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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932019/suicide-on-instagram-content-analysis-of-a-german-suicide-related-hashtag
#1
Florian Arendt
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year-olds globally. Unfortunately, the suicide-related content on Instagram, a popular social media platform for youth, has not received the scholarly attention it deserves. METHOD: The present study provides a content analysis of posts tagged as #selbstmord, a German suicide-related hashtag. These posts were created between July 5 and July 11, 2017. RESULTS: Approximately half of all posts included words or visuals related to suicide...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931108/engagement-of-husbands-in-a-maternal-nutrition-program-substantially-contributed-to-greater-intake-of-micronutrient-supplements-and-dietary-diversity-during-pregnancy-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation-in-bangladesh
#2
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Edward A Frongillo, Tina Sanghvi, Gargi Wable, Zeba Mahmud, Lan Mai Tran, Bachera Aktar, Kaosar Afsana, Silvia Alayon, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Although husbands may provide support during pregnancy, limited evidence exists on how to promote husbands' engagement and what impact it has. Alive & Thrive integrated nutrition-focused interventions, targeting both wives and husbands, through an existing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH) platform in Bangladesh. Objectives: We evaluated 1) the impact of a nutrition-focused MNCH program, compared with the standard MNCH program, on husbands' behavioral determinants (i...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930886/kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-in-a-young-african-american-male
#3
Ahmed Zaghloul, Corina Iorgoveanu, Andrew Polio, Aakash Desai
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is an extremely rare, self-limiting disorder which typically presents with fever and painful, unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy in previously healthy individuals. Here, we describe a case of KFD which initially presented with fever of unknown origin. Due to its non-specific symptoms and low incidence, KFD poses a diagnostic conundrum for clinicians. Awareness of this disease entity is the key for prompt diagnosis and treatment...
April 19, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930710/management-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-diabetes-a-national-survey-of-podiatry-practice-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
Pasha Normahani, Chira Mustafa, Nigel J Standfield, Claire Duguid, Martin Fox, Usman Jaffer
Background: We aimed to investigate podiatry practice in diagnosing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in diabetes, decision making once PAD is suspected and limitations of referral pathways. Methods: A survey, comprising 26 questions was distributed to podiatrists across the UK via mailing lists of collaborating organizations including the College of Podiatry (UK). Response rates were estimated based on NHS workforce data. Analysis of responses from the open-ended questions was performed using inductive content analysis...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929420/-i-ve-put-diabetes-completely-on-the-shelf-till-the-mental-stuff-is-in-place-how-patients-with-doctor-assessed-impaired-self-care-perceive-disease-self-care-and-support-from-general-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#5
Mads Aage Toft Kristensen, Ann Dorrit Guassora, Anne Beiter Arreskov, Frans Boch Waldorff, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigated patients' experiences of disease and self-care as well as perceptions of the general practitioner's role in supporting patients with impaired self-care ability. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews with 13 patients with type 2 diabetes, concurrent chronic diseases, and impaired self-care ability assessed by a general practitioner. We analyzed our data using systematic text condensation. The shifting perspectives model of chronic illness formed the theoretical background for the study...
June 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928655/cortical-alterations-in-phobic-postural-vertigo-a-multimodal-imaging-approach
#6
Pauline Popp, Peter Zu Eulenburg, Thomas Stephan, Rainer Bögle, Maximilian Habs, Peter Henningsen, Regina Feuerecker, Marianne Dieterich
Objective: Functional dizziness syndromes are among the most common diagnoses made in patients with chronic dizziness, but their underlying neural characteristics are largely unknown. The aim of this neuroimaging study was to analyze the disease-specific brain changes in patients with phobic postural vertigo (PPV). Methods: We measured brain morphology, task response, and functional connectivity in 44 patients with PPV and 44 healthy controls. Results: The analyses revealed a relative structural increase in regions of the prefrontal cortex and the associated thalamic projection zones as well as in the primary motor cortex...
