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Seung-Ah Lee, Yeonyee E Yoon, Jung-Eun Kim, Jin Joo Park, Il-Young Oh, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Jung-Won Suh, Jun-Sung Kim, Eun Ju Chun, Young-Suk Cho, Tae-Jin Youn, Cheong Lim, Goo-Young Cho, In-Ho Chae, Kay-Hyun Park, Dong-Ju Choi, Sang Il Choi
The value of late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the prediction of functional recovery after surgical revascularization has been previously established. However, the impact of LGE-MRI on the long-term prognosis after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains incompletely understood. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the long-term prognostic value of LGE-MRI, based on the presence or absence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing CABG...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Amy E Taylor, Richard M Martin, Milan S Geybels, Janet L Stanford, Irene Shui, Rosalind Eeles, Doug Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham G Giles, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Christopher A Haiman, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ruth C Travis, David Neal, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, William Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hermann Brenner, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Jenny Donovan, Marcus R Munafò
Coffee consumption has been shown in some studies to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. However, it is unclear if this association is causal or due to confounding or reverse causality. We conducted a Mendelian randomisation analysis to investigate the causal effects of coffee consumption on prostate cancer risk and progression. We used two genetic variants robustly associated with caffeine intake (rs4410790 and rs2472297) as proxies for coffee consumption in a sample of 46,687 men of European ancestry from 25 studies in the PRACTICAL consortium...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Clair Brunner, Neil M Davies, Richard M Martin, Rosalind Eeles, Doug Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham Giles, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Christopher A Haiman, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ruth C Travis, David Neal, Jenny Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hermann Brenner, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Luisa Zuccolo
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in developed countries, and is a target for risk reduction strategies. The effects of alcohol consumption on prostate cancer incidence and survival remain unclear, potentially due to methodological limitations of observational studies. In this study, we investigated the associations of genetic variants in alcohol-metabolising genes with prostate cancer incidence and survival. We analysed data from 23,868 men with prostate cancer and 23,051 controls from 25 studies within the international PRACTICAL Consortium...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Lien N Hoang, Amandeep Aneja, Niamh Conlon, Deborah F Delair, Sumit Middha, Ryma Benayed, Martee L Hensley, Kay J Park, Travis J Hollmann, Meera R Hameed, Cristina R Antonescu, Robert A Soslow, Sarah Chiang
Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS) are often underpinned by recurrent chromosomal translocations resulting in the fusion of genes involved in epigenetic regulation. To date, only YWHAE-NUTM2 rearrangements are associated with distinctive high-grade morphology and aggressive clinical behavior. We identified 3 ESS morphologically mimicking myxoid leiomyosarcoma of the uterus and sought to describe their unique histopathologic features and identify genetic alterations using next-generation sequencing. All cases displayed predominantly spindled cells associated with abundant myxoid stroma and brisk mitotic activity...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Dong Jung Kim, Yoon Chul Shin, Dong Jin Kim, Jun Sung Kim, Cheong Lim, Kay-Hyun Park
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficiency and safety of resternotomy performed in the intensive care unit (ICU) for emergent bleeding control after cardiac surgery when transport of the patient to the operating room (OR) was unsafe or delayed. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 101 patients who underwent resternotomy for bleeding control after cardiac surgery between July 2003 and July 2013. A reoperation was performed in the OR for 61 patients (the OR group) and in the ICU for 40 patients (the ICU group)...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
V Favier, D Verfaillie, E Berthier, M Menegoz, V Jomelli, J E Kay, L Ducret, Y Malbéteau, D Brunstein, H Gallée, Y-H Park, V Rinterknecht
The ongoing retreat of glaciers at southern sub-polar latitudes is particularly rapid and widespread. Akin to northern sub-polar latitudes, this retreat is generally assumed to be linked to warming. However, no long-term and well-constrained glacier modeling has ever been performed to confirm this hypothesis. Here, we model the Cook Ice Cap mass balance on the Kerguelen Islands (Southern Indian Ocean, 49°S) since the 1850s. We show that glacier wastage during the 2000s in the Kerguelen was among the most dramatic on Earth...
