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epstein barr gene

Cheol Keun Park, Ji Soo Park, Hyo Song Kim, Sun Young Rha, Woo Jin Hyung, Jae-Ho Cheong, Sung Hoon Noh, Sang Kil Lee, Yong Chan Lee, Yong-Min Huh, Hyunki Kim
Although targeted therapy for receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) of advanced gastric cancers (AGCs) has been in the spotlight, guidelines for the identification of RTK-amplified gastric cancers (RA-GCs) have not been established. In this study, we investigate clinicopathologic characteristics of RA-GCs and propose a screening algorithm for their identification. We performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) for MLH1, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, key RTKs (EGFR, HER2, MET), and p53, in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus encoding RNA, and silver in situ hybridization (SISH) for EGFR, HER2, and MET using tissue microarrays of 993 AGCs...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Hoyun Choi, Suk Kyeong Lee
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNA molecules approximately 19 to 25 nucleotides in length that downregulate the expression of target genes at the post-transcriptional level by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) generates at least 44 miRNAs, but the functions of most of these miRNAs have not yet been identified. Previously, we reported BRUCE as a target of miR-BART15-3p, a miRNA produced by EBV, but our data suggested that there might be other apoptosis-associated target genes of miR-BART15-3p...
October 18, 2016: Archives of Virology
Mariko Yabe, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Sa A Wang, Guilin Tang, Carlos E Bueso-Ramos, Jeffrey L Jorgensen, Govind Bhagat, Weina Chen, Shaoying Li, Ken H Young, Roberto N Miranda
Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL) is a rare, aggressive T-cell lymphoma that can be challenging to diagnose. In particular, distinguishing HSTCL from T-cell large granular lymphocytic (T-LGL) leukemia of γδ T-cell receptor (TCR) type is difficult without examination of a splenectomy specimen. In this study, we systematically assessed a series of HSTCL cases for findings reported in the literature as supporting or not supporting the diagnosis of HSTCL. We also compared HSTCL with a group of cases of T-LGL of γδ TCR type...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Mei Song, Xiaojing Ma
Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is the latest addition to the IL-12 family of heterodimeric cytokines, consisting of IL-12 p35 subunit and IL-27β subunit Epstein-Barr virus induced 3 (EBI3). Since its discovery, IL-35 has been shown to exhibit immunosuppressive activities which are distinct from other members of IL-12 family. IL-35 is also unique in that it is expressed primarily by regulatory T-cells (Tregs) rather than by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). IL-35 can directly suppress effector T-cell proliferation and function and inhibit the differentiation of Th17 cells...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Eric R Weiss, Galit Alter, Javier Gordon Ogembo, Jennifer L Henderson, Barbara Tabak, Yasin Bakiş, Mohan Somasundaran, Manuel Garber, Liisa Selin, Katherine Luzuriaga
: The Epstein Barr virus (EBV) gp350 glycoprotein interacts with the cellular receptor to mediate viral entry and is thought to be the major target for neutralizing antibodies. To better understand the role of EBV-specific antibodies in the control of viral replication and evolution of sequence diversity, we measured EBV gp350-specific antibody responses and sequenced the gp350 gene in samples obtained from individuals experiencing primary EBV infection (acute infectious mononucleosis; AIM) and again 6 months later (convalescence, CONV)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Virology
Seungkyu Choi, Jai Hyang Go, Eun Kyung Kim, Hojung Lee, Won Mi Lee, Chun-Sung Cho, Kyudong Han
Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (NKTCL), is a malignant disorder of cytotoxic lymphocytes of NK or T cells. It is an aggressive neoplasm with a very poor prognosis. Although extranodal NKTCL reportedly has a strong association with Epstein-Barr virus, the molecular pathogenesis of NKTCL has been unexplored. The recent technological advancements in next-generation sequencing (NGS) have made DNA sequencing cost- and time-effective, with more reliable results. Using the Ion Proton Comprehensive Cancer Panel, we sequenced 409 cancer-related genes to identify somatic mutations in five NKTCL tissue samples...
September 2016: Genomics & Informatics
Yuki Komabayashi, Kan Kishibe, Toshihiro Nagato, Seigo Ueda, Miki Takahara, Yasuaki Harabuchi
Nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NNKTL) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated malignancy and is characterized by local invasion and widespread dissemination, with a consequent poor prognosis. Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) play roles in the pathogenesis of several malignancies by regulating gene expression and have been recently identified as stable entities in serum. Here, we investigated the value of circulating EBV-miRNAs as biomarkers for NNKTL. Sera of patients with NNKTL were subjected to miRNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-array analysis, after which serum EBV-miRNA levels were verified using quantitative PCR...
