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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777415/preparation-of-biologically-active-monomeric-recombinant-zebrafish-danio-rerio-and-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-recombinant-growth-hormones
#1
Ewa Ocłoń, Gili Solomon, Zvi Hayouka, Arieh Gertler
Fish growth hormones (GHs) play an important role in regulating growth, metabolism, reproduction, osmoregulation, and immunity and have thus garnered attention for their application in aquaculture. Zebrafish GH (zGH) cDNA or rainbow trout GH (rtGH) cDNA was cloned into the pMon3401 vector, expressed in MON105-competent Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Their biological activity was evidenced by their ability to interact with ovine GH receptor extracellular domain and stimulate GH receptor-mediated proliferation in FDC-P1-3B9 cells stably transfected with rabbit GH receptor...
May 18, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775928/tributyltin-impaired-reproductive-success-in-female-zebrafish-through-disrupting-oogenesis-reproductive-behaviors-and-serotonin-synthesis
#2
Wei-Yang Xiao, Ying-Wen Li, Qi-Liang Chen, Zhi-Hao Liu
Tributyltin (TBT), an organotin acting as aromatase (Cyp19a1) inhibitor, has been found to disrupt gametogenesis and reproductive behaviors in several fish species. However, few studies addressing the mechanisms underlying the impaired gametogenesis and reproduction have been reported. In this study, female adults of zebrafish (Danio rerio) were continuously exposed to two nominal concentrations of TBT (100 and 500 ng/L, actual concentrations: 90.8 ± 1.3 ng/L and 470.3 ± 2.7 ng/L, respectively) for 28 days...
May 12, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773976/facing-the-challenges-of-neuropeptide-gene-knockouts-why-do-they-not-inhibit-reproduction-in-adult-teleost-fish
#3
REVIEW
Vance L Trudeau
Genetic manipulation of teleost endocrine systems started with transgenic overexpression of pituitary growth hormone. Such strategies enhance growth and reduce fertility, but the fish still breed. Genome editing using transcription activator-like effector nuclease in zebrafish and medaka has established the role of follicle stimulating hormone for gonadal development and luteinizing hormone for ovulation. Attempts to genetically manipulate the hypophysiotropic neuropeptidergic systems have been less successful...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772511/estrogenic-potency-of-mc-lr-is-induced-via-stimulating-steroidogenesis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evidence
#4
Jie Hou, Yujing Su, Wang Lin, Honghui Guo, Li Li, Donald M Anderson, Dapeng Li, Rong Tang, Wei Chi, Xi Zhang
Waterborne microcystin-LR (MC-LR) has been reported to disrupt sex hormones, while its estrogenic potency remains controversial. We hypothesized that MC-LR could induce estrogenic effects via disrupting sex hormone synthesis, and verified this hypothesis by in vitro and in vivo assays. Effects of MC-LR (1, 10, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 μg/L) on steroidogenesis were assessed in the H295R cells after 48 h. The contents of 17β-estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) increased in a non-dose-dependent manner, which showed positive correlations with the expression of steroidogenic genes...
May 14, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753248/embryonic-exposure-to-benzo-a-pyrene-inhibits-reproductive-capability-in-adult-female-zebrafish-and-correlation-with-dna-methylation
#5
Dongxu Gao, Jing Lin, Kunlin Ou, Ying Chen, Hongbin Li, Qinhua Dai, Zhenni Yu, Zhenghong Zuo, Chonggang Wang
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of embryonic short-term exposure to benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, on ovarian development and reproductive capability in adult female zebrafish. In 1-year-old fish after embryonic exposure to BaP for 96 h, the gonadosomatic indices and the percentage of mature oocytes were significantly decreased in the 0.5, 5 and 50 nmol/L treatments. The spawned egg number, the fertilization rate and the hatching success were significantly reduced, while the malformation rate of the F1 unexposed larvae were increased...
