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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450221/drinking-game-participation-gender-performance-and-normalization-of-intoxication-among-nigerian-university-students
#1
Emeka Dumbili, Clare Williams
Background: Most research on drinking games (DGs) and the associated risks focuses on Western countries. In the Nigerian context, DGs activity has not attracted scholarly attention but growing media reports indicate that Nigerian youths play DGs, and that a number of gamers have died during or immediately after game-playing. Methods: Drawing on gender performance scripts, we explored the performance of gender through DGs practices and the factors that motivate DGs participation...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405339/exploring-the-perspectives-of-10-11-and-12-year-old-primary-school-students-on-physical-activity-engagement-cause-you-can-t-just-be-sitting-at-a-desk-all-the-time
#2
J Harvey, E S Pearson, P Sanzo, A E Lennon
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that 91% of Canadian children are not engaging in enough physical activity (PA) to achieve health benefits. Physical education (PE) classes have been identified as a way to improve child health by facilitating engagement in movement-based activities. The daily physical activity (DPA) initiative was created with similar intentions and requires that students participate in at least 20 min of PA daily via PE classes and/or during instructional time for other subjects...
February 5, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381105/the-application-of-the-mayer-multimedia-learning-theory-to-medical-powerpoint-slide-show-presentations
#3
Victor Grech
PowerPoint™ and other slideware have the potential to be overused and abused. Presentations should be tailored using scientifically derived principles in order to maximise teaching potential. This paper applies the Mayer Multimedia Learning Theory (with its twelve evidence-based principles of multimedia design) to medical slide show presentations. The best way to avoid audience boredom or mortification is to adhere to these precepts. Presentations stand or fall on the quality, relevance, and integrity of the content...
January 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375932/characteristics-of-cigarette-smoking-in-individuals-in-smoking-concordant-and-smoking-discordant-couples
#4
Erin M Tooley, Belinda Borrelli
Introduction: Partner smoking status may impact smoking cessation outcomes. The purpose of this study is to compare smokers in smoking concordant couples (both partners smoke) to smokers in smoking discordant couples (one partner smokes) on variables that have been shown to be important for quitting smoking. Methods: Participants were 123 cigarette smokers with cohabitating romantic partners (smoking discordant: n=60, smoking concordant: n=63, 63.9% females). We used one-way MANCOVA, controlling for age and number of cigarettes smoked/day, to examine differences between groups on smoking outcome expectancies, motivation to quit smoking, and dyadic efficacy to quit smoking...
June 2017: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372947/the-perception-of-art-among-patients-and-staff-on-a-renal-dialysis-unit
#5
C Corrigan, L Peterson, C McVeigh, P J Lavin, G J Mellotte, C Wall, A Baker Kerrigan, L Barnes, D O'Neill, H Moss
This study investigated the purpose and effectiveness of giving outpatients an opportunity to engage in art activities while receiving dialysis treatment. A mixed method study was conducted. 21 semi-structured interviews were conducted with outpatients attending the dialysis unit and 13 surveys of clinicians were completed. The principle reasons to partake in the art activity programme included: to pass time, to relieve boredom, to be creative, to try something new, distraction from concerns, to stay positive and to achieve something new...
