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Long Cui, Li Fang, Xiaodan Mao, Hsun-Ming Chang, Peter C K Leung, Yinghui Ye
Context: Although glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to regulate mammalian oocyte maturation, little is known about their effects on human oocyte maturation and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Objectives: To examine the effects of GDNF on both nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation in cultured immature human oocytes and to investigate the involvement of miRNAs in GDNF-induced oocyte maturation. Design: A total of 200 human immature oocytes were used to evaluate the effects of GDNF on oocyte maturation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
D H Wang, J Ren, C J Zhou, Z Han, L Wang, C G Liang
The strategies for improving the in vitro maturation (IVM) of domestic animal oocytes focus on promoting nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation. The identification of paracrine factors and their supplementation in the culture medium represent effective approaches for oocyte maturation and embryo development. This study investigated the effects of paracrine factor supplementation including connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), nerve growth factor (NGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and stromal derived factor 1 (SDF1) on ovine oocytes and early parthenogenetic embryos using an in vitro culture system...
May 17, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Md Hasanur Alam, Jibak Lee, Takashi Miyano
Bovine growing oocytes with a diameter of 105-115 μm from early antral follicles (1.2-1.8 mm) are able to resume meiosis, but lack the competence to mature to metaphase II. To confer full maturation competence onto the oocytes, culture systems which can support their growth and prevent their meiotic resumption during culture are needed. In this study, we cultured growing oocytes for 5 days to examine the effects of different phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on meiotic arrest and acquisition of full maturation competence of growing oocytes, and their gap junctional communication with cumulus cells...
May 25, 2018: Theriogenology
Carrie B Hruska, Jennifer R Geske, Tiffinee N Swanson, Alyssa N Mammel, David S Lake, Armando Manduca, Amy Lynn Conners, Dana H Whaley, Christopher G Scott, Rickey E Carter, Deborah J Rhodes, Michael K O'Connor, Celine M Vachon
BACKGROUND: Background parenchymal uptake (BPU), which refers to the level of Tc-99m sestamibi uptake within normal fibroglandular tissue on molecular breast imaging (MBI), has been identified as a breast cancer risk factor, independent of mammographic density. Prior analyses have used subjective categories to describe BPU. We evaluate a new quantitative method for assessing BPU by testing its reproducibility, comparing quantitative results with previously established subjective BPU categories, and determining the association of quantitative BPU with breast cancer risk...
June 5, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Lucia Saucedo, Cristian Sobarzo, Nicolás Brukman, Hector Alejandro Guidobaldi, Livia Lustig, Laura Cecilia Giojalas, Mariano Gabriel Buffone, Monica Hebe Vazquez-Levin, Clara Marín-Briggiler
Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 (FGF2) and its receptors (FGFRs) have been described in several tissues, where they regulate cellular proliferation, differentiation, motility and apoptosis. Although FGF2/FGFRs expression in the male reproductive tract has been reported, there is scarce evidence on their presence in the female reproductive tract and their involvement in the modulation of sperm function. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the expression of FGF2 in the female reproductive tract and to assess the role of the FGF2/FGFRs system in the regulation of sperm physiology using the murine model...
June 4, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Sanghoon Lee, Jun-Xue Jin, Anukul Taweechaipaisankul, Geon-A Kim, Byeong-Chun Lee
Melatonin is a multifunctional molecule with numerous biological activities. The fact that melatonin modulates the functions of porcine granulosa cells via the MT2 receptor suggests the possibility of MT2 receptor-mediation for melatonin to promote cumulus expansion of porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). Therefore, we investigated the presence of MT2 in porcine COCs, and the effects of melatonin with or without selective MT2 antagonists (luzindole and 4-P-PDOT) on this process; COCs underwent in vitro maturation culturing with six different conditions (control, melatonin, luzindole, 4-P-PDOT, melatonin + luzindole or melatonin + 4-P-PDOT)...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jaewang Lee, Eun Jung Kim, Hyun Sun Kong, Hye Won Youm, Seul Ki Kim, Jung Ryeol Lee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim
In vitro follicle growth (IVFG) is an emerging fertility preservation technique, which can obtain fertilizable oocytes from an in vitro culture system in female. This study aimed to compare efficiency of the most widely used two-dimensional follicle culture methods [with or without oil layer (O+ or O- group)]. Preantral follicles were isolated from mice and randomly assigned. Follicles were cultured for 10 days and cumulus-oocyte complexes harvested 16-18 hours after hCG treatment. Follicle and oocyte growth, hormones in spent medium, meiotic spindle localization, expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial activity, and gene expression were evaluated...
