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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#1
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912959/chinese-herbal-medicine-kuntai-capsule-for-treatment-of-menopausal-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
REVIEW
Quan Zhou, Jing Tao, Huamei Song, Aihua Chen, Huaijie Yang, Manzhen Zuo, Hairong Li
OBJECTIVES: Kuntai capsule has been widely used for the treatment of menopausal syndrome in China for long time. We conducted this review to assess efficacy and safety of Kuntai capsule for the treatment of menopausal syndrome. METHODS: We searched studies in PubMed, ClinicalTrials, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database(CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), Wan fang Database and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database(CBM) until November 20, 2014...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912958/a-systematic-review-of-the-ayurvedic-medicinal-herb-bacopa-monnieri-in-child-and-adolescent-populations
#3
REVIEW
James D Kean, Luke A Downey, Con Stough
OBJECTIVES: Clinicians utilise critical research to advance their knowledge when prescribing standard and alternative therapies for developmental disorders. Recent research has reported that the traditional Ayurvedic medicine Bacopa monnieri may improve cognitive outcomes in adult populations; however, few studies have investigated its benefits in younger cohorts. The aim of the current review is to systematically assess and critically summarize clinical trial outcomes and safety of Bacopa and its effects on the cognition and behaviour in children and adolescents...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912948/therapeutic-efficacy-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-kuan-sin-yin-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-advanced-colon-cancer-a-controlled-trial
#4
Tsai-Ju Chien, Chia-Yu Liu, Ruey-Hwa Lu, Chin-Wei Kuo, Yang-Chao Lin, Chung-Hua Hsu
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used increasingly as complementary medicine in cancer care. Kuan-Sin-Yin (KSY) is a TCM decoction containing seven herbs known to cause immunomodulation or anticancer activity, and which are associated with the TCM concept of Qi and energy supply. Kuan-Sin-Yin has cytostatic effects on cancer cells in animal models. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of improvement in meridian energy and heart-rate variability (HRV) and to assess whether these observations are compatible with TCM theory...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912945/efficacy-and-safety-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-wenxin-keli-for-ventricular-premature-be-ats-a-systematic-review
#5
Mei He, Zhan Lv, Zheng-Wei Yang, Jiu-Ling Huang, Fu Liu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Chinese herbal extract Wenxin Keli, alone or in combination with Western medicine, for ventricular premature beats. METHODS: This systematic review was registered at PROSPERO (registration number CRD42013003200). A systematic literature search of 8 core electronic databases and 3 clinical trial registries in Chinese and English, yielded 10 trials whose randomness verified by contacting the authors. The included trials were assessed by the Cochrane risk of bias tool...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910770/addition-of-zeolites-to-improve-the-functional-characteristics-of-the-hen-of-the-wood-or-maitake-medicinal-mushroom-grifola-frondosa-agaricomycetes
#6
Jovana Vunduk, Anita Klaus, Maja Kozarski, Radovan Dordevic, Zoran Miladinovic, Ljubinko Jovanovic, Miomir Niksic, Leonardus Johannes Lambertus Donatus Van Griensven
Kaolinite and the modified natural zeolite minazel plus (M+) were used as supplements in substrate used for the production of the medicinal mushroom Grifola frondosa. Growth stimulation, expressed as yield and biological efficiency, was observed when M+ (1%) was added. The production cycle was shortened by half as a result of the zeolites' ion-exchange ability, stimulation of enzyme activity, and water retain capacity. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry of fruiting bodies showed the absence of heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, and lead), whereas the concentration of calcium increased greatly and the concentrations of iron, magnesium, and zinc increased moderately under the influence of M+...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910122/one-stage-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-models-estimation-of-treatment-covariate-interactions-must-avoid-ecological-bias-by-separating-out-within-trial-and-across-trial-information
#7
Hairui Hua, Danielle L Burke, Michael J Crowther, Joie Ensor, Catrin Tudur Smith, Richard D Riley
Stratified medicine utilizes individual-level covariates that are associated with a differential treatment effect, also known as treatment-covariate interactions. When multiple trials are available, meta-analysis is used to help detect true treatment-covariate interactions by combining their data. Meta-regression of trial-level information is prone to low power and ecological bias, and therefore, individual participant data (IPD) meta-analyses are preferable to examine interactions utilizing individual-level information...
