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Julia K Nussbacher, Gene W Yeo
RNA binding proteins (RBPs) interact with primary, precursor, and mature microRNAs (miRs) to influence mature miR levels, which in turn affect critical aspects of human development and disease. To understand how RBPs contribute to miR biogenesis, we analyzed human enhanced UV crosslinking followed by immunoprecipitation (eCLIP) datasets for 126 RBPs to discover miR-encoding genomic loci that are statistically enriched for RBP binding. We find that 92% of RBPs interact directly with at least one miR locus, and that some interactions are cell line specific despite expression of the miR locus in both cell lines evaluated...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cell
Renata Gruszka, Magdalena Zakrzewska
The fundamental function of ribonucleic acids is to transfer genetic information from DNA to protein during translation process, however, this is not the only way connecting active RNA sequences with essential biological processes. Up until now, many RNA subclasses of different size, structure, and biological function were identified. Among them, there are non-coding single-stranded microRNAs (miRNAs). This subclass comprises RNAs of 19-25 nucleotides in length that modulate the activity of well-defined coding RNAs and play a crucial role in many physiological and pathological processes...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yimin Wang, Fang Ye, Chanyan Huang, Faling Xue, Yingyuan Li, Shaowei Gao, Zeting Qiu, Si Li, Qinchang Chen, Huaqiang Zhou, Yiyan Song, Wenqi Huang, Wulin Tan, Zhongxing Wang
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is one of the common complications after spinal cord injury (SCI), affecting patients' life quality. The molecular mechanism for neuropathic pain after SCI is still unclear. We aimed to discover potential genes and MicroRNAs(miRNAs) related to neuropathic pain by bioinformatics method. METHODS: Microarray data of GSE69901 were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Peripheral blood samples from patients with or without neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI) were collected...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Caterina Musolino, Giacomo Oteri, Alessandro Allegra, Manuela Mania, Angela D'Ascola, Angela Avenoso, Vanessa Innao, Andrea Gaetano Allegra, Salvatore Campo
Bisphosphonates are formidable inhibitors of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption employed for therapy of multiple myeloma (MM) subjects with osteolytic lesions. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an uncommon drug-induced adverse event of these agents. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small, noncoding RNAs nucleotides, which are essential post-transcriptional controllers of gene expression. They have a central role in the normal bone development. The goal of our study was to investigate 18 miRNAs, whose targets were previously validated and described in MM subjects without ONJ, in peripheral lymphocytes of MM subjects with bisphosphonate-induced ONJ...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Hematology
Sribalasubashini Muralimanoharan, Youn-Tae Kwak, Carole R Mendelson
Dysregulation of human trophoblast invasion and differentiation with placental hypoxia can result in preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. Herein, we characterized the role and regulation of miR-1246, which is markedly induced during human syncytiotrophoblast differentiation. miR-1246 is known to target GSK3β and AXIN2, inhibitors of WNT/β-catenin signaling, which is crucial for placental development, and is predicted to target JARID2, which promotes silencing of developmentally regulated genes...
