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Inhibin B

J Zhang, P P Jin, K Fang, Q T Yi, M F Tang, C H Chen, J H Guo, M Gong
Objective: To explore the effects of varicocele on the expressions of inhibin B in rat testes and the relationship between expression of inhibin B and spermatogenesis dysfunction. Methods: Twenty specific-pathogen-free Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly divided into two groups with random number table: 4-week control group (C4) and 4-week experimental group(V4). Experimental varicocele was created by partial ligation of left renal vein in the V4 group; vein isolation without ligation was performed in the C4 group...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
C Yding Andersen
The aim of the present paper is to expand the concept on how follicular selection takes place in the follicular phase of the natural menstrual cycle. It is suggested that inhibin-B exerts a more intimate role in this process than previously understood. Inhibin-B shows a peak in the circulation around cycle day 7, simultaneous with selection of the dominant follicle, whereas levels of estradiol and inhibin-A only start to increase a few days later suggesting that inhibin-B is mainly responsible for down-regulating pituitary FSH release...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Rashid Sayyid, Andrew Evans, Karen Hersey, Ranjena Maloni, Antonio Hurtado-Coll, Girish Kulkarni, Antonio Finelli, Alexandre R Zlotta, Robert Hamilton, Martin Gleave, Neil Fleshner
PURPOSE: Degarelix, a new GnRH receptor antagonist with demonstrated efficacy as first-line treatment in the management of high-risk prostate cancer, possesses some theoretical advantages over LHRH analogues in terms of avoiding "testosterone flare" and lower FSH levels. We set out to determine if pre-operative degarelix influenced surrogates of disease control in a randomized phase II study. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: 39 patients were randomly assigned to one of 3 different neo-adjuvant arms: degarelix only, degarelix/bicalutmaide, or LHRH agonist/bicalutamide...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
J Miotla Zarebska, A Chanalaris, C Driscoll, A Burleigh, R E Miller, A M Malfait, B Stott, T L Vincent
OBJECTIVE: The role of inflammation in structural and symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) remains unclear. One key mediator of inflammation is the chemokine CCL2, primarily responsible for attracting monocytes to sites of injury. We investigated the role of CCL2 and its receptor CCR2 in experimental OA. DESIGN: OA was induced in 10 week old male wild type, Ccl2(-/-) and Ccr2(-/-) mice, by destabilisation of the medial meniscus (DMM). RNA was extracted from whole joints at 6h and 7 days post surgery and examined by RT-PCR...
October 13, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Justine Hugon-Rodin, Négar Kalhorpour, Bruno Borghese, Corinne Bordonne, Pierre-Alexandre Just, Anne Gompel, Najiba Lahlou
In this report, we describe the first case ever reported in the literature, of an inhibin-A (INHA) and inhibin-B (INHB) producing fibrothecoma. A post-menopausal woman was referred to our unit because of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level below the reference interval for postmenopausal women. By contrast luteinizing hormone, hCG, and estradiol levels were within normal range. This discrepancy suggested the secretion of FSH inhibitory factors. INHB and INHA levels were markedly elevated for age, 475 pg/mL and 100 pg/mL, respectively...
September 30, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Caroline Wilson, Hannah Brown, Ingunn Holen
Multiple factors influence the survival of disseminated breast tumour cells (DTCs) in bone. Whilst gene signature studies have identified genes that predict a propensity of tumours to metastasise to bone, the bone environment is key in determining the fate of these tumour cells. Breast cancer cells locate to specific niches within the bone that support their survival, regulated by host factors within the bone microenvironment including bone cells, cells of the bone micro vasculature, immune cells and the extracellular matrix...
September 29, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
B Banco, G Grilli, C Giudice, A Tomas Marques, S Cotti Cometti, G Visigalli, V Grieco
During testicular maturation, both Sertoli cells (SCs) and germ cells (GCs) switch from an immature to a mature immunophenotype. The reexpression of markers of immaturity in adults has been reported in cancer and in other testicular pathologies, in men as well as in animal species. Naturally affected with testicular cancer, rabbits have long been used in human reproductive research, but reports on the expression of testicular cell markers in this species are few and data about the immunophenotype of normal postnatal SCs and GCs are lacking...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
Kiki M G J Wigny, Wendy van Dorp, Anne-Lotte L F van der Kooi, Yolanda B de Rijke, Andrica C H de Vries, Marij Smit, Saskia M F Pluijm, Erica L T van den Akker, Rob Pieters, Joop S E Laven, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink
STUDY QUESTION: Are Inhibin B and testosterone levels reduced in boys with newly diagnosed cancer prior to therapy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Pretreatment serum levels of Inhibin B and testosterone are significantly reduced in boys with newly diagnosed cancer, compared to reference values. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Disease-related gonadal impairment has been demonstrated in girls and young women diagnosed with cancer, prior to therapy. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: We conducted a descriptive study in boys newly diagnosed with cancer between January 2006 and February 2014...
