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Complications of intubation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932566/non-intubated-single-incision-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-a-two-center-cohort-of-188-patients
#1
Man-Ling Wang, Carlos Galvez, Jin-Shing Chen, Jose Navarro-Martinez, Sergio Bolufer, Ming-Hui Hung, Hsao-Hsung Hsu, Ya-Jung Cheng
BACKGROUND: Non-intubated single-incision procedures are slowly expanding because of high experience and skill required, and stricter selection criteria. The aim of this study is to present the first retrospective two-center series in Taiwan and Spain. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 188 patients undergoing non-intubated single-incision video-assisted thoracic surgery (NI-SI-VATS) procedures between July 2013 to November 2015 in two centers in Taiwan (170 patients) and Spain (18 patients) with two different anesthetic methods...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931261/carotid-endarterectomy-in-patients-with-thrombocytopenia-analysis-of-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-registry
#2
Adnan I Qureshi, Aiman Zafar, Muhammad Shah Miran, Vishal B Jani
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is infrequently performed in patients with mild to moderate thrombocytopenia. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether preoperative thrombocytopenia is associated with a higher rate of complications after CEA. METHODS: We analyzed patient characteristics, comorbid conditions, operative details, and 30-day postoperative outcomes for patients who underwent CEA in the CEA-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Registry...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930049/experience-with-the-syncardia-total-artificial-heart-in-a-canadian-centre
#3
Anthony Nguyen, Michel Pellerin, Louis P Perrault, Michel White, Anique Ducharme, Normand Racine, Michel Carrier
BACKGROUND: The SynCardia total artificial heart (TAH) provides complete circulatory support by replacing both native ventricles. Accepted indications include bridge to transplantation and destination therapy. We review our experience with TAH implantation during a period when axial flow pump became available. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the demographics, clinical characteristics and survival of all patients receiving the TAH. RESULTS: From September 2004 to November 2016, 13 patients (12 men, mean age 45 ± 13 yr) received the TAH for refractory cardiogenic shock secondary to idiopathic (56%) or ischemic (17%) cardiomyopathy and to other various causes (33%)...
October 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929076/role-of-topical-medication-in-prevention-of-post-extubation-subglottic-stenosis
#4
Saravanam Prasanna Kumar, Arunachalam Ravikumar, Johnson Thanka
Iatrogenic laryngotracheal injury is the most serious complication of endotracheal intubation since this method of establishing airway was first described by Eugene Bouchut in 1858. Even today, subglottic stenosis is the most dreaded complication of intubation. This animal study is focused on the host tissue response to intubation induced injury resulting in subglottic stenosis and methods to prevent this complication. To assess the role of topically applied Mitomycin-C and Triamcinolone Acetonide in wound healing process following post-extubation subglottic injury...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929060/laser-assisted-double-layer-endoscopic-repair-of-laryngeal-clefts-our-experience-in-11-cases
#5
Danah Aljomah, Jaber Alshammari
Laryngeal cleft is a rare congenital malformation of the respiratory tract leading to a high level of morbidity and mortality, recently being diagnosed with increased frequency. Management throughout the years included medical and surgical. The open surgical technique is more commonly used although it has higher risk and need longer post-operative care. Recently surgical endoscopic repair was introduced using different techniques. To evaluate the clinical features of infants and children presenting with laryngeal clefts, and review endoscopic management modality especially the technique and results of repair using double-layer (2 layers) technique...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928593/a-complication-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-anesthesia-mumps
#6
Ezgi Erkiliç, Elvin Kesimci, Aysun Yüngül, Ferit Alaybeyoğlu, Mustafa Aksoy
Some surgical procedures performed under moderate and sometimes extreme positions expose patients to nonphysiological changes. Especially, the manipulations of a patient in prone and lateral decubitus position might increase complications. Anesthesia mumps has been reported as one of these complications. It has been found to be rare but known entity associated with patients of all age groups and all surgical positions. We herein describe an early noticed acute case of unilateral anesthesia mumps that developed after endotracheal intubation in prone position in a 54-year-old female...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928591/accidental-perforation-of-submental-flexometallic-tube
#7
Subbulakshmi Sundaram, Gowthaman Ramdas, Anisha Pauline Paul, Sekaran Natesan Krishnasamy
Oral and maxillofacial surgeries associated with complications due to endotracheal tube (ETT) damage are being reported in literature increasingly. In this case, we report a rare case of accidental perforation of a flexometallic ETT intraoperatively during an orthognathic corrective surgery, in a 19-year-old female patient in whom submental intubation had been performed. The complication was managed conservatively as the tissue debris created during the osteotomy drilling occluded the damage and caused a good seal of the damage, with minimal leak, and no airway compromise...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927951/definitive-airway-management-after-pre-hospital-supraglottic-airway-insertion-outcomes-and-a-management-algorithm-for-trauma-patients
#8
Matthew C Hernandez, Johnathon M Aho, Martin D Zielinski, Scott P Zietlow, Brian D Kim, David S Morris
BACKGROUND: Prehospital airway management increasingly involves supraglottic airway insertion and a paucity of data evaluates outcomes in trauma populations. We aim to describe definitive airway management in traumatically injured patients who necessitated prehospital supraglottic airway insertion. METHODS: We performed a single institution retrospective review of multisystem injured patients (≥15years) that received prehospital supraglottic airway insertion during 2009 to 2016...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927394/laboratory-markers-of-cardiac-and-metabolic-complications-after-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizures
#9
Robert D Nass, Sina Meiling, René P Andrié, Christian E Elger, Rainer Surges
BACKGROUND: Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) frequently lead to emergency inpatient referrals. Laboratory blood values are routinely performed on admission to detect underlying causes and metabolic or cardiac complications. Our goal was to assess the nature and frequency of complications occurring in association with GTCS. METHODS: We retrospectively extracted data from emergency protocols and discharge letters of adult patients admitted to the Department of Epileptology between 01/2010 and 06/2015...