June 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928598/the-relationship-between-clinical-insight-and-cognitive-and-affective-empathy-in-schizophrenia
#7
Mia Atoui, Fatima El Jamil, Joseph El Khoury, Mark Doumit, Nathalie Syriani, Munir Khani, Ziad Nahas
Background: Schizophrenia is often associated with poor clinical insight (unawareness of mental illness and its symptoms) and deficits in empathy, which are important for social functioning. Cognitive empathy has been linked to clinical insight while affective empathy and its role in insight and pathology have received mixed evidence. Methods: Instruments assessing symptomatology (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale; PANSS), clinical insight (Scales to assess awareness of mental disorders; SUMD), and cognitive and affective empathy were administered to 22 participants with first episode and chronic schizophrenia and 21 healthy controls...
June 2018: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928538/developing-a-basic-scale-for-workers-psychological-burden-from-the-perspective-of-occupational-safety-and-health
#8
Kyung Woo Kim, Ho Chan Lim, Jae Hee Park, Sang Gyu Park, Ye Jin Park, Hm Hak Cho
Background: Organizations are pursing complex and diverse aims to generate higher profits. Many workers experience high work intensity such as workload and work pressure in this organizational environment. Especially, psychological burden is a commonly used term in workplace of Republic of Korea. This study focused on defining the psychological burden from the perspective of occupational safety and health and tried to develop a scale for psychological burden. Methods: The 48 preliminary questionnaire items for psychological burden were prepared by a focus group interview with 16 workers through the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II and Mindful Awareness Attention Scale...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927661/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-uptake-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-for-asthma-in-primary-care-practices
#9
Madelyn Welch, Tom Ludden, Kathleen Mottus, Paul Bray, Lori Hendrickson, Jennifer Rees, Jacqueline Halladay, Hazel Tapp
OBJECTIVE: Poor outcomes and health disparities related to asthma result in part from difficulty disseminating new evidence such as shared decision making (SDM) into clinical practice. As part of a three-arm cluster randomized dissemination study, evaluation of the impact of different dissemination methods was studied. Here we evaluate themes from patient and provider focus groups to assess the impact of a facilitated, traditional dissemination approach, or no intervention, on patient and provider perspectives of asthma care...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925403/perceived-driving-safety-and-estimated-blood-alcohol-concentration-bac-the-morning-after-drinking-amongst-young-australians-attending-a-music-festival-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Mario Fernando, Johanna Buckland, Prashina Melwani, Vanessa Tent, Philip Preston, Sabrina Winona Pit
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes remain a significant and costly public health issue globally. Particularly young people are over-represented in these incidents. This study set out to explore the factors that influence individuals' perceptions of their safety to drive, and the factors related to a change in intention to drive. METHODS: Four hundred nine young people aged 18-40 attending an Australian multi-day music festival completed a survey measuring demographics, alcohol use, amount of sleep obtained the previous night, intention to drive, number of passengers, perceived safety to drive, estimated BAC (measured in g/210 L) and change in intention to drive following a BAC measurement via breathalysers...
June 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925143/-efficacy-and-safety-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-in-treating-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-a-multicenter-prospective-self-control-study-in-guangzhou-city
#11
Q Huang, Y G Wang, Y Q Shu, H Yang, Z H Wang, Z W Yan, Y M Long, J Yin, H Y Feng, C X Li, Z Z Lu, X Q Hu, W Qiu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Method: From September 2014 to February 2017, NMOSD patients with seropositive aquaporin4-IgG was enrolled through a multicenter, prospective study, and the annual recurrence rate (ARR), Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and MMF-related side effects before and after MMF treatment were compared. Results: Ninety patients were enrolled in the study. After being treated for a median of 12 months (1-30 months), the median ARR decreased from 1...
June 5, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924639/the-provider-s-body-in-the-therapeutic-relationship-how-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-providers-describe-their-work-as-healers
#12
Vinita Agarwal
Although the body is central to health outcomes, the provider's body has been largely absent in the provider-patient relationship. Drawing upon semi-structured interviews with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers (N = 17), this study examines how CAM providers use their body to characterize their work as healers. The findings suggest the provider's self-reflexive awareness of their own body's illness and faith experiences informs their understanding of the patients' experience of health and disease...
