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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919936/smoking-cessation-interventions-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-and-comorbidities-an-observational-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#1
David N Blane, Daniel Mackay, Bruce Guthrie, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how smoking cessation practices in primary care differ for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who have different comorbidities. AIM: To determine the association between different patterns of comorbidity and smoking rates and smoking cessation interventions in primary care for patients with CHD. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of 81 456 adults with CHD in primary care in Scotland. METHOD: Details of eight concordant physical comorbidities, 23 discordant physical comorbidities, and eight mental health comorbidities were extracted from electronic health records between April 2006 and March 2007...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912205/the-prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Alexandra Neiman, Salil Ginde, Michael G Earing, Peter J Bartz, Scott Cohen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD) and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) is not well known. The aims of this study were to: determine the prevalence of SD, evaluate the risk factors associated with SD, and determine the association between SD and QOL in adults with CHD. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of adults (≥18years) with CHD presenting for routine follow-up at our institution. Subjects completed the CDC HRQOL-14 "Health Days Measure" to assess mental and physical health, and either the Sexual Health Inventory for Men or the Female Sexual Function Index to assess sexual function...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909479/atrial-fibrillation-ablation-in-adults-with-repaired-congenital-heart-disease
#3
REVIEW
Marta Acena Md, Ignasi Anguera Md PhD, Paolo D Dallaglio Md, Marcos Rodriguez Md, Xavier Sabaté Md PhD
The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in congenital heart disease (CHD) adults has increased in the past decades due to a longer life expectancy of this population where the subjects are exposed to cardiac overflow, overpressure and structural changes for years. The literature regarding AF ablation in repaired CHD adults emphasizes the importance of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) to perform the transseptal puncture and the ablation procedure in the left atrium (LA), both effectively and safely. In small case control studies, where the predominant congenital cardiomyopathy was the atrial septal defect, the most common strategy for ablation was antral isolation of the pulmonary veins showing results, at one year follow-up, similar to those in the general population...
February 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906998/explaining-the-decline-in-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-in-the-netherlands-between-1997-and-2007
#4
Carla Koopman, Ilonca Vaartjes, Ineke van Dis, W M Monique Verschuren, Peter Engelfriet, Edith M Heintjes, Anneke Blokstra, Dorly J H Deeg, Marjolein Visser, Michiel L Bots, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell
OBJECTIVE: We set out to determine what proportion of the mortality decline from 1997 to 2007 in coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Netherlands could be attributed to advances in medical treatment and to improvements in population-wide cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We used the IMPACT-SEC model. Nationwide information was obtained on changes between 1997 and 2007 in the use of 42 treatments and in cardiovascular risk factor levels in adults, aged 25 or over...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893194/incidence-morphology-and-progression-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-subjects-with-coexisting-congenital-heart-defects
#5
Talha Niaz, Joseph T Poterucha, Jonathan N Johnson, Cecilia Craviari, Thomas Nienaber, Jared Palfreeman, Frank Cetta, Donald J Hagler
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) occurs both as an isolated cardiac lesion and in association with congenital heart defects (CHD). Their aim was to identify the incidence and morphology of BAV in patients with coexisting CHD and compare their disease progression to patients with isolated BAV. METHODS: The Mayo Clinic echocardiography database was retrospectively analyzed to identify pediatric and young adult patients (≤22 years) who were diagnosed with BAV from 1990 to 2015...
November 28, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888756/isolated-heart-transplant-and-combined-heart-liver-transplant-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-patients-insights-from-the-united-network-of-organ-sharing
#6
Elisa A Bradley, Krong-On Pinyoluksana, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Yongjie Miao, Curt Daniels
BACKGROUND/METHODS: The aging patient with severe congenital heart disease (CHD) faces many challenges: heart failure, arrhythmia, and in the Fontan patient, liver disease. Our goal was to define combined heart liver transplant (CHLT) and isolated orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) outcomes in U.S. adult CHD patients. The U.S. United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) thoracic and liver databases were queried for cardiac and CHD diagnoses, from inception-2014. RESULTS: In CHLT, CHD made up 22% of waitlist patients (non-CHD n=262 vs...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883375/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-and-pneumonia-and-among-adult-patients-with-acute-respiratory-illness-during-2011-2014-influenza-seasons-in-korea
#7
Seong Hui Kang, Hee Jin Cheong, Joon Young Song, Ji Yun Noh, Ji Ho Jeon, Min Joo Choi, Jacob Lee, Yu Bin Seo, Jin Soo Lee, Seong Heon Wie, Hye Won Jeong, Young Keun Kim, Kyung Hwa Park, Shin Woo Kim, Eun Joo Jeong, Sun Hee Lee, Won Suk Choi, Woo Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends the surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) to respond effectively to both seasonal influenza epidemics and pandemics. In Korea, the "Hospital-based Influenza Morbidity and Mortality (HIMM)" surveillance system has been operated to monitor ILI and SARI occurrences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-center prospective observational study was conducted. Adult patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI) were enrolled during the 2011-2012, 2012-2013, and 2013-2014 influenza seasons at the 10 university hospitals using the HIMM surveillance system...
