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Seed Priming

Guibin Cui, Fengli Sun, Xinmei Gao, Kunliang Xie, Chao Zhang, Shudong Liu, Yajun Xi
Melatonin-mediated osmotic tolerance was attributed to increased antioxidant capacity, energy metabolism, osmoregulation and autophagy in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Melatonin is known to play multiple roles in plant abiotic stress tolerance. However, its role in wheat has been rarely investigated. In this study, 25% polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000) was used to simulate osmotic stress, and wheat seeds and seedlings were treated with different concentrations of melatonin under PEG stress. Isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ)-based proteomic techniques were used to identify the differentially accumulated proteins from melatonin-treated and non-treated seedlings...
March 21, 2018: Planta
Peter Hart, Alastair Copland, Gil Reynolds Diogo, Shane Harris, Ralf Spallek, Wulf Oehlmann, Mahavir Singh, Juan Basile, Martin Rottenberg, Matthew John Paul, Rajko Reljic
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from infectious disease, and the current vaccine, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), is inadequate. Nanoparticles (NPs) are an emerging vaccine technology, with recent successes in oncology and infectious diseases. NPs have been exploited as antigen delivery systems and also for their adjuvantic properties. However, the mechanisms underlying their immunological activity remain obscure. Here, we developed a novel mucosal TB vaccine (Nano-FP1) based upon yellow carnauba wax NPs (YC-NPs), coated with a fusion protein consisting of three Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) antigens: Acr, Ag85B, and HBHA...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Muhammad Farooq, Ahmad Nawaz
Salt stress impedes the productivity of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) in many parts of the world. This study evaluated the potential role of benzyl aminopurine (BAP) and sorghum water extract (SWE) in improving the wheat performance under saline conditions. Seeds were primed with BAP (5 mg L-1 ), SWE (5% v/v), BAP + SWE, and distilled water (hydropriming). Soil filled pots maintained at the soil salinity levels of 4 and 10 dS m-1 were used for the sowing of primed and non-primed seeds. Salt stress suppressed the wheat growth; seed priming treatments significantly improved the wheat growth under optimal and suboptimal conditions...
March 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Désirée S Jansson, Caroline Bröjer, Aleksija Neimanis, Torsten Mörner, Charles L Murphy, Faruk Otman, Per Westermark
Since the late 1990s, high mortality and declining populations have been reported among sea birds including Herring gulls (Larus argentatus) from the Baltic Sea area in Northern Europe. Repeated BoNT type C/D botulism outbreaks have occurred, but it remains unclear whether this is the sole and primary cause of mortality. Thiamine deficiency has also been suggested as a causal or contributing factor. With this study, we aimed to investigate gross and microscopic pathology in Herring gulls from affected breeding sites in Sweden in search of contributing diseases...
2018: PloS One
Weiqin Wang, Aibin He, Shaobing Peng, Jianliang Huang, Kehui Cui, Lixiao Nie
Seed priming is a successful practice to improve crop establishment under adverse environment. However, reduced longevity of primed rice ( Oryza sativa L.) seeds during storage limited the adoption of this technique. Present study investigated the effect of temperature, relative air humidity (RH) and oxygen on the longevity of primed rice seeds in a range of 60 days storage. In addition, the biochemical and morphological mechanisms associated with deterioration of primed seeds during storage were explored. Three types of priming treated rice seeds and one non-primed control were stored under (1) low temperature-vacuum (LT-V), (2) room temperature-vacuum (RT-V), (3) room temperature-aerobic-low RH (RT-A-LH) and (4) room temperature-aerobic- high RH (RT-A-HH) for 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Sara Reis, Ivo Pavia, Ana Carvalho, José Moutinho-Pereira, Carlos Correia, José Lima-Brito
Currently, the biofortification of crops like wheat with micronutrients such as iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) is extremely important due to the deficiencies of these micronutrients in the human diet and in soils. Agronomic biofortification with Fe and Zn can be done through different exogenous strategies such as soil application, foliar spraying, and seed priming. However, the excess of these micronutrients can be detrimental to the plants. Therefore, in the last decade, a high number of studies focused on the evaluation of their phytotoxic effects to define the best strategies for biofortification of bread wheat...