2018: BioMed Research International
Nguyen Viet Linh, Tamas Somfai, Thi Hiep Nguyen, Nguyen Thi Nhung, Nguyen Thi Hong, Nguyen Tien Dat, Nguyen Hoang Thinh, Nguyen Khanh Van, Dong Van Quyen, Hoang Ha Chu, Nguyen Thanh Son, Kazuhiro Kikuchi
The aim of the present study was to improve the penetration during in vitro fertilization (IVF) of a frozen lot of epididymal sperm with a notoriously low fertilization ability of a Ban boar which is a native Vietnamese breed by optimizing different parameters of the IVF system. In Experiment 1, we determined that Pig-fertilization medium was superior medium to Tyrode's albumin lactate pyruvate-polyvinyl alcohol medium for IVF and defined the optimum the sperm concentration (1 × 106  sperm/ml). In Experiment 2, we clarified that partial removal of cumulus cells from cumulus-oocyte complexes by hyaluronidase treatment before IVF enhances sperm penetration, whereas complete cumulus removal reduces penetration...
May 29, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Natalia Gabriela Canel, Mariana Suvá, Romina Jimena Bevacqua, María Elena Arias, Ricardo Felmer, Daniel Felipe Salamone
In contrast to other species, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in bovine remains inefficient, resulting in low embryo developmental rates. It is unclear whether such inefficiency is due to the poor response of bovine ooplasms to the injection stimulus, or to the inability of bull sperm to induce oocyte activation. In order to facilitate these events, two strategies were assessed: the use of high concentration of cysteamine [Cys] during IVM; and the selection of sperm attached to cumulus cells after incubation with COCs for ICSI...
May 19, 2018: Theriogenology
Islam M Saadeldin, Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum, Mona Elsafadi, Amer Mahmood, Musaad Alfayez, Abdullah N Alowaimer
The dromedary camel (Camel dromedarius) is physiologically well adapted to life in hot, dry and barren land. In the present study, we report the tolerance of camel oocytes and cumulus cells to acute and chronic heat shock. Camel oocytes and cumulus cells were exposed to acute (45 °C for 2 h) and chronic (45 °C for 20 h) heat shock. Our results demonstrated that acute and chronic heat shock altered malondialdehyde concentration, which is a marker for oxidative stress. Furthermore, the heat shock reduced glutathione levels during in vitro oocyte maturation...
May 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Nobuhiko Itami, Koumei Shirasuna, Takehito Kuwayama, Hisataka Iwata
Mitochondria in oocytes play important roles in many processes, including early embryo development. Promotion of mitochondrial degradation and biogenesis through Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activation enhances mitochondrial function and oocyte quality. Previous studies that used somatic cells have shown that short-term heat stress (SHS) induces SIRT1-regulated mitochondrial biogenesis. In this study, we examined whether SHS can induce mitochondrial degradation and biogenesis in porcine oocytes. We collected cumulus cell-oocyte complexes (COCs) from prepubertal gilt ovaries acquired from a slaughterhouse...
May 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Yun-Hua Liu, Xiao-Man Liu, Pei-Chao Wang, Xiao-Xia Yu, Jia-Kun Miao, Shuai Liu, Yan-Kui Wang, Zhi-Qiang Du, Cai-Xia Yang
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) functions as a molecular chaperone in its interaction with clients to influence multiple cellular and physiological processes. However, our current understanding on Hsp90's relationship with mammalian oocyte maturation is still very limited. Here, we aimed to investigate Hsp90's effect on pig oocyte meiotic maturation. Endogenous Hsp90α was constantly expressed at both mRNA and protein levels in porcine maturing oocytes. Addition of 2μM 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), the Hsp90 inhibitor, to in vitro mature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) significantly decreased Hsp90α protein level (P<0...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Mohamed Fathi, A Salama, Magdy R Badr
SummaryThe aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of caffeine supplementation during in vitro maturation (IVM) for different maturation times on the developmental potential of canine oocytes recovered from ovariohysterectomized bitches. The recovered cumulus-oocytes complexes were in vitro matured for 72 h. Here, 10 mM caffeine was added to the maturation medium for different incubation times (caffeine from 0-72 h maturation, caffeine for the first 24 h of maturation only, caffeine addition from 24 to 48 h maturation time, caffeine addition from 48 to 72 h maturation or in caffeine-free medium, control group)...
