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Trichoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781262/novel-spink5-variants-in-a-patient-with-netherton-syndrome-and-intellectual-disability-the-diagnostic-value-of-trichoscopy
#1
Carmelo Schepis, Pinella Failla, Maddalena Siragusa, Mirella Vinci, Francesco Calì
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770335/the-significance-of-scalp-involvement-in-pemphigus-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Marta Sar-Pomian, Lidia Rudnicka, Malgorzata Olszewska
Scalp is a unique location for pemphigus because of the abundance of desmogleins localized in hair follicles. Scalp involvement is observed in up to 60% of patients in the course of pemphigus. The lesions may occasionally lead to alopecia. Unforced removal of anagen hairs in a pull test is a sign of high disease activity. Direct immunofluorescence of plucked hair bulbs is considered a reliable diagnostic method in patients with pemphigus. Follicular acantholysis is a characteristic histopathological feature of pemphigus lesions localized on the scalp...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769777/alopecia-areata-review-of-epidemiology-clinical-features-pathogenesis-and-new-treatment-options
#3
REVIEW
Evan Darwin, Penelope A Hirt, Raymond Fertig, Brett Doliner, Gina Delcanto, Joaquin J Jimenez
Alopecia areata (AA) is a complex autoimmune condition that causes nonscarring hair loss. It typically presents with sharply demarcated round patches of hair loss and may present at any age. In this article, we review the epidemiology, clinical features, pathogenesis, and new treatment options of AA, with a focus on the immunologic mechanism underlying the treatment. While traditional treatment options such as corticosteroids are moderately effective, a better understanding of the disease pathogenesis may lead to the development of new treatments that are more directed and effective against AA...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733937/steroid-induced-changes-noted-on-trichoscopy-of-patients-with-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#4
D Saceda-Corralo, O M Moreno-Arrones, P Fonda-Pascual, C Pindado-Ortega, A Hermosa-Gelbard, A R Rodrigues-Barata, S Vaño-Galván
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645394/cicatricial-alopecia
#5
Varvara Kanti, Joachim Röwert-Huber, Annika Vogt, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
In the classification of the North American Hair Research Society, primary cicatricial alopecias (PCA) are divided into four groups according to their prominent inflammatory infiltrate: PCAs with lymphocytic, neutrophilic, mixed or nonspecific cell inflammation pattern. The hair loss can begin subclinically and progress slowly so that the exact onset of the disease is often difficult to determine. The diagnosis is often delayed. While most forms of cicatricial alopecia can be clearly diagnosed based on clinical presentation in the acute disease stage, diagnosis can be challenging in the subacute, early or late disease stages...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569271/trichoscopy-of-alopecia-areata-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Anna Waśkiel, Adriana Rakowska, Mariusz Sikora, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
The diagnosis of alopecia areata is usually based on clinical manifestations. However, there are several hair and scalp disorders that share similar clinical features with alopecia areata, such as tinea capitis, trichotillomania or traction alopecia. Trichoscopy as a fast, non-invasive and easy-to-perform technique may help to identify subtle details and establish the correct diagnosis. The aim of this review is to present the spectrum of trichoscopic findings in alopecia areata. A systematic review of the published work was performed by searching the PubMed, Scopus and EBSCO databases, complemented by a thorough hand search of reference lists...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469711/value-of-dermoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-monilethrix
#7
T Baltazard, F Dhaille, G Chaby, C Lok
Monilethrix is a rare genodermatosis characterized by a hair shaft dysplasia responsible for hypotrichosis. We report the case of a child with monilethrix with no associated cases in the family. Trichoscopy facilitated the diagnosis. A 2-year-old boy presented with diffuse alopecia and persistent fragile hair for several months. Clinical examination revealed alopecia with hairs broken several millimeters from the scalp. Trichoscopy revealed zones of dystrophic constriction of the hair shaft, separated at regular intervals by elliptical nodes of normal thickness, giving a "necklace" appearance...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457017/distinct-trichoscopic-features-of-the-sideburns-in-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-compared-to-the-frontotemporal-scalp
#8
Jessica Cervantes, Mariya Miteva
The trichoscopic features of frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) have been described in the frontotemporal area, yet there is no data detailing the trichoscopic features of the sideburns, which can be the initial or exclusive area of involvement. In this retrospective cohort study, 236 trichoscopic images of the frontotemporal and sideburn area obtained via dry trichoscopy from patients with biopsy-proven FFA were examined by two independent researchers to determine the trichoscopic features of FFA in the sideburns...
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440855/circle-hairs-involving-the-extremities-in-a-young-girl
#9
Pragya Ashok Nair, Trusha Patel, Radhika Navadiya
Circle hairs (CHs) represent a body hair growth disorder which is characterized by asymptomatic presence of hairs in typical circular or spiraliform arrangement. It is not associated with follicular or inflammatory abnormalities. CHs are rarely reported, probably underestimated, as medical consultation for CH only is rare in practice. It needs to be differentiated from rolled hairs, which is a relatively common disorder of hair growth associated with follicular hyperkeratosis and keratin plugging. Trichoscopy is a noninvasive technique to confirm the diagnosis without biopsy...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403185/standardization-of-smp-procedure-and-its-impact-on-outcome
#10
Rachita S Dhurat, Sujit J S Shanshanwal, Ameet L Dandale
Background: Cosmetic deformities can result from various types of alopecia or even post hair transplantation procedures. Patients with such deformities seek aesthetically appealing longer-lasting options. Scalp concealers are commonly used by men and women to camouflage these deformities. Scalp micropigmentation (SMP) is one of the concealers recently gaining popularity. Objectives: SMP is a novel technique wherein microdot tattoos are placed in a stippling pattern to mimic hair follicles that are cut close to the scalp and various variables affecting its outcome were evaluated...
