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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905588/minimally-invasive-direct-access-balloon-expandable-transcatheter-mitral-valve-replacement-for-extensive-mitral-annular-calcification-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
Joseph Lamelas, Guilherme V Silva, Subhasis Chatterjee
Mitral annular calcification can pose a formidable surgical challenge in the setting of mitral valve replacement for mitral stenosis. Although there are reports of transapical valve-in-valve transcatheter mitral valve replacement in the setting of degenerated bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement, there is less experience with transcatheter mitral valve replacement for mitral annular calcification. This report describes a patient who previously received a transcatheter aortic valve replacement and then subsequently underwent a minimally invasive right thoracotomy for transcatheter mitral valve replacement with a successful result...
June 14, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905587/a-novel-approach-using-computed-tomography-angiograms-to-predict-sternotomy-or-complicated-anastomosis-in-patients-undergoing-robotically-assisted-minimally-invasive-direct-coronary-artery-bypass
#2
Richard C Cook, Anthony Y Fung, Edward D Percy, John R Mayo
OBJECTIVE: Robotically assisted minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass is an alternative to sternotomy-based surgery in properly selected patients. Identifying the left anterior descending artery when it is deep in the epicardial fat can be particularly challenging through a 5- to 6-cm mini-thoracotomy incision. The objective of this study was to evaluate a technique for predicting conversion to sternotomy or complicated left anterior descending artery anastomosis using preoperative cardiac-gated computed tomography angiograms...
June 14, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896572/partial-splenectomy-a-case-series-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Francesco Esposito, Adele Noviello, Nicola Moles, Nicola Cantore, Mario Baiamonte, Enrico Coppola Bottazzi, Antonio Miro, Francesco Crafa
Backgrounds/Aims: Partial splenectomy (PS) is a surgical option for splenic mass, in order to reduce postoperative complications and preserve the splenic function. Despite this, data in literature is still scarce. The present study aimed to reveal our recent experience and provide a comprehensive overview of the feasibility and complications related to various surgical approaches. Methods: Data of patients who underwent PS, between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896132/cognitive-function-and-monoamine-neurotransmission-in-schizophrenia-evidence-from-positron-emission-tomography-studies
#4
REVIEW
Harumasa Takano
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive imaging technique used to assess various brain functions, including cerebral blood flow, glucose metabolism, and neurotransmission, in the living human brain. In particular, neurotransmission mediated by the monoamine neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, has been extensively examined using PET probes, which specifically bind to the monoamine receptors and transporters. This useful tool has revealed the pathophysiology of various psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, and the mechanisms of action of psychotropic drugs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890809/-treatment-of-multi-segment-fracture-of-complex-femoral-shaft-with-instrument-assisted-reduction-combined-with-intramedullary-interlocking-nail-fixation
#5
Ke-Jie Fan, Ke Chen, Wen-Long Ma, Ke-Wei Tian, Ye Ye, Hong-Gan Chen, Yan-Feng Tang, Hong-Min Cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of minimally invasive mini-incision and instrumented reduction combined with interlocking intramedullary nailing in the treatment of patients with multi-segment fracture of complex femoral shaft. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2016, 32 patients with multiple fractures segments of femoral shaft were treated with instrumentation-assisted reduction combined with interlocking intramedullary nailing, including 22 males and 10 females with an average age of 45 years old ranging 17 to 68 years old...
May 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890352/minimally-invasive-surgery-staging-of-apparent-stage-i-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-prevalence-and-outcomes
#6
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Evelyn Minis, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Melissa K Frey, Thomas A Caputo, Steven S Witkin, Kevin Holcomb
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the prevalence, trends and outcomes of minimally invasive surgical staging (MIS) of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) apparently confined to the ovary. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2) SETTING: Participating hospitals in the National Cancer Data Base PATIENTS: Women diagnosed between 2010-2014 with a MOGCT apparently confined to the ovary with information on the planned surgical approach...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889155/antegrade-percutaneous-intramedullary-fixation-technique-for-metacarpal-fractures-prospective-study-on-150-cases
#7
Lorenzo Rocchi, Gianfranco Merendi, Luigi Mingarelli, Francesco Fanfani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess the results of antegrade percutaneous intramedullary Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation, for the treatment of unstable displaced metacarpal fractures in a large number of cases, in order to support the usage of this mini-invasive technique in the largest variety of fractures as possible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Every patient meeting the inclusion criteria was treated with closed reduction and antegrade intramedullary fixation with 1 or 2 K-wire from January 2013...