May 25, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Yan Xie, Minghui Cheng, Shan Lu, Qilong Yuan, Dongyu Yang, Ying Chen, Chen Pan, Yurong Qiu, Bo Xiong
Background: Kinesin superfamily proteins are microtubule-based molecular motors essential for the intracellular transport of various cargos, including organelles, proteins, and RNAs. However, their exact roles during mammalian oocyte meiosis have not been fully clarified. Results: Herein, we investigated the critical events during porcine oocyte meiotic maturation with the treatment of Eg5-specific inhibitor monastrol. We found that Eg5 inhibition resulted in oocyte meiotic failure by displaying the poor expansion of cumulus cells and reduced rate of polar body extrusion...
2018: Cell Division
Yao Fu, Hao Jiang, Jian-Bo Liu, Xu-Lei Sun, Zhe Zhang, Sheng Li, Yan Gao, Bao Yuan, Jia-Bao Zhang
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are important members of the non-coding RNA family, and those relating to animal physiologies have been widely studied in recent years. This study aimed to explore the roles of circRNAs in the regulation of follicular development. We constructed four bovine cumulus cell cDNA libraries, including a negative control group (NC) and groups treated with BMP15, GDF9 and BMP15 + GDF9, and we sequenced the libraries on the Illumina HiSeq Xten platform. We identified 1706 circRNAs and screened for differential circRNA expression...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ashraf El-Sayed, Rehab Nagy, Amal K El-Asheeri, Liala N Eid
SummaryTo investigate the effects of physiologically relevant heat shock during oocyte maturation, buffalo cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were cultured at 38.5°C (control) or were exposed to 39.5°C (T1) or 40.5°C (T2) for the first 6 h of in vitro maturation (IVM), followed by 38.5°C through the next 18 h/IVM and early embryonic development up to the blastocyst stage. Gene expression analysis was performed on selected target genes (HSF-1, HSF-2, HSP-70, HSP-90, BAX, p53, SOD1, COX1, MAPK14) in denuded oocytes and their isolated cumulus cells resulting from control COCs as well as from COCs exposed to a temperature of 39...
May 22, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Alice Luddi, Martina Gori, Camilla Marrocco, Angela Capaldo, Valentina Pavone, Laura Bianchi, Letizia Boschi, Giuseppe Morgante, Paola Piomboni, Vincenzo de Leo
OBJECTIVE: To study the molecular profile of metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors in granulosa and cumulus cells in a subset of fertile and infertile women. DESIGN: Molecular study with granulosa and cumulus cells. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty-four women undergoing assisted reproductive techniques for female infertility factor, with partners having a normal spermiogram and 15 normally fertile women with male partner affected by severe oligoasthenoteratozoospermia or nonobstructive azoospermia...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Marcos Meseguer, Cristina Hickman, Antonio Pellicer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Bo Pan, Julang Li
Cumulus cells and the remodeling of their extracellular matrix around oocytes are essential for oocyte maturation and ovulation in the ovary. An important extracellular metalloprotease, ADAMTS1, and its partner VERSICAN, mediate essential cumulus-oocyte-complex (COC) structural remodeling. However, how the expression of these proteinases is regulated during oocyte maturation is unclear. Here we report that both ADAMTS1 and VERSICAN significantly increased in porcine cumulus cells during COC in vitro maturation (IVM)...
May 15, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
C O Rosa, Lsr Marinho, Pra da Rosa, M P De Cesaro, P A Lunardelli, K C Silva-Santos, A C Basso, V Bordignon, M M Seneda
The aims of this study were to investigate whether the number of antral follicles (AF) in the ovaries of Nelore cows is influenced with the developmental competence of oocytes to reach the blastocyst stage and to quantify the mRNA abundance of genes associated with folliculogenesis and oogenesis in granulosa and cumulus cells. A total of 168 cows were distributed into two experimental groups according to the number of AF, low (≤31) and high AF (≥92), which were determined based on the mean number of AF (61...
May 16, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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