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immunohistochemistry parotid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577557/unusual-neoplasm-on-the-hard-palate-of-a-child-a-case-report
#1
Mathangi Kumar, Shruthi Acharya, Kanthilatha Pai, Vijay Kumar, Sundeep P Thotan
BACKGROUND: Myoepitheliomas account for less than 1% of salivary gland tumors. They mostly affect the parotid glands of adults during the third to fifth decades. CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old Indian boy reported a small swelling in the roof of his mouth of 10 days' duration. History revealed that the lesion was painless and not associated with bleeding or pus discharge. On examination, a purplish well-circumscribed growth was noted on his posterior hard palate...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544819/dual-malignancy-in-a-thyroid-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-small-lymphocytic-lymphoma-a-report-of-a-case-with-a-cyto-histologic-correlation
#2
Omar I Ahmed, Ziyan T Salih
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy. Simultaneous involvement of the thyroid gland by multiple malignancies, is a rare occurrence. Similarly, primary thyroid lymphomas are also rare. We are reporting a rare case of a dual thyroid malignancy; PTC with secondary thyroid involvement by chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), diagnosed on cytology and confirmed with flow cytometry, histology and immunohistochemistry. Imaging showed two hypermetabolic nodules, one in left parotid gland, and the other in the thyroid isthmus...
May 22, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439689/divergent-schwannoma-like-phenotype-in-a-pleomorphic-adenoma
#3
Srinivasa R Chandra, Farah Karim, Yeshwant B Rawal
The schwannoma-like pleomorphic adenoma is a rare histopathological variant of the pleomorphic adenoma. Five previous reports with seven cases exist in English language literature. These tumors present in the parotid gland most commonly. Intraparotid schwannomas of the facial nerve and schwannomas with glandular differentiation have also been reported. A 60-year-old male presented with an asymptomatic swelling over the left angle of the mandible. The swelling had been present for about 12 years with a recent increase in size...
April 24, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390747/fcrl4-b-cells-in-salivary-glands-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients
#4
Erlin A Haacke, Hendrika Bootsma, Fred K L Spijkervet, Annie Visser, Arjan Vissink, Philip M Kluin, Frans G M Kroese
Fc receptor-like protein 4 (FcRL4) is normally expressed on a small subset of mucosa-associated B-cells, as well as on mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma B-cells. Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients have an increased risk of developing MALT lymphomas, preferentially in the parotid glands. For this reason we studied here by immunohistochemistry and mRNA analysis whether FcRL4 expressing B-cells are present in salivary gland tissue (labial and parotid) of pSS patients (n = 54) and non-pSS sicca patients (n = 16) and whether parotid gland MALT lymphomas in pSS patients (n = 49) also express this receptor...
July 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377929/expression-mutation-and-amplification-status-of-egfr-and-its-correlation-with-five-mirnas-in-salivary-gland-tumours
#5
Emanuela Boštjančič, Nina Hauptman, Aleš Grošelj, Damjan Glavač, Metka Volavšek
Malignant salivary gland tumours are rare histologically and clinically heterogeneous group of tumours, missing prognostic factors and therapeutic targets. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small noncoding RNAs, and posttranscriptional regulators of mRNA are poorly described in different subtypes of salivary gland tumours. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), an important therapeutic target and target of certain miRNAs (i.e., miR-133b), shows variable degrees of expression in salivary gland tumours. Our study included 70 parotid gland tumours of different histological subtypes...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326216/an-unusual-clinical-presentation-of-solitary-fibrous-tumor-in-the-oral-cavity
#6
Everton Freitas de Morais, Deborah Gondim Lambert Moreira, Viviane Alves De Oliveira, Rodrigo Rodrigues Rodrigues, Adriano Rocha Germano, Roseana de Almeida Freitas
Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin that usually affects the pleura. This rarity becomes more relevant in the oral cavity since the clinical features are nonspecific. A 66-year-old female patient presented with a 3-month history of a swelling in the floor of the mouth, measuring 2 cm in greatest diameter, and pain symptomatology. Occlusal and panoramic radiographs showed no bone involvement. Ultrasonography of the submandibular and parotid salivary glands revealed normal morphology, dimensions, and echogenicity...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321773/salivary-duct-carcinoma-an-update-on-morphologic-mimics-and-diagnostic-use-of-androgen-receptor-immunohistochemistry
#7
Aaron M Udager, Simion I Chiosea
More than 15 years ago, seminal studies by Dr. E. Leon Barnes and colleagues transformed our understanding of salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) and, in doing so, paved the way for contemporary diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to this aggressive salivary adenocarcinoma. In particular, attention to the apocrine phenotype of SDC and expression of androgen receptor (AR) by immunohistochemistry has improved the diagnostic accuracy and showed how SDC can be reliably distinguished from its morphologic mimics (i.e...
