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Mualla Polat
BACKGROUND: Traction alopecia refers to (often permanent) hair loss caused by prolonged physical damage. No study has yet described the unique trichoscopic findings of the condition. We describe the trichoscopic findings of traction alopecia and its relationships with the duration of traction. METHODS: We studied 25 patients who were clinically diagnosed with traction alopecia. The patients were divided into two groups in terms of traction duration. Trichoscopy was performed at a minimum of two scalp locations in each patient...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Michela Starace, Camilla Loi, Francesca Bruni, Aurora Alessandrini, Cosimo Misciali, Annalisa Patrizi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
BACKGROUND: Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp is a chronic eruption that leads to scarring alopecia. OBJECTIVE: The clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathological features and the course of the disease in 20 patients were reviewed and compared with the reports in the literature. METHODS: Gender, age at diagnosis, age at onset, duration, topography, predisposing factors, concomitant diseases, trichoscopy, histology, treatment, and outcome were taken into consideration...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Saranya Khunkhet, Vasanop Vachiramon, Poonkiat Suchonwanit
BACKGROUND: Trichoscopy has become a useful diagnostic tool for various hair and scalp diseases, including alopecia areata (AA) and trichotillomania (TTM), which are sometimes difficult to distinguish clinically. OBJECTIVES: To describe trichoscopic findings of AA and TTM in an Asian population and to establish diagnostic clues for these conditions. METHODS: Trichoscopy was performed with a handheld dermoscope in 52 patients diagnosed with AA and 23 patients diagnosed with TTM...
February 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Małgorzata Kwiatkowska, Adriana Rakowska, Irena Walecka, Lidia Rudnicka
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis is a connective tissue disease, which is characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, presence of specific antibodies and vascular involvement. Capillaroscopy is a useful method for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with systemic sclerosis. Trichoscopy is a rapid, non-invasive technique, which has become a standard procedure in differential diagnosis of scalp and hair diseases. The aim of this study was to assess whether trichoscopy may be applied in imaging microvessels in patients with systemic sclerosis...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
Gonzalo Segurado-Miravalles, Francisco Camacho-Martınez, Salvador Arias-Santiago, Rita Rodrigues-Barata, Cristina Serrano-Falcón, Oscar Muñoz Moreno-Arrones, Pedro Jaén Olasolo, Sergio Vañó-Galván
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Antonino Di Pietro, Bianca Maria Piraccini
BACKGROUND: Injections of botulinum toxin type A in the forehead have never been reported to cause hair side effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to report a new type of alopecia, which we have seen in women undergoing periodic injections of botulinum toxin type A for forehead wrinkles, and to differentiate it from other types of hair loss. METHODS: We conducted an observational study on 5 females recruited from a private and an institutional practice who complained of progressive recession of the hairline after periodic injections of botulinum toxin type A in the forehead...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
Adriana Rakowska, Małgorzata Maj, Małgorzata Zadurska, Joanna Czuwara, Olga Warszawik-Henzel, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
PURPOSE: To establish whether trichoscopy can be useful in the differential diagnosis of patchy alopecia in children. PROCEDURES: The study was a retrospective analysis (2012-2015) and included 68 patients under 6 years of age. The inclusion criteria were age and the presence of 1-3 alopecia patches. A total of 124 alopecia patches were examined with the use of a videodermoscope: 102 alopecia areata, 8 tinea capitis, 6 trichotillomania, 3 temporal triangular alopecia and 5 aplasia cutis congenita...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
Mohamed Amer, Afaf Helmy, Amin Amer
Trichoscopy corresponds to the scalp, and hair dermoscopy has been increasingly used as an aid in the diagnosis, follow-up, and prognosis of hair disorders. Trichoscopy represents a valuable link between clinical and histological diagnosis. Tinea capitis (TC) and alopecia areata (AA) are considered the most common causes of hairless patches of the scalp in pediatrics. TC may have the same clinical appearance of AA, so dermoscopy has recently become a useful diagnostic tool for AA and TC, particularly in doubtful cases...
January 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Michela Starace, Annalisa Patrizi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
Erosive pustular dermatitis of the scalp (EPDS) typically affects elderly people with scarring alopecia. Videodermoscopy (VD) of the scalp has never been assessed in the diagnosis of EPDS. To evaluate the trichoscopy features of EPDS, we carried out a retrospective analysis of VD images obtained in the scalp of ten patients who affected by EPDS and were compared with those obtained from a series of thirty patients who affected by other type of scarring alopecia. The most specific VD feature was thus represented by evident hair bulb in the scarring scalp, observed in all patients...
