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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892776/cognitive-and-affective-predictors-of-boredom-proneness
#1
Julia Isacescu, Andriy Anatolievich Struk, James Danckert
Boredom proneness has been linked to various forms of cognitive and affective dysregulation including poor self-control and mind-wandering (MW), as well as depression and aggression. As such, understanding boredom and the associated cognitive and affective components of the experience, represents an important first step in combatting the consequences of boredom for psychological well-being. We surveyed 1928 undergraduate students on measures of boredom proneness, self-control, MW, depression and aggression to investigate how these constructs were related...
November 28, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863326/understanding-why-an-active-video-game-intervention-did-not-improve-motor-skill-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-quantity-or-quality-issue
#2
Erin K Howie, Amity C Campbell, Rebecca A Abbott, Leon M Straker
BACKGROUND: Active video games (AVGs) have been identified as a novel strategy to improve motor skill and physical activity in clinical populations. A recent cross-over randomized trial found AVGs to be ineffective at improving motor skill and physical activity in the home-environment for children with or at-risk for developmental coordination disorder (DCD). AIMS: The study purpose was to better understand why the intervention had been ineffective by examining the quantity and quality of AVG play during an AVG intervention for children with or at-risk for DCD...
November 15, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859345/editorial-boredom-and-developmental-psychopathology
#3
EDITORIAL
Argyris Stringaris
Adolescent disruptive behaviours have been the focus of scientific study for decades. However, this work has often ignored the experiences that provide the setting for those behaviours and the states of mind that precede them. These have largely remained the concern of novelists and philosophers. Here I discuss the various reasons why boredom and its associated features should be at the forefront of future research in psychopathology.
December 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#4
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847001/the-antecedents-experience-and-coping-strategies-of-driver-boredom-in-young-adult-males
#5
Fabius Steinberger, April Moeller, Ronald Schroeter
INTRODUCTION: Road crash statistics are evidence of the severe consequences resulting from human error, especially among young adult males. Drivers perform best and safest when they are adequately engaged in the driving task. Boredom and a lack of engagement in the driving task may cause risk taking and phone use. However, the antecedents to driver boredom, the subjective experience itself, as well as the coping strategies to combat boredom are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate these aspects...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836242/affective-correlates-of-trichotillomania-across-the-pulling-cycle-findings-from-an-italian-sample-of-self-identified-hair-pullers
#6
Gioia Bottesi, Silvia Cerea, Allison J Ouimet, Claudio Sica, Marta Ghisi
Etiological models of trichotillomania (TTM) conceptualize hair pulling as a dysfunctional emotion regulation strategy; accordingly, some research has found that affective states change differentially across the hair pulling cycle. We explored emotional changes in a sample of Italian individuals reporting TTM. Eighty-nine participants reporting TTM completed a 12-item section of the Italian Hair Pulling Questionnaire online and rated the extent to which they had experienced 12 affective states before, during, and after hair pulling...
November 4, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832121/the-sequential-binge-a-new-therapeutic-approach-for-binge-eating-a-pilot-study
#7
Rémi Neveu, Dorine Neveu, Guillaume Barbalat, Ulrike Schmidt, Giorgio Coricelli, Alain Nicolas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A sizeable proportion of patients experiencing binge eating do not respond to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). We present the sequential binge (SB), a new behavioral intervention that complements CBT, and preliminary results of its effects. SB breaks up the binge into repeated identical sequences of eating separated by incremental pauses. This pattern of ingestion aims at facilitating boredom toward the ingested foods and at turning cognitive control away from binge food restriction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798088/distinct-motives-for-use-among-polytobacco-versus-cigarette-only-users-and-among-single-tobacco-product-users
#8
Eugene C Wong, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle, Carla J Berg
BACKGROUND: Alternative tobacco product (ATPs) use as well as co-use of various tobacco products has increased in recent years, particularly among young adults. However, little is known about the differential role of motives for ATP or polytobacco use. METHODS: We examined: 1) motives for tobacco use in relation to polytobacco versus cigarette only use; and 2) motives for tobacco use in relation to levels of tobacco use across products. We analyzed data from past 30-day tobacco users at Wave 2 (Spring 2015) of a six-wave longitudinal study of 3418 students aged 18-25 from seven U...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782830/patient-outcomes-after-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies-following-hospital-discharge
#9
Mohamed D Hashem, Aparna Nallagangula, Swaroopa Nalamalapu, Krishidhar Nunna, Utkarsh Nausran, Karen A Robinson, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Michelle N Eakin
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in patient outcomes following critical illness, with an increasing number and different types of studies conducted, and a need for synthesis of existing findings to help inform the field. For this purpose we conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies evaluating patient outcomes after hospital discharge for survivors of critical illness. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and CENTRAL databases from inception to June 2015...
October 26, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776268/is-the-gambling-motives-questionnaire-really-three-dimensional-a-proposition-of-a-four-dimensional-gambling-motives-questionnaire-revised
#10
Helga Myrseth, Guy Notelaers
The aim of the present study was to improve the weaknesses of the three-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire and to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Revised. The Gambling Motives Questionnaire was administered to a sample of 418 gamblers (92% men, mean age 19.5years). Participants completed the Gambling Motives Questionnaire and an additional item tapping boredom, as well as a variety of measures of gambling behavior and gambling problems as criterion measures...
October 14, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775405/bored-in-the-usa-experience-sampling-and-boredom-in-everyday-life
#11
Alycia Chin, Amanda Markey, Saurabh Bhargava, Karim S Kassam, George Loewenstein
We report new evidence on the emotional, demographic, and situational correlates of boredom from a rich experience sample capturing 1.1 million emotional and time-use reports from 3,867 U.S. adults. Subjects report boredom in 2.8% of the 30-min sampling periods, and 63% of participants report experiencing boredom at least once across the 10-day sampling period. We find that boredom is more likely to co-occur with negative, rather than positive, emotions, and is particularly predictive of loneliness, anger, sadness, and worry...
