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sense of meaninglessness

Brianna Beck, Steven Di Costa, Patrick Haggard
The sense of agency refers to the feeling of control over one's actions, and, through them, over external events. One proposed marker of implicit sense of agency is 'intentional binding'-the tendency to perceive voluntary actions and their outcomes as close in time. Another is attenuation of the sensory consequences of a voluntary action. Here we show that the ability to choose an outcome through action selection contributes to implicit sense of agency. We measured intentional binding and stimulus intensity ratings using painful and non-painful somatosensory outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cognition
Alejandro Serani Merlo
There is actually a pervasive tendency to consider environmental ethics and bioethics as specific cases pertaining to a supposed kind of ″applied ethics″. Application can be understood in two different meanings: a concrete sense, as in technical applications, and a psychological meaning, as when we mentally apply ourselves to a task. Ethics has been always thought as a practical knowledge, in a ″praxical″ sense and not in a ″poietic″ one. Ethics has to do with ″ends″ not with ″means″; in this sense ethics is ″useless″...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
Arne Rehnsfeldt, Maria Arman, Unni Å Lindström
BACKGROUND: Clinical caring science will be described from a theory of science perspective. AIM: The aim of this theoretical article to give a comprehensive overview of clinical caring science as a human science-based discipline grounded in a theory of science argumentation. FINDINGS: Clinical caring science seeks idiographic or specific variations of the ontology, concepts and theories, formulated by caring science. The rationale is the insight that the research questions do not change when they are addressed in different contexts...
November 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
David Bryson
Language is a vital means of communication and education plays a key role in developing both our general language capabilities but also our use of 'Professional language'. Learning a professional language is like being inducted into the profession through the shared use of arcane and often obscure words and terminology. What makes sense to a 'Professional' could well be gobbledygook/meaningless/nonsense to anyone else. This CPD activity is designed to encourage us to think about how we speak and communicate...
August 2016: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
J Lauschke, M Busch, W Haverkamp, A Bulava, R Schneider, D Andresen, H Nägele, C Israel, G Hindricks, D Bänsch
BACKGROUND: A new implantable cardiac monitor (BioMonitor, Biotronik) with a continuous remote monitoring option was prospectively implanted in patients with suspected arrhythmias or for therapy control after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. A three-lead ECG detection was intended to make the implantation more independent of the implantation site and the electrical heart axis. Because noise is a frequent problem in implantable cardiac monitors, an active noise detection algorithm was implemented...
October 28, 2016: Herz
Zhen-zhen Lü, Guang-ming Liu, Jin-song Yang
In the establishment of remote sensing information inversion model, the actual measured data of discrete sampling points and the corresponding spectrum data to pixels of remote sensing image, are used to establish the relation, thus to realize the goal of information retrieval. Accurate extraction of spectrum value is very important to establish the remote sensing inversion mode. Converting target spot layer to ROI (region of interest) and then saving the ROI as ASCII is one of the methods that researchers often used to extract the spectral values...
August 2015: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
Miriam A Novack, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Amanda L Woodward
Iconic gesture is a rich source of information for conveying ideas to learners. However, in order to learn from iconic gesture, a learner must be able to interpret its iconic form-a nontrivial task for young children. Our study explores how young children interpret iconic gesture and whether they can use it to infer a previously unknown action. In Study 1, 2- and 3-year-old children were shown iconic gestures that illustrated how to operate a novel toy to achieve a target action. Children in both age groups successfully figured out the target action more often after seeing an iconic gesture demonstration than after seeing no demonstration...
September 2015: Cognition
Pawel J Matusz, Antonia Thelen, Sarah Amrein, Eveline Geiser, Jacques Anken, Micah M Murray
Single-trial encounters with multisensory stimuli affect both memory performance and early-latency brain responses to visual stimuli. Whether and how auditory cortices support memory processes based on single-trial multisensory learning is unknown and may differ qualitatively and quantitatively from comparable processes within visual cortices due to purported differences in memory capacities across the senses. We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) as healthy adults (n = 18) performed a continuous recognition task in the auditory modality, discriminating initial (new) from repeated (old) sounds of environmental objects...
March 2015: European Journal of Neuroscience
Anne Lise Holm, Anne Lyberg, Ingela Berggren, Sture Åström, Elisabeth Severinsson
Depression has repeatedly been found to be a risk factor for completed suicide, particularly when coupled with a pervasive sense of hopelessness. The aim of this study was to evaluate depressed older persons' suicidal experiences. Data were collected by means of individual in-depth interviews with nine informants living in two districts of Norway. A hermeneutic analysis was performed. One main theme: Going around in a circle and two themes: being alone without meaning in life and struggling to achieve reconciliation emerged from the analysis...
2014: Nursing Research and Practice
Jonathan Hopkin
Thomas Piketty's imposing volume has brought serious economics firmly into the mainstream of public debate on inequality, yet political science has been mostly absent from this debate. This article argues that political science has an essential contribution to make to this debate, and that Piketty's important and powerful book lacks a clear political theory. It develops this argument by first assessing and critiquing the changing nature of political science and its account of contemporary capitalism, and then suggesting how Piketty's thesis can be complemented, extended and challenged by focusing on the ways in which politics and collective action shape the economy and the distribution of income and wealth...
