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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786804/-protein-deficiency-a-rare-nutrient-deficiency
#1
Gunnar Johansson
There is a widespread myth that we have to be careful about what we eat so that we do not cause protein deficiency. We know today that it is virtually impossible to design a calorie-sufficient diet, whether it is based on meat, fish, eggs, various vegetarian diets or even unprocessed whole natural plant foods, which is lacking in protein and any of the amino acids. The body is capable of taking incomplete proteins and making them complete by utilizing the amino acid recycling mechanism. The majority of amino acids absorbed from the intestinal tract are derived from recycled body protein...
May 21, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#2
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576363/hyperlipidemia-secondary-to-acitretin-therapy-for-lamellar-ichthyosis-associated-with-a-nipal4-mutation-improves-on-a-plant-based-diet-and-relapses-on-a-standard-western-diet
#3
Jonathan C Lin, Daniele Massera, Mohammad Ghalib, Robert Marion, Lauren Graf, Steven R Cohen, Robert J Ostfeld
Oral retinoids are commonly prescribed for many dermatological conditions and may induce hyperlipidemia. We document the case of a 35-year-old man taking acitretin for congenital lamellar ichthyosis associated with a homozygous deleterious mutation in NIPAL4 who developed retinoid-induced hyperlipidemia that responded dramatically to a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) diet. On presentation, his diet consisted of chicken, fish, low fat meats and dairy, grains, and some fruits and vegetables. He then adopted a WFPB diet without making changes to his medications...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496410/plant-based-diets-and-cardiovascular-health
#4
REVIEW
Ambika Satija, Frank B Hu
Plant-based diets, defined in terms of low frequency of animal food consumption, have been increasingly recommended for their health benefits. Numerous studies have found plant-based diets, especially when rich in high quality plant foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts, to be associated with lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes and intermediate risk factors. This review summarizes the current evidence base examining the associations of plant-based diets with cardiovascular endpoints, and discusses the potential biological mechanisms underlying their health effects, practical recommendations and applications of this research, and directions for future research...
February 13, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200604/genetic-impact-of-rht-dwarfing-genes-on-grain-micronutrients-concentration-in-wheat
#5
Govindan Velu, Ravi P Singh, Julio Huerta, Carlos Guzmán
Wheat is a major staple food crop providing about 20% of dietary energy and proteins, and food products made of whole grain wheat are a major source of micronutrients like Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Magnesium (Mg), Vitamin B and E. Wheat provides about 40% intake of essential micronutrients by humans in the developing countries relying on wheat based diets. Varieties with genetically enhanced levels of grain micronutrient concentrations can provide a cost-effective and sustainable option to resource poor wheat consumers...
December 2017: Field Crops Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191267/prevention-and-early-detection-of-pancreatic-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Avram M Cooperman, Mazen E Iskandar, Michael G Wayne, Justin G Steele
Preventing cancer has much to offer. Aside from plummeting health care costs, we might enjoy a healthier life free of cancer and chronic disease. Prevention requires the adoption of healthier choices and a moderate amount of exercise. The supporting evidence is observational, clinical, and partly common sense. Further investigations reveal several substances in a whole-food plant-based diet that have protective effects and an inhibitory effect on tumor development. For pancreatic cancer, the basis of cure remains a century old operation that rarely cures...
February 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177204/nutritional-renaissance-and-public-health-policy
#7
T C Campbell
The science of nutrition has long been entrapped in reductionist interpretation of details, a source of great confusion. However, if nutrition is defined as the integration of countless nutrient factors, metabolic reactions and outcomes, biologically orchestrated as in symphony, its relevance for personal and public health would be less confusing and more productive. This more wholistic interpretation may be observed at the cellular and physiological levels and may be described, in part, by the concept of pleiotropy (multiple cell-based effects from one nutrient source), together with its more expansive cousin, epitropy (multiple cell-based effects from multiple nutrients)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990541/associations-of-dietary-patterns-with-bone-mass-muscle-strength-and-balance-in-a-cohort-of-australian-middle-aged-women
#8
Feitong Wu, Karen Wills, Laura L Laslett, Brian Oldenburg, Graeme Jones, Tania Winzenberg
Influences of dietary patterns on musculoskeletal health are poorly understood in middle-aged women. This cross-sectional analysis from a cohort of 347 women (aged 36-57 years) aimed to examine associations between dietary patterns and musculoskeletal health outcomes in middle-aged women. Diet was measured by the Cancer Council of Victoria FFQ. Total body bone mineral content (TB BMC), femoral neck and lumbar spine bone density (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), lower limbs muscle strength (LMS) and balance tests (timed up and go test, step test, functional reach test (FRT) and lateral reach test) were also measured...
October 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942318/detection-of-terrigenous-and-marine-organic-matter-flow-into-a-eutrophic-semi-enclosed-bay-by-%C3%AE-13-c-and-%C3%AE-15-n-of-intertidal-macrobenthos-and-basal-food-sources
#9
Iman Arbi, Songlin Liu, Jingping Zhang, Yunchao Wu, Xiaoping Huang
The pathways of terrigenous and marine organic matter originating into Daya Bay intertidal habitats were investigated using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses. Spatiotemporal (sites, seasons and tidal levels) variations in isotopic ratios of basal food sources and macrobenthic consumers, and also the contribution of sources to the diet of representative species and the whole macrobenthic biomass were estimated using Isosource mixing model. Results showed the anthropogenic impacts on benthic and pelagic organic matter as well as macrobenthos, depending on the spatial and temporal scales...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887684/plant-based-nutrition-an-essential-component-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Hena Patel, Sonal Chandra, Sarah Alexander, Jeffrey Soble, Kim Allan Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD...
