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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049948/altered-responsiveness-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-and-its-implication-to-underlying-psychopathology
#1
Gaston Baslet, Benjamin Tolchin, Barbara A Dworetzky
PURPOSE: Altered responsiveness during psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is a distinct semiological feature that may signal a psychological vulnerability. We hypothesized that altered responsiveness is related to difficulties with emotion tolerance, experiential avoidance, difficulty coping, dissociation and trauma and prior experiences of loss of awareness. METHODS: 71 patients with video-EEG confirmed PNES were divided into two groups based on their responsiveness at the time of the captured event during long-term monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049152/essential-professional-behaviors-of-nursing-students-and-new-nurses-hospital-nurse-leader-perspectives-survey
#2
Charlotte Sortedahl, Sara Persinger, Kathryn Sobtzak, Brooke Farrell, Nicholas Jaeger
AIM: This two-part study was conducted to determine which professional behaviors hospital nurse leaders believe are essential for nursing students to learn in the classroom. BACKGROUND: Nursing students need to be educated to lead high-quality care in complex health care environments. Little is known regarding the professional behaviors deemed essential for novice nurses. METHOD: Hospital leaders were surveyed (n = 221) using the Hospital Nurse Leader Perspectives survey...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048994/awareness-of-and-willingness-to-be-vaccinated-by-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-among-junior-middle-school-students-in-jinan-china
#3
Li Xue, Wenqi Hu, Haiman Zhang, Zhongling Xie, Xi Zhang, Fanghui Zhao, Youlin Qiao, Lijie Gao, Wei Ma
BACKGROUND: Willingness to be vaccinated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among junior middle school students in China is not well understood. We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess awareness of HPV and the HPV vaccine and explore the factors associated with willingness to be vaccinated. METHODS: First-year students from two junior middle schools in Jinan, China were selected by cluster sampling on December 28, 2015, December 26, 2016, and January 11, 2017, and a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048245/self-esteem-internalizing-symptoms-and-theory-of-mind-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
James B McCauley, Michelle A Harris, Matthew C Zajic, Lindsay E Swain-Lerro, Tasha Oswald, Nancy McIntyre, Kali Trzesniewski, Peter Mundy, Marjorie Solomon
Self-esteem is a potent indicator of mental health in typically developing (TYP) individuals. It is surprising that there have been few comprehensive investigations of self-esteem in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), given that they are at high risk for comorbid mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety. The objectives of the current study were to assess how youth with ASD rate their self-esteem compared to age-matched TYP youth and to examine how self-esteem relates to internalizing psychopathology and theory of mind in the two groups...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048195/controlling-images-how-awareness-of-group-stereotypes-affects-black-women-s-well-being
#5
Morgan C Jerald, Elizabeth R Cole, L Monique Ward, Lanice R Avery
This paper presents research exploring how stereotypes that are simultaneously racialized and gendered affect Black women. We investigated the mental and physical health consequences of Black women's awareness that others hold these stereotypes and tested whether this association was moderated by the centrality of racial identity. A structural equation model tested among 609 young Black women revealed that metastereotype awareness (i.e., being aware that others hold negative stereotypes of one's group) predicted negative mental health outcomes (e...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048150/carboxymethylated-dextran-modified-n-heterocyclic-carbene-self-assembled-monolayers-on-gold-for-use-in-surface-plasmon-resonance-biosensing
#6
Zhijun Li, Kim A Munro, Mina Narouz, Bin Hao, Cathleen M Crudden, J Hugh Horton, Hongxia Hao
Surface chemistry is a key enabler for various biosensing applications. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensors routinely employ thiol-based chemistry for the linker layer between gold-coated support surfaces and functional biosensor surfaces. However, there is a growing awareness that such sensor surfaces are prone to oxidation/degradation problems in the presence of oxygen, and previous efforts to improve the stability have shown limited advancements. As an alternative, recent studies employing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) self assembled monolayers (SAMs) deposited on gold have shown significant promise in this area...
October 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047696/full-reference-quality-assessment-of-stereoscopic-images-by-learning-binocular-visual-properties
#7
Jian Ma, Ping An, Liquan Shen, Kai Li
Stereoscopic imaging technology has been growingly prevalent driven by both the entertainment industry and scientific applications in today's world. But objective quality assessment of stereoscopic images is a challenging task. In this paper, we propose a novel stereoscopic image quality assessment (SIQA) method by jointly considering monocular perception and binocular interaction. As the most significant contribution of this study, binocular perceptual properties of simple and complex cells are considered for full-reference (FR) SIQA...
October 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046131/understanding-critical-care-nurses-autonomy-in-jordan
#8
Mahmoud Maharmeh
Purpose The aim of this study was to describe Jordanian critical care nurses' experiences of autonomy in their clinical practice. Design/methodology/approach A descriptive correlational design was applied using a self-reported cross-sectional survey. A total of 110 registered nurses who met the eligibility criteria participated in this study. The data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Findings A majority of critical care nurses were autonomous in their decision-making and participation in decisions to take action in their clinical settings...