June 20, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923778/-a-lightbulb-moment-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-explore-the-challenges-and-opportunities-for-early-engagement-of-australian-men-who-use-violence-in-their-relationships
#13
Kirsty Forsdike, Laura Tarzia, Michael Flood, Rodney Vlais, Kelsey Hegarty
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common complex social and public health problem. Interventions for IPV male perpetrators are an essential component of an early and effective response. Yet little is known about how to engage men in interventions for help-seeking. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), we explored men's perceptions of seeking help for an unhealthy relationship and how they could be supported to recognize their behavior and undertake change at an early stage. We recruited 23 men who were currently attending a men's behavior change program in Australia to take part in focus groups...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923533/diabetes-self-care-activities-among-adults-20-years-and-above-residing-in-a-resettlement-colony-in-east-delhi
#14
Anu Mohandas, S K Bhasin, Madhu Upadhyay, S V Madhu
Background: Self-care activities are the cornerstone of diabetes care that ensures patients participation to achieve optimal glycemic control and to prevent complications. Objective: The aim of this study is to find the level of self-care activities among diabetics aged ≥20 years residing in a resettlement colony in East Delhi and its association with sociodemographic factors, disease, and treatment profile. Methods: Using cross-sectional survey, 168 known diabetic patients were selected from Nand Nagri, a resettlement colony in East Delhi...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922695/self-medication-with-antibiotics-a-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-appraisal-of-610-dental-patients-in-chennai-india-from-2016-to-2017
#15
Shaik Mohamed Shamsudeen, R Shanmuga Priya, Govindarajan Sujatha, J Muruganandhan, K Manikandan
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are considered the most commonly sold drugs in developing countries. In India, these drugs are very much accessible without a prescription. This irrational and misuse of antibiotics results not only in the emergence of resistance of bacterial strains but also leads to adverse reactions. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of antibiotics usage among dental patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: This study was a cross-sectional design; a prevalidated structured questionnaire comprising 24 questions was used...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922634/general-practitioner-perception-of-prostate-specific-antigen-testing-has-improved-but-more-awareness-of-prostate-cancer-risk-in-younger-patients-is-still-awaited
#16
David R Thurtle, Emma M Gordon, Robert D Brierly, Ciaran J Conway, John McLoughlin
Background: In 2006, a county-wide survey of general practitioners (GPs) in the United Kingdom (UK) identified a reluctance to refer younger men with abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels. Younger men have the most to gain from early-detection of prostate cancer (PCa), which remains a national government priority in the UK and around the world. We sought to assess changes in perception of abnormal PSA-values amongst UK GPs over the past 10 years. Materials and methods: A total of 500 self-administered paper questionnaires were distributed to individually named GPs...
June 2018: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922217/alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-seizures-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#17
Michael Hamerle, Leyli Ghaeni, Alexander Kowski, Florian Weissinger, Martin Holtkamp
Purpose: This study aimed to assess alcohol consumption and the occurrence of alcohol-related seizures in patients with epilepsy within the last 12 months. Methods: In an epilepsy outpatient clinic, a standardized questionnaire was used to collect data retrospectively from consecutive adult epilepsy patients who had been suffering from the disease for at least 1 year. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify independent predictors. Results: A total of 310 patients with epilepsy were included...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922042/adherence-to-diabetic-self-care-practices-and-its-associated-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#18
Zeleke Bonger, Solomon Shiferaw, Eshetu Zerihun Tariku
Background: Self-care practices in diabetes patients are crucial to keep the illness under control and prevent complications. Effective management of diabetes will be a difficult task without adequate understanding of the existing level of practice related to diabetes self-care. This study is, therefore, aimed at assessing the self-care practice and its associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A health facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 419 type 2 diabetes patients from March 29, 2013, to May 16, 2013...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920873/strengthening-mental-health-nurses-resilience-through-a-workplace-resilience-programme-a-qualitative-inquiry
#19
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920529/assessment-of-the-awareness-and-knowledge-of-cancer-survivors-regarding-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Yeji Seo, Ji-Su Kim, Eun-Shim Park, Eunjung Ryu
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and the level of knowledge and awareness of its related conditions in a sample of cancer survivor patients. In this cross-sectional survey, a self-reported questionnaire was administered to outpatients aged >20 years with a diagnosis of cancer. This self-reported questionnaire on patient demographic characteristics, disease characteristics, and knowledge and awareness of metabolic syndrome was used as an instrument to assess patient's knowledge of metabolic syndrome...
2018: PloS One
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