May 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743010/an-automatic-method-to-calculate-heart-rate-from-zebrafish-larval-cardiac-videos
#6
Chia-Pin Kang, Hung-Chi Tu, Tzu-Fun Fu, Jhe-Ming Wu, Po-Hsun Chu, Darby Tien-Hao Chang
BACKGROUND: Zebrafish is a widely used model organism for studying heart development and cardiac-related pathogenesis. With the ability of surviving without a functional circulation at larval stages, strong genetic similarity between zebrafish and mammals, prolific reproduction and optically transparent embryos, zebrafish is powerful in modeling mammalian cardiac physiology and pathology as well as in large-scale high throughput screening. However, an economical and convenient tool for rapid evaluation of fish cardiac function is still in need...
May 9, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729565/acute-exposure-to-pbdes-at-an-environmentally-realistic-concentration-causes-abrupt-changes-in-the-gut-microbiota-and-host-health-of-zebrafish
#7
Lianguo Chen, Chenyan Hu, Nelson Lok-Shun Lai, Weipeng Zhang, Jianghuan Hua, Paul K S Lam, James C W Lam, Bingsheng Zhou
Contamination from lower brominated PBDEs is ubiquitous in the environments. However, their effects on gut microbiota and intestinal health have not yet been investigated. This study exposed adult zebrafish to an environmentally realistic concentration of pentaBDE mixture (DE-71) at 5.0 ng/L for 7 days, after which metagenomic sequencing of the intestinal microbiome was conducted and host physiological activities in the intestine and liver were also examined. The results showed that acute exposure to DE-71 significantly shifted the gut microbial community in a sex-specific manner...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729477/effects-of-ozonated-sewage-effluent-on-reproduction-and-behavioral-endpoints-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#8
Johannes Pohl, Berndt Björlenius, Tomas Brodin, Gunnar Carlsson, Jerker Fick, D G Joakim Larsson, Leif Norrgren, Stefan Örn
Pharmaceutical residues and other micro-contaminants may enter aquatic environments through effluent from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and could cause adverse effects in wild fish. One strategy to alleviate this situation is to improve wastewater treatment by ozonation. To test the effectiveness of full-scale wastewater effluent ozonation at a Swedish municipal STP, the added removal efficiency was measured for 105 pharmaceuticals. In addition, gene expression, reproductive and behavioral endpoints were analyzed in zebrafish (Danio rerio) exposed on-site over 21 days to ozonated or non-ozonated effluents as well as to tap water...
April 25, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712649/tolerance-to-paternal-genotoxic-damage-promotes-survival-during-embryo-development-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#9
Cristina Fernández-Díez, Silvia González-Rojo, Marta Lombó, M Paz Herráez
Spermatozoa carry DNA damage that must be repaired by the oocyte machinery upon fertilization. Different strategies could be adopted by different vertebrates to face the paternal genotoxic damage. Mammals have strong sperm selection mechanisms and activate a zygotic DNA damage response (DDR) (including cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and alternative apoptosis) in order to guarantee the genomic conformity of the reduced progeny. However, external fertilizers, with different reproductive strategies, seem to proceed distinctively...
April 30, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689525/role-of-bisphenol-a-on-the-endocannabinoid-system-at-central-and-peripheral-levels-effects-on-adult-female-zebrafish
#10
Isabel Forner-Piquer, Stefania Santangeli, Francesca Maradonna, Roberta Verde, Fabiana Piscitelli, Vincenzo di Marzo, Hamid R Habibi, Oliana Carnevali
Bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used chemical to produce polycarbonate plastics, has become an ubiquitous pollutant due to its extensive use. Its endocrine disrupting properties have been documented in several studies, as well as its potential to induce metabolic and reproductive impairments at environmentally relevant concentrations. Recent insights highlighted the role of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) in energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism. In fact, disruption of the ECS may induce metabolic alterations among other effects...
