Read by QxMD icon Read

neurologic examination guidelines

Jill Cox, Loretta Kaes, Miguel Martinez, Daniel Moles
Skin temperature may help prospectively determine whether an area of skin discoloration will evolve into necrosis. A prospective, observational study was conducted in 7 skilled nursing facilities to determine if skin temperature measured using infrared thermography could predict the progression of discolored intact skin (blanchable erythema, Stage 1 pressure ulcer, or sus- pected deep tissue injury [sDTI]) to necrosis and to evaluate if nurses could effectively integrate thermography into the clinical setting...
October 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
David Gloss, Jay K Varma, Tamara Pringsheim, Marc R Nuwer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for EEG theta/beta power ratio for diagnosing, or helping to diagnose, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We identified relevant studies and classified them using American Academy of Neurology criteria. RESULTS: Two Class I studies assessing the ability of EEG theta/beta power ratio and EEG frontal beta power to identify patients with ADHD correctly identified 166 of 185 participants...
October 19, 2016: Neurology
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Michael L James, Margueritte Cox, Ying Xian, Eric E Smith, Deepak L Bhatt, Phillip J Schulte, Adrian Hernandez, Gregg C Fonarow, Lee H Schwamm
BACKGROUND: Compared to ischemic stroke, sex differences in response to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are largely unexplored, and their potential interactions with patient age have not been examined. This study hypothesized that risk for poor outcome is greater in women with increasing age. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Get With The Guidelines(®)-Stroke database was used to assess differences between men and women with ICH. Data from 192,826 ICH patients admitted from January 1, 2009 through March 31, 2014 to 1,728 fully participating sites were analyzed using logistic regression to test interactions between age/sex and outcome...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Paul S Chan, Robert A Berg, Yuanyuan Tang, Lesley H Curtis, John A Spertus
Importance: Therapeutic hypothermia is used for patients following both out-of-hospital and in-hospital cardiac arrest. However, randomized trials on its efficacy for the in-hospital setting do not exist, and comparative effectiveness data are limited. Objective: To evaluate the association between therapeutic hypothermia and survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest. Design, Setting, and Patients: In this cohort study, within the national Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation registry, 26 183 patients successfully resuscitated from an in-hospital cardiac arrest between March 1, 2002, and December 31, 2014, and either treated or not treated with hypothermia at 355 US hospitals were identified...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Leda Klouda, Wayne J Franklin, Anita Saraf, Dhaval R Parekh, David D Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) can affect the developing central nervous system, resulting in neurocognitive and behavioral deficits. Preoperative neurological abnormalities as well as sequelae of the open heart operations required to correct structural abnormalities of the heart contribute to these deficits. There are few studies examining the neurocognitive functioning of adults with CHD. This study sought to investigate multiple domains of neurocognitive functioning in adult survivors of CHD who had childhood cardiac surgery with either moderate or severe disease complexity...
September 21, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Ebrahim Barzegar-Bafrooei, Jalal Bakhtiary, Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi, Farzad Fatehi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mojtaba Fathali
Background: Dysphagia as a common condition affecting many aspects of the patient's life. The Dysphagia Handicap Index (DHI) is a reliable self-reported questionnaire developed specifically to measure the impact of dysphagia on the patient's quality of life. The aim of this study was to translate the questionnaire to Persian and to measure its validity and reliability in patients with neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia. Methods: A formal forward-backward translation of DHI was performed based on the guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures...
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Donna J Coetzee, Patricia M McGovern, Raghavendra Rao, Lisa J Harnack, Michael K Georgieff, Irina Stepanov
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to manganese (Mn) is a public health concern and consistent policy guidelines for safe levels of Mn exposure is lacking. The complexity of establishing exposure thresholds for Mn partially relates to its dual role as an essential micronutrient with low levels required for good health, but also as a neurotoxin at high levels. Questions exist about the age-related susceptibility to excess Mn, particularly for children, and how best to measure chronic exposures...
2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Elise Davoine, Andreas Kleinschmidt
Although with an 11% prevalence migraine is a major public health problem, many patients are not satisfied with its handling by medical professionals. Migraine is a clinical diagnosis based on typically lateralized throbbing headache with nausea and/or photo- and phonophobia. It can in some be preceded by an aura with transient focal neurological symptoms. There are several "red flags" of clinical presentation, however, that should induce further examination with brain imaging studies. Treatment is based on identifying and avoiding provoking factors, on treating attacks with rescue medication (simple pain killers or triptans), on identifying conditions for a prophylactic treatment by one of several possible substance classes, and most importantly, on establishing a solid therapeutic relationship with the patient...
June 22, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
E Nowak, R Pfitzner, P Przybyłowski
INTRODUCTION: The Polish definition of brain death originated from the original Harvard criteria and has been revised several times. Practitioners worldwide are required to regularly update their national guidelines on the definition of brain death to fit the latest international research concerning this topic. AIMS: (1) Compare current Polish guidelines on diagnosing brain death in adults with the American, British, Australian, and New Zealand recommendations; and (2) evaluate existing differences for the purposes of updating the Polish guidelines...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
S K Jha
BACKGROUND: Solitary seizure is one of the controversies in neurology. This study was taken up to study the clinical profile of solitary seizure and the factors related to seizure recurrence with a view to evolve guidelines for management. METHODS: We studied 150 cases of solitary seizure. All our patients were males. The age varied from 18-52 years. The diagnosis of seizure was confirmed with history. Apart from clinical neurological examination, blood counts, urinalysis and screening investigations to exclude possible underlying metabolic disorders were done...