March 13, 2018: Endocrinology
Haitao Luo, Caixia Liang
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for ~80% of all types of lung cancer, which has the highest morbidity and mortality of all types of cancer worldwide. It is important to identify novel biomarkers and the molecular mechanism of NSCLC to improve current treatments of NSCLC. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-148b expression on the proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and radiosensitivity of NSCLC cells. It was demonstrated that miR-148b expression was significantly decreased in NSCLC tissues and cell lines...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jie Li, Liqiang Li, Yong Shen
The present study aimed to investigate the role of microRNA (miR)-219-5p in spinal cord injury (SCI) and to examine the underlying molecular mechanism. SCI rat and cell models were conducted in the current study, while reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the level of miR-219-5p in the SCI mice and neurons. Bioinformatics analysis was applied to predict the target genes of miR-219-5p, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to verify the prediction...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Lihua Li, Shaorong Zhang, Xunshuo Jiang, Yuehui Liu, Ke Liu, Chunping Yang
The present study aimed to explore the microRNA-let-7e (miR-let-7e) expression in allergic rhinitis (AR), and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. miR-let-7e expression in the nasal mucosa of mice and patients with AR were detected. The expression levels of three inflammatory factors, including histamine, immunoglobulin E and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), in the blood of AR mice and in interleukin (IL)-13-stimulated nasal epithelial cells (NECs) were also measured. Furthermore, the target gene of miR-let-7e was predicted and validated using a luciferase reporter assay...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xia Yang, Han-Lin Wang, Hai-Wei Liang, Liang Liang, Dong-Yue Wen, Rui Zhang, Gang Chen, Dan-Ming Wei
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that microRNA (miR)-449a expression is reduced in various types of tumors and that it serves as a tumor suppressor. However, the molecular mechanism of miR-449a in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been thoroughly elucidated and is disputed. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to systematically review the current literature and to utilize the public Gene Expression Omnibus database to determine the role of miR-449a and its significance in HCC. A total of eight original papers and seven microarrays were included in the present study...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yuanshan Yao, Haibo Shen, Yinjie Zhou, Zhenhua Yang, Tianjun Hu
The present study investigated the expression of microRNA (miR)-215 in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) at tissue and cellular levels, as well as its biological functions and mechanism of action. A total of 56 patients with NSCLC were included in the present study. NSCLC tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues were resected and collected. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression of miR-215. Following transfection with miR-215 mimics, A549 cell proliferation, migration and invasion were determined using a Cell Counting Kit-8 and Transwell assay...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xinlei Wang, Guoyou Ding, Wei Lai, Shiwen Liu, Jun Shuai
Anesthesia-induced cognitive impairment is a recognized clinical phenomenon. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of microRNA-383 (miR-383) expression on propofol-induced learning and memory impairment. In total, 48 male Sprague-Dawley rats (weight, 250±10 g) were randomly divided into four groups (n=12 each): Control group, and three groups of rats that were anesthetized with propofol for 6 h and untreated (propofol model group), treated with a constructed lentivirus vector expressing miR-383 mimics (mimic + propofol group), or treated with miR-383 scramble (scramble + propofol group)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Paola Molina, Marta Casonato, Maria N Sala, Silvia Testa
Introduction: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the factor structure of the CArtes- Modèles Individuels de Relations (CA-MIR), a self-report questionnaire designed to tap into the relational strategies of adults that was developed by a French-speaking research group coordinated by Blaise Pierrehumbert. The CA-MIR's particular merit lies in the richness and complexity of the theoretical model underpinning it. However, to date, this model has only been partially reproduced in studies using exploratory analysis and has never been tested via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Zhijian Zhao, Mengping Zhang, Xiaolu Duan, Yiwen Chen, Ermao Li, Lianming Luo, Wenqi Wu, Zhenwei Peng, Hui-Juan Qiu, Guohua Zeng
Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) is important for the tumorigenesis and progression of several cancers. However, little is known about TRPM7 expression and its clinical significance in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The expression dynamics of TRPM7 was examined in a clinical cohort of RCC specimens by quantitative PCR (qPCR), immunoblotting and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. A series of in vitro and in vivo assays were performed to elucidate the function of TRPM7 in RCC and the underlying mechanisms...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Ji Yang, Xue Yang, Jie Yang, Ming Li