February 16, 2018: Protoplasma
Aradhana Mishra, Satyendra Pratap Singh, Sahil Mahfooz, Surendra Pratap Singh, Arpita Bhattacharya, Nishtha Mishra, C S Nautiyal
Endophytes have been explored to perform an important role in plant health. However, their effects on the host physiological function and disease management remains elusive. The present study was aimed to assess the potential of endophytes singly as well as in combination on various physiological parameters and systemic defense mechanism against Alternaria alternata in Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Seed priming with endophytic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Pseudomonas fluorescens individually and in combination demonstrated enhanced vigor index and germination rate...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Shizuka Takaku, Hideji Yako, Naoko Niimi, Tomoyo Akamine, Daiji Kawanami, Kazunori Utsunomiya, Kazunori Sango
Co-culture models of neurons and Schwann cells have been utilized for the study of myelination and demyelination in the peripheral nervous system; in most of the previous studies, however, these cells were obtained by primary culture with embryonic or neonatal animals. A spontaneously immortalized Schwann cell line IFRS1 from long-term cultures of adult Fischer rat peripheral nerves has been shown to retain fundamental ability to myelinate neurites in co-cultures with adult rat dorsal root ganglion neurons and nerve growth factor-primed PC12 cells...
February 12, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Andrea Pitzschke
Aims: The pseudo-cereal quinoa has an outstanding nutritional value. Seed germination is unusually fast, and plant tolerance to salt stress exceptionally high. Seemingly all seeds harbor bacterial endophytes. This work examines mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activities during early development. It evaluates possible contribution of endophytes to rapid germination and plant robustness. Methods: MAPK activities were monitored in water- and NaCl-imbibed seeds over a 4-h-period using an immunoblot-based approach...
January 2018: Plant and Soil
Debojyoti Moulick, Subhas Chandra Santra, Dibakar Ghosh
The south-east Asian countries are facing a serious threat of arsenic (As) toxicity due to extensive use of As contaminated groundwater for rice cultivation. This experiment was configured to assess the consequences of rice seed priming with selenium (Se) and cultivation in As free and As contaminated soil. The experiment was arranged in a factorial complete randomized design having two factors viz. seed priming and soil As stress with total twenty-five treatment combinations replicated thrice. Seed priming with Se promotes growth, yield under both As free and As stressed conditions...
January 25, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Sang-Min Paik, EonSeon Jin, Sang Jun Sim, Noo Li Jeon
Vibrational wave treatment has been used to increase proliferation of microalgae. When directly applied at large scale, however, turbulence can offset positive effects of vibration on microalgae proliferation. Moreover, severe hydrodynamic shear fields in the bioreactor decrease cell viability that detrimentally influence maximum yieldable biomass. In this study, vibration pretreatment (between 10-30 Hz and 0.15-0.45 G) was used to prime the cells for enhanced biomass. When exposed to 10 Hz at 0.15 G for 72 h and inoculated in baffled flasks of large shear fields (0...
January 31, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Satyendra Nath Sharma, Ankita Maheshwari, Chitra Sharma, Nidhi Shukla
We are proposing mechanisms to account for the loss of viability (seed deterioration/ageing) and enhancement in seed quality (post-storage priming treatment). In order to understand the regulatory mechanism of these traits, we conducted controlled deterioration (CD) test for up to 8 d using primed mung bean seeds and examined how CD effects the expression of many genes, regulating the seed metabolism in relation to CD and priming. Germination declined progressively with increased duration of CD, and the priming treatment completely/partially reversed the inhibition depending on the duration of CD...
January 5, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Ting Pan, Lingshang Lin, Juan Wang, Qiaoquan Liu, Cunxu Wei
BACKGROUND: Endosperm starch provides prime energy for cereal seedling growth. Cereal endosperm with repression of starch branching enzyme (SBE) has been widely studied for its high resistant starch content and health benefit. However, in barley and maize, the repression of SBE changes starch component and amylopectin structure which affects grain germination and seedling establishment. A high resistant starch rice line (TRS) has been developed through inhibiting SBEI/IIb, and its starch has very high resistance to in vitro hydrolysis and digestion...
January 8, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Szabolcs Számadó
BACKGROUND: The reliability of signals is a key issue in the study of animal communication. Both empirical work and theoretical models show that communication need not be entirely honest, and thus signals can be deceitful. Aggressive communication appears to be a prime candidate for such deceitful communication, because bluffing has been described in several species. Bluffing in these situations are supposed to be maintained by frequency dependent selection where the fitness of a given type depends on the frequencies of the other types in the population...