October 24, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774058/-it-don-t-mean-a-thing-if-it-ain-t-got-that-swing-an-alternative-concept-for-understanding-the-evolution-of-dance-and-music-in-human-beings
#12
Joachim Richter, Roya Ostovar
The functions of dance and music in human evolution are a mystery. Current research on the evolution of music has mainly focused on its melodic attribute which would have evolved alongside (proto-)language. Instead, we propose an alternative conceptual framework which focuses on the co-evolution of rhythm and dance (R&D) as intertwined aspects of a multimodal phenomenon characterized by the unity of action and perception. Reviewing the current literature from this viewpoint we propose the hypothesis that R&D have co-evolved long before other musical attributes and (proto-)language...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730991/-unknown-title
#13
(no author information available yet)
Love and kisses: artist Marcia Brown (right) shows sister Tracy Cloke how to make a Valentine's card as part of an arts project at Seacroft Hospital, Leeds. The project aims to boost staff morale and relieve patient boredom. Similar exercises have resulted in reduced drug dependency among patients.
February 16, 2000: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729501/working-conditions-occupational-injuries-and-health-among-filipino-fish-processing-workers-in-dutch-harbor-alaska
#14
Gabriel Macasiray Garcia, Butch de Castro
This study explored how unique environmental conditions in Alaska influenced occupational health and safety for Filipino fish processing workers, many of whom migrated from warm locations (e.g., the Philippines, California, and Nevada). In-depth interviews were conducted with 26 Filipino workers in one commercial fish processing company in Dutch Harbor. Results indicated that cold weather interferes with workers' job performance, increasing their risk for injury and illness, whereas the community's isolation and rural nature causes loneliness and boredom, resulting in more high-risk behaviors...
October 11, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709976/boredom-begs-to-differ-differentiation-from-other-negative-emotions
#15
Wijnand A P van Tilburg, Eric R Igou
Boredom research is booming. Nonetheless, a comprehensive understanding of boredom in relation to other negative emotions is lacking. This ambiguity impedes accurate interpretation of boredom's causes and consequences. To gain more insights into boredom, we examined in detail how it differs from a range of other negative experiences, namely sadness, anger, frustration, fear, disgust, depression, guilt, shame, regret, and disappointment. Our research indicates that the appraisals associated with boredom distinguish it clearly from other negative emotions; conceptually (Study 1), in terms of state experiences (Study 2), and in terms of individual differences in these experiences (Study 3)...
October 6, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703788/personality-traits-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-their-unaffected-first-degree-relatives
#16
Valentino Antonio Pironti, Meng-Chuan Lai, Ulrich Müller, Edward Thomas Bullmore, Barbara Jacquelyn Sahakian
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) shows clear, albeit heterogeneous, cognitive dysfunctions. However, personality traits are not well understood in adults with ADHD, and it is unclear whether they are predisposing factors or phenotypical facets of the condition. AIMS: To assess whether personality traits of impulsivity, sensation seeking and sensitivity to punishment and reward are predisposing factors for ADHD or aspects of the clinical phenotype...
July 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677830/psychiatric-evaluation-of-youths-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders-and-psychopathic-traits-a-critical-review-of-assessment-measures
#17
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Paola Brovedani, Simone Pisano, Pietro Muratori
Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBDs) are stable and impairing disorders, heterogeneous in presentation, developmental pathways, and treatment needs. Disentangling subtypes according to psychopathological dimensions is helpful for timely diagnoses, precise prognoses and tailored interventions. Psychopathic traits are relevant in subtyping DBDs with severe antisocial and aggressive behaviors. Three psychopathy dimensions have been found: 1) an affective dimension, the callous-unemotional (CU) trait, with lack of empathy and remorse, and with short-lived emotions; 2) an interpersonal dimension, the narcissistic domain, with manipulative abilities, superficial charm, egocentricity and grandiosity; 3) a behavioral dimension, the impulsivity or impulsive-irresponsibility, with irresponsibility, proneness to boredom, and novelty seeking...
September 25, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656135/dorsal-raphe-nucleus-down-regulates-medial-prefrontal-cortex-during-experience-of-flow
#18
Martin Ulrich, Johannes Keller, Georg Grön
Previous neuroimaging studies have suggested that the experience of flow aligns with a relative increase in activation of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), and relative activation decreases of the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and of the amygdala (AMY). In the present study, Dynamic Causal Modeling (DCM) was used to explore effective connectivity between those brain regions. To test our hypothesis that the DRN causally down-regulates activity of the MPFC and/or of the AMY, 23 healthy male students solved mental arithmetic tasks of varying difficulty during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639125/skin-picking-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-young-polish-adults-prevalence-and-characteristics
#19
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Alina Kałużna-Wielobób, Joanna Kłosowska
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of skin picking behaviors in a sample of young Polish adults. METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-four participants completed measurements of skin picking frequency and severity. They also retrospectively rated the intensity of affective states experienced before, during and after skin picking episodes. RESULTS: In total, 46.07% of the participants endorsed some forms of skin picking, and the prevalence of skin picking disorder (SPD) in the study sample amounted to 7...
August 29, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576190/development-and-validation-of-the-state-trait-inventory-of-cognitive-fatigue-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Melissa Shuman-Paretsky, Vance Zemon, Frederick W Foley, Roee Holtzer
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a subjective measure of cognitive fatigue-the State-Trait Inventory of Cognitive Fatigue (STI-CF)-in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Scale development and test construction. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults enrolled in a longitudinal cohort aging study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=175) were healthy, English-speaking, community-dwelling adults, age 65 and above. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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