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vitamin b heart failure

G Loncar, B Bozic, N Cvetinovic, H-D Dungen, M Lainscak, S von Haehling, W Doehner, Z Radojicic, B Putnikovic, T Trippel, V Popovic
AIM: Evaluation of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and its prognostic impact on all-cause mortality in elderly males with heart failure (HF). METHODS: Seventy three males (67 ± 7 years old) with systolic HF were included. Baseline PTH was measured. Patients were grouped according to PTH cut-off levels of 65 pg/ml (>65 pg/ml = SHPT vs. normal PTH). All-cause mortality was evaluated at 6-year follow-up. RESULTS: SHPT was diagnosed in 43 (59 %) patients...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Nathaniel M Hawkins, Pardeep S Jhund, Andrea Pozzi, Eileen O'Meara, Scott D Solomon, Christopher B Granger, Salim Yusuf, Marc A Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Mark C Petrie, Sean Virani, John J V McMurray
AIMS: The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have varying degrees of renal elimination which may be challenging in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). We examined the severity and variation in renal impairment, and the proportion of patients requiring NOAC cessation or dose reduction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of patients with HF and AF in the Candesartan in Heart failure Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity programme was carried out...
September 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
B Maisch
The individual amount of alcohol consumed acutely or chronically decides on harm or benefit to a person's health. Available data suggest that one to two drinks in men and one drink in women will benefit the cardiovascular system over time, one drink being 17.6 ml 100 % alcohol. Moderate drinking can reduce the incidence and mortality of coronary artery disease, heart failure, diabetes, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. More than this amount can lead to alcoholic cardiomyopathy, which is defined as alcohol toxicity to the heart muscle itself by ethanol and its metabolites...
September 2016: Herz
Jonathan P Piccini, Laurent Fauchier
Many patients with atrial fibrillation have substantial symptoms despite ventricular rate control and require restoration of sinus rhythm to improve their quality of life. Acute restoration (ie, cardioversion) and maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation are referred to as rhythm control. The decision to pursue rhythm control is based on symptoms, the type of atrial fibrillation (paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent), patient comorbidities, general health status, and anticoagulation status...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
A Zittermann, J B Ernst
AIMS: Despite adherence to evidence-based guidelines, heart failure [HF] still results in 5-year mortality rates of 50%, indicating a need to implement additional preventive/intervention strategies. This review summarizes data on alterations in the calciotropic and phosphaturic hormones 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] and fibroblast growth factors-23 [FGF-23] in HF and discusses non-pharmacological measures for targeting these hormones. DATA SYNTHESIS: The role of 1,25(OH)2D in the regulation of calcium and phosphate homeostasis is central...
June 28, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
A Kuryata, T Lysunec, O Noda
In clinical trial included 41 patient with clinic-instrumental dates, which said about myocardium dysfunction and system diseases of connecting fabric and displays of CCI I-III of functional class (FC). Including of complex metabolic drug Cocarnit in standard therapy of systemdiseases of connecting fabric was instrumental in more expressed clinical improvement of patientsclinical dates in 15 days of supervision: a weakness diminished on 66.67%, shortbreathing at the insignificant physical loading--on 23.81%, at the ordinary physical loading--on 47...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
Levent Cerit, Hamza Duygu, Kamil Gulsen, Hatice Kemal, Ozgur Tosun, Barcin Ozcem, Zeynep Cerit, Aziz Gunsel
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 is required in the metabolism of homocysteine. Vitamin B 12 deficiency has been implicated in endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease via hyperhomocysteinemia. However, the association of vitamin B12, and severity of coronary artery disease has not been studied up to date. This study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the relationship between vitamin B12 and SYNTAX score. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients, who underwent CABG surgery, were retrospectively reviewed...
July 8, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
Arnold Piek, Wouter C Meijers, Nicolas F Schroten, Ron T Gansevoort, Rudolf A de Boer, Herman H W Silljé
BACKGROUND: The novel biomarker human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) shows prognostic value in acute heart failure (HF) patients. We measured HE4 levels in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and correlated them to HF severity, kidney function, and HF biomarkers, and determined its predictive value. METHODS: Serum HE4 levels in patients (n = 101) with stable CHF with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF <45%) from the Vitamin D CHF (VitD-CHF) study (NCT01092130) were compared with those in age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects (n = 58) from the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease (PREVEND) study...
May 17, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Mark L Wahlqvist, Lili Xiu, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Rosalind Chia-Yu Chen, Kuan-Ju Chen, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The increased mortality risk of hyperhomocysteinaemia in diabetes may be mitigated by dietary quality. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan of 1999-2000 for elders formed this prospective cohort. Baseline health status, diet and anthropometry were documented and plasma homocysteine and biomarkers for B vitamins measured. Participants without diabetes (n=985) were referent for those who had diabetes or developed diabetes until 2006 (n=427)...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
F A Cissé, M M Konaté, W A Ekué, M Cissé, N Camara, B S Djigué, A O M Baldé, I A Camara, F L Y Diallo, B S Diallo, F Konaté, L F Barry, I Diakhaté, A Cissé
Cardiovascular and neurological manifestations associated with thiamine deficiency in Guinean prisons are common but not reported.We performed a prospective study of 38 cases related to vitamin B1 deficiency over a period of 4 years. In this population, the literature of traditional data gathered: frequency peak after thirty (92.6%) and clear representation male (sex ratio M/F: 18/1). The clinical symptomatology remains essentially dominated by sensorimotor polyneuropathy and pure sensory (52.2%), overall heart failure (31...
