keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dysplasia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431438/comparison-of-intact-parathyroid-hormone-alkaline-phosphatase-phosphate-levels-for-diagnosing-severe-metabolic-bone-disease-in-infants-with-severe-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#1
Erin K Tkach, Ammie M White, Kevin C Dysart, Brenda Waber, Ursula S Nawab, Huayan Zhang, Erik A Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430622/serious-adverse-events-of-cell-therapy-for-respiratory-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Runzhen Zhao, Zhenlei Su, Jing Wu, Hong-Long Ji
BACKGROUND: Cell therapy holds the most promising for acute and chronic deleterious respiratory diseases. However, the safety and tolerance for lung disorders are controversy. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analyses of all 23 clinical studies of cell therapy. The outcomes were odds ratio (OR), risk difference (RD), Peto OR, relative risk, and mean difference of serious adverse events. RESULTS: 342 systemic infusions and 57 bronchial instillations (204 recipients) of cells were analyzed for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pulmonary arterial hypertension, silicosis, sarcoidosis, extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430287/dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumour-insight-into-the-pathology-and-pathogenesis
#3
Iwona Sontowska, Ewa Matyja, Jacek Malejczyk, Wieslawa Grajkowska
<i>Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNT) is categorized as a benign glioneuronal neoplasm affecting children and young adults with chronic epileptic seizures. It is characterized by predominant intracortical localization and nodular architecture. Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour usually demonstrates a distinctive morphological pattern with a specific glioneuronal element but occasionally, its morphological picture is heterogeneous and unspecific. Thus, considering the morphology of DNT, three different histopathological subtypes are distinguished: simple, complex, and non-specific and diffuse...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430011/demographics-of-hip-dysplasia-in-the-maine-coon-cat
#4
Randall T Loder, Rory J Todhunter
Objectives The aim of this study was to study the demographics of feline hip dysplasia (FHD) in the Maine Coon cat. Methods The complete hip dysplasia registry (public and private) collected by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals through April 2015 was accessed. There were 2732 unique cats; 2708 (99.1%) were Maine Coons, and only these were studied. Variables analyzed were sex, month/season of birth and hip dysplasia score. Two groups were created: those with and without FHD. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428272/hur-small-molecule-inhibitor-elicits-differential-effects-in-adenomatosis-polyposis-and-colorectal-carcinogenesis
#5
Michaela Lang, David Berry, Katharina Passecker, Ildiko Mesteri, Sabin Bhuju, Florian Ebner, Vitaly Sedlyarov, Rayko Evstatiev, Kyle Dammann, Alexander Loy, Orest Kuzyk, Pavel Kovarik, Vineeta Khare, Martin Beibel, Guglielmo Roma, Nicole Meisner-Kober, Christoph Gasche
HuR is an RNA-binding protein implicated in immune homeostasis and various cancers, including colorectal cancer. HuR binding to AU-rich elements within the 3' untranslated region of mRNAs encoding oncogenes, growth factors, and various cytokines leads message stability and translation. In this study, we evaluated HuR as a small-molecule target for preventing colorectal cancer in high-risk groups such as those with familial adenomatosis polyposis (FAP) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In human specimens, levels of cytoplasmic HuR were increased in colonic epithelial cells from patients with IBD, IBD-cancer, FAP-adenoma, and colorectal cancer, but not in patients with IBD-dysplasia...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428105/microcarcinoid-arising-in-patients-with-long-standing-ulcerative-colitis-histological-analysis
#6
Sachie Kanada, Akira Sugita, Tetuo Mikami, Kenichi Ohashi, Hiroyuki Hayashi
Some case reports of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) associated with ulcerative colitis (UC) have been published. Most NET cases are small lesions corresponding to microcarcinoids (MCs). However, published case reports have presented findings of MCs as single-case reports. Thus, the frequency of MCs is still unclear. In this study, we described the clinical and morphological features of 14 cases of UC-associated MC and estimated the frequency of MC. Consecutive patients with UC who underwent complete removal of the large intestine were assessed, and 135 patients were selected...
April 17, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427592/pathologic-active-mtor-mutation-in-brain-malformation-with-intractable-epilepsy-leads-to-cell-autonomous-migration-delay
#7
Sae Hanai, Sayuri Sukigara, Hongmei Dai, Tomoo Owa, Shin-Ichi Horike, Taisuke Otsuki, Takashi Saito, Eiji Nakagawa, Naoki Ikegaya, Takanobu Kaido, Noriko Sato, Akio Takahashi, Kenji Sugai, Yuko Saito, Masayuki Sasaki, Mikio Hoshino, Yu-Ichi Goto, Schuichi Koizumi, Masayuki Itoh
The activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKTs-mammalian target of rapamycin cell signaling pathway leads to cell overgrowth and abnormal migration and results in various types of cortical malformations, such as hemimegalencephaly (HME), focal cortical dysplasia, and tuberous sclerosis complex. However, the pathomechanism underlying abnormal cell migration remains unknown. With the use of fetal mouse brain, we performed causative gene analysis of the resected brain tissues from a patient with HME and investigated the pathogenesis...
