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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056181/an-adoptive-mother-who-became-a-human-milk-donor
#1
Beatriz Flores-Antón, Nadia Raquel García-Lara, Carmen Rosa Pallás-Alonso
Inducing lactation in the absence of pregnancy (nonpuerperal lactation) is not always successful and, in many cases, only partial breastfeeding is achieved. Different protocols have been described, but scientific evidence and research are lacking in this area. The authors describe the case of a woman with a history of a miscarriage, for whom the lactation induction process was so effective that she became a milk donor even before she received her adopted child. She had not previously used hormone treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034306/influence-of-maternal-breast-milk-ingestion-on-acquisition-of-the-intestinal-microbiome-in-preterm-infants
#2
Katherine E Gregory, Buck S Samuel, Pearl Houghteling, Guru Shan, Frederick M Ausubel, Ruslan I Sadreyev, W Allan Walker
BACKGROUND: The initial acquisition and early development of the intestinal microbiome during infancy are important to human health across the lifespan. Mode of birth, antibiotic administration, environment of care, and nutrition have all been shown to play a role in the assembly of the intestinal microbiome during early life. For preterm infants, who are disproportionately at risk of inflammatory intestinal disease (i.e., necrotizing enterocolitis), a unique set of clinical factors influence the establishment of the microbiome...
December 30, 2016: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002856/-the-changing-value-of-mother-s-milk-feeding-premature-and-sick-newborns-since-the-late-19th-century
#3
A Sunder-Plaßmann
In the 1960s/early 70s there was a widespread conviction in West Germany that mother's milk was no longer essential even for premature infants given the availability of improved industrial milk products. But today the superiority of human milk is again undisputed, and progress in neonatology has created a growing target group of extremely premature infants who show clear benefits from being fed with human milk, particularly regarding improved outcomes. Currently there is a revival of donor milk banks (FMB)...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994111/donor-human-milk-for-the-high-risk-infant-preparation-safety-and-usage-options-in-the-united-states
#4
(no author information available yet)
The use of donor human milk is increasing for high-risk infants, primarily for infants born weighing <1500 g or those who have severe intestinal disorders. Pasteurized donor milk may be considered in situations in which the supply of maternal milk is insufficient. The use of pasteurized donor milk is safe when appropriate measures are used to screen donors and collect, store, and pasteurize the milk and then distribute it through established human milk banks. The use of nonpasteurized donor milk and other forms of direct, Internet-based, or informal human milk sharing does not involve this level of safety and is not recommended...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936476/necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-growth-in-preterm-infants-fed-predominantly-maternal-milk-pasteurized-donor-milk-or-preterm-formula-a-retrospective-study
#5
Paula M Sisk, Tinisha M Lambeth, Mario A Rojas, Teisha Lightbourne, Maria Barahona, Evelyn Anthony, Sam T Auringer
Objective To evaluate the association between necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), growth, and feeding. Methods This is a retrospective study of 551 infants (birth weight ≤ 1,500 g, ≤32 weeks' gestation). NEC, Bell's stage ≥ 2, was confirmed by independent review of sentinel radiographs. Feeding type was defined as ≥ 50% maternal milk (MM), pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM), or preterm formula (PF). Demographic and clinical characteristics including growth were compared between the three groups...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836421/human-milk-is-the-feeding-strategy-to-prevent-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#7
REVIEW
Diana Maffei, Richard J Schanler
Human milk is the preferred diet for preterm infants as it protects against a multitude of NICU challenges, specifically necrotizing enterocolitis. Infants who receive greater than 50% of mother's own milk (MOM) in the 2 weeks after birth have a significantly decreased risk of NEC. An additional factor in the recent declining rates of NEC is the increased utilization of donor human milk (DHM). This creates a bridge until MOM is readily available, thus decreasing the exposure to cow milk protein. Preterm infants are susceptible to NEC due to the immaturity of their gastrointestinal and immune systems...