OBJECTIVE: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a commonly used medicine for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Th17 cells are closely related to the pathogenesis of SLE. However, the role and mechanism of HCQ on Th17 cell differentiation in SLE is not clearly understood. Here, we investigate the effect of HCQ on Th17 cell differentiation both in vitro and in patients with SLE. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with SLE were divided into 2 treatment groups: prednisone alone and HCQ plus prednisone...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Akira Inoue, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Xin Wu, Daisuke Okuzaki, Nanami Kambara, Sho Ishikawa, Jiaqi Wang, Yamin Qian, Haruka Hirose, Yuhki Yokoyama, Ryo Ikeshima, Masayuki Hiraki, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hirofumi Yamamoto
We previously demonstrated that miR-29b-3p is a hopeful microRNA (miRNA)-based therapies against colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we aimed to clarify a value of miR-29b-1-5p as a next generation treatment, especially for KRAS mutant CRC. RT-PCR assay showed that expression of miR-29b-3p was high and its partner strand, miR-29b-1-5p level was only negligible in clinical CRC samples. Mimic-miR-29b-1-5p significantly inhibited proliferation of KRAS mutant CRC cell lines DLD1 and SW480 and KRAS wild type HT29 cells...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Nazim Hussain, Wenhua Zhu, Congshan Jiang, Jing Xu, Manman Geng, Xiaoying Wu, Safdar Hussain, Bo Wang, Muhammad Shahid Riaz Rajoka, Yue Li, Juan Tian, Liesu Meng, Shemin Lu
Synoviocytes from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients share certain features with tumor cells, such as over proliferation and invasion. Anomalous microRNA (miRNA) expression may participate in the pathogenesis of RA in different ways. The objective of this study was to observe the role of miR-10a-5p targeting TBX5 gene on synoviocyte proliferation and apoptosis in RA. Human synovial sarcoma cell line, SW982 cells stimulating with IL-1β were transfected with miR-10a-5p mimic and siRNA of TBX5. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting analysis were used to evaluate the expression level of miR-10a-5p and TBX5 in SW982 cells, respectively...
March 15, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Zimu Zhang, Zhenyi Xue, Ying Liu, Hongkun Liu, Xiangdong Guo, Yan Li, Hongwei Yang, Lijuan Zhang, Yurong Da, Zhi Yao, Rongxin Zhang
Among T helper (Th) cell subsets differentiated from naive CD4+ T cells, IL-17-producing Th17 cells are closely associated with the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and the MS animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The modulation of Th17 differentiation offers a potential avenue for treatment. Although a series of microRNAs (miRNAs) that modulate autoimmune disease development have been reported, further studies on miRNA roles in Th17 differentiation and MS pathogenesis are still warranted...
March 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Jie Gao, Gang Zhao, Wei Li, Jiayuan Zhang, Yanling Che, Meiyu Song, Shan Gao, Bin Zeng, Yuanhong Wang
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in diabetes-associated complications, including diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Recent reports showed that miR-155 downregulation promotes wound healing in diabetic rats and ameliorates endothelial injury induced by high glucose, but its role in DFU is unknown. We found that miR-155 was overexpressed in EPCs from patients with DFU and in high glucose-induced EPCs from healthy people. Reductions in cell viability, migration, tube formation and nitric oxide production, as well as increases in lactated hydrogenase, cell apoptosis, and reactive oxygen species induced by high glucose, were enhanced by miR-155 overexpression and restrained by miR-155 inhibition...
March 12, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
M Di Sanzo, R Chirillo, I Aversa, F Biamonte, G Santamaria, E D Giovannone, M C Faniello, G Cuda, F Costanzo
PURPOSE: The heavy subunit of the iron storage protein ferritin (FHC) is essential for the intracellular iron metabolism and, at the same time, it represents a central hub of iron-independent pathways, such as cell proliferation, angiogenesis, p53 regulation, chemokine signalling, stem cell expansion, miRNAs expression. In this work we have explored the ability of FHC to modulate gene expression in K562 cells, through the up-regulation of the lncRNA H19 and its cognate miR-675. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Targeted silencing of FHC was performed by lentiviral-driven shRNA strategy...
March 12, 2018: Gene
K M J Menon, Bindu Menon, Thippeswamy Gulappa
The expression of luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) in the mammalian ovary is regulated in response to changes in the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone by the anterior pituitary, at least in part, through posttranscriptional mechanisms. The steady-state levels of LHR mRNA are maintained by controlling its rate of degradation by an RNA-binding protein designated as LHR mRNA-binding protein (LRBP). LRBP forms a complex with LHR mRNA and targets it for degradation in the p bodies...
2018: Vitamins and Hormones
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