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Francine Papaiordanou, Bruno Rebelo Lages da Silveira, Juan Piñeiro-Maceira, Rodrigo Pirmez
Pressure-induced alopecia is an unusual cause of hair loss, and reports of its trichoscopic features are scarce. In this paper, we describe a case of pressure-induced alopecia in which trichoscopic and histopathological findings overlap with those described for alopecia areata.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
S Sales Martins, L Spagnol Abraham, I Doche, B M Piraccini, C Vincenzi, A Tosti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
J Seo, J W Lee, M J Choi, S Cho, D Y Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Asmahen Souissi, Azima Ben Tanfous, Haifa Azzouz, Mehdi Karray, Mohamed Zghal, Dalenda El Euch, Ines Zaraa, Slim Haouet, Mourad Mokni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Anna Elisa Verzì, Francesco Lacarrubba, Giuseppe Micali
Affordable (USD ∼30) handheld USB digital microscopes, or videomicroscopes (VMs), that provide ×10-200 magnification are available on the web for nonmedical uses such as in botany, entomology, microelectronics or, recently, for hair/scalp evaluation. The aim of this study was to compare the reliability of low-cost VMs versus standard, medically marketed videodermatoscopes (VDs) in trichoscopy. Twenty-five patients affected by different types of hair loss were enrolled in a controlled, blinded noninferiority trial...
May 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
Minu Jose Chiramel, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Sujay Khandpur, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas
BACKGROUND: Trichoscopy is an office tool used in the diagnosis of alopecia but its utility has not been assessed. OBJECTIVES: To compare the trichoscopic characteristics of different types of alopecia, identify features of diagnostic value, and to determine the utility of trichoscopy in the diagnosis of alopecia. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in patients with alopecia. After clinical assessment and relevant investigations, trichoscopy was performed using a non-polarized trichoscope (×10)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Giulia Liberati, Michela Starace, Annalisa Patrizi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
A 4-day-old boy was referred for evaluation of an oval patch of occipital alopecia associated with caput succedaneum and ipsilateral eyelid ecchymoses. Based on the history of a prolonged, difficult labor with vacuum-assisted delivery, the diagnosis of neonatal alopecia associated with birth trauma was made. Trichoscopy showed purple dots corresponding to blood extravasation and follicular ostia. We also review the trichoscopic differential diagnosis of focal neonatal alopecia.
July 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Marco Ardigò, Marina Agozzino, Chiara Franceschini, Carlo Donadio, Leonardo Spagnol Abraham, Luca Barbieri, Isabella Sperduti, Enzo Berardesca, Salvador González
Clinical management of alopecia represents one of the major issues in dermatology. Scalp biopsies are not easily accepted because of the high bleeding and sensitive anatomical area. Trichoscopy is routinely used for diagnosis of alopecia, but in several cases lack to provide sufficient information on the status of the disease. Recently, reflectance confocal microscopy demonstrated its usefulness for the evaluation of several inflammatory skin condition and preliminary reports about alopecia have been proposed in the literature...
July 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Leslie Castelo-Soccio
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hair loss is common in infants and children and the ability to distinguish why a child is losing hair enables providers to distinguish hair loss that is related to infection, autoimmune conditions, nutrition, medications, trauma/traction, or underlying genetic disorders such as ectodermal dysplasias. Making these distinctions leads to best management and guidance for patients and their families. RECENT FINDINGS: Careful physical examination of the hair, scalp, skin, and nails coupled with dermoscopy or trichoscopy, or both, can yield more accurate and faster diagnosis...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Federica Dall'Oglio, Francesco Lacarrubba, Anna Elisa Verzì, Giuseppe Micali
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a combination noncorticosteroid, antiinflammatory/antifungal shampoo versus 1% ketoconazole shampoo in the treatment of mild-to-moderate scalp seborrheic dermatitis (SD). PROCEDURES: Twenty patients were randomized to using the combination shampoo (group A, 10 patients) or the 1% ketoconazole shampoo (group B, 10 patients) 3 times a week every other day for 8 weeks. Efficacy was evaluated by measuring the degree of scaling and pruritus by clinical and trichoscopic examination using a 4-point scale...
February 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
Mariya Miteva, Antonella Tosti
BACKGROUND: 'Flame hairs' is a trichoscopic feature described as hair residue from pulling anagen hairs in trichotillomania. OBJECTIVE: To detect whether flame hairs are present in other hair loss disorders. METHODS: We retrospectively, independently and blindly reviewed the trichoscopic images of 454 consecutive patients with alopecia areata (99 cases), trichotillomania (n = 20), acute chemotherapy-induced alopecia (n = 6), acute radiotherapy-induced alopecia (n = 2), tinea capitis (n = 13), lichen planopilaris (n = 33), frontal fibrosing alopecia (n = 60), discoid lupus erythematosus (n = 30), dissecting cellulitis (n = 11), central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (n = 94) and traction alopecia (n = 86) for the presence of flame hairs...
September 2015: Skin Appendage Disorders
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