April 2004: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
M D Storey, R Griffin
In brief: A high school football player sustained a blow to the head during a game but did not lose consciousness or show immediate neurological impairment. He later developed a subdural hematoma. To help those who provide medical care at sports events diagnose the severity of head injuries quickly and accurately, the authors review the types of concussion, on-field and sideline examinations, and guidelines for returning the athlete to play. They also provide instructions for fitting helmets properly.
November 1983: Physician and Sportsmedicine
S Santos Lasaosa, M L Cuadrado Pérez, A L Guerrero Peral, M Huerta Villanueva, J Porta-Etessam, P Pozo-Rosich, J A Pareja
INTRODUCTION: Anaesthetic block, alone or in combination with other treatments, represents a therapeutic resource for treating different types of headaches. However, there is significant heterogeneity in patterns of use among different professionals. DEVELOPMENT: This consensus document has been drafted after a thorough review and analysis of the existing literature and our own clinical experience. The aim of this document is to serve as guidelines for professionals applying anaesthetic blocks...
June 22, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
S Beitland, E R Nakstad, H Staer-Jensen, T Draegni, G Ø Andersen, D Jacobsen, C Brunborg, B Waldum-Grevbo, K Sunde
BACKGROUND: Kidney disease after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is incompletely described. We examined the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in OHCA patients and impact of AKI, with or without renal replacement therapy (RRT), on 6-month mortality and neurological outcome. METHODS: Prospective study at Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Adult resuscitated comatose OHCA patients treated with targeted temperature management at 33°C for 24 h were included...
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Jean-Martin Lapointe, Patricia A Snyder, William J Reagan
Regulatory guidelines for pharmaceutical toxicity studies recommend using one dose near the maximum tolerated. At that level significant toxicities may occur, leading to systemic stress and secondary immune suppression which can be difficult to differentiate from a primary drug effect. Therefore, there is a need for a biomarker of stress applicable to toxicity studies. This study evaluated urinary corticosterone as a biomarker, using as a pharmacologic stressor fenitrothion, which was previously shown not to cause primary immune suppression...
May 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Kaoru Arai, Ayumi Takano, Takako Nagata, Naotsugu Hirabayashi
BACKGROUND: Most structured assessment tools for assessing risk of violence were developed in Western countries, and evidence for their effectiveness is not well established in Asian countries. AIMS: Our aim was to examine the predictive accuracy of the Historical-Clinical-Risk Management-20 (HCR-20) for violence in forensic mental health inpatient units in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective record study was conducted with a complete 2008-2013 cohort of forensic psychiatric inpatients at the National Center Hospital of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo...
June 13, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
So Kato, Michael Fehlings
Cervical myelopathy is the most common cause of acquired spinal cord compromise. The concept of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), defined as symptomatic myelopathy associated with degenerative arthropathic changes in the spine axis, is being introduced. Given its progressive nature, treatment options have to be chosen in a timely manner. Surgical options include anterior discectomy and fusion (ACDF), anterior corpectomy and fusion (ACCF), arthroplasty (in highly select cases), posterior laminectomy with/without fusion, and laminoplasty...
September 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Sonia Hines, Kate Kynoch, Judy Munday
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia, or difficulty in swallowing, is a serious and life-threatening medical condition that affects a significant number of individuals with acute neurological impairment, largely from stroke. Dysphagia is not generally considered a major cause of mortality; however, the complications that result from this medical condition, namely, aspiration pneumonia and malnutrition, are among the most common causes of death in the older adults. METHODS: This is an update of an existing systematic review...
July 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Felipe Barbosa, Thaís Rodrigues Villa
Approximately 1% of the general population suffers from vestibular migraine. Despite the recently published diagnostic criteria, it is still underdiagnosed condition. The exact neural mechanisms of vestibular migraine are still unclear, but the variability of symptoms and clinical findings both during and between attacks suggests an important interaction between trigeminal and vestibular systems. Vestibular migraine often begins several years after typical migraine and has a variable clinical presentation. In vestibular migraine patients, the neurological and neurotological examination is mostly normal and the diagnosis will be based in the patient clinical history...
May 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Syed S Mahmood, Anju Nohria
Cancer survivors who receive head and neck radiation are at increased risk for cerebrovascular events. This is mediated via damage to the hypothalamus-pituitary axis leading to the metabolic syndrome and extracranial arterial injury leading to carotid artery stenosis. Head and neck radiation can also lead to intracranial injury that can present as moyamoya, especially in children. Survivors require lifelong periodic follow-up for the development of pan-hypopituitarism or its individual components as well as for dyslipidemia and obesity...
July 2016: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"