November 8, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831549/establishing-an-integrated-human-milk-banking-approach-to-strengthen-newborn-care
#8
A DeMarchis, K Israel-Ballard, Kimberly Amundson Mansen, C Engmann
The provision of donor human milk can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality among vulnerable infants and is recommended by the World Health Organization as the next best option when a mother's own milk is unavailable. Regulated human milk banks can meet this need, however, scale-up has been hindered by the absence of an appropriate model for resource-limited settings and a lack of policy support for human milk banks and for the operational procedures supporting them. To reduce infant mortality, human milk banking systems need to be scaled up and integrated with other components of newborn care...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825886/upconversion-nanoparticles-based-fret-aptasensor-for-rapid-and-ultrasenstive-bacteria-detection
#9
Birui Jin, Shurui Wang, Min Lin, Ying Jin, Shujing Zhang, Xingye Cui, Yan Gong, Ang Li, Feng Xu, Tian Jian Lu
Pathogenic bacteria cause serious harm to human health, which calls for the development of advanced detection methods. Herein, we developed a novel detection platform based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) for rapid, ultrasensitive and specific bacteria detection, where gold nanoparticles (AuNPs, acceptor) were conjugated with aptamers while upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs, donor) were functionalized with corresponding complementary DNA (cDNA). The spectral overlap between UCNPs fluorescence emission and AuNPs absorption enables the occurrence of FRET when hybridizing the targeted aptamer and cDNA, causing upconversion fluorescence quenching...
April 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825008/effect-of-supplemental-donor-human-milk-compared-with-preterm-formula-on-neurodevelopment-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-18-months-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
COMMENT
Deborah L O'Connor, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Nicole Bando, Joan Brennan-Donnan, Eugene Ng, Douglas M Campbell, Simone Vaz, Christoph Fusch, Elizabeth Asztalos, Paige Church, Edmond Kelly, Linh Ly, Alan Daneman, Sharon Unger
Importance: For many very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, there is insufficient mother's milk, and a supplement of pasteurized donor human milk or preterm formula is required. Awareness of the benefits of mother's milk has led to an increase in use of donor milk, despite limited data evaluating its efficacy. Objective: To determine if nutrient-enriched donor milk compared with formula, as a supplement to mother's milk, reduces neonatal morbidity, supports growth, and improves neurodevelopment in VLBW infants...
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824996/donor-human-milk-for-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#11
EDITORIAL
Tarah T Colaizy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801820/a-comparison-of-nutritional-antioxidant-content-in-breast-milk-donor-milk-and-infant-formulas
#12
Corrine Hanson, Elizabeth Lyden, Jeremy Furtado, Matthew Van Ormer, Ann Anderson-Berry
Human milk is the optimal food for human infants, including infants born prematurely. In the event that a mother of a hospitalized infant cannot provide breast milk, donor milk is considered an acceptable alternative. It is known that the macronutrient composition of donor milk is different than human milk, with variable fat content and protein content. However, much less is known about the micronutrient content of donor milk, including nutritional antioxidants. Samples of breast milk from 12 mothers of infants hospitalized in the Newborn Intensive Care Unit until were collected and analyzed for concentrations of nutritional antioxidants, including α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein + zeaxanthin, retinol, and α-tocopherol...