May 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427499/coexistent-venous-angioma-and-focal-cortical-dysplasia
#8
Richard A Prayson, Elizabeth E O'Toole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427427/association-between-the-ossific-nucleus-and-osteonecrosis-in-treating-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-updated-meta-analysis
#9
Rafal Niziol, Michael Elvey, Evangelia Protopapa, Andreas Roposch
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis concluded that there was no effect of the femoral head ossification and the incidence of osteonecrosis in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), unless only osteonecrosis grades II-IV were considered. The meta-analysis, limited due to the small number of studies available at that time, identified a need for an update as further research emerges. We observed a trend in recent years towards delaying treatment of DDH in the absence of an ossified nucleus...
April 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426693/influence-of-prenatal-hypoxia-and-postnatal-hyperoxia-on-morphologic-lung-maturation-in-mice
#10
Andreas Schmiedl, Torge Roolfs, Erol Tutdibi, Ludwig Gortner, Dominik Monz
BACKGROUND: Oxygen supply as a lifesaving intervention is frequently used to treat preterm infants suffering additionally from possible prenatal or perinatal pathogen features. The impact of oxygen and/or physical lung injury may influence the morphological lung development, leading to a chronic postnatal lung disease called bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). At present different experimental BPD models are used. However, there are no systematic comparative studies regarding different influences of oxygen on morphological lung maturation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426376/evaluation-of-different-laser-supported-surgical-protocols-for-the-treatment-of-oral-leukoplakia-a-long-term-follow-up
#11
Samir Nammour, Toni Zeinoun, Amaury Namour, Alain Vanheusden, Paolo Vescovi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term success rate of oral leukoplakia treatments by using different laser-supported surgical protocols. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 2347 diagnosed homogeneous oral leukoplakias were treated with CO2 laser and were included in this study. Different surgical protocols (P) were used: P1 (SV = superficial scanning) was a complete superficial vaporization of the leukoplakia by a scanning mode in two passages respecting an overlapping...
April 20, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425256/predictive-values-of-plasma-kl-6-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#12
Dilek Dilli, Ahmet Özyazici, Arzu Dursun, Serdar Beken
BACKGROUND/AIM: It has been suggested that plasma KL-6 increases in premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We aimed to evaluate the predictive values of KL-6 in BPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in preterm neonates with birthweight ≤1500 g and gestational age ≤32 weeks. Plasma KL-6 levels were measured on postnatal days 1, 7, and 14. RESULTS: BPD was identified in eight of the 28 study infants. On postnatal days 1 and 7, plasma KL-6 levels were similar in infants with BPD [on day 1: 8...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425254/wheezing-asthma-and-atopy-in-premature-infants-at-2-years-of-age
#13
Sevim Ünal, Ayşenur Kaya, Leyla Bilgin, Emine Misirlioğlu, Can Naci Kocabaş
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to evaluate wheezing, bronchial asthma (BA), and atopy in premature infants at 2 years of age via a cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Premature infants at <37 weeks of gestational age (GA) were assessed for atopy by skin-prick test and serum immunoglobulin E level at 2 years of age. The family's and infant's histories of allergy, BA, atopy, and wheezing were obtained by questionnaire and from hospital records. RESULTS: There were 98 infants, with mean birth weight (BW) 1517...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424356/the-direct-and-indirect-influence-of-own-mother-s-milk-on-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-costs
#14
EDITORIAL
Brenda Poindexter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424202/global-protease-activity-profiling-provides-differential-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-cysts
#15
Sam L Ivry, Jeremy M Sharib, Dana A Dominguez, Nilotpal Roy, Stacy E Hatcher, Michele Yip-Schneider, C Max Schmidt, Randall E Brand, Walter G Park, Matthias Hebrok, Grace Kim, Anthony J O'Donoghue, Kimberly S Kirkwood, Charles S Craik
Pancreatic cysts are estimated to be present 2-3% of the adult population. Unfortunately, current diagnostics do not accurately distinguish benign cysts from those that can progress into invasive cancer. Missregulated pericellular proteolysis is a hallmark of malignancy, and therefore, we used a global approach to discover protease activities that differentiate benign nonmucinous cysts from premalignant mucinous cysts.<br /><br />Experimental Design: We employed an unbiased and global protease profiling approach to discover protease activities in 23 cyst fluid samples...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424049/findings-in-young-adults-at-colonoscopy-from-a-hospital-service-database-audit
#16
Stephanie Wong, Ilmars Lidums, Christophe Rosty, Andrew Ruszkiewicz, Susan Parry, Aung Ko Win, Yoko Tomita, Sina Vatandoust, Amanda Townsend, Dainik Patel, Jennifer E Hardingham, David Roder, Eric Smith, Paul Drew, Julie Marker, Wendy Uylaki, Peter Hewett, Daniel L Worthley, Erin Symonds, Graeme P Young, Timothy J Price, Joanne P Young
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosed at <50 years is predominantly located in the distal colon and rectum. Little is known about which lesion subtypes may serve as CRC precursors in young adults. The aim of this work was to document the prevalence and histological subtype of lesions seen in patients aged <50 years, and any associated clinical features. METHODS: An audit of the colonoscopy database at The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Adelaide, South Australia over a 12-month period was undertaken...