August 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679867/n-acetylcysteine-protects-against-microcystin-lr-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-germ-cell-apoptosis-in-zebrafish-testes
#11
Sujuan Zhao, Ying Liu, Fang Wang, Dexiang Xu, Ping Xie
Previous studies have shown that microcystin-LR (MCLR) is a reproductive toxicant that induces germ cell apoptosis in the testes, but the underlying mechanisms have not been well understood. In this study, we investigated that MCLR induces germ cell apoptosis is through activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant could protect against germ cell apoptosis by inhibiting the ER stress. Healthy male zebrafish were intraperitoneally injected with NAC (500 nM), beginning at 2 h before different doses of MCLR (0, 50, 100, 200 μg/kg)...
August 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678724/thyroid-hormone-actions-on-male-reproductive-system-of-teleost-fish
#12
REVIEW
Aldo Tovo-Neto, Maira da Silva Rodrigues, Hamid R Habibi, Rafael Henrique Nóbrega
Thyroid hormones (THs) play important roles in the regulation of many biological processes of vertebrates, such as growth, metabolism, morphogenesis and reproduction. An increasing number of studies have been focused on the involvement of THs in the male reproductive system of vertebrates, in particular of fish. Therefore, this mini-review aims to summarize the main findings on THs role in male reproductive system of fish, focusing on sex differentiation, testicular development and spermatogenesis. The existing data in the literature have demonstrated that THs exert their roles at the different levels of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis...
April 17, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665503/zebrafish-extracellular-matrix-improves-neuronal-viability-and-network-formation-in-a-3-dimensional-culture
#13
Sung-Min Kim, Daniel Ward Long, Michael Wai Kok Tsang, Yadong Wang
Mammalian central nervous system (CNS) has limited capacity for regeneration. CNS injuries cause life-long debilitation and lead to $50 billion in healthcare costs in U.S. alone each year. Despite numerous efforts in the last few decades, CNS-related injuries remain as detrimental as they were 50 years ago. Some functional recovery can occur, but most regeneration are limited by an extracellular matrix (ECM) that actively inhibits axonal repair and promotes glial scarring. In most tissues, the ECM is an architectural foundation that plays an active role in supporting cellular development and regenerative response after injury...
April 6, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655816/sex-specific-transcription-and-dna-methylation-profiles-of-reproductive-and-epigenetic-associated-genes-in-the-gonads-and-livers-of-breeding-zebrafish
#14
L V Laing, J Viana, E Dempster, T M Uren Webster, R van Aerle, J Mill, E M Santos
Reproduction is an essential process for life and is regulated by complex hormone networks and environmental factors. To date, little is known about the contribution of epigenetic mechanisms to the regulation of reproduction, particularly in lower vertebrates. We used the zebrafish (Danio rerio) model to investigate the sex-specific transcription and DNA methylation profiles for genes involved in the regulation of reproduction and in epigenetic signalling in the livers and gonads. We found evidence for associations between DNA promotor methylation and transcription for esr1 (gonads and female livers), amh (gonads) and dnmt1 (livers)...
April 12, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587208/modulation-of-transcription-of-genes-related-to-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-and-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axes-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryos-larvae-by-androstenedione
#15
Li-Ping Hou, Hu Shu, Le-le Lin, Si-Yuan Xu, Yan-Xia Wu, Xiu-Jun Rong, Jun-Jie Hu, Li-Ying Song, Yan-Qiu Liang, Hong-Xing Chen, Guang-Guo Ying, Chang-En Tian
This study aimed to determine the effects of Androstenodione (AED) on the transcriptional expression of genes involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axes in the zebrafish embryos/larvae. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 0, 4.0, 45.0, 487.0, and 980.0 ng/L of AED from the day of fertilization to 144 h post fertilization (hpf), during which the transcriptional profiles of key genes related to the HPG and HPA axes were examined daily using quantitative real-time PCR...
