microcarcinoma without evidence of metastasis. The procedure is carried out through three-port technique placed at the oral vestibule, one 10-mm port for 30° endoscope and two additional 5-mm ports for dissecting and coagulating instruments...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149805/radioguided-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#17
Mattia Portinari, Paolo Carcoforo
BACKGROUND: The ATA guidelines do not recommend prophylactic central compartment neck dissection in patients with T1-T2 papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with no clinical evidence of lymph node metastasis, however patients' staging is recommended. Lymph node metastasis may be present also in small PTC, but preoperative ultrasound identifies suspicious cervical lymphadenopathy in 20-30% of patients. The role of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) remain open to debate. It has been shown that the identification rate of SLN in PTC patients is improved using a radiotracer compared to a dye technique...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149252/supraclavicular-artery-perforator-flap-in-management-of-post-burn-neck-reconstruction-clinical-experience
#18
H Ismail, A Elshobaky
Anterior cervical contractures of the neck represent a great challenge for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. Necks can be reconstructed with a wide range of surgical techniques, including chimeric flaps, supercharged flap, pre-expanded flaps, "superthin" flaps and perforator flaps. The supraclavicular flap is easy to harvest without the need for free tissue transfer. It provides a relatively large flap for neck resurfacing with tissue very similar to that of the neck. Between January 2013 and March 2015, 20 patients suffering from postburn neck contracture underwent reconstruction with 20 unilateral supraclavicular artery perforator flaps...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145839/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-cervical-lymph-nodes-in-thyroid-cancer
#19
Maria Regina Marrocos Machado, Marcos Roberto Tavares, Carlos Alberto Buchpiguel, Maria Cristina Chammas
Objective To determine what ultrasonographic features can identify metastatic cervical lymph nodes, both preoperatively and in recurrences after complete thyroidectomy. Study Design Prospective. Setting Outpatient clinic, Department of Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Brazil. Subjects and Methods A total of 1976 lymph nodes were evaluated in 118 patients submitted to total thyroidectomy with or without cervical lymph node dissection. All the patients were examined by cervical ultrasonography, preoperatively and/or postoperatively...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133245/-a-case-of-mediastinal-dissection-by-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-vats-in-a-patient-with-mediastinal-nodal-recurrence-from-thyroid-carcinoma-after-primary-surgery-via-median-sternotomy
#20
Hiroshi Kawai, Ryoma Sugimoto, Norichika Iga, Hirokuni Ikeda, Ryosuke Yoshida, Naohisa Waki, Masahiro Ishizaki, Hideyuki Nishi, Kazuki Yamashita
A70 's male was diagnosed with advanced papillary thyroid carcinoma and underwent total thyroidectomy with left lymph node dissection(T4a, N1b, M0, stage IV A). Six years after the surgery, subclavicular and mediastinal lymph node recurrence was observed. Radioiodine therapy was not successful for those lesions. Lymph node dissection was performed via the cervical and transsternal approaches. One year after the second surgery, cervical and mediastinal lymph node recurrence was again observed. We removed the cervical lymph nodes via the cervical approach...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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