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Yuefeng Zhang, Risheng Huang, Weihe Zhou, Qifeng Zhao, Zhenye Lü
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-192-5p in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. H9c2 cardiomyocytes were subjected to H/R and tested for miR-192-5p expression. Overexpression and knockdown experiments were performed to determine the effects of manipulating miR-192-5p on apoptotic responses. H/R-treated H9c2 cells exhibited a 2.2-fold increase in miR-192-5p levels. Overexpression of miR-192-5p significantly augmented apoptosis in H9c2 cells after H/R, which was accompanied by a significant increase in the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Ying Chen, Shuyan Cao, Pingping Xu, Wei Han, Tiankai Shan, Jingying Pan, Weiwei Lin, Xue Chen, Xiaodong Wang
BACKGROUND Results from DNA microarray experiments have shown that the expression of miR-34s undergoes significant changes following spinal cord injury (SCI). The present study was designed to detect changes in the expression of miR-34s and its target genes during the acute and sub-acute stages of SCI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Luxol fast blue (LFB) staining for myelin was used to observe the differences in the general morphology of the spinal cord after SCI in a contusion model in rats. qPCR was carried out to determine the expression variation of miR-34s and its target genes during the acute and sub-acute stages of SCI...
October 25, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Yamou Wu, Chengyong Gu, Xiaochen Huang
This present study was aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in sevoflurane protection of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Firstly, we investigated the protective effects of sevoflurane against hepatic I/R injury. Biochemical analysis results showed that sevoflurane preconditioning significantly protected against hepatic I/R injury by reducing liver enzymes and improving antioxidant defense markers. We also found that sevoflurane attenuates I/R-induced hepatic cell death, by TUNEL staining, DNA fragmentation ELISA and PARP activity determination...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Li Chen, Liang Luo, Wei Chen, Hong-Xu Xu, Fan Chen, Lian-Zhou Chen, Wen-Tao Zeng, Jing-Song Chen, Xiao-Hui Huang
MicroRNA-24 (miR-24), a member of the miRNA family, functions as an oncogene in various types of human cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms of miR-24 involvement in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain poorly understood. The present study revealed that miRNA-24 down-regulates p53 through binding to the 3'-UTR of p53 mRNA based on a luciferase reporter assay, and that the expression level of miR-24 could affect the invasion of HCC lines via p53. Down-regulation of p53 significantly attenuated the inhibitory effects of miR-24 knockdown on the invasion of HCC cells, suggesting that miR-24 could be a potential target for HCC treatment...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Qiang Fu, Jing Cheng, Jindai Zhang, Yonglei Zhang, Xiaobing Chen, Jianguo Xie, Suxia Luo
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been reported to participate in CRC progression. In the present study, we observed downregulation of miR-218 and upregulation of YEATS domain containing 4 (YEATS4) in CRC tissues and in multidrug-resistant HCT-116/L-OHP cells compared with these levels in normal tissues and parental HCT-116 cells, respectively. The results indicated that miR-218 overexpression significantly decreased the IC50 value of oxaliplatin (L-OHP) in the HCT-116/L-OHP cells, and suppression of miR-218 significantly enhanced the IC50 of L-OHP in the HCT-116 cells...
October 21, 2016: Oncology Reports
Weizhong Sheng, Yusheng Chen, Yuda Gong, Tiangeng Dong, Bo Zhang, Weidong Gao
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is aggressive and lethal with extrathyroidal invasion, distant metastasis, and resistance to conventional therapies. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are proposed to be responsible for high recurrence rate in ATC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been found as an important class of cellular regulators of ATC carcinogenesis. Identification of CSC-related miRNAs and targets is therefore a priority for the development of new therapeutic paradigms. Patient-derived ATC cells were cultured in conditional media on poly-hema-treated dish...