December 1, 2016: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905922/influence-of-combined-therapy-with-conventional-and-herbal-medicines-on-liver-function-in-138-inpatients-with-abnormal-liver-transaminase-levels
#8
Jun Hyuk Shin, Kyuseok Kim, Hae Jeong Nam
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the influence of combined therapy of conventional and herbal medicines on liver function. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review. A total of 138 patients with abnormal liver transaminase levels at the time of admission were included in this study. We evaluated the influence of combined therapy of conventional and herbal medicines on liver transaminase levels over a period of at least 2 weeks at Kyung Hee University Korean Medical Hospital...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905060/perioperative-risk-adjustment-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-are-simple-clinically-driven-models-sufficient
#9
David N Bernstein, Aakash Keswani, David Ring
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in value-based health care in the United States. Statistical analysis of large databases can inform us of the factors associated with and the probability of adverse events and unplanned readmissions that diminish quality and add expense. For example, increased operating time and high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) are associated with adverse events, whereas patients on antihypertensive medications were more likely to have an unplanned readmission. Many surgeons rely on their knowledge and intuition when assessing the risk of a procedure...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904259/profile-and-outcome-of-sudden-cardiac-arrests-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#10
Gautham Raja Pandian, Suma Mary Thampi, Nilanchal Chakraborty, Deepthi Kattula, Paul Prabhakar Abhilash Kundavaram
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is one of the common emergencies encountered in the emergency department (ED) of any hospital. Although several studies have reported the predictors of CPR outcome in general, there are limited data from the EDs in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients above 18 years with SCA who were resuscitated in the ED of a tertiary care hospital with an annual census of 60,000 patients between August 2014 and July 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904221/what-have-we-learned-from-100-success-of-press-fit-condylar-rotating-platform-posterior-stabilized-knees-a-5-10-years-followup-by-a-nondesigner
#11
Shrinand V Vaidya, Siddharth Virani, Rajendra Phunde, Abhishek Mahajan
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasties of the hip and knee represent a remarkable feat of modern medicine in terms of reducing pain and restoring function to millions of patients afflicted with severe arthritis. Oftentimes, the performance and longevity of new implants and devices are based on limited data. This is the first study by a non-designer on the press fit condylar rotating platform posterior stabilized (PFC-RP-PS) design with 100' success. This has a relevance, vis-á -vis bias that one may have in terms of reproducibility of technique and funding from the manufacturer...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903591/platelet-rich-plasma-powder-a-new-preparation-method-for-the-standardization-of-growth-factor-concentrations
#12
Matthias Kieb, Frank Sander, Cornelia Prinz, Stefanie Adam, Anett Mau-Möller, Rainer Bader, Kirsten Peters, Thomas Tischer
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used in sports medicine. Available PRP preparations differ in white blood cell, platelet, and growth factor concentrations, making standardized research and clinical application challenging. PURPOSE: To characterize a newly standardized procedure for pooled PRP that provides defined growth factor concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A standardized growth factor preparation (lyophilized PRP powder) was prepared using 12 pooled platelet concentrates (PCs) derived from different donors via apheresis...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903564/validated-adherence-scales-used-in-a-measurement-guided-medication-management-approach-to-target-and-tailor-a-medication-adherence-intervention-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Thi-My-Uyen Nguyen, Adam La Caze, Neil Cottrell
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a targeted and tailored intervention based on a discussion informed by validated adherence scales will improve medication adherence. DESIGN: Prospective randomised trial. SETTING: 2 community pharmacies in Brisbane, Australia. METHODS: Patients recently initiated on a cardiovascular or oral hypoglycaemic medication within the past 4-12 weeks were recruited from two community pharmacies. Participants identified as non-adherent using the Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ) were randomised into the intervention or control group...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900959/effect-of-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-lipid-profile-serum-uric-acid-and-ascorbic-acid-in-children-on-hemodialysis
