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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452174/dynamics-analysis-of-epidemic-and-information-spreading-in-overlay-networks
#1
Guirong Liu, Zhimei Liu, Zhen Jin
We establish an SIS-UAU model to present the dynamics of epidemic and information spreading in overlay networks. The overlay network is represented by two layers: one where the dynamics of the epidemic evolves and another where the information spreads. We theoretically derive the explicit formulas for the basic reproduction number of awareness R 0 a by analyzing the self-consistent equation and the basic reproduction number of disease R 0 d by using the next generation matrix. The formula of R 0 d shows that the effect of awareness can reduce the basic reproduction number of disease...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451916/awareness-and-attitude-of-the-public-toward-personalized-medicine-in-korea
#2
Iyn-Hyang Lee, Hye-Young Kang, Hae Sun Suh, Sukhyang Lee, Eun Sil Oh, Hotcherl Jeong
OBJECTIVES: As personalized medicine (PM) is expected to greatly improve health outcomes, efforts have recently been made for its clinical implementation in Korea. We aimed to evaluate public awareness and attitude regarding PM. METHODS: We performed a self-administered questionnaire survey to 703 adults, who participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The primary outcome measures included public knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of PM. We conducted multinomial multivariate logistic analysis for outcome variables with three response categories and performed multivariate logistic regression analyses for dichotomous outcome variables...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451061/neck-tongue-syndrome-an-underrecognized-childhood-onset-cephalalgia
#3
Nicholas M Allen, Hormos S Dafsari, Elizabeth Wraige, Heinz Jungbluth
Neck-tongue syndrome is a rarely reported headache disorder characterized by occipital and/or upper neck pain triggered by sudden rotatory head movement and accompanied by abnormal sensation and/or posture of the ipsilateral tongue. Although onset is thought to be in childhood, most of the limited number of cases reported so far were adults. Here the authors describe 3 cases, 2 girls and 1 boy, with neck-tongue syndrome. In each child additional headache symptoms occurred, headache improved over time in all, spontaneously in 2 and coinciding with gabapentin treatment in the other...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449180/effectiveness-of-systemic-family-therapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-young-people-after-self-harm-a-pragmatic-phase-3-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
David J Cottrell, Alexandra Wright-Hughes, Michelle Collinson, Paula Boston, Ivan Eisler, Sarah Fortune, Elizabeth H Graham, Jonathon Green, Allan O House, Michael Kerfoot, David W Owens, Eirini-Christina Saloniki, Mima Simic, Fiona Lambert, Justine Rothwell, Sandy Tubeuf, Amanda J Farrin
BACKGROUND: Self-harm in adolescents is common and repetition occurs in a high proportion of these cases. Scarce evidence exists for effectiveness of interventions to reduce self-harm. METHODS: This pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, controlled trial of family therapy versus treatment as usual was done at 40 UK Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) centres. We recruited young people aged 11-17 years who had self-harmed at least twice and presented to CAMHS after self-harm...
February 12, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449138/driving-with-drug-resistant-and-controlled-seizures-from-a-patient-s-perspective-assessment-of-attitudes-and-practices
#5
Lakshman Arcot Jayagopal, Kaeli K Samson, Olga Taraschenko
BACKGROUND: Driving restrictions in epilepsy are intended to safeguard public and personal safety; however, these limitations inhibit socialization, restrict employment, and reduce self-esteem in patients with seizures. A large proportion of patients with seizures continue to drive, and factors leading to noncompliance with driving regulations are poorly understood. Thus, the patients' perspective on driving safety is not incorporated into the existing counseling tools on driving safety in epilepsy...
February 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448922/a-randomised-control-crossover-trial-of-a-theory-based-intervention-to-improve-sun-safe-and-healthy-behaviours-in-construction-workers-study-protocol
#6
Amanda Nioi, Charlotte Wendelboe-Nelson, Sue Cowan, Hilary Cowie, Shahzad Rashid, Peter Ritchie, Mark Cherrie, Terry C Lansdown, John W Cherrie
BACKGROUND: Exposure to sunlight can have both positive and negative health impacts. Excessive exposure to ultra-violet (UV) radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer, however insufficient exposure to sunlight has a detrimental effect on production of Vitamin D. In the construction industry there are onsite proactive behaviours for safety, but sun-safety remains a low priority. There is limited research on understanding the barriers to adopting sun-safe behaviours and the association this may have with Vitamin D production...
