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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092184/mood-motives-and-money-an-examination-of-factors-that-differentiate-online-and-non-online-young-adult-gamblers
#1
Abby L Goldstein, Natalie Vilhena-Churchill, Sherry H Stewart, Peter N S Hoaken, Gordon L Flett
Background and aims To date, there is a lack of research on psychological factors associated with young adult online gambling. The current study examined differences between young adult online and non-online gamblers, using information gathered at baseline and over 30 days during which participants reported on their moods, gambling behaviors, and reasons for initiating and discontinuing gambling. Methods Participants were 108 young adult regular gamblers (i.e., gambling four or more times in the past month) who participated in a 30-day daily diary study...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068294/canine-olfaction-as-an-alternative-to-analytical-instruments-for-disease-diagnosis-understanding-dog-personality-to-achieve-reproducible-results
#2
Klaus Hackner, Joachim Pleil
Recent literature has touted the use of canine olfaction as a diagnostic tool for identifying pre-clinical disease status, especially cancer and infection from biological media samples. Studies have shown a wide range of outcomes, ranging from almost perfect discrimination, all the way to essentially random results. This disparity is not likely to be a detection issue; dogs have been shown to have extremely sensitive noses as proven by their use for tracking, bomb detection and search and rescue. However, in contrast to analytical instruments, dogs are subject to boredom, fatigue, hunger and external distractions...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052932/lay-understanding-of-the-causes-of-binge-drinking-in-the-united-kingdom-and-australia-a-network-diagram-approach
#3
David A Keatley, Eamonn Ferguson, Adam Lonsdale, Martin S Hagger
Binge drinking is associated with deleterious health, social and economic outcomes. This study explored the lay understanding of the causes of binge drinking in members of the general public in the United Kingdom and Australia. Participants in the United Kingdom (N = 133) and Australia (N = 102) completed a network diagram exercise requiring them to draw causal paths and provide path strength ratings between 12 candidate factors (24-h opening, age, alcohol advertizing, alcohol availability, boredom, drinking culture, income, low cost, parental influence, peer pressure, stress and supermarket discounts) and binge drinking...
January 3, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035056/factors-associated-with-medical-student-test-anxiety-in-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-a-preliminary-study
#4
Kyong-Jee Kim
Objectives: To investigate attributes of medical students associated with their test anxiety on Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted of all Year 3 and 4 students at a private medical school in South Korea in 2014. This 53-item questionnaire consisted of factors pertaining to test anxiety on the OSCE identified from a review of relevant literature, which included students' motivational beliefs and achievement emotions, perceived values of the OSCE, and attitude and orientation towards patients...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001331/compartmentalising-time-and-space-a-phenomenological-interpretation-of-the-temporal-experience-of-commencing-haemodialysis
#5
Janice Gullick, Susan Monaro, Glenn Stewart
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we interpret the spatio-temporal experience of people with end-stage kidney disease and their families in the first months of haemodialysis. BACKGROUND: While dialysis is the mainstay of end-stage kidney disease management, the actual initiation of treatment is often unexpected by people and families. Poor biopsychosocial preparation means haemodialysis commencement is experienced as a crisis. While previous phenomenological studies suggest that over time, a habitual incorporation of dialysis into one's self concept is possible, the spatio-temporal experience of people new to haemodialysis is not well-understood...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997329/female-fire-setters-gender-associated-psychological-and-psychopathological-features
#6
Emma Alleyne, Theresa A Gannon, Katarina Mozova, Thomas E Page, Caoilte Ó Ciardha
OBJECTIVE: Female fire-setters are reported to commit nearly one-third of deliberately set fires, yet there are limited studies examining the characteristics that distinguish them from suitable comparison groups. The aim of this study is to compare incarcerated female fire-setters with incarcerated male fire-setters and female offender controls on psychopathological and psychological features that could be targeted via therapeutic interventions. METHOD: We recruited 65 female fire-setters, 128 male fire-setters, and 63 female offenders from the prison estate...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966222/older-peoples-perspectives-on-time-spent-alone
#7
Mandy Stanley, Ashley Richard, Shoshannah Williams
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of time spent alone by older people have been associated with loneliness and poor mental and physical health. There is a paucity of research, however, that examines time alone from an occupational perspective. In this exploratory study we explored the perspectives of older people on their time spent alone. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study design was selected. With the aim of maximising variation, five participants were recruited from retirement villages and seven participants who lived independently in the community...