2016: Scientific Reports
Young Suk Kim, Jun Won Kim, Won Sup Yoon, Min Kyu Kang, Ik Jae Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Jin Hee Kim, Hyung-Sik Lee, Hee Chul Park, Hong Seok Jang, Chul Seung Kay, Sang Min Yoon, Mi-Sook Kim, Jinsil Seong
PURPOSE: There has been increasing use of external beam radiotherapy for localized treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with both palliative and curative intent. Quality control of target delineation in primary HCC is essential to deliver adequate doses of radiation to the primary tumor while preserving adjacent healthy organs. We analyzed interobserver variability in gross tumor volume (GTV) delineation for HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve radiation oncologists specializing in liver malignancy participated in a multi-institutional contouring dummy-run study of nine HCC cases and independently delineated GTV on the same set of provided computed tomography images...
October 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Marcela S Cavalcanti, Anne M Schultheis, Caleb Ho, Lu Wang, Deborah F DeLair, Britta Weigelt, Ginger Gardner, Stuart M Lichtman, Meera Hameed, Kay J Park
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative cervical carcinomas are uncommon and typically encompass unusual histologic subtypes. Mesonephric adenocarcinoma is one such subtype. Mesonephric tumors in the female genital tract are thought to arise from Wolffian remnants, and are extremely rare tumors with widely variable morphology. Sarcomatoid dedifferentiation has been previously described in a few cases, but other forms of dedifferentiation have not been reported. Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix (e.g. small cell carcinoma) is associated with HPV infection, typically HPV 18...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Nikhil K Khankari, Harvey J Murff, Chenjie Zeng, Wanqing Wen, Rosalind A Eeles, Douglas F Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham G Giles, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Christopher A Haiman, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ruth C Travis, Jenny L Donovan, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen N Thibodeau, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hermann Brenner, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a common cancer worldwide with no established modifiable lifestyle factors to guide prevention. The associations between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and prostate cancer risk have been inconsistent. Using Mendelian randomisation, we evaluated associations between PUFAs and prostate cancer risk. METHODS: We used individual-level data from a consortium of 22 721 cases and 23 034 controls of European ancestry. Externally-weighted PUFA-specific polygenic risk scores (wPRSs), with explanatory variation ranging from 0...
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Alejandro Sifrim, Marc-Phillip Hitz, Anna Wilsdon, Jeroen Breckpot, Saeed H Al Turki, Bernard Thienpont, Jeremy McRae, Tomas W Fitzgerald, Tarjinder Singh, Ganesh Jawahar Swaminathan, Elena Prigmore, Diana Rajan, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Siddharth Banka, Ulrike M M Bauer, Jamie Bentham, Felix Berger, Shoumo Bhattacharya, Frances Bu'Lock, Natalie Canham, Irina-Gabriela Colgiu, Catherine Cosgrove, Helen Cox, Ingo Daehnert, Allan Daly, John Danesh, Alan Fryer, Marc Gewillig, Emma Hobson, Kirstin Hoff, Tessa Homfray, Anne-Karin Kahlert, Ami Ketley, Hans-Heiner Kramer, Katherine Lachlan, Anne Katrin Lampe, Jacoba J Louw, Ashok Kumar Manickara, Dorin Manase, Karen P McCarthy, Kay Metcalfe, Carmel Moore, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Seham Osman Omer, Willem H Ouwehand, Soo-Mi Park, Michael J Parker, Thomas Pickardt, Martin O Pollard, Leema Robert, David J Roberts, Jennifer Sambrook, Kerry Setchfield, Brigitte Stiller, Chris Thornborough, Okan Toka, Hugh Watkins, Denise Williams, Michael Wright, Seema Mital, Piers E F Daubeney, Bernard Keavney, Judith Goodship, Riyadh Mahdi Abu-Sulaiman, Sabine Klaassen, Caroline F Wright, Helen V Firth, Jeffrey C Barrett, Koenraad Devriendt, David R FitzPatrick, J David Brook, Matthew E Hurles
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) have a neonatal incidence of 0.8-1% (refs. 1,2). Despite abundant examples of monogenic CHD in humans and mice, CHD has a low absolute sibling recurrence risk (∼2.7%), suggesting a considerable role for de novo mutations (DNMs) and/or incomplete penetrance. De novo protein-truncating variants (PTVs) have been shown to be enriched among the 10% of 'syndromic' patients with extra-cardiac manifestations. We exome sequenced 1,891 probands, including both syndromic CHD (S-CHD, n = 610) and nonsyndromic CHD (NS-CHD, n = 1,281)...