September 8, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883903/dietary-polyphenols-mediterranean-diet-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Jordi Merino, Qi Sun, Montse Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Dietary polyphenols come mainly from plant-based foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, coffee, tea, and nuts. Polyphenols may influence glycemia and type 2 diabetes (T2D) through different mechanisms, such as promoting the uptake of glucose in tissues, and therefore improving insulin sensitivity. This review aims to summarize the evidence from clinical trials and observational prospective studies linking dietary polyphenols to prediabetes and T2D, with a focus on polyphenol-rich foods characteristic of the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840462/a-heart-healthy-diet-recent-insights-and-practical-recommendations
#12
REVIEW
Monica Dinu, Giuditta Pagliai, Francesco Sofi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to review the current evidence on the relationship between diet and heart, giving practical recommendations for cardiovascular prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: A heart-healthy diet should maximize the consumption of whole grains, vegetables, fruit, and legumes and discourage the consumption of meat and meat products as well as refined and processed foods. Plant-based diets fully meet these criteria, and the evidence supporting the protective effect of these dietary patterns evolved rapidly in recent years...
August 24, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816210/dietary-deficiency-of-vitamin-a-among-rural-children-a-community-based-survey-using-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#13
Shivali Suri, Dinesh Kumar, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: Overt vitamin A deficiency has been controlled in most parts of India, but prevalence of subclinical deficiency may still be high, which may enhance susceptibility to infections, reduce growth potential and also lead to higher mortality. We aimed to: (i) assess the consumption pattern of vitamin A-rich foods in children 1-5 years of age in rural Jammu; and (ii) estimate the dietary deficiency of vitamin A leading to risk of subclinical vitamin A deficiency in cluster- villages of the study area...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733610/environmental-impact-of-omnivorous-ovo-lacto-vegetarian-and-vegan-diet
#14
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Silvia Turroni, Erasmo Neviani, Ilario Ferrocino, Raffaella Di Cagno, Luca Ruini, Roberto Ciati, Donato Angelino, Jane Maddock, Marco Gobbetti, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio, Francesca Scazzina
Food and beverage consumption has a great impact on the environment, although there is a lack of information concerning the whole diet. The environmental impact of 153 Italian adults (51 omnivores, 51 ovo-lacto-vegetarians, 51 vegans) and the inter-individual variability within dietary groups were assessed in a real-life context. Food intake was monitored with a 7-d dietary record to calculate nutritional values and environmental impacts (carbon, water, and ecological footprints). The Italian Mediterranean Index was used to evaluate the nutritional quality of each diet...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-u-s-adults
#15
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630615/plant-based-nutrition-for-healthcare-professionals-implementing-diet-as-a-primary-modality-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#16
REVIEW
Julieanna Hever, Raymond J Cronise
Cardiovascular disease remains the world's leading cause of death. Yet, we have known for decades that the vast majority of atherosclerosis and its subsequent morbidity and mortality are influenced predominantly by diet. This paper will describe a health-promoting whole food, plant-based diet; delineate macro- and micro-nutrition, emphasizing specific geriatric concerns; and offer guidance to physicians and other healthcare practitioners to support patients in successfully utilizing nutrition to improve their health...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630614/a-plant-based-diet-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Michelle McMacken, Sapana Shah
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, especially in older adults. Diet and lifestyle, particularly plant-based diets, are effective tools for type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Plant-based diets are eating patterns that emphasize legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds and discourage most or all animal products. Cohort studies strongly support the role of plant-based diets, and food and nutrient components of plant-based diets, in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492498/assessment-of-inheritance-and-fitness-costs-associated-with-field-evolved-resistance-to-cry3bb1-maize-by-western-corn-rootworm
#18
Aubrey R Paolino, Aaron J Gassmann
The western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, is among the most serious insect pests of maize in North America. One strategy used to manage this pest is transgenic maize that produces one or more crystalline (Cry) toxins derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). To delay Bt resistance by insect pests, refuges of non-Bt maize are grown in conjunction with Bt maize. Two factors influencing the success of the refuge strategy to delay resistance are the inheritance of resistance and fitness costs, with greater delays in resistance expected when inheritance of resistance is recessive and fitness costs are present...
May 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446498/diet-quality-of-us-adolescents-during-the-transition-to-adulthood-changes-and-predictors
#19
Leah M Lipsky, Tonja R Nansel, Denise L Haynie, Danping Liu, Kaigang Li, Charlotte A Pratt, Ronald J Iannotti, Katherine W Dempster, Bruce Simons-Morton
Background: Influences on diet quality during the transition from adolescence to adulthood are understudied. Objective: This study examined association of 3 diet-quality indicators-Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI), Whole Plant Foods Density (WPF), and Empty Calories (EC; the percentage of calories from discretionary solid fat, added sugar and alcohol)-with lifestyle behaviors, baseline weight status, and sociodemographic characteristics in US emerging adults. Design: Data come from the first 4 waves (annual assessments) of the NEXT Plus Study, a population-based cohort of 10th graders enrolled in 2010 ( n = 566)...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350517/anti-inflammatory-diet-in-clinical-practice-a-review
#20
Mari Anoushka Ricker, William Christian Haas
Recently, there has been an increase in the research regarding the impact of acute and chronic inflammation on health and disease. Specific foods are now known to exert strong effects on inflammatory pathways within the body. Carefully selecting foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature while avoiding foods that are proinflammatory is central to an anti-inflammatory diet plan. Ultimately, the plan models a pattern of eating that (1) focuses on eating whole, plant-based foods that are rich in healthy fats and phytonutrients and (2) maintains a stable glycemic response...
June 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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