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muscle elastography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740756/sonographic-evaluation-of-the-immediate-effects-of-eccentric-heel-drop-exercise-on-achilles-tendon-and-gastrocnemius-muscle-stiffness-using-shear-wave-elastography
#1
Wilson K C Leung, K L Chu, Christopher Lai
BACKGROUND: Mechanical loading is crucial for muscle and tendon tissue remodeling. Eccentric heel drop exercise has been proven to be effective in the management of Achilles tendinopathy, yet its induced change in the mechanical property (i.e., stiffness) of the Achilles tendon (AT), medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles (MG and LG) was unknown. Given that shear wave elastography has emerged as a powerful tool in assessing soft tissue stiffness with promising intra- and inter-operator reliability, the objective of this study was hence to characterize the stiffness of the AT, MG and LG in response to an acute bout of eccentric heel drop exercise...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684232/acute-effect-and-time-course-of-extension-and-internal-rotation-stretching-of-the-shoulder-on-infraspinatus-muscle-hardness
#2
Ken Kusano, Satoru Nishishita, Masatoshi Nakamura, Hiroki Tanaka, Jun Umehara, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: A decrease in flexibility of the infraspinatus muscle causes limitations in the range of shoulder motion. Static stretching (SS) is a useful method to improve muscle flexibility and joint mobility. Previous researchers investigated effective stretching methods for the infraspinatus. However, few researchers investigated the acute effect of SS on the infraspinatus muscle's flexibility. In addition, the minimum SS time required to increase the infraspinatus muscle's flexibility remains unclear...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680900/semitendinosus-tendon-for-acl-reconstruction-regrowth-and-mechanical-property-recovery
#3
Stephen M Suydam, Daniel H Cortes, Michael J Axe, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Thomas S Buchanan
BACKGROUND: Semitendinosus/gracilis (STG) tendon autograft has been used effectively for restoring knee stability after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Though ACL reconstruction with STG autograft is an effective surgical technique for return to sports, short-term hamstring strength asymmetries exist after surgery. Although imaging evidence has demonstrated regrowth and reorganization of the semitendinosus (ST) tendon, no studies show whether the regrowth is associated with residual muscle function...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669751/finite-element-analysis-to-investigate-variability-of-mr-elastography-in-the-human-thigh
#4
L Hollis, E Barnhill, M Perrins, P Kennedy, N Conlisk, C Brown, P R Hoskins, P Pankaj, N Roberts
PURPOSE: To develop finite element analysis (FEA) of magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in the human thigh and investigate inter-individual variability of measurement of muscle mechanical properties. METHODS: Segmentation was performed on MRI datasets of the human thigh from 5 individuals and FEA models consisting of 12 muscles and surrounding tissue created. The same material properties were applied to each tissue type and a previously developed transient FEA method of simulating MRE using Abaqus was performed at 4 frequencies...
June 29, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657192/the-effects-of-age-and-pathology-on-shear-wave-speed-of-the-human-rotator-cuff
#5
Timothy G Baumer, Jack Dischler, Leah Davis, Yassin Labyed, Daniel S Siegal, Marnix van Holsbeeck, Vasilios Moutzouros, Michael J Bey
Rotator cuff tears are common and often repaired surgically, but post-operative repair tissue healing and shoulder function can be unpredictable. Tear chronicity is believed to influence clinical outcomes, but conventional clinical approaches for assessing tear chronicity are subjective. Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a promising technique for assessing soft tissue via estimates of shear wave speed (SWS), but this technique has not been used extensively on the rotator cuff. Specifically, the effects of age and pathology on rotator cuff SWS are not well known...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607322/assessment-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-muscle-tendon-unit-by-supersonic-shear-wave-imaging-elastography-a-review
#6
Kelly Mônica Marinho E Lima, José Francisco Silva Costa Júnior, Wagner Coelho de Albuquerque Pereira, Liliam Fernandes de Oliveira
This review aimed to describe the state of the art in muscle-tendon unit (MTU) assessment by supersonic shear wave imaging (SSI) elastography in states of muscle contraction and stretching, during aging, and in response to injury and therapeutic interventions. A consensus exists that MTU elasticity increases during passive stretching or contraction, and decreases after static stretching, electrostimulation, massage, and dry needling. There is currently no agreement regarding changes in the MTU due to aging and injury...
April 15, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600654/functions-of-the-subregions-of-the-infraspinatus-during-lateral-rotation
#7
Yoshiki Kuwahara, Takuma Yuri, Hiromi Fujii, Yoshiro Kiyoshige
PURPOSE: Although recent morphological studies have revealed that the infraspinatus muscle is subdivided, the functions of the subregions remain unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the functions of the infraspinatus subregions during lateral rotation using real-time tissue elastography (RTE). METHODS: Ten young male volunteers participated in the study. In addition to the infraspinatus subregions, the teres minor and two of six subregions of the supraspinatus determined by Kim were examined...