March 20, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261993/carcinoma-ex-pleomorphic-adenoma-a-diagnostic-challenge-on-cytology
#8
Kanika Singh, Charu Agarwal, Mukta Pujani, Pragya Verma, Varsha Chauhan
Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ca ex PA) is a malignant neoplasm arising from primary or recurrent benign pleomorphic adenoma. It is rare with an annual incidence rate of 0.17 tumors per million. Histopathology remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of Ca ex PA, with only a handful of cases reported on cytology. In our case a 66-year-old male presented with the right parotid mass for 5 years rapidly increasing for the last 3 months. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears showed malignant tumor cells in clusters along with benign myoepithelial cells in chondromyxoid background...
March 6, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028546/identification-and-characterization-of-novel-rat-polyomavirus-2-in-a-colony-of-x-scid-rats-by-p-pit-assay
#9
Lora H Rigatti, Tuna Toptan, Joseph T Newsome, Patrick S Moore, Yuan Chang
Polyomaviruses (PyVs) are known to infect a wide range of vertebrates and invertebrates and are associated with a broad spectrum of diseases, including cancers, particularly in immune-suppressed hosts. A novel polyomavirus, designated rat polyomavirus 2 (RatPyV2), was identified from a breeding colony of rats having X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency. Using a human panpolyomavirus immunohistochemistry test (P-PIT), RatPyV2 was initially detected in the parotid salivary gland of a colony member. Rolling circle amplification using DNA from harderian and parotid glands identified a novel 5...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028340/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-parotid-gland-cytological-histopathological-and-immunohistochemical-features-a-rare-case-report
#10
Sainath K Andola, Meenakshi M Masgal, Rajeev M Reddy
Primary malignant lymphomas of the salivary glands are rare, accounting for 2-5% of salivary gland tumors and 5% of extranodal lymphomas, frequently seen in the parotid gland. There are single case reports mentioned in the literature. Clinical presentation is not characteristic and the disease is often overlooked with delay in diagnosis and treatment. We are reporting a case of bilateral parotid gland lymphoma in a 55-year-old male, presented with bilateral enlarged parotids. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bilateral enlarged parotid glands with multiple well-defined intraparotid lesions...
October 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002531/parotid-sclerosing-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-immunohistochemical-study
#11
Florin Liviu Gherghina, Adrian Camen, Maria Cristina Munteanu, Claudiu Mărgăritescu, Călin Gabriel Şarlă
Here we report the case of a 63-year-old female with a parotid sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma diagnosed and treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania. The clinical and imaging investigation revealed a parotid malignant tumor with central fluid-filled cystic formation. Histopathology found an intermediate grade sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma that invaded the adjacent adipose and striated muscle tissues, but without perineural and lymphovascular invasion...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987516/-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-mimicking-mikulicz-disease-a-case-report
#12
A C Liu, Y Chen, J S Jia, S Y Gao, Y Y Liu
IgG4-related disease is a systemic disorder involving a spectrum of multiple indications, and various histopathological features are shared among different IgG4-related disease subtypes, which challenge diagnosis, although certain syndromes have organ-specific involvement. Among them, Mikulicz's disease affecting the salivary and lacrimal glands, distinguished by often elevated levels of serum IgG4, infiltration of IgG4(+) plasma cells into target tissues, and diffuse swelling, mass formation, or fibrosis of affected organs...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756995/cytological-diagnosis-of-deep-seated-cellular-hemangioma-of-the-parotid-gland-by-using-cell-button-technique
#13
Sonam Sharma, Rahul Mannan, Tejinder Bhasin
Intraparotid hemangioma of the children is a rare neoplasm, posing diagnostic dilemma to the diagnosticians as well as treating clinicians. A 2-month-old male infant presented with a diffuse swelling in the parotid region since birth that was gradually increasing in size. The ultrasonography (USG) report was suggestive of a right intraparotid mass of uncertain etiology; whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) report inclined toward a mass associated with chronic inflammatory pathology. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) suggested two differentials - a vascular neoplasm of the parotid gland and a spindle cell neoplasm with increased vascularity...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729431/prognostic-relevance-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-proliferation-in-surgically-treated-primary-parotid-gland-cancer
#14
Alina Busch, Larissa Bauer, Eva Wardelmann, Claudia Rudack, Inga Grünewald, Markus Stenner
AIMS: Cancer of the major salivary glands comprises a morphologically diverse group of rare tumours of largely unknown cause. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been shown to play a significant prognostic role in various human cancers. The aim was to assess the expression of EMT markers in different histological subtypes of parotid gland cancer (PGC) and analyse their prognostic value. METHODS: We examined 94 PGC samples (13 histological subtypes) for the expression of MIB-1, epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin), β-catenin, vimentin and cytokeratin 8/18 (CK8/18) by means of immunohistochemistry...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671185/parotid-cystic-lesion-in-amelanotic-malignant-melanoma
