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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805026/correlation-of-6-minute-walk-test-with-left-ventricular-function-and-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-due-to-chagas-disease
#1
Mayara da Costa Chambela, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Roberto Rodrigues Ferreira, André Miguel Japiassú, Mariana Caldas Waghabi, Gilberto Marcelo Sperandio da Silva, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation of the total distance walked during the six-minute walk test (6-MWT) with left ventricular function and quality of life in patients with Chagas Disease (ChD) complicated by heart failure. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of adult patients with ChD and heart failure diagnosed based on Framingham criteria. 6MWT was performed following international guidelines. New York Heart Association functional class, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) serum levels, echocardiographic parameters, and quality of life (SF-36 and MLHFQ questionnaires) were determined and their correlation with the distance covered at the 6MWT was tested...
August 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802304/coffee-consumption-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk-using-the-framingham-risk-score
#2
Hye-Mi Noh, Yong Soon Park, Jeong-Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although concerns regarding the influence of coffee consumption on human health have accompanied the massive increase in coffee consumption, the effects of coffee intake on the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) remain controversial. Therefore, we evaluated the association between coffee consumption and CHD risk as estimated using the Framingham risk model in Korean adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study involved 3,987 participants aged 30-74 years who participated in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2010...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799780/lycopene-and-tomato-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-evidence
#3
Ho M Cheng, Georgios Koutsidis, John K Lodge, Ammar W Ashor, Mario Siervo, Jose Lara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Worldwide, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains as the main cause of mortality. Observational studies supports an association between intake of tomato products or lycopene with a reduced CVDs risk. Our aim was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on the topic. METHODS: Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception until July 2017. We included longitudinal and cross-sectional studies reporting associations between lycopene and tomato consumption and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among adult subjects...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794135/pulmonary-vasodilator-therapy-is-associated-with-greater-survival-in-eisenmenger-syndrome
#4
Clare Arnott, Geoff Strange, Andrew Bullock, Adrienne C Kirby, Clare O'Donnell, Dorothy J Radford, Leeanne E Grigg, David S Celermajer
OBJECTIVE: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a severe form of pulmonary hypertension in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) and has a poor prognosis. We aimed to understand factors associated with survival in ES and particularly to assess the potential benefits of advanced pulmonary vasodilator therapy (AT). METHODS: From January 2004, when AT became generally available for patients with ES, we followed 253 ES adults from 12 adult congenital heart disease centres across Australia and New Zealand...
August 9, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774493/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-tallinn-estonia
#5
Margit Kaldmäe, Galina Zemtsovskaja, Jelena Abina, Tiit Land, Margus Viigimaa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases are still a major public health concern in Estonia despite the decline in the mortality rate during the past decade. For better preventive strategies we aimed to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and their relations with age, gender and ethnicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in Tallinn, Estonia. Two hundred individuals from each of the sex and 10-year age group (range 20-65 years of age) were randomly selected and invited to participate...
July 25, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772106/frontal-plane-t-wave-axis-orientation-predicts-coronary-events-findings-from-the-moli-sani-study
#6
Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Livia Rago, Amalia De Curtis, Deodato Assanelli, Fabio Badilini, Martino Vaglio, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Peter W Macfarlane, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The orientation of the frontal plane T-wave axis (T axis) is a reliable measure of ventricular repolarisation. We investigated the association between T-axis and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure (HF), atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality. METHODS: A sample of 21,287 Moli-sani participants randomly recruited from the general adult (≥35 y) Italian population, free of CVD disease, were followed for a median of 4...
July 22, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766834/transseptal-puncture-using-surgical-electrocautery-in-children-and-adults-with-and-without-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Srinath T Gowda, Athar M Qureshi, Daniel Turner, Nitin Madan, Justin Weigand, Richard Lorber, Harinder R Singh
BACKGROUND: Atrial transseptal puncture (TSP) for cardiac catheterization procedures remain challenging in children and adults with complex congenital heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate our experience using radiofrequency (RF) current via surgical electrocautery needle for TSP to facilitate diagnostic and interventional procedures. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients (pts) who underwent TSP using RF energy (10-25 W) via surgical electrocautery from three centers from January 2011 to January 2017 were evaluated...