October 6, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Wei Zhang, Dongjie Han, Pin Wan, Pan Pan, Yanhua Cao, Yingle Liu, Kailang Wu, Jianguo Wu
DNA demethylation plays an essential role in the reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) from latency infection. However, it is unclear how epigenetic modification is initiated in responding to stimuli. Here, we demonstrate that ERK/c-Jun signaling is involved in DNA demethylation of EBV immediate early (IE) gene Zta in response to 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) stimulation. Remarkably, Ser73 phosphorylation of c-Jun facilitates Zta promoter demethylation and EBV reactivation, whereas knockdown of c-Jun attenuates Zta demethylation and viral reactivation...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Junguo Wang, Fang Mei, Xia Gao, Shoulin Wang
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common cancer originating from the nasopharynx, and can be induced by infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). To study the mechanisms of EBV-associated NPC, a microarray of the GSE12452 dataset was analyzed. GSE12452 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus and consisted of 31 NPC samples and 10 normal healthy nasopharyngeal tissue samples. The differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) were screened using the linear models for microarray data package in R. Using Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery software, potential functions of the DEGs were predicted by Gene Ontology and pathway enrichment analyses...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Mahua Sinha, Clementina Rama Rao, C S Premalata, Mohammed Shafiulla, K C Lakshmaiah, Linu Abraham Jacob, Govind K Babu, B K Viveka, L Appaji, Jayshree R Subramanyam
CONTEXT: There is a need to study potential infective etiologies in lymphomas. Lymphocyte-transforming viruses can directly infect lymphocytes, disrupt normal cell functions, and promote cell division. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is known to be associated with several lymphomas, especially Hodgkin lymphomas (HLs). And recently, the lymphocyte-transforming role of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been emphasized. AIMS: The aim of this study was to elucidate the association of two potentially oncogenic, widely prevalent latent DNA viruses, EBV and HBV, in non-HL (NHL)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
Yanhui Ma, Lei Chen, Guohua Xie, Yunlan Zhou, Chaoyan Yue, Xiangliang Yuan, Yingxia Zheng, Weiwei Wang, Lin Deng, Lisong Shen
IL-35 is a novel heterodimeric and inhibitory cytokine, composed of interleukin-12 subunit alpha (P35) and Epstein-Barr virus -induced gene 3 (EBI3). IL-35 has been reported to be produced by a range of cell types, especially regulatory T cells, and to exert immunosuppressive effects via the STATx signaling pathway. In this study, we demonstrated that IL-35 expression was elevated in both serum and tumors in patients with colorectal cancer. IL-35 mainly expressed in CD4+ T cells in human colorectal cancer tumors and adjacent tissues...
September 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Mette Christiansen, Sandra Ammann, Carsten Speckmann, Trine Hyrup Mogensen
A 16-year-old boy of Caucasian ethnicity was evaluated for recurrent febrile episodes occurring during most of his life without establishment of any microbial aetiology. During febrile episodes he developed extensive splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, anaemia, severe abdominal pain and general malaise. Lymph node biopsies demonstrated inflammation and sinus histiocytosis but no malignancy or granuloma. The patient underwent seroconversion for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection during the hospitalisation. Genetic testing identified a hemizygous frameshift mutation in the X linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP)-gene as well as variants in the MEFV gene indicating Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF)...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Ezequiel M Fuentes-Pananá, Abigail Morales-Sánchez
EBV-associated Gastric Cancer (EBVaGC) comprises about 9% of all cases of GC and constitutes a distinct clinicopathological and molecular entity. The pattern of viral expression in EBVaGC cannot be set to any of the previously EBV-associated malignancies. Several lines of evidence support that viral expression in EBVaGC is characterized by high transcription of the BamH1-A rightward transcript (BART), low-levels of EBNA-1 and lack of LMP1. The high transcription activity of the BamH1-A region is importantly directed to express BART miRNAs, supporting a critical role for these miRNAs during epithelial cell infection and carcinogenesis...