June 7, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887636/screw-intramedullary-elastic-nail-fixation-in-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-a-clinical-outcome-in-36-patients
#8
Wasudeo Mahadeo Gadegone, Vijayanand Lokhande
Background: Surgical stabilization of displaced midshaft clavicle fracture can be achieved by an intramedullary nail or plate. When intramedullary nail is used, one of the dreaded complications is the migration of nail. We have used a screw intramedullary device with screw mechanism at one end which can get hold in the medial cancellous bone, thus preventing chances of nail migration. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical outcome following elastic stable screw intramedullary nailing for the fixation of midshaft clavicle fractures...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879783/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-modified-mini-open-and-open-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-comparative-study
#9
Sudhir Ganesan, Vignesh Jayabalan, Venkatesh Kumar, Karthik Kailash
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of modified mini-open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (modMOTLIF) and open TLIF (OTLIF). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MTLIF) is associated with less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and less pain. However, it has concerns like increased radiation exposure, steep learning curve, and instrumentation cost...
June 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873796/cytomegalovirus-disease-in-hiv-infected-children-a-single-centre-clinical-experience-over-23-years
#10
Deepti Suri, Ankur K Jindal, Aman Gupta, Anju Gupta, Priya Bajgai, Ramandeep Singh, Mini P Singh, Ranjana W Minz, Sunil Arora, Surjit Singh
Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) results in significant morbidity and mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected individuals. There is paucity of literature on paediatric CMV disease, especially from developing countries. Methods: A retrospective review of records of all HIV-infected children with evidence of CMV disease was done. Results: A total of 15 children were found to have CMV disease (retinitis in all, pneumonia in two and invasive gastrointestinal disease in one)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873601/unique-challenges-to-the-approach-and-management-of-pediatric-headscarf-pin-aspiration
#11
Shadi Hamouri, Faisal Swesi, Nathan Michael Novotny
BACKGROUND: Headscarf use is becoming more common throughout the world. Many articles describe the problem of aspirated headscarf pins but few if any give technical details for retrieval or innovative methods of removal if traditional bronchoscopy fails particularly in the pediatric population. Herein, we describe our method of deep sedation with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and flexible bronchoscopy (FB) and retrieval with a stepwise algorithm if traditional FB fails. METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric patients with aspirated headscarf pins was performed...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868261/early-and-long-term-results-of-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery-through-a-right-mini-thoracotomy-approach-a-retrospective-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#12
Sabreen Mkalaluh, Marcin Szczechowicz, Bashar Dib, Anton Sabashnikov, Gabor Szabo, Matthias Karck, Alexander Weymann
Background: Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MVS) via right mini-thoracotomy has recently attracted a lot of attention. Minimally invasive MVS shows postoperative results that are comparable to those of conventional MVS through the median sternotomy as per various earlier studies. Methods: Between 2000 and 2016, a total of 669 isolated mitral valve procedures for isolated mitral valve regurgitation were performed. A propensity score-matched analysis was generated for the elimination of the differences in relevant preoperative risk factors between the cohorts and included 227 patient pairs...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866151/the-impact-of-pericardial-approach-and-myocardial-protection-onto-postoperative-right-ventricle-function-reduction
#13
Marco Zanobini, Claudia Loardi, Paolo Poggio, Gloria Tamborini, Fabrizio Veglia, Alessandro Di Minno, Veronika Myasoedova, Liborio Francesco Mammana, Raoul Biondi, Mauro Pepi, Francesco Alamanni, Matteo Saccocci
BACKGROUND: The reduction of RV function after cardiac surgery is a well-known phenomenon. It could persist up-to one year after the operation and often leads to an incomplete recovery at follow-up echocardiographic control. The aim of the present study is to analyze the impact of different modalities of pericardial incision (lateral versus anterior) and of myocardial protection protocols (Buckberg versus Custodiol) onto postoperative RV dynamic by relating two- and three-dimensional echocardiographic parameters in patients undergoing mitral valve repair through minimally invasive or traditional surgery approach...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866101/solitary-metastasis-to-a-superior-mediastinal-lymph-node-after-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#14
Naoki Kubo, Junichi Yoshizawa, Takaomi Hanaoka
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal lymph node metastases occasionally occur in patients of advanced gastric cancer of the cardia with esophageal invasion, but they rarely occur in patients with gastric cancer of other sites. This report describes a case of a solitary metastasis to t a superior mediastinal lymph node after distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer of the antrum. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old man underwent curative distal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer of the antrum (pT2pN2M0, stage IIB)...
