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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134053/motivational-antecedents-of-well-being-and-health-related-behaviors-in-adolescents
#1
Isabel Balaguer, Joan L Duda, Isabel Castillo
Grounded in the Achievement Goal Theory framework of motivation and optimal functioning, there were two objectives of this study: (a) to test a model hypothesizing links between personal theories of school achievement, indices of the quality of academic engagement, wellbeing, and health-related behaviors, and (b) to explore whether the hypothesized model was invariant across gender groups. A multisection questionnaire pack tapping the targeted variables was administered to 967 teenagers (475 boys and 492 girls) aged between 11 to 16 years old...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#2
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
November 10, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122195/how-we-can-measure-the-non-driving-task-engagement-in-automated-driving-comparing-flow-experience-and-workload
#3
Sang Min Ko, Yong Gu Ji
In automated driving, a driver can completely concentrate on non-driving-related tasks (NDRTs). This study investigated the flow experience of a driver who concentrated on NDRTs and tasks that induce mental workload under conditional automation. Participants performed NDRTs under different demand levels: a balanced demand-skill level (fit condition) to induce flow, low-demand level to induce boredom, and high-demand level to induce anxiety. In addition, they performed the additional N-Back task, which artificially induces mental workload...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095511/factors-influencing-long-term-adherence-to-pelvic-floor-exercises-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#4
Mónica Venegas, Bernardita Carrasco, Romina Casas-Cordero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To ensure the effectiveness of Physical Therapy for urinary incontinence (UI), it is crucial that patients adhere to treatment in both the long and the short term. Treatment adherence may prevent symptom progression and the need for surgery, which is associated with higher costs and potential complications. Adherence is defined as carrying out a recommended behavioral modification or change. The World Health Organization (WHO) has established that adherence is a multifactorial phenomenon determined by the interaction of five dimensions, which include diverse factors that affect long-term adherence on many levels...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092868/patients-outcomes-after-acute-respiratory-failure-a-qualitative-study-with-the-promis-framework
#5
Michelle N Eakin, Yashika Patel, Pedro Mendez-Tellez, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Alison E Turnbull
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates for patients treated in intensive care units decrease, greater understanding of the impact of critical illness on patients' well-being is needed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the survivorship experience of patients who had acute respiratory failure by using the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) framework. METHODS: A total of 48 adult patients who had acute respiratory failure completed at least 1 semistructured telephone-based interview between 5 and 18 months after their stay in the intensive care unit...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082366/women-s-orgasm-obstacles-a-qualitative-study
#6
Maryam Nekoolaltak, Zohreh Keshavarz, Masoumeh Simbar, Ali Mohammad Nazari, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
BACKGROUND: Woman's orgasm plays a vital role in sexual compatibility and marital satisfaction. Orgasm in women is a learnable phenomenon that is influenced by several factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is exploring obstacles to orgasm in Iranian married women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study with directed content analysis approach was conducted in 2015-2016, on 20 Iranian married women who were individually interviewed at two medical clinics in Tehran, Iran...
August 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045714/the-psychological-health-of-remote-area-medics-in-iraq
#7
S Whittaker-Howe, G Brown, V Williamson, N Greenberg
Background: Remote area medics (RAMs) may be at increased risk of mental health difficulties. Aims: To explore the occupational experiences of RAMs to identify stressors and the mental health impact. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six RAMs working in Iraq to gather data, which was explored using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Results: Three key themes emerged from the data (i) the experience of being remote, (ii) cultural shock and (iii) social support...
October 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944463/measuring-the-impact-of-teaching-approaches-on-achievement-related-emotions-the-use-of-the-achievement-emotions-questionnaire
#8
Rebecca Starkey-Perret, Aurore Deledalle, Christine Jeoffrion, Charlotte Rowe
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on achievement emotions in a context of foreign language acquisition in a French-speaking population. AIMS: Firstly, the reliability and construct validity of the Achievement Emotion Questionnaire were examined; the second aim was to compare the effectiveness of two teaching approaches, classical and task-based learning and teaching (TBLT) on students' emotions over time. SAMPLE: This study involves 299 participants...