December 28, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Maëlle Lorvellec, Federico Scottoni, Claire Crowley, Rebeca Fiadeiro, Panagiotis Maghsoudlou, Alessandro Filippo Pellegata, Francesca Mazzacuva, Asllan Gjinovci, Anne-Marie Lyne, Justine Zulini, Daniel Little, Olukunbi Mosaku, Deirdre Kelly, Paolo De Coppi, Paul Gissen
Liver transplantation is the definitive treatment of liver failure but donor organ shortage limits its availability. Stem cells are highly expandable and have the potential to differentiate into any specialist cell. Use of patient-derived induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (hiPSCs) has the additional advantage for organ regeneration therapies by removing the need for immunosuppression. We compared hepatocyte differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and hiPSCs in a mouse decellularised liver scaffold (3D) with standard in vitro protocol (2D)...
2017: PloS One
Mauro Gaya, Patricia Barral, Marianne Burbage, Shweta Aggarwal, Beatriz Montaner, Andrew Warren Navia, Malika Aid, Carlson Tsui, Paula Maldonado, Usha Nair, Khader Ghneim, Padraic G Fallon, Rafick-Pierre Sekaly, Dan H Barouch, Alex K Shalek, Andreas Bruckbauer, Jessica Strid, Facundo D Batista
B cells constitute an essential line of defense from pathogenic infections through the generation of class-switched antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) in germinal centers. Although this process is known to be regulated by follicular helper T (TfH) cells, the mechanism by which B cells initially seed germinal center reactions remains elusive. We found that NKT cells, a population of innate-like T lymphocytes, are critical for the induction of B cell immunity upon viral infection. The positioning of NKT cells at the interfollicular areas of lymph nodes facilitates both their direct priming by resident macrophages and the localized delivery of innate signals to antigen-experienced B cells...
December 12, 2017: Cell
Qiqi Zhao, Haina Li, Hongyu Sun, Aoga Li, Shuxin Liu, Ruonan Yu, Xiuqi Cui, Dejian Zhang, Hada Wuriyanghan
Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is a severe pathogen reducing crop yield and seed quality of soybean. Although several resistance gene loci including Rsv1, Rsv3 and Rsv4 are identified in some soybean varieties, most of the soybean genes related to SMV infection are still not characterized. In order to reveal genome-wide gene expression profiles in response to SMV infection, we used transcriptome analysis to determine SMV-responsive genes in susceptible variety Hefeng25. Time course RNA-seq analysis at 1, 5 and 10 dpi identified many deregulated pathways and gene families...
February 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Sullip Kumar Majhi, Santosh Kumar
The obligatory air-breathing catfish Clarias magur is a prime candidate for aquaculture owing to its unique taste, high growth rate, and hardy nature. However, recently the IUCN has listed the species under the endangered category because the population has critically declined in the wild. The sexually mature C. magur brooders are often collected from their natural habitats for seed production in captivity. In many cases, the brooder dies due to handling injuries or confinement stress. In this study, we demonstrated that viable progeny could be generated from freshly dead sexually mature C...
October 2017: Heliyon
Anjali Joshi, Simranjeet Kaur, Keya Dharamvir, Harsh Nayyar, Gaurav Verma
BACKGROUND: Reports of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) incorporated into plants have indicated better yield and productivity, yet the phenomena need in-depth understanding especially when agricultural crops are tested. We primed wheat seeds with MWCNTs to understand the effects on germination, growth, anatomy, physiology and yield. RESULT: This study, carried out in field conditions, is a step forward over the previous reports. Early germination, excessive root hair, denser stomata and larger root length result in faster growth and higher yield of wheat plants...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Ahmed Debez, Ikram Belghith, Andreas Pich, Wael Taamalli, Chedly Abdelly, Hans-Peter Braun
Seed germination recovery aptitude is an adaptive trait of overriding significance for the successful establishment and dispersal of extremophile plants in their native ecosystems. Cakile maritima is an annual halophyte frequent on Mediterranean coasts, which transiently produces transiently dormant seeds under high salinity, but that germinate fast when soil salinity is lowered by rainfall. Here, we report eco-physiological and proteomic data about (i) the effect of high salt (200 mM NaCl) on the early developmental stages (germination and seedling) and (ii) the seed germination recovery capacity of this species...
December 8, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
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