May 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Gregory B Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
GianPietro Sechi, Elia Sechi, Chiara Fois, Neeraj Kumar
B vitamin deficiency is a leading cause of neurological impairment and disability throughout the world. Multiple B vitamin deficiencies often coexist, and thus an understanding of the complex relationships between the different biochemical pathways regulated in the brain by these vitamins may facilitate prompter diagnosis and improved treatment. Particular populations at risk for multiple B vitamin deficiencies include the elderly, people with alcoholism, patients with heart failure, patients with recent obesity surgery, and vegetarians/vegans...
May 2016: Nutrition Reviews
E Passeri, R Rigolini, E Costa, C Verdelli, C Arcidiacono, M Carminati, S Corbetta
CONTEXT: Hypovitaminosis D frequently occurs in early life and increases with age. Vitamin D has been suggested to influence cardiac performance and N-terminal-pro-type B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) release in adults with heart failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the vitamin D status and the impact of hypovitaminosis D on circulating NT-proBNP levels in young patients with congenital heart defects (CHD). DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This cross-sectional study included the assessment of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), parathyroid function markers, and NT-proBNP levels in a series of 230 young in-patients (117 females, 113 males; 6...
2016: Disease Markers
Peter Johansson, Urban Alehagen, Martje H L van der Wal, Erland Svensson, Tiny Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (Vit D) is suggested to play a role in the regulation of physical function as well as in depression. Since, Vit D deficiency is common in patients with heart failure (HF), this study aims to explore if Vit D levels are associated with depressive symptoms and if this association is mediated by the patients' physical function. METHOD: 506 HF patients (mean age 71, 38% women) were investigated. Depressive symptoms and physical function were measured with the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the physical function scale from the RAND-36...
March 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Mohamed Matter, Enas El-Sherbiny, Atef Elmougy, Mohamed Abass, Sahar Aldossary, Waleed Abu Ali
Vitamin D deficiency is a common health problem in Saudi Arabia especially in children and adolescents. Many studies have reported the relation between low 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels with cardiovascular diseases risk factors as well as cardiovascular events, including stroke, myocardial infarction, and congestive heart failure. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 25(OH)D deficiency on the myocardial function and other echocardiographic variables in adolescent, using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and to correlate these parameters with 25(OH)D level...
January 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Einat Hershkowitz, Arie Markel
Thiamine or vitamin B1 is a water soluble vitamin of the vitamin B complex. It is synthetized by bacteria, fungi and plants and is an essential component of multicellular living organisms. Humans are not able to synthetize this vitamin and have to obtain it from different foods. Thiamin has a vital role in the normal function of the human body. It functions as a coenzyme in the catabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids and has an antioxidant role. It has an essential function in a series of metabolic processes related to energy production and conversion of sugar to ATP, as a catalyst in the Krebs cycle...
October 2015: Harefuah
Krzysztof Myrda, Piotr Rozentryt, Jacek T Niedziela, Aneta Ociessa, Maria Kasperova, Bartosz Hudzik, Jolanta U Nowak, Mariusz Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: The activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system is a main element of the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure (CHF), determining its symptoms and prognosis. Vitamin D is an RAA inhibitor, and its deficiency frequently accompanies CHF. The factors determining the concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in CHF are not well understood, although an association has been suggested between the deficiency and the advancement of CHF. Also unknown is the influence of therapeutic escalation using recommended agents on the serum level of 25(OH)D...
September 2015: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
James B Wetmore, Yi Peng, Scott Jackson, Thomas J Matlon, Allan J Collins, David T Gilbertson
AIMS: We aimed to assess demographic characteristics, comorbidity and hospitalization burdens, laboratory abnormalities, and patterns of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related medication use in a large cohort of patients with CKD stage 4 - 5. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort analysis, the Medicare 5% sample and Truven MarketScan employer group health plan databases were used to examine patients aged ≥ 65 and < 65 years, respectively. CKD was determined by ≥ 1 inpatient or ≥ 2 outpatient claims with relevant ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes during the 1-year baseline period...
February 2016: Clinical Nephrology
T S Potpara, V Jokic, B Medic, M Prostran, G Y Lip
Atrial fibrillation (AF) currently affects approximately 2% of the general adult population, and the number of patients suffering from AF constantly increases. Although the occurrence of AF rarely poses an immediate threat to patient's survival, the arrhythmia is associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality mostly resulting from ischemic stroke or systemic thromboembolism, or heart failure. Overall, patients with AF have a 5-fold greater risk of stroke compared to individuals in sinus rhythm, but individual stroke risk depends on the presence of various stroke risk factors, and optimal stroke prevention is essential for AF patients...
October 23, 2015: Minerva Medica
Wei-Long Jiang, Hai-Bo Gu, Yu-Feng Zhang, Qing-Qing Xia, Jia Qi, Jian-Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been growing evidence that vitamin D deficiency is associated with the development and progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). HYPOTHESIS: Additional supplementation of vitamin D may have protective effects in patients with CHF. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases through June 2015 and included 7 randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of vitamin D on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with CHF...
January 2016: Clinical Cardiology
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