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Esther Camp, Peter J Anderson, Andrew C W Zannettino, Carlotta A Glackin, Stan Gronthos
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (SCS), associated with TWIST-1 mutations, is characterized by premature fusion of cranial sutures. TWIST-1 haploinsufficiency, leads to alterations in suture mesenchyme cellular gene expression patterns, resulting in aberrant osteogenesis and craniosynostosis. We analyzed the expression of the TWIST-1 target, Tyrosine kinase receptor c-ros-oncogene 1 (C-ROS-1) in TWIST-1 haploinsufficient calvarial cells derived from SCS patients and calvaria of Twist-1del/+ mutant mice and found it to be highly expressed when compared to TWIST-1 wild-type controls...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Doraid Alrifai, Martin D Forster, Sam M Janes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Renke Yu, Zhengfu He, Ying Lou, Hanliang Jiang, Yuhui Wu, Zhen Liu, Hongming Pan, Weidong Han
Objectives: According to the IASLC/ATS/ERS 2011 classification, there are two new conceptions of lung adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), which are very early stages of lung adenocarcinoma. This study aimed to analyze clinical features of AIS and MIA and determine the expression profile of PD-L1 in AIS and MIA. Results: In all 274 patients, 77 were diagnosed as AIS and 197 as MIA. We accidentally found 4 patients with recurrence, which were all MIA...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Samer Tabchi, Hampig R Kourie, Jean Klastersky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The concept of mutually exclusive oncogenic driver alterations has prevailed over the past decade, but recent reports have stressed the possible occurrence of dual-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and even triple-positive disease for these oncogenes. This entity presents novel prognostic and therapeutic challenges. The present review highlights the available data in an effort to clarify the clinical and pathological significance of coexisting mutations as well as the subsequent therapeutic consequences...
March 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
Cristina Aguado, Ana Giménez-Capitán, Niki Karachaliou, Ana Pérez-Rosado, Santiago Viteri, Daniela Morales-Espinosa, Rafael Rosell
Obtaining a biopsy of solid tumors requires invasive procedures that strongly limit patient compliance. In contrast, a blood extraction is safe, can be performed at many time points during the course disease and encourages appropriate therapy modifications, potentially improving the patient's clinical outcome and quality of life. Fusion of the tyrosine kinase genes anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), C-ROS oncogen 1 (ROS 1), rearranged during transfection (RET) and neurotrophic tyrosine kinase 1 (NTRK1) occur in 1-5% of lung adenocarcinomas and constitute therapeutic targets for tyrosine kinase inhibitors...
October 2016: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Zhi-Xin Qiu, Yue Cheng, Dan Liu, Wei-Ya Wang, Xia Wu, Wei-Lu Wu, Wei-Min Li
BACKGROUND: Lung nodules are being detected at an increasing rate year by year with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) being widely used. Ground-glass opacity nodule is one of the special types of pulmonary nodules that is confirmed to be closely associated with early stage of lung cancer. Very little is known about solitary ground-glass opacity nodules (SGGNs). In this study, we analyzed the clinical, pathological, and radiological characteristics of SGGNs on HRCT. METHODS: A total of 95 resected SGGNs were evaluated with HRCT scan...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Disha Pathak, Navriti Chadha, Om Silakari
Proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase ROS-1 plays a key role in regulating a variety of cancers mainly non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The marketed ROS-1 inhibitors such as Crizotinib suffer from the tribulations of growing resistance due to mutations primarily Gly2032Arg in the ROS-1 protein. To curb the problem of resistance, researchers have developed inhibitors such as Lorlatinib against the mutant protein. The present study was designed to identify inhibitors against wild type (WT) as well as mutant ROS-1 protein that will offer a broader spectrum of activity...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Esther Camp, Peter J Anderson, Andrew C W Zannettino, Stan Gronthos
The TWIST-1 gene encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor important in mediating skeletal and head mesodermal tissue development. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BMSC), express high levels of TWIST-1, which is down regulated during ex vivo expansion. Cultured BMSC over-expressing TWIST-1 display decreased capacity for osteogenic differentiation and an enhanced capacity to undergo adipogenesis, suggesting that TWIST-1 is a mediator of lineage commitment. However, little is known regarding the mechanism(s) by which TWIST-1 mediates cell fate determination...
January 2017: Bone
Eduardo A Rodriguez, Elie Donath, Akbar K Waljee, Daniel A Sussman
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (IV) proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are the standard medical treatment in acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVGIB). Optimal route of PPI delivery has been questioned. AIM: The aim was to perform a systematic review and network meta-analysis for the endpoints of risk of rebleeding, length of stay (LOS), surgery (ROS), mortality, and total units of blood transfused (UBT) among trials evaluating acid suppressive medications in ANVGIB...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Caroline E McCoach, Trever G Bivona, Collin M Blakely, Robert C Doebele
Evaluations of resistance mechanisms to targeted treatments in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are necessary for development of improved treatment after disease progression and to help delay progression of disease. Populations of cells that survive after initial treatment form the basis of resistance via outgrowth of resistant clones or activation of alternative signaling pathways. In this report we describe a clinical trial approach in which patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), C-ros-1 proto-oncogene (ROS1), and hepatocyte growth factor receptor (MET) exon 14 alterations and early stage (IA-IIIA) NSCLC will be treated with induction EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) or crizotinib, a TKI that inhibits ALK, ROS1, and MET...
September 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
Magdalena Ostafin, Michal Przemyslaw Pruchniak, Olga Ciepiela, Abraham Zeev Reznick, Urszula Demkow
A unique strategy, in which invading microorganisms are being caught in web-like structures composed mainly of DNA, involves a recently described phenomenon called NETosis. This process seems to be related to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In our study, the influence of diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI), which diminishes ROS production, was assessed in the context of neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) release. According to protocol, two distinguished procedures were compared, the first one involving DPI elimination from sample before cell activation and the second one proceeding without the step of inhibitor washout...