October 25, 2016: Oncology Reports
Lin Wang, Peiwu Yu
p53 mutations in tumors can induce the loss of wild-type tumor-suppressing p53 function, which results in the increase in proliferation, migration and invasion ability in cancer cells. Studies have shown that the expression of p53 is regulated by several microRNAs (miRNAs). In the present study, we found that miR-300 and p53 were significantly increased in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues when compared with levels noted in adjacent colorectal tissues. Both miR-300 and p53 were significantly correlated with lymphatic metastasis and TNM stage...
October 21, 2016: Oncology Reports
Wei Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang, Jia Liu, Bei Sun, Hua Tang, Hong Zhang
Metformin was demonstrated to have effects on breast cancer, and microRNA-27a (miR-27a) is a prognostic marker for breast cancer progression and patient survival. AMPKα2 was found to be a suppressor in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Therefore, the present study aimed to explain this phenomenon in regards to the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes and to predict how AMPKα2 may be a downstream target gene of miR-27a, thus exploring the new mechanism of metformin in the treatment of breast cancer regarding miRNAs...
October 24, 2016: Oncology Reports
Mingjiang Liu, He Xiusheng, Xiangjun Xiao, Yichun Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is an aggressive malignant tumor that is mesenchymal in origin with a very low 5-year survival rate, particularly in the patients with locally advanced or metastatic tumors and recurrent disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in essential biological processes as cellular proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in normal or cancer cells, including OS cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-422a in OS. We demonstrated that miR-422a expression was significantly downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines compared with the normal controls...
October 19, 2016: Oncology Reports
Xiaodong Lai, Yanchun Guo, Zhitao Guo, Ruibao Liu, Xunguo Wang, Fang Wang
miR‑574‑5p has been reported involved in the pathogenesis of numerous human malignancies such as colorectal and lung cancer. In this study, we aimed to explore the roles of REL and miR‑574 in the recurrence of prostate cancer (PCa) and to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms. Our literature search found that miR‑574 is regulated in cancer stem cells (CSCs), and next we used the microRNA (miRNA) database ( to find REL as a target of miR‑574. Luciferase assay was performed to verify the miRNA/target relationship...
October 24, 2016: Oncology Reports
Dingwei Zhang, Zhangjun Li, Yanfei Zhang, Chen Tu, Jia Huo, Yan Liu
Alterations in the levels and functions of microRNAs (miRs) have been associated with carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated the role and underlying mechanism of miR-4262 in the proliferation of human cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) cells. The expression levels of miR-4262 were significantly upregulated in cancerous tissues compared with those in matched adjacent normal tissues from 110 CMM patients. miR-4262 was also regulated in five types of CMM cell lines, displaying an opposite expression pattern to that of Kruppel-like 6 (KLF6), a proven tumor suppressor in several cancers other than CMM...
October 21, 2016: Oncology Reports
Song Xu, Xiao-Ming Yi, Zheng-Yu Zhang, Jing-Ping Ge, Wen-Quan Zhou
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, well-conserved, non-coding RNAs that are increasingly identified as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in a number of cancers. Deregulated miR‑129 is closely associated with tumorigenesis and cancer progression. However, the potential role of miR‑129 in prostate cancer remains largely elusive. The present study investigated the role of miR‑129 as a prognostic biomarker for tumor progression and clinical prognosis in prostate cancer patients. The examined prostate cancer tissues exhibited a significant reduction in miR‑129 expression compared with the normal tissues (P=0...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Qiang Ma, Zhiqiang Peng, Lei Wang, Yanming Li, Kaizhen Wang, Junfang Zheng, Zhiyong Liang, Tonghua Liu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were reported to be involved in the development of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). However, the study on miRNAs in ccRCC is far from complete. The present study identified miRNAs which could act as potential novel prognostic markers for ccRCC, and analyzed its possible mechanism. We found that miR-19a correlated with poor prognosis of ccRCC patients via promoting cell proliferation and suppressing PTEN/SMAD4 expression. Both the microarray screening result and TCGA KIRC dataset analysis showed that miR-19a was significantly upregulated in ccRCC tissues, and further analysis of TCGA data revealed that the upregulated level of miR-19a was strongly associated with advanced T stage and poor prognosis of ccRCC patients...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Shuxiang Yang, Yingchao Zhang, Xin Zhao, Jingzheng Wang, Jianjing Shang