December 2014: British Journal of Sociology
Bruce Sigsbee, James L Bernat
The prevalence of burnout is higher in physicians than in other professions and is especially high in neurologists. Physician burnout encompasses 3 domains: (1) emotional exhaustion: the loss of interest and enthusiasm for practice; (2) depersonalization: a poor attitude with cynicism and treating patients as objects; and (3) career dissatisfaction: a diminished sense of personal accomplishment and low self-value. Burnout results in reduced work hours, relocation, depression, and suicide. Burned-out physicians harm patients because they lack empathy and make errors...
December 9, 2014: Neurology
Tatsuya Morita, Keiko Tamura, Etsuko Kusajima, Sayuri Sakai, Masako Kawa, Chizuru Imura, Kaori Ichihara, Mitsunori Miyashita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Yosuke Uchitomi
BACKGROUND: Fostering patients' sense of meaning is an essential task for palliative care clinicians. Few studies have reported the effects on nurses of a short-term training program aimed at improving skills to relieve feelings of meaninglessness in terminally ill cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the impact on nurses of a novel two-day education program focusing on care that addresses patients' feelings of meaninglessness...
December 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
James M Gillies, Robert A Neimeyer, Evgenia Milman
Although increasing numbers of grief theorists, researchers, and therapists have begun to focus on the quest for meaning in lives disrupted by loss, no convenient and psychometrically validated measure of meanings made specifically in bereavement has been available to guide their efforts. To construct such a measure, the authors began with a systematic content analysis of sense-making, benefit finding, and identity reconstruction themes gleaned from the narrative responses of a sample of 162 adults who were diverse in their age, ethnicity, relationship to the decedent, cause of death, and severity of their grief response...
January 2015: Death Studies
Ulrich Pomper, Jana Brincker, James Harwood, Ivan Prikhodko, Daniel Senkowski
Many electronic devices that we use in our daily lives provide inputs that need to be processed and integrated by our senses. For instance, ringing, vibrating, and flashing indicate incoming calls and messages in smartphones. Whether the presentation of multiple smartphone stimuli simultaneously provides an advantage over the processing of the same stimuli presented in isolation has not yet been investigated. In this behavioral study we examined multisensory processing between visual (V), tactile (T), and auditory (A) stimuli produced by a smartphone...
2014: PloS One
Anna Maria Thurang, Tom Palmstierna, Anita Bengtsson Tops
The aim of the present study is to describe and understand the meaning of living with alcohol dependency (AD) as a man. Studies point out a high prevalence of AD in men and the reasons for, and consequences of, that are complex. However, today there is a lack of knowledge about men's lived experiences of having AD. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 alcohol dependent men and analyzed using a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach. In the comprehensive understanding, findings from the naïve understanding and the structural analysis were interpreted with help from both gender and caring theoretical perspectives...
August 2014: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Kenneth Blum, Benjamin Thompson, Marlene Oscar-Berman, John Giordano, Eric Braverman, John Femino, Debmayla Barh, William Downs, Thomas Smpatico, Stephen Schoenthaler
Addictions to smoking, alcohol, illicit drugs, and certain behaviors like gambling, overeating, and sex, are prevalent worldwide. These behaviors are highly destructive and costly to individuals and society due to health consequences, criminality and lost productivity. The genetic vulnerability, environmental exposures, and individual behaviors that contribute to the brain dysfunction and compulsive tendencies that mark addiction make it one of the most complicated diseases to study and treat. Although much has been learned about the genetic basis of and biochemical imbalances associated with the addictions, research leading to effective treatments has been slow...
October 10, 2013: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Ching-Fen Hsu
In this study meaningful social stimuli were used as probes in a task requiring the judgment of semantic appropriateness to investigate contextual integration ability to test the ability of people with Williams syndrome (WS) to integrate information, as opposed to the use of meaningless syllables in audiovisual studies (the McGurk effect). Participants were presented with background auditory primes followed by targets that were either congruent or incongruent with the prime. Two modes of target were presented: a visual target (AV task) or an auditory target (AA task)...
July 2014: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Wout Slob, Martine I Bakker, Jan Dirk Te Biesebeek, Bas G H Bokkers
Current methods for cancer risk assessment result in single values, without any quantitative information on the uncertainties in these values. Therefore, single risk values could easily be overinterpreted. In this study, we discuss a full probabilistic cancer risk assessment approach in which all the generally recognized uncertainties in both exposure and hazard assessment are quantitatively characterized and probabilistically evaluated, resulting in a confidence interval for the final risk estimate. The methodology is applied to three example chemicals (aflatoxin, N-nitrosodimethylamine, and methyleugenol)...
August 2014: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Thomas John Papadimos
Here I present a medical narrative, as a catharsis, regarding Albert Camus’s The Myth of Sisyphus in an attempt to elude meaninglessness in my difficult everyday practice of critical care medicine. It is well documented that physicians who practice critical care medicine are subject to burnout. The sense of despair that occasionally overwhelms me prompted my rereading of Camus’s classic text and caused me to recount his arguments that life is meaningless unless one is willing to take a leap of faith to the divine or, alternately, to commit suicide...
2014: Permanente Journal
Nina Asplin, Hans Wessel, Lena Marions, Susanne Georgsson Öhman
OBJECTIVE: to explore what women who have had a pregnancy terminated due to a detected fetal malformation perceived as having been important in their encounters with caregivers for promoting their healthy adjustment and well-being. METHOD: an exploratory descriptive design was used. Semi-structured interviews were audiotaped, and the information pathway described. The text was processed through qualitative content analysis in six steps. SETTING: four fetal care referral centres in Stockholm, Sweden...
June 2014: Midwifery
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