October 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045351/awareness-and-implementation-of-the-2014%C3%A2-espghan-naspghan-guideline-for-childhood-functional-constipation
#9
Ilan J N Koppen, M H Vriesman, M M Tabbers, C Di Lorenzo, M A Benninga
OBJECTIVE: To assess if physicians approach children with functional constipation according to the 2014 ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guideline. METHODS: We invited pediatricians and pediatric gastroenterologists in the Netherlands and the U.S. to participate in this anonymous survey using a self-developed questionnaire containing 19 multiple-choice questions concerning evaluation and treatment of children with constipation. RESULTS: We included 328 physicians (67% from the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043375/assessing-the-structure-and-meaningfulness-of-the-dissociative-subtype-of-ptsd
#10
Jana Ross, Gabriel Baník, Mária Dědová, Gabriela Mikulášková, Cherie Armour
PURPOSE: Studies conducted in the USA, Canada and Denmark have supported the existence of the dissociative PTSD subtype, characterized primarily by symptoms of depersonalization and derealization. The current study aimed to examine the dissociative PTSD subtype in an Eastern European, predominantly female (83.16%) sample, using an extended set of dissociative symptoms. METHODS: A latent profile analysis was applied to the PTSD and dissociation data from 689 trauma-exposed university students from Slovakia...
September 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043247/clinic-based-mobile-health-decision-support-to-enhance-adult-epilepsy-self-management-an-intervention-mapping-approach
#11
Ross Shegog, Charles E Begley
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder involving recurrent seizures. It affects approximately 5 million people in the U.S. To optimize their quality of life people with epilepsy are encouraged to engage in self-management (S-M) behaviors. These include managing their treatment (e.g., adhering to anti-seizure medication and clinical visit schedules), managing their seizures (e.g., responding to seizure episodes), managing their safety (e.g., monitoring and avoiding environmental seizure triggers), and managing their co-morbid conditions (e...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042301/towards-a-first-implementation-of-the-wlimes-approach-in-living-system-studies-advancing-the-diagnostics-and-therapy-in-personalized-medicine
#12
Plamen L Simeonov, Andrée C Ehresmann
The goal of this paper is to advance an extensible theory of living systems using an approach to biomathematics and biocomputation that suitably addresses self-organized, self-referential and anticipatory systems with multi-temporal multi-agents. Our first step is to provide foundations for modelling of emergent and evolving dynamic multi-level organic complexes and their sustentative processes in artificial and natural life systems. Main applications are in life sciences, medicine, ecology and astrobiology, as well as robotics, industrial automation, man-machine interface and creative design...
October 14, 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041822/when-i-do-i-become-someone-experiences-of-occupational-performance-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Lena Bergqvist, Ann-Marie Öhrvall, Kate Himmelmann, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
PURPOSE: Persons with cerebral palsy, even if they have relatively good motor functions, have a lower level of independence and participation in everyday activities than persons of the same age without disabilities. However, there are few descriptions of how persons with cerebral palsy themselves perceive their performance of activities in everyday life. The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that young adults with cerebral palsy have of occupational performance in everyday life...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041819/subjective-health-complaints-and-illness-perception-amongst-adults-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobilitytype-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lena Hope, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Helene Løvaas, Camilla Løvvik, Silje Maeland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and severity of subjective health complaints and describe illness perception in a population of Joint Hypermobility Syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobile Type. METHOD: This study was a postal survey with a questionnaire battery on demographic data, subjective health complaints inventory, and illness perception. A total of 110 individuals diagnosed with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobile Type from two specialized hospitals in Norway were offered participation...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040176/hpv-awareness-and-vaccination-rates-in-college-aged-male-athletes
#15
Tonna McCutcheon, Gina Schaar, Alan Herline, Rachel Hayes
College-aged males are at high risk for human papillomavirus (HPV); however, vaccination rates remain low, suggesting minimal HPV knowledge. Therefore, an educational intervention was developed and implemented to determine if an increase in HPV knowledge, perceived HPV risk, intention and perceived self-efficacy to obtain the vaccine, and vaccination rates were observed.
November 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039291/asset-literacy-following-stroke-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#16
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038931/brief-report-body-image-in-autism-evidence-from-body-size-estimation
#17
Kosuke Asada, Yoshikuni Tojo, Koichiro Hakarino, Atsuko Saito, Toshikazu Hasegawa, Shinichiro Kumagaya
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties with social interaction and communication. First-hand accounts written by individuals with ASD have shown the existence of other atypical characteristics such as difficulties with body awareness. However, few studies have examined whether such atypicalities are found more generally among individuals with ASD. We examined body image (i.e., self-body awareness) by asking individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals to estimate their own body size (shoulder width)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038181/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-lifestyle-and-acceptability-of-a-dietary-and-physical-activity-intervention-among-african-caribbean-prostate-cancer-survivors-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-study
#18
Vanessa Er, J Athene Lane, Richard M Martin, Raj Persad, Frank Chinegwundoh, Victoria Njoku, Eileen Sutton
OBJECTIVES: Diet and lifestyle may have a role in delaying prostate cancer progression, but little is known about the health behaviours of Black British prostate cancer survivors despite this group having a higher prostate cancer mortality rate than their White counterparts. We explored the barriers and facilitators to dietary and lifestyle changes and the acceptability of a diet and physical activity intervention in African Caribbean prostate cancer survivors. DESIGN: We conducted semistructured in-depth interviews and used thematic analysis to code and group the data...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038096/raising-awareness-about-cervical-cancer-using-twitter-content-analysis-of-the-2015-smearforsmear-campaign
#19
Philippe Lenoir, Bilel Moulahi, Jérôme Azé, Sandra Bringay, Gregoire Mercier, François Carbonnel
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women under 45 years of age. To deal with the decrease of smear test coverage in the United Kingdom, a Twitter campaign called #SmearForSmear has been launched in 2015 for the European Cervical Cancer Prevention Week. Its aim was to encourage women to take a selfie showing their lipstick going over the edge and post it on Twitter with a raising awareness message promoting cervical cancer screening. The estimated audience was 500 million people...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#20
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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