June 9, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593004/influence-of-subjects-characteristics-and-technical-variables-on-muscle-stiffness-measured-by-shear-wave-elastosonography
#8
Chandra Bortolotto, Luca Lungarotti, Ilaria Fiorina, Michela Zacchino, Ferdinando Draghi, Fabrizio Calliada
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to quantitatively assess lower limbs muscle elasticity in a court of healthy subjects and to evaluate the influence of technical variables (e.g., diameter of the ROI-region of interest) and examined subjects' characteristics (e.g., sex, levels of physical activity, side evaluated) on muscle stiffness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 54 healthy subjects (48 men, 6 women) were evaluated for a total of 108 lower limbs. Shear wave elastography was performed with a multifrequency linear probe (15-4 MHz)...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586712/ultrasound-shear-wave-elastography-in-the-assessment-of-passive-biceps-brachii-muscle-stiffness-influences-of-sex-and-elbow-position
#9
Johnson Chen, Michael O'Dell, Wen He, Li-Juan Du, Pai-Chi Li, Jing Gao
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in biceps brachii muscle (BBM) stiffness as evaluated by ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE). METHODS: The passive stiffness of the BBM was quantified with shear wave velocity (SWV) measurements obtained from 10 healthy volunteers (5 men and 5 women, mean age 50years, age range 42-63 years) with the elbow at full extension and 30° flexion in this IRB-approved study. Potential differences between two depths within the muscle, two elbow positions, the two arms, and sexes were assessed by using two-tailed t-test...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561920/2d-and-shearwave-elastography-ultrasound-a-reliable-method-to-analyse-spastic-muscles
#10
Laure Mathevon, F Michel, S Aubry, R Testa, T Lapole, L F Arnaudeau, B Fernandez, B Parratte, P Calmels
Introduction-Few data exist on the feasibility and reliability of measuring muscular atrophy in two dimensions (2D) by ultrasonography (US) and elasticity using ShearWave Elastography (SWE) in spastic muscles. Methods-Fourteen patients with chronic stroke took part in two inter-session reliability experiments performed with a one week interval between sessions. Pennation angle (PA), muscle thickness (MT), and shear elastic modulus (µ) were measured in spastic gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscles at rest and at maximal passive stretching in paretic and non-paretic legs...
May 31, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549004/efficiency-of-b-mode-ultrasound-and-strain-elastography-in-differentiating-between-benign-and-malignant-cervical-lymph-nodes
#11
Eser Tugut, Cetin Celenk, Asli Tanrivermis Sayit, Tümay Bekci, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Kerim Arslan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of ultrasonography (US), especially when combined with strain elastography (SE), in differentiating between benign and malignant cervical lymph nodes (LNs). METHODS: Forty-one LNs were examined by B-mode US, power Doppler US, and SE. The following imaging features were analyzed: shape, echogenicity, echogenic hilum, calcification, intranodal vascular pattern, elasticity scores (5 categories), and strain ratio...
May 25, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546639/shear-wave-elastography-parameters-of-normal-soft-tissues-of-the-neck
#12
Herman Jan, Zuzana Sedlackova, Jaromir Vachutka, Tomas Furst, Richard Salzman, Jaroslav Vomacka
BACKGROUND: Shear wave elastography is a relatively new method of quantitative measurement of tissue elasticity. Assuming that malignant lesions are stiffer than benign ones, elastography may provide supplementary information for their discrimination. However, potential confounding factors impacting tissue stiffness should be investigated first. AIMS: The objective of this study was to measure the stiffness of selected tissues of the head and neck in a normal population and to evaluate its relationship to age, sex, and body mass index...