October 28, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773337/donor-human-milk-update-evidence-mechanisms-and-priorities-for-research-and-practice
#13
Paula Meier, Aloka Patel, Anita Esquerra-Zwiers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755345/human-milk-processing-a-systematic-review-of-innovative-techniques-to-the-ensure-safety-and-quality-of-donor-milk
#14
Chiara Peila, Nikki E Emmerik, Marzia Giribaldi, Bernd Stahl, Joost E Ruitenberg, Ruurd M van Elburg, Guido E Moro, Enrico Bertino, Alessandra Coscia, Laura Cavallarin
OBJECTIVES: Pasteurization, performed at 62.5°C for 30 min (holder pasteurization), is currently recommended in all international human milk banks guidelines, but it affects some human milk bioactive and nutritive components. The present systematic review is aimed at critically reviewing evidence on the suitability of human milk processing techniques other than holder pasteurization, both thermal and non-thermal, to ensure microbiological safety, and on the effects of these techniques on biologically active donor milk components...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751204/-research-advances-in-breastfeeding
#15
Xi-Hong Liu
Human breast milk is the most natural and ideal food for the baby. Breastfeeding provides benefits for maternal and child health, child immune function, growth and development, and society. The operation of human milk bank and the use of donor human milk undoubtedly provides a new way of nutrition support for the preterm infants without their own mother's milk and a new kind of treatment for other diseases. Present research on the composition of breast milk focuses on the variety and quantity of proteins, bioactive substances, probiotics and cell population...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711042/the-effects-of-human-milk-fortification-on-nutrients-and-milk-properties
#16
R Donovan, S G Kelly, P Prazad, P N Talaty, C Lefaiver, M L Hastings, D N Everly
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of fortification and storage on nutrients and properties of various human milk (HM) types. STUDY DESIGN: Mother's own milk (MOM) and pasteurized donor human milk (DHM; n=118) were analyzed pre- and post fortification with Enfamil and Similac human milk fortifier (EHMF and SHMF) before and after 24 h of refrigerated storage. RESULTS: Milk fortified with SHMF had significantly greater osmolality, pH and lipase activity than EHMF...
January 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709856/the-experience-of-human-milk-banking-for-8-years-korean-perspective
#17
Hye Lim Jang, Jung Yoon Cho, Mi Jin Kim, Eun Jeong Kim, Eun Young Park, Sung Ae Park, In Young Kim, Yong Sung Choi, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Hoon Chung
Human milk banks are a solution for mothers who cannot supply their own breast milk to their sick or hospitalized infants; premature infants, in particular, are unable to receive a full volume of breast milk for numerous reasons. As of December 2015, there was only one milk bank in a university hospital in Korea. We reviewed the basic characteristics of donors and recipients, and the amounts and contamination of breast milk donated at the Human Milk Bank in Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong in Korea from 2008 to 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649995/use-of-donor-milk-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
REVIEW
Virginie de Halleux, Catherine Pieltain, Thibault Senterre, Jacques Rigo
Own mother's milk is the first choice in feeding preterm infants and provides multiple short- and long-term benefits. When it is unavailable, donor human milk is recommended as the first alternative. Donor milk undergoes processing (i.e. pasteurization) to reduce bacteriological and viral contaminants but influences its bioactive properties with potentially fewer benefits than raw milk. However, there is no clinical evidence of health benefit of raw compared to pasteurized human milk, and donor milk maintains documented advantages compared to formula...
September 16, 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635647/organochlorine-pesticide-residues-in-human-milk-and-estimated-daily-intake-edi-for-the-infants-from-eastern-region-of-saudi-arabia
#19
M Jamal Hajjar, Ahmad Al-Salam
This study presents the level of organochlorine pesticide (OC) residues in human milk samples collected from donor mothers aged from 18 to 30 years old, from four cities in Eastern district of Saudi Arabia (Al-Hassa, Al- Khobar, Al-Jubail, and Al-Dammam). Pesticides residues were extracted from the samples and analyzed using GC-MS. The results showed that, only pp'DDE and p,pDDD, were found in 82.5% and 70% of analyzed samples respectively, the total DDT were at level of 0.37, 0.32, 0.30 and 0.46 μg/L in the four cities respectively and were far below the MRL of 50 μg/L (FAO/WHO)...
December 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634978/overcoming-the-limited-availability-of-human-milk-oligosaccharides-challenges-and-opportunities-for-research-and-application
#20
Lars Bode, Nikhat Contractor, Daniela Barile, Nicola Pohl, Anthony R Prudden, Geert-Jan Boons, Yong-Su Jin, Stefan Jennewein
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are complex sugars highly abundant in human milk but currently not present in infant formula. Rapidly accumulating evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies, combined with epidemiological associations and correlations, suggests that HMOs benefit infants through multiple mechanisms and in a variety of clinical contexts. Until recently, however, research on HMOs has been limited by an insufficient availability of HMOs. Most HMOs are found uniquely in human milk, and thus far it has been prohibitively tedious and expensive to isolate and synthesize them...
October 2016: Nutrition Reviews
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