October 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340129/protective-isolation-for-patients-with-haematological-malignancies-a-pilot-study-investigating-patients-distress-and-use-of-time
#6
O Annibali, C Pensieri, V Tomarchio, V Biagioli, M Pennacchini, A Tendas, V Tambone, M C Tirindelli
Background: Patients with haematological malignancies are often hospitalized in protective isolation until full neutrophil recovery in order to prevent infections. This descriptive pilot study evaluate the level of isolation-related distress and the use of free time in a sample of Italian onco-haematological patients who were hospitalized in protective isolation. Materials and Methods: Participants were 18 patients hospitalized in hematologic ward to receive induction therapy (n=12) or autologous stem cell transplant (n=6)...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336507/-learn-ing-what-is-important-to-children-and-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-when-they-are-in-hospital
#7
K Oulton, D Sell, F Gibson
BACKGROUND: The need to review health service provision for children and young people (CYP) with disabilities and their families in the United Kingdom has been expressed in multiple reports: the most consistent message being that services need to be tailored to meet their individual needs. Our aim was to understand the hospital-related needs and experiences of CYP with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: An ethnographic study of a neurosciences ward and outpatient department was conducted within a paediatric tertiary hospital setting...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306171/comparing-daily-drivers-of-problem-drinking-among-older-and-younger-adults-an-electronic-daily-diary-study-using-smartphones
#8
Alexis Kuerbis, Hayley Treloar Padovano, Sijing Shao, Jessica Houser, Frederick J Muench, Jon Morgenstern
BACKGROUND: By 2030, numbers and proportions of older adults with substance-use problems are expected to increase. While risk factors for problem drinking in late life have been identified, it remains unknown whether these factors drive daily drinking among older problem drinkers. This study examined the daily drivers of drinking among problem drinkers, moderated by age, utilizing ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHOD: Participants (N = 139), ages 20-73, received daily EMA online surveys completed via a smartphone prior to initiation of treatment...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298243/adolescent-coping-strategies-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Allison Cheng, Rita Manfredi, Gia Badolato, Monika Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe coping mechanisms used by adolescents during emergency treatment. METHODS: A convenience sample of adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years) was surveyed in our large (87,000 annual visits) urban academic pediatric emergency department (ED) with an adapted Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences survey. Parents were surveyed about their perceptions of their child's coping mechanisms. Participants were excluded if they were non-English speaking, in police custody, had altered mental status, or were hemodynamically unstable...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250011/importance-of-the-motivational-climate-in-goal-enjoyment-and-the-causes-of-success-in-handball-players
#10
Antonio Granero-Gallegos, Manuel Gómez-López, Nuria Rodríguez-Suárez, J Arturo Abraldes, Marianna Alesi, Antonino Bianco
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the motivational climate created by the coach and perceived by a group of young handball players on their goal orientations, their beliefs regarding reasons for success and their self-satisfaction. The study participants were 159 young handball players. Players were administered a battery composed of tests to measure the above-mentioned motivational constructs. Results showed that a perceived mastery-oriented motivational climate was positively related to a task-centered goal orientation, enjoyment, and a belief that success may be achieved through effort...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223795/good-distractions-testing-the-effects-of-listening-to-an-audiobook-on-driving-performance-in-simple-and-complex-road-environments
#11
Robert J Nowosielski, Lana M Trick, Ryan Toxopeus
Distracted driving (driving while performing a secondary task) causes many collisions. Most research on distracted driving has focused on operating a cell-phone, but distracted driving can include eating while driving, conversing with passengers or listening to music or audiobooks. Although the research has focused on the deleterious effects of distraction, there may be situations where distraction improves driving performance. Fatigue and boredom are also associated with collision risk and it is possible that secondary tasks can help alleviate the effects of fatigue and boredom...
December 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202169/psychological-impact-of-cognitive-rest-following-sport-related-concussion-on-low-socioeconomic-status-adolescent-patients
#12
Tamerah N Hunt, Laura L Harris
PURPOSE: Describe the psychological impact of cognitive rest in adolescents recovering from concussion from sport-related concussion. METHODS: Eight male football players with a previous sport concussion and full recovery completed semi-structured interviews during focus group sessions. Using content analysis, the researchers independently analyzed notes and transcriptions to identify themes associated with the psychological impact of cognitive rest. RESULTS: Common themes included: 1) sport as social support, and 2) boredom-complicated recovery following cognitive rest...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187148/the-development-of-the-disco-rc-for-measuring-children-s-discomfort-during-research-procedures
#13
Mira S Staphorst, Reinier Timman, Jan Passchier, Jan J V Busschbach, Johannes B van Goudoever, Joke A M Hunfeld
BACKGROUND: There is a need for data on children's self-reported discomfort in clinical research, helping ethics committees to make their evaluation of discomfort described in study protocols evidence-based. Since there is no appropriate instrument to measure children's discomfort during medical research procedures, we aimed to develop a generic, short and child-friendly instrument: the DISCO-RC questionnaire (DISCOmfort in Research with Children). METHODS: This article describes the six steps of the development of the DISCO-RC...