March 24, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579206/a-mir-200-cluster-on-chromosome-23-regulates-sperm-motility-in-zebrafish
#16
Shuting Xiong, Wenge Ma, Jing Jing, Jin Zhang, Cheng Dan, Jian-Fang Gui, Jie Mei
Besides its well-documented roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis and carcinogenesis, the function of p53-microRNA axis has been recently revealed in reproductive system. Recent studies indicated that miR-200 family members are dys-regulated in nonobstructive azoospermia patients, whereas their functions remain poorly documented. The aims of this study were to investigate the function of miR-200 family on zebrafish testis development and sperm activity. There was no significant difference in testis morphology and histology between wildtype and knockout zebrafish with deletion of miR-200 cluster on chromosome 6 (chr6-miR-200-KO) or on chromosome 23 (chr23-miR-200-KO)...
March 19, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558706/tris-2-butoxyethyl-phosphate-affects-motor-behavior-and-axonal-growth-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-larvae
#17
Fan Jiang, Jue Liu, Xinyue Zeng, Liqin Yu, Chunsheng Liu, Jianghua Wang
Tris (2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) is an environmental contaminant that poses serious risks to aquatic organisms and their associated ecosystem. Recently, the reproductive and developmental toxicology of TBOEP has been reported. However, fewer studies have assessed the neurotoxic effects in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae. In this study, zebrafish embryos were subjected to waterborne exposure of TBOEP at 0, 50, 500, 1500 and 2500 μg/L from 2 to 144-h post-fertilization (hpf). Behavioral measurements showed that TBOEP exposure reduced embryonic spontaneous movement and decreased swimming speed of larvae in response to dark stimulation...
March 13, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556062/androgen-receptor-modulation-following-combination-exposure-to-brominated-flame-retardants
#18
Joubert Banjop Kharlyngdoh, Ajay Pradhan, Per-Erik Olsson
Endocrine disrupting compounds can interfere with androgen receptor (AR) signaling and disrupt steroidogenesis leading to reproductive failure. The brominated flame-retardant (BFR) 1, 2-dibromo-4-(1, 2-dibromoethyl) cyclohexane (TBECH), is an agonist to human, chicken and zebrafish AR. Recently another group of alternative BFRs, allyl 2, 4, 6-tribromophenyl ether (ATE), and 2, 3-dibromopropyl 2, 4, 6-tribromophenyl ether (DPTE) along with its metabolite 2-bromoallyl 2, 4, 6-tribromophenyl ether (BATE) were identified as potent human AR antagonists...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549734/hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian-axis-perturbation-in-the-basis-of-bisphenol-a-bpa-reproductive-toxicity-in-female-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#19
Ana Molina, Nieves Abril, Noelia Morales-Prieto, José Monterde, Nahúm Ayala, Antonio Lora, Rosario Moyano
Thousands of safety-related studies have been published on bisphenol A (BPA), an ubiquitous environmental pollutant with estrogenic activity and many other potential biological effects. In recent years, BPA exposure has been shown to cause anovulation and infertility through irreversible alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in several organisms, including fish and mammals. Recently, the European Chemical Agency classified BPA as a "substance of very high concern" because of its endocrine-disrupting properties, which have serious effects on human health...
March 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544797/acute-exposure-to-methylmercury-chloride-induces-fast-changes-in-swimming-performance-cognitive-processes-and-oxidative-stress-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-as-reference-model-for-fish-community
#20
Stefan-Adrian Strungaru, Madalina Andreea Robea, Gabriel Plavan, Elena Todirascu-Ciornea, Alin Ciobica, Mircea Nicoara
Fishes are the first group of vertebrates that respond when the environment is contaminated with pollutants resulted from anthropogenic activities. The development of the toxicity tests is bringing new evidence about the toxicological effects of the pollutants upon the life forms. Behavioural abnormalities in the swimming performance and cognitive processes were well associated with the response of organisms to pollutants from environment. The aim of the paper was to study the behavioural changes of zebrafish (memory, swimming performances and aggression) and oxidative stress (superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde) during 32 h of acute exposure with methylmercury (II) chloride to measure its neurotoxicity effects upon fish community...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
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