December 14, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943032/subtyping-non-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers-using-the-pathways-model
#8
Miea Moon, Jamey J Lister, Aleks Milosevic, David M Ledgerwood
This study examined whether distinct subgroups could be identified among a sample of non-treatment-seeking problem and pathological/disordered gamblers (PG) using Blaszczynski and Nower's (Addiction 97:487-499, 2002) pathways model (N = 150, 50% female). We examined coping motives for gambling, childhood trauma, boredom proneness, risk-taking, impulsivity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and antisocial personality disorder as defining variables in a hierarchical cluster analysis to identify subgroups...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892776/cognitive-and-affective-predictors-of-boredom-proneness
#9
Julia Isacescu, Andriy Anatolievich Struk, James Danckert
Boredom proneness has been linked to various forms of cognitive and affective dysregulation including poor self-control and mind-wandering (MW), as well as depression and aggression. As such, understanding boredom and the associated cognitive and affective components of the experience, represents an important first step in combatting the consequences of boredom for psychological well-being. We surveyed 1928 undergraduate students on measures of boredom proneness, self-control, MW, depression and aggression to investigate how these constructs were related...
November 28, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863326/understanding-why-an-active-video-game-intervention-did-not-improve-motor-skill-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-quantity-or-quality-issue
#10
Erin K Howie, Amity C Campbell, Rebecca A Abbott, Leon M Straker
BACKGROUND: Active video games (AVGs) have been identified as a novel strategy to improve motor skill and physical activity in clinical populations. A recent cross-over randomized trial found AVGs to be ineffective at improving motor skill and physical activity in the home-environment for children with or at-risk for developmental coordination disorder (DCD). AIMS: The study purpose was to better understand why the intervention had been ineffective by examining the quantity and quality of AVG play during an AVG intervention for children with or at-risk for DCD...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859345/editorial-boredom-and-developmental-psychopathology
#11
EDITORIAL
Argyris Stringaris
Adolescent disruptive behaviours have been the focus of scientific study for decades. However, this work has often ignored the experiences that provide the setting for those behaviours and the states of mind that precede them. These have largely remained the concern of novelists and philosophers. Here I discuss the various reasons why boredom and its associated features should be at the forefront of future research in psychopathology.