August 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751846/consensus-document-of-the-italian-association-of-hospital-cardiologists-anmco-italian-society-of-pediatric-cardiology-sicp-and-italian-society-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetrics-sigo-pregnancy-and-congenital-heart-diseases
#8
Innocenzo Bianca, Giovanna Geraci, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Gabriele Egidy Assenza, Chiara Barone, Marcello Campisi, Annalisa Alaimo, Rachele Adorisio, Francesca Comoglio, Silvia Favilli, Gabriella Agnoletti, Maria Gabriella Carmina, Massimo Chessa, Berardo Sarubbi, Maurizio Mongiovì, Maria Giovanna Russo, Sebastiano Bianca, Giuseppe Canzone, Marco Bonvicini, Elsa Viora, Marco Poli
The success of cardiac surgery over the past 50 years has increased numbers and median age of survivors with congenital heart disease (CHD). Adults now represent two-thirds of patients with CHD; in the USA alone the number is estimated to exceed 1 million. In this population, many affected women reach reproductive age and wish to have children. While in many CHD patients pregnancy can be accomplished successfully, some special situations with complex anatomy, iatrogenic or residual pathology are associated with an increased risk of severe maternal and fetal complications...
May 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751538/coronary-anatomy-in-children-with-bicuspid-aortic-valves-and-associated-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Wilke M C Koenraadt, Margot M Bartelings, Regina Bökenkamp, Adriana C Gittenberger-de Groot, Marco C DeRuiter, Martin J Schalij, Monique Rm Jongbloed
OBJECTIVE: In patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), coronary anatomy is variable. High take-off coronary arteries have been described, but data are scarce, especially when associated with complex congenital heart disease (CHD). The purpose of this study was to describe coronary patterns in these patients. METHODS: In 84 postmortem heart specimens with BAV and associated CHD, position and height of the coronary ostia were studied and related to BAV morphology...
July 27, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747022/patient-reported-outcomes-are-associated-with-physical-activity-level-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Annika Bay, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Camilla Sandberg, Gunnar Engström, Philip Moons, Bengt Johansson
BACKGROUND: In general, adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have impaired exercise capacity, and approximately 50% do not reach current recommendations on physical activity. Herein we analysed factors associated with physical activity level (PAL) in adults with CHD by using patient-reported outcomes (PRO). METHODS: Patients with CHD (n=471) were randomly selected from the national register on CHD and categorized according to complexity of lesions - simple (n=172, 39...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746709/association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-score-vs-age-with-cardiovascular-risk-in-older-adults-an-analysis-of-pooled-population-based-studies
#11
Yuichiro Yano, Christopher J O'Donnell, Lewis Kuller, Maryam Kavousi, Raimund Erbel, Hongyan Ning, Ralph D'Agostino, Anne B Newman, Khurram Nasir, Albert Hofman, Nils Lehmann, Klodian Dhana, Ron Blankstein, Udo Hoffmann, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Joseph M Massaro, Amir-Abbas Mahabadi, Joao A C Lima, M Arfan Ikram, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Oscar H Franco, Kiang Liu, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland
Importance: Besides age, other discriminators of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk are needed in older adults. Objectives: To examine the predictive ability of coronary artery calcium (CAC) score vs age for incident ASCVD and how risk prediction changes by adding CAC score and removing only age from prediction models. Design, Setting, and Participants: We conducted an analysis of pooled US population-based studies, including the Framingham Heart Study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, and the Cardiovascular Health Study...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743482/adult-congenital-heart-disease-in-greece-preliminary-data-from-the-challenge-registry
#12
G Giannakoulas, K Vasiliadis, A Frogoudaki, C Ntellos, A Tzifa, S Brili, A Manginas, M Papaphylactou, D Parcharidou, N Kampourides, A Pitsis, A Chamaidi, M Kolios, G Papadopoulos, A Douras, P Davlouros, D Ntiloudi, H Karvounis, A Kalangos, C Tsioufis, S Rammos
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), nowadays, survives into adulthood and is faced with long-term complications. We aimed to study the basic demographic and clinical characteristics of adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) in Greece. METHODS: A registry named CHALLENGE (Adult Congenital Heart Disease Registry. A registry from Hellenic Cardiology Society) was initiated in January 2012. Patients with structural CHD older than 16years old were enrolled by 16 specialized centers nationwide...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart%C3%A2-disease-in-u-s-adults
#14
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721144/clinical-implications-of-plasma-nogo-a-levels-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Yu Ding, Bei-Bei Gao, Liang Zhou, Xian-Hua Ye, Hong Li, Lei Lai, Jin-Yu Huang
INTRODUCTION: Nogo-A is an important neurite growth-regulatory protein in the adult and developing nervous system. Recently, increasing evidence has shown that Nogo-A plays important roles in cardiac development and may act as a potential indicator for heart failure. In addition, increased oxidative stress has been found in individuals with cardiovascular diseases. However, not much is known regarding the expression levels of Nogo-A and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD)...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706735/the-importance-of-copy-number-variation-in-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Gregory Costain, Candice K Silversides, Anne S Bassett
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common class of major malformations in humans. The historical association with large chromosomal abnormalities foreshadowed the role of submicroscopic rare copy number variations (CNVs) as important genetic causes of CHD. Recent studies have provided robust evidence for these structural variants as genome-wide contributors to all forms of CHD, including CHD that appears isolated without extra-cardiac features. Overall, a CNV-related molecular diagnosis can be made in up to one in eight patients with CHD...