September 26, 2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
Yan-Xin Ren, Jie Yang, Rui-Mei Sun, Li-Juan Zhang, Liu-Fang Zhao, Bao-Zhong Li, Lei Li, Hai-Ting Long, Qiang-Ming Sun, Yun-Chao Huang, Xiao-Jiang Li
The HLA-I antigen processing machinery (APM) plays a crucial role in the anticancer immune response. The loss of surface expression of HLA-I molecules is particularly important as this enables tumor cells to evade recognition and lysis by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. Transcriptional control of the APM genes is regulated by the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). BCRFl is an Epstein-Barr virus homologue of human IL-10 (hIL-10) and is known as viral IL-10 (vIL-10). vIL-10 shares many immunosuppressive effects with hIL-10 but lacks the immunostimulatory effect of hIL-10...
September 20, 2016: Cytotechnology
Kung-Chao Chang, Paul Chih-Hsueh Chen, Yao Chang, Yu-Hsuan Wu, Ya-Ping Chen, Chien-Hsien Lai, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Ih-Jen Su, Hsei-Wei Wang
AIMS: Previously, we reported an association between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), older age and poorer prognosis. The mechanisms underlying this association remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transfection of HL cell lines with EBV-latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) resulted in upregulation of many cytokine genes as assessed by using oligonucleotide microarrays. Three upregulated cytokines, were validated by using an inflammatory cytokine protein array: MIP-1α, MIP-1β, IL-13...
September 16, 2016: Histopathology
Helen Auburn, Mark Zuckerman, Melvyn Smith
AbstractIn order to develop novel host/pathogen real- time PCR assays for routine diagnostic use, early gene expression patterns from both Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Raji cells were examined after inducing the lytic life cycle using 12-O-tetradecanoyl-13-phorbol ester (TPA) and sodium butyrate. Real-time PCR identified several highly induced (>90-fold) EBV lytic genes over a 48 hr time-course during the lytic induction phase. Latent genes were induced at low levels during this phase. The cellular response to lytic viral replication is poorly understood...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Pragya Yadav, Matthew T Carr, Ruby Yu, Alice Mumbey-Wafula, Linda A Spatz
INTRODUCTION: The Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) has been associated with the autoimmune disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). EBV nuclear antigen-I (EBNA-1) is the major nuclear protein of EBV. We previously generated an IgG monoclonal antibody (MAb) to EBNA-1, 3D4, and demonstrated that it cross-reacts with double stranded DNA (dsDNA) and binds the 148 amino acid viral binding site (VBS) in the carboxyl region of EBNA-1. The aim of the present study was to characterize another antibody to EBNA-1 that cross-reacts with dsDNA, compare its immunoglobulin genes to 3D4, and finely map the epitope in EBNA-1 that is recognized by these cross-reactive antibodies...
September 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Feng Shi, Quan Zhou, Ying Gao, Xiang-Qing Cui, Hong Chang
B-cell lymphoma (BCL), unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large BCL (DLBCL) and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (CHL), is a novel entity to the World Health Organization classification system. These tumors are rare aggressive lymphomas that have a poor prognosis. The present study reports the case of a patient with one such lymphoma that occurred in the spleen, which expressed cluster of differentiation (CD)20, CD79α, melanoma associated antigen (mutated) 1, BCL6, CD15 and CD30. Polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated a clonal rearrangement of the genes coding for immunoglobulin heavy chains...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
H Liu, X L Tang, J R Liu, H M Li, S Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical and genetic features of activated PI3K-δ syndrome (APDS), a new form of immunodeficiency disease caused by PIK3CD gene mutation. METHOD: Data of two patients diagnosed as APDS at Second Department of Respiratory Medicine of Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University in 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Pathogenetic genes were screened by whole exome sequencing, and identified by first generation sequencing...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Baoyu He, Weiming Li, Yingfen Wu, Fang Wei, Zhaojian Gong, Hao Bo, Yumin Wang, Xiayu Li, Bo Xiang, Can Guo, Qianjin Liao, Pan Chen, Xuyu Zu, Ming Zhou, Jian Ma, Xiaoling Li, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Wei Xiong, Zhaoyang Zeng
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is causatively related to a variety of human cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and gastric cancer (GC). EBV encodes 44 mature miRNAs, a number of which have been proven to promote carcinogenesis by targeting host genes or self-viral genes. However, in this study, we found that an EBV-encoded microRNA, termed EBV-miR-BART6-3p, inhibited EBV-associated cancer cell migration and invasion including NPC and GC by reversing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
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