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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771405/correlations-of-sox9-expression-with-serum-igf1-and-inflammatory-cytokines-il-1%C3%AE-and-il-6-in-skin-lesions-of-patients-with-acne
#1
J Ji, R-H Zhang, H-M Li, Q Guo, L-L Zhang, J Zhu, L Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlations of sex determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) expression with serum type-1 insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), interleukin-1α (IL-1α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in skin lesion tissues of patients with acne. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six patients with acne who were treated for the first time in our outpatient clinic from June 2017 to July 2017 were selected as observation group, and 6 normal subjects were selected as control group. The expression of SOX9 was detected by immunohistochemistry...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771360/patient-and-treatment-characteristics-by-infecting-organism-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-infection
#2
Tamara D Simon, Matthew P Kronman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Samuel R Browd, Richard Holubkov, John R W Kestle, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Marcie Langley, David D Limbrick, Thomas G Luerssen, Jerry Oakes, Jay Riva-Cambrin, Curtis Rozzelle, Chevis N Shannon, Mandeep Tamber, John C Wellons Iii, William E Whitehead, Nicole Mayer-Hamblett
Background: Previous studies of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt infection treatment have been limited in size and unable to compare patient and treatment characteristics by infecting organism. Our objective was to describe variation in patient and treatment characteristics for children with first CSF shunt infection, stratified by infecting organism subgroups outlined in the 2017 Infectious Disease Society of America's (IDSA) guidelines. Methods: We studied a prospective cohort of children <18 years of age undergoing treatment for first CSF shunt infection at one of 7 Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network hospitals from April 2008 to December 2012...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760618/-demodex-spp-as-a-possible-aetiopathogenic-factor-of-acne-and-relation-with-acne-severity-and-type
#3
Ulviye Güvendi Akçınar, Emine Ünal, Funda Doğruman Al
Introduction: Acne is a very common skin disease in adolescents and young adults, but it also affects adults. However, its aetiology is not yet fully understood. Demodex appears to be associated with multiple skin disorders, but controversy persists. Some reports indicate a connection between acne vulgaris and demodicosis. Aim: To confirm the association between Demodex infestation and acne vulgaris. Material and methods: A total of 108 patients were enrolled in the acne group...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756631/patients-with-acne-vulgaris-have-a-distinct-gut-microbiota-in-comparison-with-healthy-controls
#4
Yongqiong Deng, Hong Wang, Jiyuan Zhou, Yunzhou Mou, Guiqiang Wang, Xia Xiong
Acne vulgaris has been postulated to have a gastrointestinal mechanism; however, little is known about gut microbiota dysfunction in this condition. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether the gut microbiota is altered in acne. Faecal bacterial diversity was analysed in 43 patients with acne and 43 controls, using hypervariable tag sequencing of the V3-V4 region of the 16S rDNA gene. Distinct differences were found in microbial diversity between patients with acne and controls (Shannon diversity index (p = 0...
May 14, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755418/microbiome-and-culture-based-analysis-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-compared-to-healthy-sinus-mucosa
#5
Kerstin Koeller, Daniel P R Herlemann, Tobias Schuldt, Attila Ovari, Ellen Guder, Andreas Podbielski, Bernd Kreikemeyer, Bernhard Olzowy
The role of bacteria in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is still not well understood. Whole microbiome analysis adds new aspects to our current understanding that is mainly based on isolated bacteria. It is still unclear how the results of microbiome analysis and the classical culture based approaches interrelate. To address this, middle meatus swabs and tissue samples were obtained during sinus surgery in 5 patients with CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), 5 patients with diffuse CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP), 5 patients with unilateral purulent maxillary CRS (upm CRS) and 3 patients with healthy sinus mucosa...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755223/study-to-evaluate-the-changes-in-polycystic-ovarian-morphology-after-naturopathic-and-yogic-interventions
#6
M Ezhil Ratnakumari, N Manavalan, D Sathyanath, Y Rosy Ayda, K Reka
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the commonest endocrine disorders in women, with a prevalence ranging from 2.2% to 26% in India. Patients with PCOS face challenges including irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, acne, acanthosis nigricans, obesity and infertility. 9.13% of South Indian adolescent girls are estimated to suffer from PCOS. The efficacy of Yoga & Naturopathy (Y&N) in the management of polycystic ovarian syndrome requires to be investigated...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741277/rational-design-and-synthesis-of-modified-teixobactin-analogues-in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-against-staphylococcus-aureus-propionibacterium-acnes-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#7
Vivian Ng, Sarah A Kuehne, Weng Chan
Teixobactin, a recently discovered depsipeptide that binds to bacterial lipid II and lipid III, provides a promising molecular scaffold for the design of new antimicrobials. Herein, we describe the synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of systematically modified teixobactin analogues. The replacement of Ile11 residue with aliphatic isosteres, the modification of the guanidino group at residue 10 and the introduction of a rigidifying residue, dehydroamino acid into the macrocyclic ring generated useful structure-activity information...