February 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447562/overloaded-and-overlooked-improving-resident-advisors-self-care
#7
Whitney Grace McLaughlin
The purpose of this viewpoint is to discuss the lack of research on resident advisor (RA) self-care and how behavioral interventions can be used in housing programs to educate and improve RA self-care. It is essential for live-in housing staff (both professional and paraprofessional) to learn how to develop appropriate strategies that target problem behaviors to improve self-care. An overview of the RA position, the effects of increased demands (i.e., burnout), and the research on self-care behavioral interventions are discussed...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446064/roles-of-community-pharmacists-in-improving-oral-health-awareness-in-plateau-state-northern-nigeria
#8
Olaniyi Olufemi Taiwo, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: There is poor oral health awareness in Nigeria because of limited access to correct information on oral health as well as a lack of oral health-care providers. The purpose of this study was to describe the roles of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria, as sources of oral health information in their communities. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study on CPs spanning the entire State. Data collection was a survey method using a structured paper-based self-administered questionnaire...
February 15, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445521/a-method-for-co-creation-of-an-evidence-based-patient-workbook-to-address-alcohol-use-when-quitting-smoking-in-primary-care-a-case-study
#9
Nadia Minian, Aliya Noormohamed, Laurie Zawertailo, Dolly Baliunas, Norman Giesbrecht, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
Plain English summary: The purpose of this paper is to describe a patient engagement event designed to create an educational workbook with smokers who drink alcohol at harmful levels. The goal was to create a workbook that combined scientific evidence with patients' values, preferences, and needs. Fourteen adult smokers who drink alcohol were invited to the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) to take part in a four-hour event to help design the workbook with the CAMH research team...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445346/psychological-shift-in-partners-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-who-undertake-lifestyle-modification-an-interpretive-phenomenological-study
#10
Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, George A Jelinek, Alysha M De Livera, Chelsea R Brown, Tracey J Weiland
Introduction: Being in an intimate relationship with a person with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have a substantial impact on the partner's quality of life. Existing research has largely focused on negative impacts of MS for both people with MS (PwMS) and their partners and has sampled the population of partners of PwMS who have primarily adopted standard medical management only. Modifiable lifestyle factors have become increasingly recognized in the management of MS symptoms and disease progression. For partners of PwMS who have undertaken lifestyle modification as an additional strategy to minimize disease progression, the impacts, both positive and negative remain unexplored...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444971/anosognosia-predicts-default-mode-network-hypometabolism-and-clinical-progression-to-dementia
#11
Joseph Therriault, Kok Pin Ng, Tharick A Pascoal, Sulantha Mathotaarachchi, Min Su Kang, Hanne Struyfs, Monica Shin, Andrea L Benedet, Ishan C Walpola, Vasavan Nair, Serge Gauthier, Pedro Rosa-Neto
OBJECTIVE: To identify the pathophysiologic mechanisms and clinical significance of anosognosia for cognitive decline in mild cognitive impairment. METHODS: We stratified 468 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment into intact and impaired awareness groups, determined by the discrepancy between the patient and the informant score on the Everyday Cognition questionnaire. Voxel-based linear regression models evaluated the associations between self-awareness status and baseline β-amyloid load, measured by [ 18 F]florbetapir, and the relationships between awareness status and regional brain glucose metabolism measured by [ 18 F]fluorodeoxyglucose at baseline and at 24-month follow-up...
February 14, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444622/the-role-of-close-relationships-in-terror-management-a-systematic-review-and-research-agenda
#12
Nicholas Plusnin, Christopher A Pepping, Emiko S Kashima
Terror management theory outlines how humans seek self-esteem and worldview validation to manage death-related anxiety. Accumulating evidence reveals that close relationships serve a similar role. However, to date, there has been no synthesis of the literature that delineates when close relationships buffer mortality concerns, under what conditions, on which specific outcomes, and for whom. This systematic review presents over two decades of research to address these questions. Findings from 73 reviewed studies revealed that close relationships serve an important role in buffering death-related anxiety...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444532/-an-across-scales-analysis-of-the-voice-self-concept-questionnaire-fess
#13
Manfred Nusseck, Bernhard Richter, Matthias Echternach, Claudia Spahn
BACKGROUND: The questionnaire for the assessment of the voice selfconcept (FESS) contains three sub-scales indicating the personal relation with the own voice. The scales address the relationship with one's own voice, the awareness of the use of one's own voice, and the perception of the connection between voice and emotional changes. A comprehensive approach across the three scales supporting a simplified interpretation of the results was still missing. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The FESS questionnaire was used in a sample of 536 German teachers...