September 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922233/endoscopic-versus-open-repair-for-craniosynostosis-in-infants-using-propensity-score-matching-to-compare-outcomes-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#10
Douglas R Thompson, David Zurakowski, Charles M Haberkern, Paul A Stricker, Petra M Meier
BACKGROUND: The North American Pediatric Craniofacial Collaborative Group (PCCG) established the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry to evaluate outcomes in infants and children undergoing craniosynostosis repair. The goal of this multicenter study was to utilize this registry to assess differences in blood utilization, intensive care unit (ICU) utilization, duration of hospitalization, and perioperative complications between endoscopic-assisted (ESC) and open repair in infants with craniosynostosis...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920633/noninvasive-ventilation-in-difficult-endotracheal-intubation-systematic-and-review-analysis
#11
Igor Barjaktarevic, Antonio M Esquinas, Frances Mae West, Jeffrey Albores, David Berlin
Noninvasive ventilation has been widely used in the management of acute respiratory failure in appropriate clinical settings. In addition to known benefit of alleviating the need for invasive mechanical ventilation, recent literature suggested its beneficial use in the process of endotracheal intubation. Search of the PubMed database and manual review of selected articles investigating the methods and outcomes of endotracheal intubation in difficult airway due to hypoxemic respiratory failure and the role of noninvasive ventilation in this process...
September 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919623/outcome-of-upper-gastrointestinal-surgery-with-or-without-nasogastric-intubation
#12
M A Ullah, M A Rahman, L H Chowdhury, S Mohammed, M I Hasan
Nasogastric intubation is a common procedure with both merits and demerits. Controversies exist about the routine use of nasogastric intubation following upper gastrointestinal surgery. Good numbers of literatures were published in favour of selective nasogastric intubation pointing out some complications of routine use of nasogastric tube. In 1995, Cheatham et al. concluded in a meta-analysis that although patients may develop abdominal distension or vomiting without a nasogastric tube, this is not associated with an increase in complications or length of hospital stay...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917584/pneumatoceles-in-pediatric-blunt-trauma-common-and-benign
#13
Lindsey B Armstrong, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic pneumatoceles are reported to be rare in children and to have an uncertain clinical significance. We report a single institution series of traumatic pneumatoceles to better define their frequency and clinical significance. METHODS: After obtaining approval from the IRB, data were extracted from the trauma registry of a level 1 pediatric trauma center on children diagnosed with a pulmonary contusion (International Classification of Diseases-9th edition diagnosis codes: 861...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917549/a-multicenter-randomized-trial-of-a-checklist-for-endotracheal-intubation-of-critically-ill-adults
#14
David R Janz, Matthew W Semler, Aaron M Joffe, Jonathan D Casey, Robert J Lentz, Bennett P deBoisblanc, Yasin A Khan, Jairo I Santanilla, Itay Bentov, Todd W Rice
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia and hypotension are common complications during endotracheal intubation of critically ill adults. Verbal performance of a written, pre-intubation checklist may prevent these complications. We compared a written, verbally-performed, pre-intubation checklist to usual care with regard to lowest arterial oxygen saturation or lowest systolic blood pressure experienced by critically ill adults undergoing endotracheal intubation. METHODS: A multicenter trial in which 262 adults undergoing endotracheal intubation were randomized to a written, verbally-performed, pre-intubation checklist (checklist) or no pre-intubation checklist (usual care)...