#15
Vitorino Modesto Dos Santos, Manoel da Costa Gondim Neto, Tereza Rodrigues de Carvalho Vieira de Melo, Iara Machado Motta
A 60-year Brazilian woman, presented with an enlarged lymph node in the neck for one year, and a superficial nonulcerated lesion was observed in the scalp. Fine needle aspiration and biopsy of the lymph node revealed amelanocytic metastasis, and immunohistochemistry study showed Melan-A/ Mart-1 antigen (clone A103 and S-100 protein). The entire suspected area of the scalp was further resected and an amelanotic melanoma without angiolymphatic invasion was diagnosed. Ultrasonography and PET-computed tomography showed hypermetabolic cystic area in the right parotid...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665974/glycomic-profile-of-the-human-parotid-gland-between-18th-and-26th-week-of-fetal-development
#16
Moacyr J B M Rêgo, Antônio F Silva Filho, Ana P V Sobral, Eduardo I C Beltrão
The formation of new and functional structural components of several organs, such as parotid glands, can be influenced by the glycocode. This study analyzed the glycobiology of parotid salivary gland tissue during fetal development using specific biochemical probes (lectins and antibodies). Eleven parotid gland samples from human fetuses were obtained from spontaneous abortions at 14-28 weeks of gestation, and tissue sections were analyzed for lectin histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. From the 18th to 26th week, Canavalia ensiformis agglutinin, wheat germ agglutinin, Ulex europaeus agglutinin-I, peanut agglutinin, Sambucus nigra agglutinin, and Vicia villosa agglutinin lectin staining were predominantly observed in the apical and/or basement membranes of the ducts and tubulo-acinar units...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664563/long-and-short-term-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-modify-young-and-elder-rat-salivary-glands-morphology
#17
Mariana Mirim Monteiro, Talyta Thereza Soares D'Epiro, Lisiane Bernardi, Anna Christina Medeiros Fossati, Marinilce Fagundes Dos Santos, Marcelo Lazzaron Lamers
OBJECTIVE: In this study we performed a temporal analysis of the effects of Diabetes Mellitus on morphology and laminin deposition in salivary glands of young (2 months-old) and aging (12 months-old) male Wistar rats, using immunohistochemistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animals were divided in control and diabetic (Streptozotocin induced) groups and euthanized after short and long-term diabetes induction. RESULTS: Short-term induction led to vacuolization of parotid acinar cells and increased laminin deposition in both animal ages...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579155/binge-drinking-of-ethanol-during-adolescence-induces-oxidative-damage-and-morphological-changes-in-salivary-glands-of-female-rats
#18
Nathalia Carolina Fernandes Fagundes, Luanna Melo Pereira Fernandes, Ricardo Sousa de Oliveira Paraense, Paulo Mecenas Alves de Farias-Junior, Francisco Bruno Teixeira, Sergio Melo Alves-Junior, João de Jesus Viana Pinheiro, Maria Elena Crespo-López, Cristiane Socorro Ferraz Maia, Rafael Rodrigues Lima
This study investigates morphological and biochemistry effects of binge ethanol consumption in parotid (PG) and submandibular (SG) salivary glands of rats from adolescence to adulthood. Female Wistar rats (n = 26) received ethanol at 3 g/kg/day (20% w/v) for 3 consecutive days/week from the 35th until the 62nd day of life. Animals were treated in two periods: 1 week (G1) and 4 weeks (G2), with a control (treated with distilled water) and an ethanol group to each period. In morphological analysis, morphometric and immunohistochemistry evaluation for smooth muscle actin (αSMA), cytokeratin-18 (CK-18), and vimentin (VIM) were made...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521725/metastatic-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-mimicking-butterfly-glioblastoma-a-rare-presentation-in-the-splenium-of-the-corpus-callosum
#19
Sarah T Garber, Laith Khoury, Diana Bell, Donald F Schomer, Filip Janku, Ian E McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: Intracranial spread of an adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the parotid gland is rare, and metastatic ACC to the splenium of the corpus callosum mimicking butterfly glioblastoma (GBM) has not been reported previously. We report a rare case of metastasis to the splenium of the corpus callosum from ACC of the parotid gland. CASE DESCRIPTION: The tumor occupied the splenium and mimicked the presentation of a butterfly glioma. The patient had undergone parotidectomy 5 years before presentation with this intracranial lesion...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474346/myoepithelioma-of-the-parotid-gland-with-extensive-adipocytic-metaplasia-report-of-a-case-with-intriguing-aspects-on-fine-needle-aspiration-and-p63-immunohistochemical-expression
#20
Vanessa Schneider, Antoine Nobile, Bertrand Duvoisin, Chiara Saglietti, Massimo Bongiovanni
Myoepithelioma is a rare and usually benign salivary gland tumor derived from myoepithelial cells. Variability in cellular morphology and stromal composition leads to diagnostic pitfalls on fine-needle aspiration cytology; therefore, histology and immunohistochemistry are often required for definitive diagnosis. We describe a case of parotid gland myoepithelioma in a 76-year-old woman, which was discovered incidentally on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging. Fine-needle aspiration sampled cohesive aggregates of spindle-shaped cells embedded in a fibrillary matrix as well as abundant mature adipocytes, initially considered as part of normal salivary gland parenchyma...
December 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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