September 2016: Nature Genetics
Hyejung Cha, Hee Chul Park, Jeong Il Yu, Tae Hyun Kim, Taek-Keun Nam, Sang Min Yoon, Won Sup Yoon, Jun Won Kim, Mi Sook Kim, Hong Seok Jang, Youngmin Choi, Jin Hee Kim, Chul Seung Kay, Inkyung Jung, Jinsil Seong
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine patterns of radiotherapy (RT) in Korean patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) according to the evolving guideline for HCC established by the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group-National Cancer Center (KLCSG-NCC). Materials and Methods: We reviewed 765 patients with HCC who were treated with RT between January 2011 and December 2012 in 12 institutions. Results: The median follow-up period was 13...
June 13, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Joanne K L Rutgers, Andres A Roma, Kay J Park, Richard J Zaino, Abbey Johnson, Isabel Alvarado, Dean Daya, Golnar Rasty, Teri A Longacre, Brigitte M Ronnett, Elvio G Silva
Previously, our international team proposed a three-tiered pattern classification (Pattern Classification) system for endocervical adenocarcinoma of the usual type that correlates with nodal disease and recurrence. Pattern Classification-A tumors have well-demarcated glands lacking destructive stromal invasion or lymphovascular invasion, Pattern Classification-B tumors show localized, limited destructive invasion arising from A-type glands, and Pattern Classification-C tumors have diffuse destructive stromal invasion, significant (filling a 4 × field) confluence, or solid architecture...
September 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Carolina Bonilla, Sarah J Lewis, Mari-Anne Rowlands, Tom R Gaunt, George Davey Smith, David Gunnell, Tom Palmer, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal, Rosalind Eeles, Doug Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham G Giles, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Grönberg, Christopher A Haiman, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ruth C Travis, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hermann Brenner, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Mark Lathrop, Richard M Martin, Jeff M P Holly
Circulating insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) are associated with prostate cancer. Using genetic variants as instruments for IGF peptides, we investigated whether these associations are likely to be causal. We identified from the literature 56 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IGF axis previously associated with biomarker levels (8 from a genome-wide association study [GWAS] and 48 in reported candidate genes). In ∼700 men without prostate cancer and two replication cohorts (N ∼ 900 and ∼9,000), we examined the properties of these SNPS as instrumental variables (IVs) for IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Steven C Moore, I-Min Lee, Elisabete Weiderpass, Peter T Campbell, Joshua N Sampson, Cari M Kitahara, Sarah K Keadle, Hannah Arem, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Patricia Hartge, Hans-Olov Adami, Cindy K Blair, Kristin B Borch, Eric Boyd, David P Check, Agnès Fournier, Neal D Freedman, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johannson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martha S Linet, Nicola Orsini, Yikyung Park, Elio Riboli, Kim Robien, Catherine Schairer, Howard Sesso, Michael Spriggs, Roy Van Dusen, Alicja Wolk, Charles E Matthews, Alpa V Patel
IMPORTANCE: Leisure-time physical activity has been associated with lower risk of heart-disease and all-cause mortality, but its association with risk of cancer is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of leisure-time physical activity with incidence of common types of cancer and whether associations vary by body size and/or smoking. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We pooled data from 12 prospective US and European cohorts with self-reported physical activity (baseline, 1987-2004)...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Fergus J Couch, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Gustavo A Mendoza-Fandino, Silje Nord, Janna Lilyquist, Curtis Olswold, Emily Hallberg, Simona Agata, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Christine Ambrosone, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Monica Barile, Rosa B Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Lars Beckmann, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Stephanie V Blank, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Maria A Caligo, Federico Canzian, Jane Carpenter, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J Chanock, Wendy K Chung, Kathleen B M Claes, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Julie M Cunningham, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Hatef Darabi, Miguel de la Hoya, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Yuan C Ding, Riccardo Dolcetti, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Alison M Dunning, Diana M Eccles, Hans Ehrencrona, Arif B Ekici, Heather Eliassen, Steve Ellis, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Asta Försti, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Tara Friebel, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Marike Gabrielson, Marilie D Gammon, Patricia A Ganz, Susan M Gapstur, Judy Garber, Mia M Gaudet, Simon A Gayther, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Maya Ghoussaini, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Pascal Guénel, Marc Gunter, Lothar Haeberle, Christopher A Haiman, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Steven Hart, Sue Healey, Tuomas Heikkinen, Brian E Henderson, Josef Herzog, Frans B L Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, Maartje J Hooning, Robert N Hoover, John L Hopper, Keith Humphreys, David J Hunter, Tomasz Huzarski, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Michael