September 25, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934291/emotional-metacontrol-of-attention-top-down-modulation-of-sensorimotor-processes-in-a-robotic-visual-search-task
#9
Marwen Belkaid, Nicolas Cuperlier, Philippe Gaussier
Emotions play a significant role in internal regulatory processes. In this paper, we advocate four key ideas. First, novelty detection can be grounded in the sensorimotor experience and allow higher order appraisal. Second, cognitive processes, such as those involved in self-assessment, influence emotional states by eliciting affects like boredom and frustration. Third, emotional processes such as those triggered by self-assessment influence attentional processes. Last, close emotion-cognition interactions implement an efficient feedback loop for the purpose of top-down behavior regulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889754/the-development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-pornography-use-avoidance-self-efficacy-scale
#10
Shane W Kraus, Harold Rosenberg, Steve Martino, Charla Nich, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims This study employed a newly developed questionnaire to evaluate whether men's self-efficacy to avoid using pornography in each of 18 emotional, social, or sexually arousing situations was associated with either their typical frequency of pornography use or their hypersexuality. Methods Using an Internet-based data collection procedure, 229 male pornography users (Mage = 33.3 years, SD = 12.2) who had sought or considered seeking professional help for their use of pornography completed questionnaires assessing their situationally specific self-efficacy, history of pornography use, self-efficacy to employ specific pornography-reduction strategies, hypersexuality, and demographic characteristics...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827214/mobile-mindfulness-intervention-on-an-acute-psychiatric-unit-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#11
Lisa A Mistler, Dror Ben-Zeev, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Mary F Brunette, Matthew J Friedman
BACKGROUND: Aggression and violence on acute psychiatric inpatient units is extensive and leads to negative sequelae for staff and patients. With increasingly acute inpatient milieus due to shorter lengths of stay, inpatient staff is limited in training and time to be able to provide treatments. Mobile technology provides a new platform for offering treatment on such units, but it has not been tested for feasibility or usability in this particular setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of a brief mindfulness meditation mobile phone app intended to reduce anger and aggression in acute psychiatric inpatients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder, and a history of violence...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813478/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-measure-of-intellectual-humility
#12
Mark Alfano, Kathryn Iurino, Paul Stey, Brian Robinson, Markus Christen, Feng Yu, Daniel Lapsley
This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has four core dimensions: Open-mindedness (versus Arrogance), Intellectual Modesty (versus Vanity), Corrigibility (versus Fragility), and Engagement (versus Boredom). These dimensions display adequate self-informant agreement, and adequate convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812386/reported-use-of-technology-in-stroke-rehabilitation-by-physical-and-occupational-therapists
#13
Jeanne Langan, Heamchand Subryan, Ifeoma Nwogu, Lora Cavuoto
PURPOSE: With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798717/identifying-features-of-bodily-expression-as-indicators-of-emotional-experience-during-multimedia-learning
#14
Valentin Riemer, Julian Frommel, Georg Layher, Heiko Neumann, Claudia Schrader
The importance of emotions experienced by learners during their interaction with multimedia learning systems, such as serious games, underscores the need to identify sources of information that allow the recognition of learners' emotional experience without interrupting the learning process. Bodily expression is gaining in attention as one of these sources of information. However, to date, the question of how bodily expression can convey different emotions has largely been addressed in research relying on acted emotion displays...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776483/proneness-to-boredom-and-risk-behaviors-during-adolescents-free-time
#15
Roberta Biolcati, Giacomo Mancini, Elena Trombini