The expression and functions of microRNA-361 (miR-361) have been studied in various human cancers. However, its expression and role in non‑small‑cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. In the present study, the expression levels of miR‑361 in NSCLC tissues and cell lines were determined using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR). In addition, the effect of miR‑361 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells was assessed. Furthermore, a dual‑Luciferase reporter assay, RT‑qPCR and western blotting were performed to investigate whether miR‑361 directly targeted the 3' untranslated region of Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1)...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yusaku Osako, Naohiko Seki, Yoshiaki Kita, Keiichi Yonemori, Keiichi Koshizuka, Akira Kurozumi, Itaru Omoto, Ken Sasaki, Yasuto Uchikado, Hiroshi Kurahara, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies. Recently developed molecular targeted therapies are not available for patients with ESCC. After curative surgical resection, patients frequently suffer distant metastasis and recurrence. Exploration of novel ESCC metastatic pathways may lead to the development of new treatment protocols for this disease. Accordingly, we have sequentially identified microRNA (miRNA)-mediated metastatic pathways in several cancers. Our past studies of miRNA expression signatures have shown that microRNA-375 (miR-375) is frequently reduced in several types of cancers, including ESCC...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Liangliang Quan, Yang Wang, Jiulong Liang, Tao Qiu, Hongyi Wang, Ye Zhang, Yu Zhang, Qiang Hui, Kai Tao
In the present study, we aimed to reveal the molecular mechanisms responsible for the differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hASCs) into myocytes and osteoblasts. Microarray data GSE37329 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including three hASC cell lines from healthy donors, two osteogenic lineages and two myogenic lineages from the in vitro‑induction of hASCs. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the two lineages were firstly screened. Subsequently, the underlying functions of the two sets of DEGs were investigated by Gene Ontology function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis, followed by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Iben Lyskjær, Mads H Rasmussen, Claus L Andersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Epigenomics
Cuncun Chen, Min Wu, Wen Zhang, Wei Lu, Min Zhang, Zhanqing Zhang, Xiaonan Zhang, Zhenghong Yuan
Multi-layered mechanisms of virus host interaction exist for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, which have been typically manifested at the microRNA level. Our previous study suggested that miRNA-939 (miR-939) may play a potential role in regulating HBV replication. Here we further investigated the mechanism by which miR-939 regulates HBV life cycle. We found that miR-939 inhibited the abundance of viral RNAs without direct miRNA-mRNA base pairing, but via host factors. Expression profiling and functional validation identified Jmjd3 as a target responsible for miR-939 induced anti-HBV effect...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Douglas F Dluzen, Nicole Noren Hooten, Yongqing Zhang, Yoonseo Kim, Frank E Glover, Salman M Tajuddin, Kimberly D Jacob, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Systemic arterial hypertension is an important cause of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension, in fact the incidence, prevalence, and severity of hypertension is highest among African American (AA) women. Previous data suggests that differential gene expression influences individual susceptibility to selected diseases and we hypothesized that this phenomena may affect health disparities in hypertension. Transcriptional profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from AA or white, normotensive or hypertensive females identified thousands of mRNAs differentially-expressed by race and/or hypertension...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Niraj R Joshi, Eduardo H Miyadahira, Yalda Afshar, Jae-Wook Jeong, Steven L Young, Bruce A Lessey, Paulo C Serafini, Asgerally T Fazleabas
CONTEXT: Endometriosis results in aberrant gene expression in the eutopic endometrium(EuE) and subsequent progesterone(P) resistance. MicroRNA(miR) microarray data in a baboon model of endometriosis showed an increased expression of miR-29c. OBJECTIVES: To explore the role of miR-29c in P resistance in a subset of women with endometriosis. DESIGN: MiR-29c expression was analyzed in the endometrium of baboons and women with or without endometriosis...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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