May 9, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733991/varicella-zoster-virus-infection-and-osteomyelitis-of-the-skull-a-case-report
#8
Taylor Sommer, Michael Karsy, Meghan J Driscoll, Randy L Jensen
BACKGROUND: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a common herpesvirus infection that can result in acute varicella/chickenpox as well as delayed activation in herpes zoster/shingles. Ramsay-Hunt syndrome is a rare presentation of VZV reactivation, involving 1% of cases and resulting in lesion formation along the 7th cranial nerve distribution. We report the first case of a patient who presented with acute calvarial osteomyelitis after VZV reactivation and Propionibacterium acnes suprainfection...
May 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729107/which-acne-treatment-has-the-best-influence-on-health-related-quality-of-life-literature-review-by-the-european-academy-of-dermatology-and-venereology-task-force-on-quality-of-life-and-patient-oriented-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
P V Chernyshov, L Tomas-Aragones, L Manolache, A Svensson, S E Marron, A W M Evers, V Bettoli, G B Jemec, J C Szepietowski
According to results of a recent literature search performed by the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Task Forces (TF) on Quality of Life and Patient Oriented Outcomes (QoL and PO) and Acne, Rosacea and Hidradenitis Suppurativa (ARHS) most of publications where health-related (HR) QoL of acne patients was studied were clinical trials. Members of the EADV TF on QoL and PO decided to detect which acne treatment has the best influence on HRQoL of acne patients. A new literature search was organized to find publications on acne treatment where the HRQoL of patients was assessed as an outcome measure...
May 5, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722425/comparative-study-of-the-bactericidal-effects-of-indocyanine-green-and-methyl-aminolevulinate-based-photodynamic-therapy-on-propionibacterium-acnes-as-a-new-treatment-for-acne
#10
Seung-Hwan Choi, Jeong-Wan Seo, Ki-Ho Kim
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatological problems, and its therapeutic options include topical and systemic retinoids and antibiotics. However, increase in problems associated with acne treatment, such as side-effects from conventional agents and bacterial resistance to antibiotics, has led to greater use of photodynamic therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the bactericidal effects of indocyanine green- and methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy on Propionibacterium acnes...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720593/nano-photothermal-ablation-effect-of-hydrophilic-and-hydrophobic-functionalized-gold-nanorods-on-staphylococcus-aureus-and-propionibacterium-acnes
#11
Nouf N Mahmoud, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Enam A Khalil, Amal G Al-Bakri
The potential photothermal bactericidal activity of hydrophilic functionalized poly ethylene glycol (PEG)-gold nanorods (GNR) and hydrophobic functionalized polystyrene (PS)-GNR was evaluated towards strains of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) by measuring the percentage reduction of bacterial viable count upon GNR excitation with a near infra-red (NIR) laser beam. Our results suggest that functionalized GNR had a minimal bactericidal activity against S. aureus and P...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707093/pulsed-radiofrequency-as-a-minimally-invasive-treatment-option-in-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-of-26-patients
#12
Robbert C Maatman, Monique A H Steegers, Jan-Willem Kallewaard, Marc R M Scheltinga, Rudi M H Roumen
Background: Chronic abdominal pain is occasionally due to entrapped intercostal nerve endings (ACNES, abdominal cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome). If abdominal wall infiltration using an anesthetic agent is unsuccessful, a neurectomy may be considered. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) is a relatively new treatment option for various chronic pain syndromes. Evidence regarding a beneficial effect of this minimally invasive technique in ACNES is lacking. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of PRF treatment in ACNES patients...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705755/chemical-peels-for-acne-vulgaris-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
Xiaomei Chen, Sheng Wang, Ming Yang, Li Li
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated current evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the effectiveness of chemical peeling for treating acne vulgaris. METHODS: Standard Cochrane methodological procedures were used. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and EMBASE via OvidSP through April 2017. Reviewers independently assessed eligibility, risk of bias and extracted data. RESULTS: Twelve RCTs (387 participants) were included...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696720/bacterial-biofilms-a-possible-mechanism-for-chronic-infection-in-patients-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-prospective-proof-of-concept-study-using-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization
#14
Søren Ohrt-Nissen, Blaine G Fritz, Jonas Walbom, Kasper N Kragh, Thomas Bjarnsholt, Benny Dahl, Claus Manniche
A relationship has been suggested between lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and chronic bacterial infection frequently involving Propionibacterium acnes, which is known to cause chronic infection through the formation of biofilm aggregates. The objective of the study was to assess whether a disc infection involving biofilm formation is present in patients with LDH. A total of 51 LDH patients and 14 controls were included. Bacterial DNA was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 16/51 samples in the LDH group and 7/14 controls (p = 0...