June 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846243/gynecological-sarcomas-what-s-new-in-2018-a-brief-review-of-published-literature
#15
Justine Gantzer, Isabelle Ray-Coquard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we focus on recent published data (2017) on the management of gynecologic sarcomas. RECENT FINDINGS: The most significant data published in 2017 develop definition of a new molecular subtype of high grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) using molecular technics added to histological analysis. The identification of a new translocation on presumed uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) points to refinement of nosological classification, with fragmentation of even rare tumors into distinct molecular entities: gynecologic sarcomas are now distinguished into distinct entities from a heterogeneous group of tumors...
July 2018: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807199/surgical-and-functional-outcome-of-olfactory-groove-meningiomas-lessons-from-the-past-experience-and-strategy-development
#16
Kostas N Fountas, Georgios F Hadjigeorgiou, Eftychia Z Kapsalaki, Thanasis Paschalis, Radu Rizea, Alexander V Ciurea
OBJECT: Olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs) constitute a unique subset of intracranial meningiomas, since they usually remain clinically silent for a long period of time, and they may be of large size upon their diagnosis. Their surgical management remains quite challenging. The surgical and the neuropsychological outcome of patients with OGM are presented in our current study, in order to establish a basis for developing efficacious surgical strategies for the management of this clinico-pathological entity...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806306/-decompression-by-mini-open-posterior-approach-assisted-with-microscope-for-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture-with-severe-spinal-canal-stenosis
#17
Bin Zhang, Hua Zou, Weijun Kong, Chong Wang, Fujun Wu, Sheng Ye, Xin Wang, Jun Ao
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of posterior microscopic mini-open technique (MOT) decompression in patients with severe spinal canal stenosis resulting from thoracolumbar burst fractures. Methods: The clinical data of 28 patients with severe spinal canal stenosis caused by thoracolumbar burst fractures, who were treated by posterior microscopic MOT, which performed unilateral or bilateral laminectomy, poking reduction, intervertebral bone graft via spinal canal, and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation between January 2014 and January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
April 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806125/two-photon-optical-imaging-spectral-and-fluorescence-lifetime-analysis-to-discriminate-urothelial-carcinoma-grades
#18
B Pradère, F Poulon, E Compérat, I Lucas, D Bazin, S Doizi, O Cussenot, O Traxer, D Abi Haidar
In the framework of urologic oncology, mini-invasive procedures have increased in the last few decades particularly for urothelial carcinoma. One of the essential elements in the management of this disease is still the diagnosis, which strongly influences the choice of treatment. The histopathologic evaluation of the tumor grade is a keystone of diagnosis, and tumor characterization is not possible with just a macroscopic evaluation. Even today intraoperative evaluation remains difficult despite the emergence of new technologies which use exogenous fluorophore...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795068/prevention-of-esophageal-strictures-after-circumferential-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#19
Jan Martínek, Stefan Juhas, Radek Dolezel, Barbora Walterová, Jana Juhasova, Jiri Klima, Zuzana Rabekova, Zuzana Vacková
Endoscopic submucosal dissection or widespread endoscopic resection allow the radical removal of circumferential or near-circumferential neoplastic esophageal lesions. The advantage of these endoscopic methods is mini-invasivity and low risk of major adverse events compared to traditional esophagectomy. The major drawback of these extensive resections is the development of stricture - the risk is 70-80% if more than 75% of the circumference is removed and almost 100% if the whole circumference is removed. Thus, an effective method to prevent post-ER/ESD esophageal stricture would be of major benefit, because treatment of strictures requires multiple sessions of endoscopic dilatation and may carry a risk of perforation...
May 24, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785299/thoracoscopic-segmentectomy-hybrid-approach-for-clinical-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Koyo Shirahashi, Hirotaka Yamamoto, Mitsuyoshi Matsumoto, Yusaku Miyamaoto, Hiroyasu Komuro, Kiyoshi Doi, Hisashi Iwata
Background: Recently, minimally invasive surgical approaches have been developed, typified by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). A meticulous surgical procedure to prevent local recurrence is required during segmentectomy for clinical stage I non-small-cell primary lung cancer. In this article, we demonstrated the validity of hybrid VATS segmentectomy. Methods: Of these 125 patients, 62 (49.6%) underwent intensively radical segmentectomy (RS). The remaining 63 (50...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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