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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#1
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913350/guided-wavelet-shrinkage-for-edge-aware-smoothing
#2
Guang Deng
Edge-aware smoothing has been extensively studied due to its wide range of applications in computer vision and graphics.Most published works have been focused on formulating the smoothing problem in the spatial domain. In this paper, we propose a new edge-aware smoothing framework called guided wavelet shrinkage (GWS) which is formulated in the wavelet domain as a maximum a posterior estimation problem. We impose a number of desirable properties on the statistical models and the associated parameters in order to derive an effective and computationally efficient algorithm...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911240/an-improvement-program-as-a-way-to-intensify-inter-professional-collaboration-in-the-community-for-people-with-mental-disabilities-a-follow-up
#3
Ann-Christin Janlöv, Ingrid Ainalem, Ann-Christine Andersson, Agneta Berg
The aim of the study was to follow up inter-professional experiences of improvement work one year after a completed CII improvement program aiming at improve health care and social services for people with mental disabilities living in ordinary housing. This study was performed with a qualitative descriptive approach which employed six focus group interviews followed by a thematic analysis. The results revealed four themes; Self-awareness and insights; Behavior and actions in daily practice; Organizational cultures and subcultures; and Organizational practices, using Ken Wilbers' integral theory of four quadrants of realities as a holistic frame in the discussion...
December 2, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910722/post-exposure-prophylaxis-awareness-and-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-who-use-geosocial-networking-smartphone-applications
#4
William C Goedel, Daniel Hagen, Perry N Halkitis, Richard E Greene, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Forrest A Brooks, DeMarc Hickson, Dustin T Duncan
The number of new HIV infections continues to be on the rise in many high-income countries, most notably among men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite recent attention to the use of antiretroviral medications as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among MSM, considerably less research has been devoted to examining the awareness and use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Based on a convenience sample of 179 self-reported HIV-uninfected MSM using a geosocial-networking smartphone application, this study is among the first to examine the awareness and use of PEP and their demographic and behavioral correlates among MSM in London...
December 2, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#5
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909464/mindfulness-and-self-compassion-as-unique-and-common-predictors-of-affect-in-the-general-population
#6
Angélica López, Robbert Sanderman, Maya J Schroevers
In contrast to the increased research interest in the benefits of mindfulness and self-compassion, relatively few studies have examined their unique and combined effects in predicting affect. This cross-sectional study examined the predictive value of mindfulness and self-compassion for depressive symptoms, negative affect, and positive affect in a large representative sample of community adults (N = 1736). The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) was used as a measure of mindfulness and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) as a measure of self-compassion...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909421/metacognition-and-perspective-taking-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Elodie Bertrand, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Daniel C Mograbi
Metacognition refers to the monitoring and regulation of cognitive processes and its impairment can lead to a lack of self-awareness of deficits, or anosognosia. In the context of different neurological and psychiatric disorders (e.g., traumatic brain injury, dementia, and schizophrenia), studies have shown that patients who present impairments in metacognitive abilities may be able to recognize such difficulties in others and in themselves when exposed to material in a third-person perspective. Considering that metacognitive impairments are an important characteristic of dementia, especially in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), studies of the relationship between metacognition and perspective-taking may be relevant to improve the quality of life of people with dementia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909417/defining-contemplative-science-the-metacognitive-self-regulatory-capacity-of-the-mind-context-of-meditation-practice-and-modes-of-existential-awareness
#8
Dusana Dorjee
The term 'contemplative' is now frequently used in the fast growing field of meditation research. Yet, there is no consensus regarding the definition of contemplative science. Meditation studies commonly imply that contemplative practices such as mindfulness or compassion are the subject of contemplative science. Such approach, arguably, contributes to terminological confusions in the field, is not conducive to the development of an overarching theory in contemplative science, and overshadows its unique methodological features...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905905/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-compulsive-buying-problematic-internet-and-mobile-phone-use-in-college-students-in-yantai-china-relevance-of-self-traits
#9
Zhaocai Jiang, Mingyan Shi
BACKGROUND: Until now, most research in the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) has been developed from samples in western developed countries, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence and co-morbidities of CB, problematic Internet use (PIU) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) in college students in Yantai, China. Moreover, based on the lack of research focusing on differences between CB and addiction, we will explore whether CB and PIU/PMPU individuals are characterized by the same self-traits (i...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905896/the-impact-of-medical-tourism-on-colorectal-screening-among-korean-americans-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Linda K Ko, Victoria M Taylor, Jihye Yoon, Wade K Copeland, Joo Ha Hwang, Eun Jeong Lee, John Inadomi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer among Korean Americans (KAs) in part due to low screening rates. Recent studies suggest that some KA patients engage in medical tourism and receive medical care in their home country. The impact of medical tourism on CRC screening is unknown. The purpose of this paper was to 1) investigate the frequency of medical tourism, 2) examine the association between medical tourism and CRC screening, and 3) characterize KA patients who engage in medical tourism...