September 28, 2016: Human Reproduction
Dina Cortes, Rune Holt, Victoria Elizabeth de Knegt
A normal functioning hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis is required for normal testicular descent. The percentage of cases that result from a disturbance in this axis remains controversial. Much has yet to be learnt about cryptorchidism, but is seems that the existence of A dark spermatogonia (Ad spermatogonia) is essential for later fertility. Bilateral cryptorchid patients have a high risk of later infertility, even though they undergo early surgery for cryptorchidism. It is possible today to distinguish-to a certain extent-between three different groups of cryptorchid patients based on testicular histology, gonadotropins, and inhibin B at the time of early surgery: Group 1, patients suspected of prepubertal transient hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular hypofunction and a high risk of later infertility; Group 2, patients with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and a primary testicular dysfunction; and Group 3, patients with normal histology and normal serum levels of inhibin B and gonadotropins at the time of early surgery and a low risk of later infertility...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
S Davis, N Lahlou, M Bardsley, M-C Temple, K Kowal, L Pyle, P Zeitler, J Ross
The most common sex chromosome aneuploidy, Klinefelter syndrome (KS), is associated with primary gonadal failure and increased morbidity and mortality from cardiometabolic disorders in adulthood. Children with KS also have a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) features. To assess the relationship of gonadal and cardiometabolic function in children with KS, we evaluated serum hormones [gonadotropins, inhibin B (INHB), anti-mullerian hormone (AMH), total testosterone (TT)], and features of MetS (waist circumference, fasting lipid panel, fasting blood glucose (FBG), and blood pressure) in 93 pre-pubertal boys with KS age 4-12 years (mean 7...
September 16, 2016: Andrology
E Sugantha Priya, T Sathish Kumar, S Balaji, S Bavithra, P Raja Singh, D Sakthivel, B Ravi Sankar, J Arunakaran
PURPOSE: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative environmental toxicants acting as endocrine disruptors. Many researches evidenced that PCBs affect the male reproductive system in adult rats and it can transfer from mother to offspring through milk. We investigated whether the lactational exposure to PCBs affects the Sertoli cell function in F1 offspring. METHODS: Dams were orally treated with different doses of PCB-Aroclor 1254 (1, 2 and 5 mg/kg bw/day, respectively) from postpartum day 1-20...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Yu Li, Ping Pan, Ping Yuan, Qi Qiu, Dongzi Yang
BACKGROUND: Resistant ovary syndrome (ROS) is a rare endocrine disorder characterized with hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism. Infertility is a common complaint of woman presenting with ROS, and little progress has been made in term of reproduction with the patient's own gamete. So far only one case report of live birth has been reported after in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes in a patient suffering from ROS in 2013. CASE PRESENTATION: A secondary infertile woman of 33 years-old was manifested with oligomenorrhea and markedly increased gonadotropin levels around postmenopausal range, but had normal antral follicle count, normal serum inhibin B and anti-Müllerian hormone levels...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
Jing Li, Nan Sheng, Ruina Cui, Yixing Feng, Bing Shao, Xuejiang Guo, Hongxia Zhang, Jiayin Dai
During prenatal and postnatal development, exposure to environmental chemicals with estrogenic activity, such as bisphenol AF (BPAF), may result in reproductive disorders. Currently, the mechanisms behind such disorders in male offspring induced by gestational and lactational exposure to BPAF remain poorly understood. Here, female rats from gestational day (GD) 3-19 were exposed to 100 mg BPAF/kg/day by oral gavage. On the day of birth (postnatal day (PD) 0), cross-fostering took place between treated and control litters, and cross-fostered mother rats were given BPAF 100 mg/kg/day during the postnatal period (PD 3 to PD 19)...