November 29, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163101/eeg-frequency-changes-prior-to-making-errors-in-an-easy-stroop-task
#14
Rachel Atchley, Daniel Klee, Barry Oken
Background: Mind-wandering is a form of off-task attention that has been associated with negative affect and rumination. The goal of this study was to assess potential electroencephalographic markers of task-unrelated thought, or mind-wandering state, as related to error rates during a specialized cognitive task. We used EEG to record frontal frequency band activity while participants completed a Stroop task that was modified to induce boredom, task-unrelated thought, and therefore mind-wandering. Methods: A convenience sample of 27 older adults (50-80 years) completed a computerized Stroop matching task...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134053/motivational-antecedents-of-well-being-and-health-related-behaviors-in-adolescents
#15
Isabel Balaguer, Joan L Duda, Isabel Castillo
Grounded in the Achievement Goal Theory framework of motivation and optimal functioning, there were two objectives of this study: (a) to test a model hypothesizing links between personal theories of school achievement, indices of the quality of academic engagement, wellbeing, and health-related behaviors, and (b) to explore whether the hypothesized model was invariant across gender groups. A multisection questionnaire pack tapping the targeted variables was administered to 967 teenagers (475 boys and 492 girls) aged between 11 to 16 years old...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125218/marijuana-use-and-associated-motives-in-colorado-university-students
#16
Kristina T Phillips, Trent L Lalonde, Michael M Phillips, Maryia M Schneider
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among college students, with heavy use leading to negative outcomes. Use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes in select U.S. states has been controversial, with concerns surrounding increased prevalence rates and harm. The current exploratory study aimed to assess marijuana use in college students in Colorado, demographic differences in frequency of use, and motives for using. METHODS: College students (N = 300; 61% female) were recruited through introductory psychology courses and completed a series of questionnaires and a marijuana urine screen...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122195/how-we-can-measure-the-non-driving-task-engagement-in-automated-driving-comparing-flow-experience-and-workload
#17
Sang Min Ko, Yong Gu Ji
In automated driving, a driver can completely concentrate on non-driving-related tasks (NDRTs). This study investigated the flow experience of a driver who concentrated on NDRTs and tasks that induce mental workload under conditional automation. Participants performed NDRTs under different demand levels: a balanced demand-skill level (fit condition) to induce flow, low-demand level to induce boredom, and high-demand level to induce anxiety. In addition, they performed the additional N-Back task, which artificially induces mental workload...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095511/factors-influencing-long-term-adherence-to-pelvic-floor-exercises-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#18
Mónica Venegas, Bernardita Carrasco, Romina Casas-Cordero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To ensure the effectiveness of Physical Therapy for urinary incontinence (UI), it is crucial that patients adhere to treatment in both the long and the short term. Treatment adherence may prevent symptom progression and the need for surgery, which is associated with higher costs and potential complications. Adherence is defined as carrying out a recommended behavioral modification or change. The World Health Organization (WHO) has established that adherence is a multifactorial phenomenon determined by the interaction of five dimensions, which include diverse factors that affect long-term adherence on many levels...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092868/patients-outcomes-after-acute-respiratory-failure-a-qualitative-study-with-the-promis-framework
#19
Michelle N Eakin, Yashika Patel, Pedro Mendez-Tellez, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Alison E Turnbull
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates for patients treated in intensive care units decrease, greater understanding of the impact of critical illness on patients' well-being is needed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the survivorship experience of patients who had acute respiratory failure by using the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) framework. METHODS: A total of 48 adult patients who had acute respiratory failure completed at least 1 semistructured telephone-based interview between 5 and 18 months after their stay in the intensive care unit...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082366/women-s-orgasm-obstacles-a-qualitative-study
#20
Maryam Nekoolaltak, Zohreh Keshavarz, Masoumeh Simbar, Ali Mohammad Nazari, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
BACKGROUND: Woman's orgasm plays a vital role in sexual compatibility and marital satisfaction. Orgasm in women is a learnable phenomenon that is influenced by several factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is exploring obstacles to orgasm in Iranian married women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study with directed content analysis approach was conducted in 2015-2016, on 20 Iranian married women who were individually interviewed at two medical clinics in Tehran, Iran...
August 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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