December 1, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904642/disturbed-eating-behavior-in-iranian-adolescent-and-young-females-with-type-1-diabetes-compared-to-non-diabetic-peers-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Hamid Reza Roohafza, Zahra Abdeyazdan, Parvaneh Amini, Saied Pahlavanzadeh, Pedram Shokouh
BACKGROUND: An association of eating disorder with diabetes mellitus may lead to a serious lack of metabolic control, higher mortality and morbidity. There is no recent study conducted in the Iranian population about eating disorder and its variants. The aim of the present study is investigation of frequency of disturbed eating behaviors in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) compared to non-diabetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, disturbed eating behavior were evaluated and compared in two groups of 12-22 year old adolescent and young females (126 with diabetes and 325 without diabetes)...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900957/attitudes-knowledge-and-willingness-to-donate-organs-among-indian-nursing-students
#12
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, B V Katyayani, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Badamath
Globally, there is an acute shortage of organs for transplantation. Health professionals play an important role in raising awareness, motivating, and subsequently increasing the organ donation rates. Research related to nursing students' attitudes toward organ donation is limited from India. We aimed to assess undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to donate organs. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out among conveniently selected undergraduate nursing students (n = 271) using self-reported questionnaires...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900788/do-student-nurses-feel-a-lack-of-comfort-in-providing-support-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-questioning-adolescents-what-factors-influence-their-comfort-level
#13
Brian P Richardson, Anton E Ondracek, Dee Anderson
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out if student nurses feel comfortable in caring by providing support for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning adolescents and what factors influence their level of comfort. BACKGROUND: Research indicates that nurses and nursing students experience varying levels of comfort when caring for adults who are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning: adult patients feel that nurse's attitudes change towards them once they disclose their sexuality...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898498/intention-to-drive-after-drinking-among-medical-students-contributions-of-the-protection-motivation-theory
#14
Ricardo Abrantes Amaral, André Malbergier, Danielle Ruiz Lima, Verena Castellani Vitor Santos, Clarice Gorenstein, Arthur Guerra de Andrade
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cognitive variables proposed by the protection motivation theory (PMT) were predictive of occasional and frequent intention to drive after drinking in medical students. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five students attending preclinical years at a Medical School in São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. They were asked about their last month substance use, history of drinking and driving, including driving after binge drinking, and risk perceptions based on a self-report questionnaire with statements about protection motivation, threat, and coping appraisals from the PMT model...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897673/soap-opera-self-as-object-and-agent-in-prioritizing-attention
#15
Grace Truong, Rebecca M Todd
A growing body of evidence has demonstrated that multiple sources of salience tune attentional sets toward aspects of the environment, including affectively and motivationally significant categories of stimuli such as angry faces and reward-associated target locations. Recent evidence further indicates that objects that have gained personal significance through ownership can elicit similar attentional prioritization. Here we discuss current research on sources of attentional prioritization that shape our awareness of the visual world from moment to moment and the underlying neural systems and contextualize what is known about attentional prioritization of our possessions within that research...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896871/the-old-reliables-outperform-new-media-in-social-marketing-of-euromelanoma-in-ireland
#16
L Roche, C C Foley, S McCarthy, M Murphy
Euromelanoma is a pan-European prevention campaign against skin cancer and promotes a walk-in screening day in May of each year. The screening day serves to highlight awareness of skin cancer amongst the general public and to encourage self-checks for new or changing lesions. The South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital (SIVUH) provides regional dermatology and skin cancer services for the Cork/Kerry region in Ireland and held a Euromelanoma Screening day in May 2014 and 2015. This article is protected by copyright...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895966/acceptability-of-service-targets-for-ict-based-healthcare
#17
Eun Min Jeon, Hwa Jeong Seo
OBJECTIVES: In order to adopt and activate telemedicine it is necessary to survey how medical staff, who are providers of medical service, and consumers, who are the service targets, perceive information and communication technology (ICT)-based healthcare service. METHODS: This study surveyed the awareness and acceptability of ICT-based healthcare by involving service targets, specifically workers and students living in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions who are consumers of healthcare service...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895004/predictors-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-poststroke-in-a-middle-eastern-bahrain-cohort-a-proposed-case-control-comparison
#18
Claire Donnellan, Mona Al Banna, Noor Redha, Adel Al Jishi, Isa Al Sharoqi, Safa Taha, Moiz Bakhiet, Fatema Abdulla, Patrick Walsh
BACKGROUND: Poststroke dementia and cognitive impairment are associated with poor long-term outcomes after stroke. The contribution of genetic factors such as the presence of apolipoprotein (ApoE) ɛ4 allele and its association with cognitive impairment poststroke remains inconclusive, particularly in Middle Eastern regions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine all correlates and potential predictors of cognitive impairment including self-awareness and regulation deficits in stroke patients and compare these functions with healthy older adults from a Middle Eastern population...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894379/pr%C3%A3-cis-of-talking-to-our-selves-reflection-ignorance-and-agency
#19
John M Doris
Does it make sense for people to hold one another responsible for what they do, as happens in countless social interactions every day? One of the most unsettling lessons from recent psychological research is that people are routinely mistaken about the origins of their behavior. Yet philosophical orthodoxy holds that the exercise of morally responsible agency typically requires accurate self-awareness. If the orthodoxy is right, and the psychology is to be believed, people characteristically fail to meet the standards of morally responsible agency, and we are faced with the possibility of skepticism about agency...
November 29, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892990/zika-virus-what-the-otolaryngologist-should-know-a-review
#20
Demetri Arnaoutakis, Tapan Padhya
Importance: Initially discovered in 1947, Zika virus infection received little notoriety as a tropical disease until 2015 when an outbreak of microcephaly cases was reported in Brazil. Zika is a single-stranded RNA arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family. The primary source of infection in humans stems from Aedes aegypti mosquito bites but can also occur through sexual, blood, and perinatal transmission. With expectations that 3 to 4 million people across the Americas will be infected over the next year, the World Health Organization has declared this event a Public Health Emergency of International Concern...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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