September 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913483/the-prevalence-of-perioperative-complications-in-patients-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Tatiana Ambrosii, Serghei Şandru, Adrian Belîi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) have a high risk of postoperative complications. The purpose of the study was to record the spectrum and frequency of postoperative complications in patients with OSA versus (vs.) without OSA depending on the type of surgery and type of anaesthesia in a large cohort of patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, descriptive study (n = 400). Ethics Committee approval was obtained and written informed consent was signed...
October 2016: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910340/successful-1-1-proportion-ventilation-with-a-unique-device-for-independent-lung-ventilation-using-a-double-lumen-tube-without-complications-in-the-supine-and-lateral-decubitus-positions-a-pilot-study
#16
Michał Kowalczyk, Sławomir Sawulski, Wojciech Dąbrowski, Luiza Grzycka-Kowalczyk, Edyta Kotlińska-Hasiec, Agnieszka Wrońska-Sewruk, Artur Florek, Rafał Rutyna
INTRODUCTION: Adequate blood oxygenation and ventilation/perfusion matching should be main goal of anaesthetic and intensive care management. At present, one of the methods of improving gas exchange restricted by ventilation/perfusion mismatching is independent ventilation with two ventilators. Recently, however, a unique device has been developed, enabling ventilation of independent lungs in 1:1, 2:1, 3:1, and 5:1 proportions. The main goal of the study was to evaluate the device's utility, precision and impact on pulmonary mechanics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906414/the-effect-of-lidocaine-jelly-on-a-taper-shaped-cuff-of-an-endotracheal-tube-on-the-postoperative-sore-throat-a-prospective-randomized-study-a-consort-compliant-article
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jiwon Lee, Yong-Cheol Lee, Je-Do Son, Jae-Yoon Lee, Hyun-Chang Kim
BACKGROUND: Postoperative sore throat (POST) following general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation is a common complication. We hypothesized that lidocaine jelly applied to the tapered cuff of the endotracheal tube (ETT) might decrease the incidence of POST most commonly arising from endotracheal intubation. METHODS: A total of 208 patients under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. In the lidocaine group (n = 104), the distal part of ETTs with tapered-shaped cuff was lubricated with lidocaine jelly...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906274/flexible-bronchoscope-use-by-pulmonologists-in-collaboration-with-gastroenterologists-for-placement-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-via-transnasal-route-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-10-year-experience-in-a-single-cancer-institution
#18
Paulo J L Mota, Jorge Dionísio, José Duro da Costa, Sandra Faias
This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating a 10-year experience in the Pulmonology Department of a cancer center for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy through transnasal route (TN-PEG) in patients with head and neck cancer whose oral access is precluded. This study was a retrospective analysis of 40 consecutive head and neck cancer patients referred for PEG placement, between 2005 and 2014, using a transnasal route because of the impossibility of intubation through the oral cavity. Demographics, outcome of TN-PEG procedure, indications for bronchoscopic approach (prophylactic/palliative), clinical need for bronchoscopy (trismus, oropharyngeal obstruction), location of cancer, complications, and overall survival were reviewed...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904980/enterovirus-human-rhinovirus-a-rare-cause-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
Parita Soni, Anand Rai, Nidhi Aggarwal, Stephan Kamholz, Taek Yoon, Yizhak Kupfer
A 22-year-old Asian woman presented with respiratory distress, cough, and wheezing for 1 week. Prior history included asthma and Turner syndrome. On presentation to the emergency department, the patient was hypotensive, tachycardic, tachypneic, with an oxyhemoglobin saturation in the mid 80% range while breathing ambient air. Chest radiograph revealed pulmonary vascular congestion and a left lower lobe infiltrate. Endotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation, and vasopressors were initiated. Empiric therapy for community-acquired pneumonia was administered utilizing broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904717/aseptic-meningitis-following-a-bupivacaine-spinal-anesthesia
#20
Nawfal Doghmi, Amine Meskine, Aziz Benakroute, Mustapha Bensghir, Abdelouahed Baite, Charki Haimeur
Spinal anesthesia complicated by meningitis is rare. The diagnosis is difficult and the clinical signs are unspecific. There is a subgroup called aseptic meningitis of a different mechanism (hypersensitive reaction and irritation of the meninges), which must be identified for appropriate care. We report the case of aseptic meningitis resulting from bupivacaine use complicating spinal anesthesia. She is 31 years old and was admitted to the intensive care unit for meningitis following a Caesarean delivery. 10 hours after the procedure, she was found to have severe headache, neck stiffness and was found restless...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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