July 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364454/circular-hairs-nomenclature-and-meanings
#11
Ana Luiza Valle Esteves, Natália Battisti Serafini, Luciana Rodino Lemes, Daniel Fernandes Melo
Trichoscopy has become an essential tool for the diagnosis of various diseases that affect the hair and scalp. Through dermatoscopy we identified a set of findings that share a circular shape of hair shafts. The objective of this study is to distinguish among the various forms of circular hairs in order to identify their peculiarities and to describe in which skin disorders they can be found.
November 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177151/blue-white-veil-as-novel-dermatoscopic-feature-in-discoid-lupus-erythematosus-in-2-african-american-patients
#12
Jessica Cervantes, Farhaan Hafeez, Mariya Miteva
Dermoscopic features of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) depend on the stage of the lesions: active lesions include yellow-brown dots and red dots, whereas longstanding inactive lesions show absence of follicular openings, cicatricial milky red or white patches, structureless white and brown areas, and thick arborizing vessels. Loss of pinpoint white dots, blue-gray dots in a speckled pattern, and a peripheral pigmented network have been described on dermoscopy of DLE in dark skin. We report a blue-white veil as a novel dermoscopic feature in 2 cases of biopsy-proven DLE in African-American patients...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177140/trichoscopy-of-steroid-induced-atrophy
#13
Rodrigo Pirmez, Leonardo S Abraham, Bruna Duque-Estrada, Patrícia Damasco, Débora Cadore Farias, Yanna Kelly, Isabella Doche
Intralesional corticosteroid (IL-CS) injections have been used to treat a variety of dermatological and nondermatological diseases. Although an important therapeutic tool in dermatology, a number of local side effects, including skin atrophy, have been reported following IL-CS injections. We recently noticed that a subset of patients with steroid-induced atrophy presented with ivory-colored areas under trichoscopy. We performed a retrospective analysis of trichoscopic images and medical records from patients presenting ivory-colored areas associated with atrophic scalp lesions...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166518/yellow-dots-in-trichoscopy-relevance-clinical-significance-and-peculiarities
#14
Caren Dos Santos Lima, Luciana Rodino Lemes, Daniel Fernandes Melo
Yellow dots are follicular ostium filled with keratin and/or sebum. Initially, they were exclusively associated with alopecia areata. Currently they have also been described in androgenetic alopecia, chronic cutaneous (discoid) lupus erythematosus, and dissecting cellulitis. Due to the growing importance of trichoscopy and its findings in the evaluation of the scalp, this article describes the main diseases in which yellow dots are a common trichoscopic finding, highlighting its characteristics in each dermatosis...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979886/trichoscopy-of-an-isolated-trichorrhexis-nodosa-a-case-report
#15
Swapnil Shah, Balachandra S Ankad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932062/primary-idiopathic-pseudopelade-of-brocq-in-a-young-child
#16
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rochit Singhal, Kira Pariath
Pseudopelade of Brocq (PPB) is a rare, chronic, slowly progressive cicatricial alopecia that generally affects middle-aged women. Vertex and parietal scalp are commonly involved. It can be primary or secondary to end stage of other scarring alopecia such as lichen planopilaris and discoid lupus erythematosus. It is diagnosed by exclusion both clinically and trichoscopy. There is no standard treatment for PPB. We hereby report a case of rapidly progressing primary idiopathic pseudopelade of Brocq in a young female child confirmed by trichoscopy and histopathology...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879187/clinical-and-dermoscopic-features-of-the-scalp-in-31-patients-with-dermatomyositis
#17
Julio C Jasso-Olivares, Antonella Tosti, Mariya Miteva, Judith Domínguez-Cherit, José M Díaz-González
BACKGROUND: Scalp involvement is not directly evaluated in patients with dermatomyositis (DM). Therefore, the exact frequency of scalp dermatomyositis (SDM) and its clinical and trichoscopic characteristics have been poorly described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical and dermoscopic features of SDM in patients diagnosed with DM. METHODS: We performed a descriptive prospective, cross-sectional observational study that included all patients diagnosed with DM at a Mexican academic institute over the course of a year...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856676/trichoscopy-a-useful-tool-in-the-preliminary-differential-diagnosis-of-autoimmune-bullous-diseases
#18
Marta Sar-Pomian, Lidia Rudnicka, Malgorzata Olszewska
BACKGROUND: Scalp is a common location of autoimmune bullous diseases. Trichoscopy is a noninvasive method for diagnosing hair and scalp diseases. Data on trichoscopy in autoimmune bullous diseases are limited to the studies on pemphigus including a small number of patients. Trichoscopic characteristics of bullous pemphigoid and dermatitis herpetiformis were not reported to date. The aim of the study was to determine the value of trichoscopy in the differential diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigus foliaceus, bullous pemphigoid, and dermatitis herpetiformis...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852294/a-spilt-head-study-of-efficacy-of-placebo-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-in-the-treatment-of-androgenic-alopecia
#19
Dilip Kachhawa, Gauri Vats, Durgesh Sonare, Pankaj Rao, Sandeep Khuraiya, Rohit Kataiya
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma with haemostatic and tissue repairing effects. Being enriched by various growth factors, PRP has become the focus of attention in numerous fields of medicine. Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is a common chronic hair loss disorder, characterised by progressive hair loss. Despite the therapeutic options available, there is low patient compliance and satisfaction rate...
April 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839399/linear-morphea-alopecia-new-trichoscopy-findings
#20
Claudia Liliana Montoya, Natalia Calvache
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
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