November 2016: Chemosphere
Jon Jarløv Rasmussen, Christian Selmer, Peter Busch Østergren, Karen Boje Pedersen, Morten Schou, Finn Gustafsson, Jens Faber, Anders Juul, Caroline Kistorp
AIMS: Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) is highly prevalent among male recreational athletes. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of AAS abuse on reproductive hormone levels and symptoms suggestive of hypogonadism in current and former AAS abusers. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional case-control design and involved 37 current AAS abusers, 33 former AAS abusers (mean (95%CI) elapsed duration since AAS cessation: 2.5 (1.7; 3...
2016: PloS One
M A Atalay, B Cetinkaya Demir, K Ozerkan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of total laparoscopic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy (TLH-BS) and total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy (TAH-BS) on ovarian function among women of reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and three patients with a diagnosis of benign uterine disorder were divided into two groups in this prospective longitudinal study. Patients who had never had sexual intercourse and patients with uterovaginal disproportion underwent TAH-BS (n=57), and the remaining patients (n=46) underwent TLH-BS...
September 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Martin Blomberg Jensen, Jacob Gerner Lawaetz, Anna-Maria Andersson, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Loa Nordkap, Anne Kirstine Bang, Pia Ekbom, Ulla Nordström Joensen, Lisbeth Prætorius, Peter Lundstrøm, Vibeke Hartvig Boujida, Beate Lanske, Anders Juul, Niels Jørgensen
STUDY QUESTION: Are low vitamin D levels linked with semen quality and sex steroids in infertile men? SUMMARY ANSWER: Infertile men with vitamin D deficiency had lower sperm motility, total numbers of motile sperm, Inhibin B, sex-hormone-binding-globulin (SHBG) and testosterone/estradiol ratio, but higher levels of free sex steroids, than infertile men with normal vitamin D levels. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Low vitamin D levels have been associated with decreased sperm motility in healthy men, but a relationship between vitamin D and calcium with semen quality and especially sex steroids has not been sufficiently described in infertile men...
August 2016: Human Reproduction
Jose V Medrano, Charlotte Rombaut, Carlos Simon, Antonio Pellicer, Ellen Goossens
OBJECTIVE: To study the ability of human spermatogonial stem cells (hSSCs) to proliferate in vitro under mouse spermatogonial stem cells (mSSCs) culture conditions. DESIGN: Experimental basic science study. SETTING: Reproductive biology laboratory. PATIENT(S): Cryopreserved testicular tissue with normal spermatogenesis obtained from three donors subjected to orchiectomy due to a prostate cancer treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Testicular cells used to create in vitro cell cultures corresponding to the following groups: [1] unsorted human testicular cells, [2] differentially plated human testicular cells, and [3] cells enriched with major histocompatibility complex class 1 (HLA(-))/epithelial cell surface antigen (EPCAM(+)) in coculture with inactivated testicular feeders from the same patient...
August 1, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Qinglin Li, Lu Lu, Qiang Weng, Shigehisa Kawakami, Eriko Saito, Tatsuya Yamamoto, Yuki Yamamoto, Saroch Kaewmanee, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe, Kazuyoshi Taya
In this case report, the authors investigated immunolocalization of inhibin α and inhibin/activin βA and βB subunits, as well as steroidogenic enzymes, in the testes of an African elephant. Testes were collected from a reproductively active male African elephant (24 yr old) at autopsy. Histologically, all types of spermatogenic cells including mature-phase spermatozoa were found in the seminiferous tubules. Positive immunostaining for inhibin α and inhibin/activin βA and βB subunits was observed in Sertoli and Leydig cells...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Tao Xu, Li Peng, Xiangguo Lin, Jingjia Li, Wanhai Xu
The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical utility and the possible determinants in predicting sperm retrieval of salvage microdissection testicular sperm extraction (mTESE) for nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) patients with failed conventional TESE at their first attempts. A total of 52 NOA males underwent salvage mTESE were recruited in this study. Related data, including age, BMI, the presence of Klinefelter's syndrome and varicocele, cryptorchidism, mean testicular volume, hormonal profile (total testosterone (TT), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH), inhibin B (INHB)), testicular histology and surgical duration, were collected and analysed...
July 21, 2016: Andrologia
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