May 25, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513880/unstable-rocker-shoes-promote-recovery-from-marathon-induced-muscle-damage-in-novice-runners
#13
Kento Nakagawa, Takayuki Inami, Takahisa Yonezu, Yuta Kenmotsu, Takaya Narita, Yasuo Kawakami, Kazuyuki Kanosue
We recently reported that wearing unstable rocker shoes (Masai Barefoot Technology: MBT) may enhance recovery from marathon race induced fatigue. However, this earlier study only utilized a questionnaire. In the present study, we evaluated MBT utilizing objective physiological measures of recovery from marathon induced muscle damages. Twenty-five university student novice runners were divided into two groups. After running a full marathon, one group wore MBT shoes (MBT group), and the control group (CON) wore ordinary shoes daily for one week following the race...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513280/application-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-elastography-in-imaging-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-doms-a-comparative-analysis-with-3t-mri
#14
Thilo Hotfiel, Marion Kellermann, Bernd Swoboda, Dane Wildner, Tobias Golditz, Casper Grim, Martin Raithel, Michael Uder, Rafael Heiss
CONTEXT: DOMS is one of the most common reasons for impaired muscle performance in sports and is associated with reduced muscle strength and frequently observed both in professional and recreational athletes. OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the diagnostic value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) in imaging of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness by comparing findings to high-resolution 3T MRI T2 weighted sequences. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Laboratory environment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509432/feasibility-assessment-of-shear-wave-elastography-to-lumbar-back-muscles-a-radioanatomic-study
#15
Maud Creze, Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Olivier Gagey, Laurence Rocher, Marie-France Bellin, Marc Soubeyrand
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain is often associated with tensional changes in the paraspinal muscles detected by palpatory procedures. Shear wave elastography (SWE), recently introduced, allows the stiffness of muscles to be assessed non-invasively. The aim of our work was to study the feasibility of using SWE on the three main lumbar back muscles (multifidus, longissimus and iliocostalis) in vivo after analyzing their muscular architecture ex vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined the orientation of fibers in the multifidus, longissimus and iliocotalis muscles in seven fresh cadavers using gross anatomy and B-Mode ultrasound imaging...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493799/shear-wave-elastography-basic-physics-and-musculoskeletal-applications
#16
Mihra S Taljanovic, Lana H Gimber, Giles W Becker, L Daniel Latt, Andrea S Klauser, David M Melville, Liang Gao, Russell S Witte
In the past 2 decades, sonoelastography has been progressively used as a tool to help evaluate soft-tissue elasticity and add to information obtained with conventional gray-scale and Doppler ultrasonographic techniques. Recently introduced on clinical scanners, shear-wave elastography (SWE) is considered to be more objective, quantitative, and reproducible than compression sonoelastography with increasing applications to the musculoskeletal system. SWE uses an acoustic radiation force pulse sequence to generate shear waves, which propagate perpendicular to the ultrasound beam, causing transient displacements...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491186/quantifying-spasticity-in-individual-muscles-using-shear-wave-elastography
#17
Sarah F Eby, Heng Zhao, Pengfei Song, Barbara J Vareberg, Randall R Kinnick, James F Greenleaf, Kai-Nan An, Allen W Brown, Shigao Chen
Spasticity is common following stroke; however, high subject variability and unreliable measurement techniques limit research and treatment advances. Our objective was to investigate the use of shear wave elastography (SWE) to characterize the spastic reflex in the biceps brachii during passive elbow extension in an individual with spasticity. The patient was a 42-year-old right-hand-dominant male with history of right middle cerebral artery-distribution ischemic infarction causing spastic left hemiparesis...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491093/therapeutic-effect-and-location-of-gfp-labeled-placental-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-hepatic-fibrosis-in-rats
#18
Jiong Yu, Guangshu Hao, Dan Wang, Jingqi Liu, Xiaotian Dong, Yanni Sun, Qiaoling Pan, Yang Li, Xiaowei Shi, Lanjuan Li, Hongcui Cao
Background. Liver fibrosis is a chronic progressive liver disease, but no established effective treatment exists except for liver transplantation. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of human placenta mesenchymal stem cells (hPMSCs) expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) on carbon tetrachloride- (CCl4-) induced liver fibrosis in rats. Methods. Liver fibrosis was induced by subcutaneous injection with CCl4; hPMSCs were directly transplanted into rats through the caudal vein. The therapeutic efficacy of hPMSCs on liver fibrosis was measured by liver function tests, liver elastography, histopathology, Masson's trichrome and Sirius red staining, and immunohistochemical studies...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489803/reproducibility-analysis-on-shear-wave-elastography-swe-based-quantitative-assessment-for-skin-elasticity
#19
Yang Sun, Chuan Ma, XiaoLong Liang, Run Wang, Ying Fu, ShuMin Wang, LiGang Cui, ChunLei Zhang
Shear Wave Elastography (SWE) is an objective and non-invasive method widely used to quantify the tissue solidity. However, there are concerns about the accuracy of the skin SWE results due to the low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) caused by subcutaneous fat, muscle and bone. This article analyzed the reproducibility of the result for skin SWE and therefore evaluated the availability of SME for skin elasticity involved diseases. Thirty volunteers (mean age: 37 ± 12 years) were selected. SWE were taken on the skin of abdomen and the middle tibia in order to assess the impact of fat, muscle and bone on SWE results...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465195/extensor-indicis-proprius-tendon-transfer-using-shear-wave-elastography
#20
J Lamouille, C Müller, S Aubry, S Bensamoun, W Raffoul, S Durand
The means for judging optimal tension during tendon transfers are approximate and not very quantifiable. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of quantitatively assessing muscular mechanical properties intraoperatively using ultrasound elastography (shear wave elastography [SWE]) during extensor indicis proprius (EIP) transfer. We report two cases of EIP transfer for post-traumatic rupture of the extensor pollicis longus muscle. Ultrasound acquisitions measured the elasticity modulus of the EIP muscle at different stages: rest, active extension, active extension against resistance, EIP section, distal passive traction of the tendon, after tendon transfer at rest and then during active extension...
March 7, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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