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cervical dissection

Philip W Chiu, Anthony Y Teoh, Vivien W Wong, Hon Chi Yip, Shannon M Chan, Simon K Wong, Enders K Ng
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is technically challenging. Da Vinci Robotic system could improve surgical dissection with additional degree of freedom from robotic arms. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of performing MIE using Da Vinci Robotic system among patients with esophageal cancers. From 2009 to 2013, consecutive patients with esophageal cancers who received robotic-assisted MIE were recruited. We excluded tumors with suspected invasion to adjacent organs. Preoperative staging included EUS, CT thorax and abdomen and bronchoscopy...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
L Soylu, O U Aydin, S Ozbas, B Bilezikci, S Ilgan, A Gursoy, S Kocak
OBJECTIVE: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) may often appear as multifocal disease. Few studies demonstrated a higher rate of central compartment lymph node metastasis (CCLNM) in multifocal PTC patients. Therefore, the effect of different histological subtypes of multifocal PTC on CCLNM is another subject for further examination. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the rate of central lymph node positivity in multifocal PTC as compared to unifocal disease, and to identify the role of different histologic subtypes of PTC on central neck lymph node positivity...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Syed T Hussain, Michael Zhen-Yu Tong, Siva Raja, Suresh Keshavamurthy, David W Dietz
Esophageal reconstruction by a substernal route with a colonic conduit after previous esophagectomy and end-cervical esophagostomy in the presence of a patent left internal thoracic artery graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery is a technically challenging procedure. In this case report, we describe a safe approach to this difficult problem. With proper planning and careful dissection, substernal esophageal reconstruction after previous sternotomy in patients with a patent left internal thoracic artery graft is feasible and can be safely performed...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ch Kähling, T Langguth, F Roller, T Kroll, G Krombach, M Knitschke, Ph Streckbein, H P Howaldt, J-F Wilbrand
BACKGROUND: An accurate preoperative assessment of cervical lymph node status is a prerequisite for individually tailored cancer therapies in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. The detection of malignant spread and its treatment crucially influence the prognosis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the different staging modalities used among patients with a diagnosis of primary oral squamous cell carcinoma between 2008 and 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An analysis of preoperative staging findings, collected by clinical palpation, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT), was performed...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Takahiro Wakasaki, Hirofumi Omori, Shintaro Sueyoshi, Fumihide Rikimaru, Satoshi Toh, Kenichi Taguchi, Yuichiro Higaki, Masaru Morita, Muneyuki Masuda
BACKGROUND: Advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas frequently develop distant metastases to limited organs, including the lungs, bone, mediastinal lymph nodes, brain, and liver. Peritoneal carcinomatosis as an initial distant metastasis from hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is quite rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man diagnosed with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and his clinical stage was determined as T2N2cM0. Notably, the right retropharyngeal lymph node surrounded more than half of the right internal carotid artery...
October 18, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Marc Gregory Yu, Jenny Maureen Atun
Tuberculous (TB) lymphadenitis can mimic cervical node metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) since the distribution and appearance of affected lymph nodes are similar. We present the case of an asymptomatic 50-year-old Filipino who sought consult for a gradually enlarging anterior neck mass and a single palpable cervical lymph node. Preoperative workup suggested a thyroid malignancy with nodal metastasis. He underwent total thyroidectomy with node dissection where histopathology confirmed follicular variant- (FV-) PTC...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Lucy C Thomas, Lesley Ann Hall, John R Attia, Elizabeth G Holliday, Hugh S Markus, Christopher R Levi
BACKGROUND: Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is a leading cause of stroke among middle-aged adults, but the etiology is unclear. Some reports of seasonal variation in CAD incidence have been suggested but may reflect extreme climatic conditions. Seasonal variation may implicate more transient seasonal causes such as proinflammatory or hypercoagulable states. This study aimed to assess whether CAD incidence varied with season between UK and Australian sites. Also, this study aimed to determine whether there was a different pattern of seasonal variation between arteries (carotid and vertebral) and any association between CAD incidence and clinical factors...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Christian Fisahn, Jaspreet Johal, Marc Moisi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Regional neurovascular structures must be avoided during invasive spine hardware placement. During C1 lateral mass screw placement, the C2 nerve root is put in harm's way. Therefore, the current anatomical study was performed to identify techniques that might avoid such neural injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On 10 cadaveric sides, dissection was carried down to the craniocervical junction. The C2 nerve root was identified and its distal branches traced out into the surrounding posterior cervical musculature...
October 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Zahraa Al-Hilli, Veljko Strajina, Travis J McKenzie, Geoffrey B Thompson, David R Farley, M Regina Castro, Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich, Melanie L Richards
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is frequently associated with cervical lymph node metastases. Guidelines recommend performing ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) for suspicious nodes to guide management. No specific recommendations are available for the use of FNA thyroglobulin assay (FNA-Tg). This study investigated the diagnostic value of performing FNAC and FNA-Tg. METHODS: Patient demographics, preoperative investigations, surgery, and lymph node pathology were collected for patients with PTC who underwent lateral neck lymphadenectomy and central compartment reexploration from January 2000 to July 2015...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Eduardo Murias Quintana, Pedro Vega Valdés, Edison Morales Deza, Alberto Gil Garcia, Hugo Cuellar Saenz, Alba L Salgado Bernal, María Cadenas Rodríguez, Lorena Benavente Fernández, Montserrat González Delgado, Nuria Riesco Pérez, Davinia Larrosa Campo, Sergio Calleja Puerta
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate our experience in endovascular reconstruction of carotid dissections using the Wingspan Stent System™ (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA), a device we use because of its high radial force and its navigation in extreme curves. METHODS: We treated 11 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke due to carotid dissection with the Wingspan stent, in the cervical carotid artery. RESULTS: Functional evaluation revealed that 10 of the 11 patients were independent at 3 months post surgery and that the 11 stents used were found to be patent at the 6-month follow-up digital subtraction angiography (DSA)...