September 15, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Horacio Figueroa, Jorge Cifuentes, Mauricio Lozano, Cristobal Alvarado, Claudia Cabezas, Elisenda Eixarch, Ellio Fernández, Luis Contreras, Sebastian E Illanes, Edgar Hernández-Andrade, Eduard Gratacós, Carlos E Irarrazabal
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to study the effect of uteroplacental circulation restriction on endothelial kidney damage in a fetal rabbit model. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were subjected to 40% to 50% of uteroplacental artery ligation at day 25 of pregnancy. After 5 days, surviving fetuses were harvested by cesarean section. The gene and protein expressions of selected enzymes associated with nitric oxide production and oxidative stress were analyzed in fetal kidney homogenates...
July 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Larisa Pereboeva, Meredith Hubbard, Frederick D Goldman, Erik R Westin
Dyskeratosis Congenita (DC) is an inherited multisystem premature aging disorder with characteristic skin and mucosal findings as well as a predisposition to cancer and bone marrow failure. DC arises due to gene mutations associated with the telomerase complex or telomere maintenance, resulting in critically shortened telomeres. The pathogenesis of DC, as well as several congenital bone marrow failure (BMF) syndromes, converges on the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway and subsequent elevation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
2016: PloS One
Peijie He, Wenjing Mao, Huankang Zhang, Liang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and potential mechanisms about apoptosis induction and migration suppression of photodynamic therapy with a new photosensitizer, 9-hydroxypheophorbide-α (9-HPbD), and diode laser on HN-3 human laryngeal squamous cancer cells. METHOD: The attached HN-3 cancer cells were photosesitized with 0.29 μg/ml and 0.59 μg/ml 9-HPbD for 6 h and irradiated by 664 nm diode laser for 15 min at an energy density of 2.0 J/cm for activating 9-HPbD...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
J Kurtz, B Rael, J Lerma, C Wright, T Khraishi, E D Auyang
BACKGROUND: Oxidative degradation by reactive oxygen species (ROS) from inflammation initiates cross-linking, depolymerization, and formation of a quasi-crystalline quality in polypropylene (PP) meshes that cause embrittlement (J Urol 188:1052, 2012). Embrittlement leads to change in tensile strength and is associated with post-operative complications that include pain, adhesion, dislodgment, and fragmentation. METHODS: A laboratory environment was constructed to study the relationship between concentration of ROS and change in tensile strength...
August 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Charles B Simone, Stuart H Burri, John H Heinzerling
Targeted therapies and immunotherapies have quickly become fixtures in the treatment armamentarium for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Targeted therapies directed against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocations, and ROS-1 rearrangements have demonstrated improved progression free survival (PFS) and, in selected populations, improved overall survival (OS) compared with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Immunotherapies, including checkpoint inhibitor monoclonal antibodies against programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), have now also demonstrated improved survival compared with chemotherapy...
October 2015: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Zhixian Zhang, Feng He, Ryan Constantine, Matthew L Baker, Wolfgang Baehr, Michael F Schmid, Theodore G Wensel, Melina A Agosto
The cGMP phosphodiesterase of rod photoreceptor cells, PDE6, is the key effector enzyme in phototransduction. Two large catalytic subunits, PDE6α and -β, each contain one catalytic domain and two non-catalytic GAF domains, whereas two small inhibitory PDE6γ subunits allow tight regulation by the G protein transducin. The structure of holo-PDE6 in complex with the ROS-1 antibody Fab fragment was determined by cryo-electron microscopy. The ∼11 Å map revealed previously unseen features of PDE6, and each domain was readily fit with high resolution structures...
May 15, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Thomas A Melnik, Cemile G Guldal, Lawrence D Schoen, Jeanne Alicandro, Paul Henfield
Birth records have important legal, administrative and public health uses. However, invalid and incomplete birth reporting is a significant problem in New York State (NYS) and nationwide. We aimed to identify current practices and potential barriers in data collection by birth registrars (BRs) in NYS facilities. Using a 28-question survey regarding birth data collection, we surveyed 127 BRs in August 2013. The response rate was 88.2% (n = 112), with 31.2% from New York City (NYC) and 68.8% from the Rest of State (ROS)...
September 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Yuanyuan Zhang, Lirong Han, Wentao Qi, Dai Cheng, Xiaolei Ma, Lihua Hou, Xiaohong Cao, Chunling Wang
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a well-known dietary n-3 PUFAS, has been considered to inhibit proliferation of tumor cells. However, the molecular mechanism related to EPA-induced liver cancer cells apoptosis has not been reported. In this study, we investigated the effect of EPA on HepG2 cells proliferation and apoptosis mechanism through mitochondrial pathways. EPA inhibited proliferation of HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner and had no significant effect on the cell viability of humor normal liver L-02 cells...
January 24, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Na Zhang, Jin-Ji Yang, Xu-Chao Zhang, Zhi Xie, Bin-Chao Wang, Hai-Yan Tu, Ben-Yuan Jiang, Yi-Long Wu
Rearrangements to the c-ros oncogene 1, receptor tyrosine kinase (ROS1) gene are reported in 1-2% of lung adenocarcinomas. These rearrangements are associated with a response to the small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor crizotinib. ROS1 rearrangements can be detected using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), which is considered the gold standard technique in detecting ROS1 rearrangements, and determining whether a patient would respond well to crizotinib treatment. However, FISH is an expensive and time-consuming assay, requiring specialized microscopy equipment and some level of technical expertise...
December 2014: Oncology Letters
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