#14
Ghada Mohamed El Mashad, Hanan M ElSayed, Nahla A Nosair
Children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) suffer from dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia that might play a causal role in the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of the study is to assess the effects of Vitamin C supplementation on uric acid, ascorbic acid, and serum lipid levels among children on hemodialysis (HD). This prospective study was conducted in the pediatric nephrology unit at Menoufia University Hospital. The study included a total of 60 children with ESRD on maintenance HD therapy...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900356/graphical-dataset-on-important-medicinal-plants-used-for-curing-dental-issues-in-manoor-valley-mansehra-pakistan
#15
Inayat Ur Rahman, Farhana Ijaz, Aftab Afzal, Zafar Iqbal, Niaz Ali, Muhammad Azhar Khan, Muhammad Afzal, Said Muhammad, Ghulam Qadir, Muhammad Asif
The graphical dataset in this paper is related to the research article entitled "A novel survey of the ethno medicinal knowledge of dental problems in Manoor Valley (Northern Himalaya), Pakistan" (I.U. Rahman, F. Ijaz, Z. Iqbal, A. Afzal, N. Ali, M. Afzal, M.A. Khan, S. Muhammad, G. Qadir, M. Asif, 2016) [1]. This article describes how the local community of Manoor Valley practices cultural / traditional knowledge for dental problems. For the recorded data of 25 medicinal plants, six quantitative ethnomedicinal statistical approaches / equations were used...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899137/ethnobotanical-survey-of-cosmetic-plants-used-in-marquesas-islands-french-polynesia
#16
Xénia Jost, Jean-Luc Ansel, Gaël Lecellier, Phila Raharivelomanana, Jean-François Butaud
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic plants and their uses have often been neglected in ethnobotanical surveys which focus mainly on plants with medicinal or food uses. Thus, this survey was carried out to specifically investigate cosmetics in a small community and to establish a cosmetopoeia, based on the model of pharmacopoeia for medicinal plants. The geographic spread of the survey covered the Marquesas Islands, one of the five archipelagos of French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean). This archipelago was also recently investigated for its pharmacopoeia...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898253/establishing-equipoise-national-survey-of-the-treatment-of-pediatric-para-pneumonic-effusion-and-empyema
#17
Morgan K Richards, Jarod P Mcateer, Todd C Edwards, Lucas R Hoffman, Matthew P Kronman, Dennis W Shaw, Adam B Goldin
BACKGROUND: Despite six randomized trials of various treatments for pediatric para-pneumonic effusion (PPE), management approaches differ. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into opinions on PPE treatment with the goal of designing a definitive trial to generate consensus intervention guidelines. METHODS: To evaluate physician opinions regarding PPE management, we developed a survey based on input from a nationwide, multi-disciplinary advisory group that established content validity...
November 29, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896909/homeless-patients-perceptions-about-using-cell-phones-to-manage-medications-and-attend-appointments
#18
Leticia R Moczygemba, Lauren S Cox, Samantha A Marks, Margaret A Robinson, Jean-Venable R Goode, Nellie Jafari
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) describe homeless persons' access and use of cell phones and their perceptions about using cell phone alerts to help manage medications and attend health care appointments and (2) identify demographic characteristics, medication use and appointment history and perceptions associated with interest in receiving cell phone alerts to manage medications and appointments. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 at a homeless clinic in Virginia...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#19
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896759/identification-and-clinical-translation-of-biomarker-signatures-statistical-considerations
#20
Emanuel Schwarz
Powerful machine learning tools exist to extract biological patterns for diagnosis or prediction from high-dimensional datasets. Simultaneous advances in high-throughput profiling technologies have led to a rapid acceleration of biomarker discovery investigations across all areas of medicine. However, the translation of biomarker signatures into clinically useful tools has thus far been difficult. In this chapter, several important considerations are discussed that influence such translation in the context of classifier design...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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