Jones, Maria Kabisch, Siddhartha Kar, Beth Y Karlan, Sofia Khan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Muhammad G Kibriya, Julia A Knight, Yon-Dschun Ko, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela Kristensen, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Conxi Lazaro, Eunjung Lee, Loic Le Marchand, Jenny Lester, Annika Lindblom, Noralane Lindor, Sara Lindstrom, Jianjun Liu, Jirong Long, Jan Lubinski, Phuong L Mai, Enes Makalic, Kathleen E Malone, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, John W M Martens, Lesley McGuffog, Alfons Meindl, Austin Miller, Roger L Milne, Penelope Miron, Marco Montagna, Sylvie Mazoyer, Anna M Mulligan, Taru A Muranen, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Børge G Nordestgaard, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Ana Osorio, Sue K Park, Petra H Peeters, Bernard Peissel, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Catherine M Phelan, Robert Pilarski, Bruce Poppe, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Johanna Rantala, Christine Rappaport, Gad Rennert, Andrea Richardson, Mark Robson, Isabelle Romieu, Anja Rudolph, Emiel J Rutgers, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Regina M Santella, Elinor J Sawyer, Daniel F Schmidt, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Fredrick Schumacher, Rodney Scott, Leigha Senter, Priyanka Sharma, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Olga M Sinilnikova, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Doris Steinemann, Marie Stenmark-Askmalm, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Anthony Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Rulla Tamimi, William Tapper, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mary B Terry, Mads Thomassen, Deborah Thompson, Laima Tihomirova, Amanda E Toland, Robert A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Thérèse Truong, Helen Tsimiklis, Alex Teulé, Rosario Tumino, Nadine Tung, Clare Turnbull, Giski Ursin, Carolien H M van Deurzen, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Zhaoming Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Elisabete Weiderpass, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Alice Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Robert Winqvist, Xiaohong R Yang, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Song Yao, M Pilar Zamora, Wei Zheng, Per Hall, Peter Kraft, Celine Vachon, Susan Slager, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Paul D P Pharoah, Alvaro A N Monteiro, Montserrat García-Closas, Douglas F Easton, Antonis C Antoniou
Common variants in 94 loci have been associated with breast cancer including 15 loci with genome-wide significant associations (P<5 × 10(-8)) with oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer and BRCA1-associated breast cancer risk. In this study, to identify new ER-negative susceptibility loci, we performed a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) consisting of 4,939 ER-negative cases and 14,352 controls, combined with 7,333 ER-negative cases and 42,468 controls and 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers genotyped on the iCOGS array...
2016: Nature Communications
Lien N Hoang, Kay J Park, Robert A Soslow, Rajmohan Murali
Growing evidence has established two major types of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), which correspond to two distinct oncogenic pathways to vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC). While the incidence of VSCC has remained relatively stable over the last three decades, the incidence of VIN has increased. VIN of usual type (uVIN) is human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven, affects younger women and is a multicentric disease. In contrast, VIN of differentiated type (dVIN) occurs in post-menopausal women and develops independent of HPV infection...
June 2016: Pathology
Renee A Cowan, Destin R Black, Lien N Hoang, Kay J Park, Robert A Soslow, Floor J Backes, Ginger J Gardner, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Mario M Leitao, Eric L Eisenhauer, Dennis S Chi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective pilot study was to assess the clinical and histologic effects of topical imiquimod therapy on recurrent extramammary Paget's disease of the vulva. METHODS: Patients with biopsy-proven recurrent extramammary Paget's disease presenting to the gynecology outpatient services at two participating institutions were recruited for conservative treatment with 5% imiquimod cream from 2007 to 2011. The topical cream was to be applied 3 times per week for 12weeks...
July 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
James F Markmann, Stephen T Bartlett, Paul Johnson, Olle Korsgren, Bernhard J Hering, David Scharp, Thomas W H Kay, Jonathan Bromberg, Jon S Odorico, Gordon C Weir, Nancy Bridges, Raja Kandaswamy, Peter Stock, Peter Friend, Mitsukazu Gotoh, David K C Cooper, Chung-Gyu Park, Philip J OʼConnell, Cherie Stabler, Shinichi Matsumoto, Barbara Ludwig, Pratik Choudhary, Boris Khovatchev, Michael R Rickels, Megan Sykes, Kathryn Wood, Kristy Kraemer, Albert Hwa, Edward Stanley, Camillo Ricordi, Mark Zimmerman, Julia Greenstein, Eduard Montanya, Timo Otonkoski
The International Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association (IPITA), in conjunction with the Transplantation Society (TTS), convened a workshop to consider the future of pancreas and islet transplantation in the context of potential competing technologies that are under development, including the artificial pancreas, transplantation tolerance, xenotransplantation, encapsulation, stem cell derived beta cells, beta cell proliferation, and endogenous regeneration. Separate workgroups for each topic and then the collective group reviewed the state of the art, hurdles to application, and proposed research agenda for each therapy that would allow widespread application...