October 13, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Ines Donangelo, Ann E Walts, Catherine Bresee, Glenn D Braunstein
OBJECTIVE: Whether or not autoimmune thyroid disease influences the progression of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains controversial. Findings of previous studies are influenced by lead time bias and/or procedure bias selection. These biases can be reduced by studying a single-institution patient population that underwent a similar extent of surgical resection. METHODS: From a cohort of 660 patients with DTC who underwent thyroidectomy, we retrospectively studied 357 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and central compartment node dissection (CCND) for DTC between 2003 and 2013...
October 2016: Endocrine Practice
Hidetoshi Matsui, Shigemichi Iwae, Yuji Hirayama, Koichiro Yonezawa, Jun Shigeji
Bazex syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic dermatosis. The underlying malignancy frequently is squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract or cervical lymph nodes from an unknown primary site. We report a 63-year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of cervical lymph nodes from an unknown primary site. He developed a mass on the right side of his neck, cutaneous lesions diagnosed as Bazex syndrome, hypoalbuminemia, and severe ascites. Right neck dissection was performed. After neck dissection, not only the cutaneous lesions, but also the severe hypoalbuminemia and severe ascites were improved...
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Vikas Acharya, Suresh Chandrasekaran, Sujit Nair
INTRODUCTION: The authors present an interesting case of a 19-year-old male who presented as a polytrauma patient following a fall from a height. PRESENTATION OF CASE: He was initially managed on the intensive care unit with intracranial pressure bolt monitoring after being intubated and sedated and having his other traumatic injuries stabilized. Upon attempting to wean sedation and extubation a repeat CT scan of the head was undertaken and showed a new area suggested of cerebral infarction, this was a new finding...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
L Depypere, T Lerut, J Moons, W Coosemans, G Decker, H Van Veer, P De Leyn, P Nafteux
Recurrent disease after esophagectomy bears an infaust prognosis, especially when multiple recurrences are present. But little is known about survival in patients with limited recurrence (solitary locoregional recurrence or solid organ metastasis). Herein, we report our experience with these subgroups. We analyzed 1754 consecutive patients surgically treated with curative resection for esophageal cancer and cancer of the gastroesophageal junction between 1990 and 2012. Seven subgroups were defined according to the recurrence type (locoregional vs...
October 5, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Kengo Kanai, Toshiko Mandai, Akane Shibata, Yuka Takahashi, Yuji Hirata, Yoshihiko Furuki
Carotid artery stenosis is a significant risk factor for stroke. In elderly patients with carotid atherosclerosis and stenosis, it is not unusual for oral, head and neck cancer surgery to be performed. The present study describes a case of stroke that occurred during a neck dissection for the treatment of cervical lymph node metastasis of a left maxillary gingival carcinoma. The patient was an 84-year-old female who was considered to be at high risk of a stroke based on pre-operative head and neck computed tomography scans, which detected severe carotid atherosclerosis and stenosis...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Joshua P Halfpap, Aaron A Cho, Michael D Rosenthal
A 51-year-old man presented to a direct-access physical therapy clinic with persistent neck pain for 5 days after a fall in shallow water while surfing. Based on "dangerous mechanism of injury" from the Canadian cervical spine rule as being a high risk factor, the physical therapist ordered radiographs of the cervical spine, which were suggestive of a more serious injury. Computed tomography suggested and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed vertebral artery dissection. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(10):929...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
José Francisco Sales Chagas, Maria Beatriz Nogueira Pascoal, José Luís Braga Aquino, Luís Antônio Brandi, Evandro Von Zuben Previtale, Ana Sofia Pontes Trillo, Otávio Alberto Curioni, Abrão Rapoport, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis
OBJECTIVE: to assess the efficacy of the single transverse extended cervical incision in radical neck dissection. METHOD: we conducted a prospective study, from January 2008 to January 2009, with 18 patients undergoing surgical treatment of malignant tumors of the upper aero-digestive tract. The primary lesion was located in the oral cavity in eight cases, in the oropharynx in three, in the hypopharynx in three, in the larynx in two, in the maxillary sinus, and in one case, the primary injury was hidden...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
B M Sert, K L Vassmo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Y Dang, X Li, S Liu, L Wei, M Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Rainer Kimmig, Peter Rusch, Paul Buderath, Bahriye Aktas
Superior hypogastric plexus (SHG) contains mainly sympathetic and most probably also postganglionic parasympathetic fibers. Thus, surgical damage of SHG may cause autonomic pelvic organ dysfunction (Kraima et al., 2015). As already shown for rectal cancer, preservation of the autonomic nerves is facilitated by robotic surgery and may avoid sexual dysfunctions and voiding disorders (Kim et al., 2015). In this educational video, we demonstrate left lower paraaortic lymph node dissection preserving the SHG using ICG fluorescence to label the lymphatic compartment...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
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