February 14, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442400/what-information-can-change-the-attitude-of-teachers-toward-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#14
Masaharu Kamada, Hiroaki Inui, Tomohiro Kagawa, Ayuka Mineda, Takao Tamura, Tomohito Fujioka, Takahiro Motoki, Hiroki Hirai, Eiichi Ishii, Minoru Irahara
AIM: We conducted a self-administered survey on the perception of teachers toward human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to determine the ways to increase their willingness to encourage its use. METHODS: Answers were obtained both prior to and after having the teachers read five brief information articles: (i) cervical cancer knowledge, (ii) vaccine knowledge, (iii) result of a survey in Nagoya, (iv) news report of the World Health Organization statement and (v) articles written by Dr Muranaka, a journalist...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440877/psychometric-properties-and-assessment-of-the-osteoporosis-health-belief-scale-among-the-general-arabic-population
#15
Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Any educational program should be implemented with a good understanding of the population's beliefs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to validate the Arabic version of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS-A) and assess the osteoprotective attitude among the Iraqi population. Methods: A cross-sectional design, with a random cluster sampling method from the community, was used. The forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440805/hypnotic-intervention-for-unexplained-dizziness-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-preliminary-retrospective-observation-study
#16
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Mikihiko Fukunaga, Naoko Yunoki
Context: Patients with advanced cancer rarely complain of unexplained dizziness after excluding identifiable causes. Some patients become anxious because they attribute the dizziness to the progression of their cancer. We hypothesize that unexplained dizziness is associated with neck muscle hypertonicity, a noncancer-related secondary effect. However, most cases are associated with neck muscle hypertonicity, a noncancer-related secondary effect. Aims: We evaluated the usefulness of hypnotic intervention that made patients aware of the relation between dizziness and neck muscle hypertonicity through the experience of muscle relaxation and recognition of muscle tension...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439086/using-photography-to-enhance-gp-trainees-reflective-practice-and-professional-development
#17
Rutherford, Emer Forde, Jacqueline Priego-Hernandez, Aurelia Butcher, Clare Wedderburn
The capacity and the commitment to reflect are integral to the practice of medicine and are core components of most general practitioners (GP) training programmes. Teaching through the humanities is a growing area within medical education, but one which is often considered a voluntary 'add-on' for the interested doctor. This article describes an evaluation of a highly innovative pedagogical project which used photography as a means to enhance GP trainees' reflective capacity, self-awareness and professional development...
February 8, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438648/managing-menopausal-symptoms-after-cancer-an-evidence-based-approach-for-primary-care
#18
Jennifer L Marino, Helen C McNamara, Martha Hickey
Impaired ovarian function and menopausal symptoms are common after cancer treatment. Menopausal symptoms often occur at an earlier age in women with cancer, and may be more severe than in natural menopause; they may be the most persistent and troubling sequelae of cancer. A third of female patients with cancer report dissatisfaction with the quality and length of physician-patient discussions about reproductive health, including menopause. Systemic menopausal hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, but it is not suitable for all patients after cancer - where it is unsuitable, alternative effective non-hormonal treatments are available...
February 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436569/knowledge-attitudes-practices-and-perceptions-of-clinicians-towards-conducting-clinical-trials-in-an-academic-tertiary-care-center
#19
Mohamad A Al-Tannir, Hind M Katan, Ahmad H Al-Badr, Mostafa M Al-Tannir, Amani K Abu-Shaheen
To investigate the knowledge, attitudes practices and perceptions of clinicians concerning the conducting of clinical trials (CTs).  Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on clinicians at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire which divided into 5 sections: Section 1 covered respondents' demographics. The other 4 sections explored respondents' knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practice towards conducting CTs.  Results: A total of 316 clinicians completed the questionnaire...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436007/survivors-experiences-of-consequences-and-recovery-five-years-after-a-major-bus-crash
#20
Isabelle Doohan, Lina Gyllencreutz, Ulf Björnstig, Britt-Inger Saveman
RATIONALE: There is a lack of long-term follow-up studies focused on injured and uninjured survivors' experiences of the recovery process after major traffic crashes. AIM: To explore all survivors' experiences of long-term physical and psychological consequences and recovery 5 years after a major bus crash. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND JUSTIFICATION: A qualitative design was used to explore experiences in a 5-year follow-up study. RESEARCH METHODS: Participants were 54 survivors of a bus crash with 56 survivors and six fatalities...
February 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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