May 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694253/serum-levels-of-proinflammatory-antiinflammatory-cytokines-and-rankl-opg-in-synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-and-osteitis-sapho-syndrome
#15
Shuo Zhang, Chen Li, Siya Zhang, Li Li, Weihong Zhang, Zhenhua Dong, Wen Zhang
Objective To measure the expression of proinflammatory, antiinflammatory cytokines, and RANKL/OPG in SAPHO Syndrome, and to assess the relationship between those factors and disease activity. Methods We studied 30 cases of SAPHO syndrome and 15 healthy controls. According to the visual analogue scale pain scores and Bath ankylosing spondylitis activity index, patients were divided into active group and stable group. The serum levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17A, IL-22, receptor activator NK-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) were determined by ELISA...
April 25, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691143/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-decreases-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-among-adults-with-moderate-and-severe-acne-a-short-duration-2-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Jennifer Burris, James M Shikany, William Rietkerk, Kathleen Woolf
BACKGROUND: A high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet may stimulate acne proliferative pathways by influencing biochemical factors associated with acne. However, few randomized controlled trials have examined this relationship, and this process is not completely understood. OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in biochemical factors associated with acne among adults with moderate to severe acne after following a low GI and GL diet or usual eating plan for 2 weeks...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676446/an-approach-on-the-potential-use-of-probiotics-in-the-treatment-of-skin-conditions-acne-and-atopic-dermatitis
#17
REVIEW
Vitória H M Mottin, Edna S Suyenaga
Acne and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) are chronic inflammatory skin conditions with severe impact on a patient's life. Current treatments are related to adverse effects and do not represent a definitive cure. The present paper reviews the alterations in skin microbiome, specifically in acne and AD, and aims in searching for potential treatments based on benefic microorganisms, called probiotics. The review was made through bibliographic search of the main databases (Science Direct, PubMed, Scielo, Medline) between September 2015 and June 2016...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675912/tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-308-g-a-and-interleukin-1-%C3%AE-511-c-t-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-scarring-acne
#18
Gulsen Akoglu, Cagman Tan, Deniz Cagdas Ayvaz, Ilhan Tezcan
BACKGROUND: Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder which may heal with scarring. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF α) and interleukin 1 β (IL-1β) are considered as the main responsible proinflammatory mediators of acne pathogenesis. Oversecretion of these cytokines was found to be associated with TNF α-308 G>A and IL-1β-511 C<T polymorphisms. AIM: To evaluate the association of TNF α-308 and IL-1β-511 gene polymorphisms with acne and postacne scarring susceptibility and acne severity...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675672/low-virulence-bacterial-infections-in-cervical-intervertebral-discs-a-prospective-case-series
#19
Yilei Chen, Xianjun Wang, Xuyang Zhang, Hong Ren, Bao Huang, Jian Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Zhihai Zhu, Fengdong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional case series study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low virulence disc infection and its associations with characteristics of patients or discs in the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Low virulence bacterial infections could be a possible cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and/or back pain. Controversies are continuing over whether these bacteria, predominantly Propionibacterium acnes (P...
April 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663460/treatment-of-atrophic-acne-scarring-with-fractional-micro-plasma-radio-frequency-in-chinese-patients-a-prospective-study
#20
Ting Lan, Yan Xiao, Li Tang, Michael R Hamblin, Rui Yin
BACKGROUND: Acne scarring is a common disfiguring sequela of acne vulgaris which can lead to serious psychosocial problems and have a negative effect on patients' quality of life. Although a variety of approaches can be used to treat atrophic acne scars, disadvantages such as long-healing time, dyspigmentation, infections, and prolonged erythema make these treatments unsatisfactory especially for Asians. Fractional micro-plasma radio-frequency is a novel technology that produces minor ablation to the epidermis to promote rapid re-epithelialization, while the radio-frequency evoked thermal effect can stimulate regeneration and remodeling of dermal fibroblasts...
April 16, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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