December 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#12
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847001/the-antecedents-experience-and-coping-strategies-of-driver-boredom-in-young-adult-males
#13
Fabius Steinberger, April Moeller, Ronald Schroeter
INTRODUCTION: Road crash statistics are evidence of the severe consequences resulting from human error, especially among young adult males. Drivers perform best and safest when they are adequately engaged in the driving task. Boredom and a lack of engagement in the driving task may cause risk taking and phone use. However, the antecedents to driver boredom, the subjective experience itself, as well as the coping strategies to combat boredom are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate these aspects...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836242/affective-correlates-of-trichotillomania-across-the-pulling-cycle-findings-from-an-italian-sample-of-self-identified-hair-pullers
#14
Gioia Bottesi, Silvia Cerea, Allison J Ouimet, Claudio Sica, Marta Ghisi
Etiological models of trichotillomania (TTM) conceptualize hair pulling as a dysfunctional emotion regulation strategy; accordingly, some research has found that affective states change differentially across the hair pulling cycle. We explored emotional changes in a sample of Italian individuals reporting TTM. Eighty-nine participants reporting TTM completed a 12-item section of the Italian Hair Pulling Questionnaire online and rated the extent to which they had experienced 12 affective states before, during, and after hair pulling...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832121/the-sequential-binge-a-new-therapeutic-approach-for-binge-eating-a-pilot-study
#15
Rémi Neveu, Dorine Neveu, Guillaume Barbalat, Ulrike Schmidt, Giorgio Coricelli, Alain Nicolas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A sizeable proportion of patients experiencing binge eating do not respond to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). We present the sequential binge (SB), a new behavioral intervention that complements CBT, and preliminary results of its effects. SB breaks up the binge into repeated identical sequences of eating separated by incremental pauses. This pattern of ingestion aims at facilitating boredom toward the ingested foods and at turning cognitive control away from binge food restriction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798088/distinct-motives-for-use-among-polytobacco-versus-cigarette-only-users-and-among-single-tobacco-product-users
#16
Eugene C Wong, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle, Carla J Berg
BACKGROUND: Alternative tobacco product (ATPs) use as well as co-use of various tobacco products has increased in recent years, particularly among young adults. However, little is known about the differential role of motives for ATP or polytobacco use. METHODS: We examined: 1) motives for tobacco use in relation to polytobacco versus cigarette only use; and 2) motives for tobacco use in relation to levels of tobacco use across products. We analyzed data from past 30-day tobacco users at Wave 2 (Spring 2015) of a six-wave longitudinal study of 3418 students aged 18-25 from seven U...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782830/patient-outcomes-after-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies-following-hospital-discharge
#17
Mohamed D Hashem, Aparna Nallagangula, Swaroopa Nalamalapu, Krishidhar Nunna, Utkarsh Nausran, Karen A Robinson, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Michelle N Eakin
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in patient outcomes following critical illness, with an increasing number and different types of studies conducted, and a need for synthesis of existing findings to help inform the field. For this purpose we conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies evaluating patient outcomes after hospital discharge for survivors of critical illness. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and CENTRAL databases from inception to June 2015...
October 26, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776268/is-the-gambling-motives-questionnaire-really-three-dimensional-a-proposition-of-a-four-dimensional-gambling-motives-questionnaire-revised
#18
Helga Myrseth, Guy Notelaers
The aim of the present study was to improve the weaknesses of the three-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire and to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Revised. The Gambling Motives Questionnaire was administered to a sample of 418 gamblers (92% men, mean age 19.5years). Participants completed the Gambling Motives Questionnaire and an additional item tapping boredom, as well as a variety of measures of gambling behavior and gambling problems as criterion measures...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775405/bored-in-the-usa-experience-sampling-and-boredom-in-everyday-life
#19
Alycia Chin, Amanda Markey, Saurabh Bhargava, Karim S Kassam, George Loewenstein
We report new evidence on the emotional, demographic, and situational correlates of boredom from a rich experience sample capturing 1.1 million emotional and time-use reports from 3,867 U.S. adults. Subjects report boredom in 2.8% of the 30-min sampling periods, and 63% of participants report experiencing boredom at least once across the 10-day sampling period. We find that boredom is more likely to co-occur with negative, rather than positive, emotions, and is particularly predictive of loneliness, anger, sadness, and worry...
October 24, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774058/-it-don-t-mean-a-thing-if-it-ain-t-got-that-swing-an-alternative-concept-for-understanding-the-evolution-of-dance-and-music-in-human-beings
#20
Joachim Richter, Roya Ostovar
The functions of dance and music in human evolution are a mystery. Current research on the evolution of music has mainly focused on its melodic attribute which would have evolved alongside (proto-)language. Instead, we propose an alternative conceptual framework which focuses on the co-evolution of rhythm and dance (R&D) as intertwined aspects of a multimodal phenomenon characterized by the unity of action and perception. Reviewing the current literature from this viewpoint we propose the hypothesis that R&D have co-evolved long before other musical attributes and (proto-)language...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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