As a clinical condition, boredom is an emotional state, widespread among young people, characterized by unpleasant feelings, lack of motivation, and low physiological arousal in which the level of stimulation is perceived as unsatisfactorily low. Boredom is an important emotional state due to its spread among young people. Recent research has mainly studied the complex connection between boredom and leisure-time experiences, which may be involved in adolescents' risk-taking behaviors. The current study aims to investigate boredom proneness, conceived as a personality trait, in adolescents' free time, and its involvement in more extreme behaviors, such as binge drinking and addictive Internet use, which may represent ways to cope with the search for additional stimuli...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765130/the-child-s-perspective-on-discomfort-during-medical-research-procedures-a-descriptive-study
#16
Mira S Staphorst, Marc A Benninga, Margriet Bisschoff, Irma Bon, Jan J V Busschbach, Kay Diederen, Johannes B van Goudoever, Eric G Haarman, Joke A M Hunfeld, Vincent V W Jaddoe, Karin J M de Jong, Johan C de Jongste, Angelika Kindermann, Marsh Königs, Jaap Oosterlaan, Jan Passchier, Mariëlle W Pijnenburg, Liesbeth Reneman, Lissy de Ridder, Hyke G Tamminga, Henning W Tiemeier, Reinier Timman, Suzanne van de Vathorst
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of discomfort in paediatric research is scarcely evidence-based. In this study, we make a start in describing children's self-reported discomfort during common medical research procedures and compare this with discomfort during dental check-ups which can be considered as a reference level of a 'minimal discomfort' medical procedure. We exploratory study whether there are associations between age, anxiety-proneness, gender, medical condition, previous experiences and discomfort...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760011/boredom-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injuries-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-scoping-review
#17
Katrina Kenah, Julie Bernhardt, Toby Cumming, Neil Spratt, Julie Luker, Heidi Janssen
PURPOSE: Boredom may impede engagement in inpatient rehabilitation following an acquired brain injury. This review aimed to: (1) describe the experience and (2) quantify the incidence of boredom; (3) identify measurement tools used to quantify boredom; (4) summarize factors contributing to boredom, and (5) outline evidence-based interventions shown to reduce boredom during inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Two researchers independently screened publications retrieved from electronic database searches...
August 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742625/online-sales-of-unscheduled-pharmaceutical-agents-a-case-report-of-tianeptine-use-in-the-united-states
#18
Swapnil Gupta, Ryan Wallace, Jordan Sloshower
: Tianeptine is a tricyclic antidepressant that stimulates mu-opioid receptors at high doses. It is marketed and used across Europe and Latin America as an antidepressant, but is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in the United States. In the United States, tianeptine is sold through online health stores as a cognition enhancer, dietary supplement, or as research chemical. We report the case of a 36-year-old man with a history of major depressive disorder, responsive to sertraline, who turned to the unmonitored use of tianeptine purchased online to treat residual feelings of apathy and boredom...
September 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738096/the-placebo-effect-and-its-clinical-associations-in-gambling-disorder
#19
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Although gambling disorder is prevalent and functionally impairing, no FDA-approved medications exist for its treatment. The ability of clinical trials to detect the benefits of active treatment has been hindered by an unusually high placebo response. Virtually nothing is known about baseline clinical characteristics that might predict placebo response in those with gambling disorder. METHODS: Participants (N = 152) assigned to placebo were pooled from multiple double-blind trials of gambling disorder...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728638/age-related-changes-in-associations-between-reasons-for-alcohol-use-and-high-intensity-drinking-across-young-adulthood
#20
Megan E Patrick, Rebecca Evans-Polce, Deborah D Kloska, Jennifer L Maggs, Stephanie T Lanza
OBJECTIVE: Analyses focus on whether self-reported reasons for drinking alcohol change in their associations with high-intensity drinking across the transition to adulthood. METHOD: Self-report data on high-intensity drinking (10+ drinks) collected from the national Monitoring the Future study in 2005 to 2014 from those ages 18-26 were used (N = 2,664 [60% women] for all drinkers and 1,377 for heavy episodic [5+] drinkers; up to 6,541 person-waves). Time-varying effect modeling examined changes in the direction and magnitude of associations between eight reasons for drinking and high-intensity alcohol use across continuous age...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
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