April 19, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423971/intrauterine-infection-immune-system-and-premature-birth
#17
Fernanda Rodrigues Helmo, Eduardo Arthur Rodovalho Alves, Renata Alves de Andrade Moreira, Viviane Oliveira Severino, Laura Penna Rocha, Maria Luíza Gonçalves Dos Reis Monteiro, Marlene Antônia Dos Reis, Renata Margarida Etchebehere, Juliana Reis Machado, Rosana Rosa Miranda Corrêa
Preterm birth accounts for nearly one million deaths among children under five years of age, and although its etiopathogenesis is not fully elucidated, ascending intrauterine infection and fetal inflammatory response seem to be the main triggers. The intense inflammatory response mediated by IL-1β, TNF-α, PAF, IFN-γ and IL-6, PGE2 and MMP-1 and MMP-9 causes fetal membrane damage and rupture, increased uterine contractions and biochemical and structural changes in the cervix. Furthermore, preterm neonates have deficient innate and adaptive immune responses characterized by reduced levels of IgG, opsonization and phagocytosis, as well as increased activation of Th1 cells in relation to Th2 cells...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423364/increased-expression-of-deleted-in-malignant-brain-tumors-dmbt1-gene-in-precancerous-gastric-lesions-findings-from-human-and-animal-studies
#18
Jone Garay, M Blanca Piazuelo, Lizbeth Lopez-Carrillo, Yelda A Leal, Sumana Majumdar, Li Li, Nataly Cruz-Rodriguez, Silvia J Serrano-Gomez, Carlos S Busso, Barbara G Schneider, Alberto G Delgado, Luis E Bravo, Angela M Crist, Stryder M Meadows, M Constanza Camargo, Keith T Wilson, Pelayo Correa, Jovanny Zabaleta
Helicobacter pylori infection triggers a cascade of inflammatory stages that may lead to the appearance of non-atrophic gastritis, multifocal atrophic, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and cancer. Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) belongs to the group of secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich proteins and is considered to be involved in host defense by binding to pathogens. Initial studies showed its deletion and loss of expression in a variety of tumors but the role of this gene in tumor development is not completely understood...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422719/fbxw7-haploinsufficiency-loses-its-protection-against-dna-damage-and-accelerates-mnu-induced-gastric-carcinogenesis
#19
Yannan Jiang, Xinming Qi, Xinyu Liu, Jun Zhang, Jun Ji, Zhenggang Zhu, Jin Ren, Yingyan Yu
Fbxw7, a subunit of the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase, recognizes oncoprotein substrates and leads to their proteasomal degradation. Fbxw7 acts as a tumor suppressor via inducing apoptosis and growth arrest in various kinds of tumors. To clarify the initiating role in gastric carcinogenesis as well as the histologic characterization of tumor in Fbxw7 allele haploinsufficient mice, we generated Fbxw7 heterozygous knockout mice (Fbxw7+/-) and treated them with chemical carcinogen N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) at 5-6 weeks of age...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422394/homozygous-variant-in-c21orf2-in-a-case-of-jeune-syndrome-with-severe-thoracic-involvement-extending-the-phenotypic-spectrum
#20
Aideen M McInerney-Leo, Lawrie Wheeler, Mhairi S Marshall, Lisa K Anderson, Andreas Zankl, Matthew A Brown, Paul J Leo, Carol Wicking, Emma L Duncan
We previously reported exome sequencing in a short-rib thoracic dystrophy (SRTD) cohort, in whom recessive mutations were identified in SRTD-associated genes in 10 of 11 cases. A heterozygous stop mutation in the known SRTD gene WDR60 was identified in the remaining case; no novel candidate gene/s were suggested by homozygous/compound heterozygous analysis. This case was thus considered unsolved. Re-analysis following an analysis pipeline update identified a homozygous mutation in C21orf2 (c.218G > C; p...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
keyword
keyword
12050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"