September 14, 2016: NPJ Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706585/atrial-tachyarrhythmia-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#17
REVIEW
Arsha Karbassi, Krishnakumar Nair, Louise Harris, Rachel M Wald, S Lucy Roche
The adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population continues to grow and most cardiologists, emergency room physicians and family doctors will intermittently come into contact with these patients. Oftentimes this may be in the setting of a presentation with atrial tachyarrhythmia; one of the commonest late complications of ACHD and problem with potentially serious implications. Providing appropriate initial care and ongoing management of atrial tachyarrhythmia in ACHD patients requires a degree of specialist knowledge and an awareness of certain key issues...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704916/three-dimensional-echocardiography-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#18
REVIEW
Hyun Suk Yang
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is now more common in adults than in children due to improvements in fetal echo, neonatal and pediatric care, and surgical techniques leading to dramatically increased survivability into adulthood. Adult patients with CHD, regardless of prior cardiac surgery, experience further cardiac problems or therapeutic challenges; therefore, a non-invasive, easily accessible echocardiographic examination is an essential follow-up tool. Among echocardiographic modalities, three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography provides better delineation of spatial relationships in complex cardiac geometries and more accurate volumetric information without geometric assumptions...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703088/poor-blood-pressure-control-in-adults-with-repaired-coarctation-of-the-aorta-and-hypertension-a-register-based-study-of-associated-factors
#19
Daniel Rinnström, Mikael Dellborg, Ulf Thilén, Peder Sörensson, Niels-Erik Nielsen, Christina Christersson, Martin Ugander, Bengt Johansson
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is common in adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta, and is associated with several severe complications. Aims This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of poorly controlled (⩾140/90 mmHg) blood pressure among patients with diagnosed hypertension and to identify associated factors. METHODS: In the national register for CHD, adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta and diagnosed hypertension - defined as a registry diagnosis and/or use of anti-hypertensive prescription medication - were identified...
July 13, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696875/status-and-challenges-of-care-in-africa-for-adults-with-congenital-heart-defects
#20
Frank Edwin, Liesl Zühlke, Heba Farouk, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Kow Entsua-Mensah, Desrie Delsol-Gyan, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Andre Brooks, Blanche Cupido, Mark Tettey, Ernest Aniteye, Martin M Tamatey, Kofi B Gyan, Jacques Cabral Tantchou Tchoumi, Mohamed-Adel Elgamal
The 54 countries in Africa have an estimated total annual congenital heart defect (CHD) birth prevalence of 300,486 cases. More than half (51.4%) of the continental birth prevalence occurs in only seven countries. Congenital heart disease remains primarily a pediatric health issue in Africa because of the deficient health-care systems: the adults with CHD made up just 10% of patients with CHD in Ghana, and 13.7% of patients with CHD presenting for surgery in Mozambique. With Africa's population projected to double in the next 35 years, the already deficient health systems for CHD care will suffer unbearable strain unless determined and courageous action is undertaken by the African leaders...
July 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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