July 2016: Transplantation
Alexander Gusev, Huwenbo Shi, Gleb Kichaev, Mark Pomerantz, Fugen Li, Henry W Long, Sue A Ingles, Rick A Kittles, Sara S Strom, Benjamin A Rybicki, Barbara Nemesure, William B Isaacs, Wei Zheng, Curtis A Pettaway, Edward D Yeboah, Yao Tettey, Richard B Biritwum, Andrew A Adjei, Evelyn Tay, Ann Truelove, Shelley Niwa, Anand P Chokkalingam, Esther M John, Adam B Murphy, Lisa B Signorello, John Carpten, M Cristina Leske, Suh-Yuh Wu, Anslem J M Hennis, Christine Neslund-Dudas, Ann W Hsing, Lisa Chu, Phyllis J Goodman, Eric A Klein, John S Witte, Graham Casey, Sam Kaggwa, Michael B Cook, Daniel O Stram, William J Blot, Rosalind A Eeles, Douglas Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham G Giles, Melissa C Southey, Liesel M Fitzgerald, Henrik Gronberg, Fredrik Wiklund, Markus Aly, Brian E Henderson, Johanna Schleutker, Tiina Wahlfors, Teuvo L J Tammela, Børge G Nordestgaard, Tim J Key, Ruth C Travis, David E Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Paul Pharoah, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, Stephen N Thibodeau, Shannon K McDonnell, Daniel J Schaid, Christiane Maier, Walther Vogel, Manuel Luedeke, Kathleen Herkommer, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Dominika Wokolorczyk, Wojciech Kluzniak, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Craig Teerlink, Hermann Brenner, Aida K Dieffenbach, Volker Arndt, Jong Y Park, Thomas A Sellers, Hui-Yi Lin, Chavdar Slavov, Radka Kaneva, Vanio Mitev, Jyotsna Batra, Amanda Spurdle, Judith A Clements, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Agnieszka Michael, Paula Paulo, Sofia Maia, Andrzej Kierzek, David V Conti, Demetrius Albanes, Christine Berg, Sonja I Berndt, Daniele Campa, E David Crawford, W Ryan Diver, Susan M Gapstur, J Michael Gaziano, Edward Giovannucci, Robert Hoover, David J Hunter, Mattias Johansson, Peter Kraft, Loic Le Marchand, Sara Lindström, Carmen Navarro, Kim Overvad, Elio Riboli, Afshan Siddiq, Victoria L Stevens, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Paolo Vineis, Meredith Yeager, Gosia Trynka, Soumya Raychaudhuri, Frederick R Schumacher, Alkes L Price, Matthew L Freedman, Christopher A Haiman, Bogdan Pasaniuc
Although genome-wide association studies have identified over 100 risk loci that explain ∼33% of familial risk for prostate cancer (PrCa), their functional effects on risk remain largely unknown. Here we use genotype data from 59,089 men of European and African American ancestries combined with cell-type-specific epigenetic data to build a genomic atlas of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) heritability in PrCa. We find significant differences in heritability between variants in prostate-relevant epigenetic marks defined in normal versus tumour tissue as well as between tissue and cell lines...
2016: Nature Communications
Carolina Bonilla, Sarah J Lewis, Richard M Martin, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal, Rosalind Eeles, Doug Easton, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Kenneth Muir, Graham G Giles, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Christopher A Haiman, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ruth C Travis, Nora Pashayan, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Hermann Brenner, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Hardev Pandha, Mark Lathrop, George Davey Smith
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have observed a positive association between an earlier age at sexual development and prostate cancer, but markers of sexual maturation in boys are imprecise and observational estimates are likely to suffer from a degree of uncontrolled confounding. To obtain causal estimates, we examined the role of pubertal development in prostate cancer using genetic polymorphisms associated with Tanner stage in adolescent boys in a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach...
2016: BMC Medicine
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