November 22, 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869889/-anmco-sicp-sigo-consensus-document-pregnancy-and-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Innocenzo Bianca, Giovanna Geraci, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Gabriele Egidy-Assenza, Chiara Barone, Marcello Campisi, Annalisa Alaimo, Rachele Adorisio, Francesca Comoglio, Silvia Favilli, Gabriella Agnoletti, Maria Gabriella Carmina, Massimo Chessa, Berardo Sarubbi, Maurizio Mongiovì, Maria Giovanna Russo, Sebastiano Bianca, Giuseppe Canzone, Marco Bonvicini, Elsa Viora, Marco Poli
The success of cardiac surgery over the past 50 years has increased numbers and median age of survivors with congenital heart disease (CHD). Adults now represent two-thirds of patients with CHD; in the United States alone the number is estimated to exceed 1 million.In this population many affected women reach reproductive age and wish to have children. While in many CHD patients pregnancy can be accomplished successfully, some special situations with complex anatomy, iatrogenic or residual pathology are associated with an increased risk of severe maternal and fetal complications...
September 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869053/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-adults-undergoing-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#9
David M Kwiatkowski, Elizabeth Price, David M Axelrod, Anitra W Romfh, Brian S Han, Scott M Sutherland, Catherine D Krawczeski
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery is a frequent and serious complication among children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and adults with acquired heart disease; however, the significance of kidney injury in adults after congenital heart surgery is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of acute kidney injury after surgery for adult CHD. Secondary objectives included determination of risk factors and associations with clinical outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859378/mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-for-pediatric-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#10
REVIEW
Steven G Chopski, William B Moskowitz, Randy M Stevens, Amy L Throckmorton
The use of mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices is a viable therapeutic treatment option for patients with congestive heart failure. Ventricular assist devices, cavopulmonary assist devices, and total artificial heart pumps continue to gain acceptance as viable treatment strategies for both adults and pediatric patients as bridge-to-transplant, bridge-to-recovery, and longer-term circulatory support alternatives. We present a review of the current and future MCS devices for patients having congenital heart disease (CHD) with biventricular or univentricular circulations...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855294/evidence-for-the-vitamin-d-hypothesis-the-nhanes-iii-extended-mortality-follow-up
#11
Ahmad H Daraghmeh, Monica L Bertoia, Mazen O Al-Qadi, Abdulrahman M Abdulbaki, Mary B Roberts, Charles B Eaton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Emerging evidence suggests that low levels of vitamin D may be an important risk factor for multiple chronic diseases and mortality, but the evidence is mixed. Vitamin D levels are associated with sun exposure, diet, and metabolic status. One potential explanation for the lack of consistent findings amongst various studies is that low vitamin levels may be associated with poor diets or other risk factors that we were not adequately controlled for in different analyses...
April 9, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855052/-experience-in-the-treatment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-closure-at-a-mexican-hospital
#12
Horacio Márquez-González, Uriel Castro-Contreras, Carmen Emma Cerrud-Sánchez, Diana López-Gallegos, Lucelli Yáñez-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: The patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) represents one of the most prevalent diseases in hospitals which treat congenital heart diseases (CHD). Currently, in groups of more than 1 year of age percutaneous closure it is the standard therapy. The aim of this paper is to determine the frequency, characteristics and treatment of PCA in congenital heart disease service at the a Cardiology Hospital in Mexico. METHODS: In clinical CHD our hospital, a descriptive study of 2010-2015 of patients who were treated with percutaneous closure PCA and surgery was performed...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853916/comparing-strategies-for-lipid-lowering-in-argentina-an-analysis-from-the-cvd-policy-model-argentina
#13
Jonatan Konfino, Alicia Fernandez, Joanne Penko, Antoinette Mason, Eugenio Martinez, Pamela Coxson, David Heller, Andrew Moran, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Raul Mejía
INTRODUCTION: In Argentina, the national guidelines for lipid control emphasize the use of relatively inexpensive low- or moderate-potency statins by patients at high risk (>20 %) of a cardiovascular event. The objective of this study was to compare the impact and costs of the current national CVD prevention guidelines with regard to morbidity and mortality in Argentina with the impact and costs of three strategies that incorporate high-potency statins. METHODS: We used the CVD Policy Model-Argentina to model the proposed interventions...
November 16, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846754/distinction-of-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-from-simple-abdominal-obesity-interaction-with-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-levels-to-confer-high-coronary-risk
#14
Ahmet Karagöz, Altan Onat, Mesut Aydın, Günay Can, Barış Şimşek, Murat Yüksel
OBJECTIVE: The associations of total testosterone (TT) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HtgW) phenotype and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk have scarcely been examined. We explored such cardiometabolic risk mediations in middle-aged adults. METHODS: Participants (n=1924) in a population-based study were studied by forming categories consisting of abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, both (HtgW), or none ("healthy")...
November 16, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843890/predictors-of-memory-deficits-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-compared-to-healthy-controls
#15
Nancy A Pike, Mary A Woo, Marie K Poulsen, Wendy Evangelista, Dylan Faire, Nancy J Halnon, Alan B Lewis, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) show a range of memory deficits, which can dramatically impact their clinical outcomes and quality of life. However, few studies have identified predictors of these memory changes. The purpose of this investigation was to identify predictors of memory deficits in adolescents and young adults with CHD after surgical palliation compared to healthy controls. METHOD: One hundred fifty-six adolescents and young adults (80 CHD and 76 controls; age 14-21 years) were recruited and administered an instrument to assess memory [Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning Second Edition - general memory index (GMI) score] and completed questionnaires that measure anxiety, depression, sleepiness, health status, and self-efficacy...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834768/design-and-implementation-of-a-prospective-adult-congenital-heart-disease-biobank
#16
Alexander R Opotowsky, Brittani Loukas, Christina Ellervik, Lilamarie E Moko, Michael N Singh, Elizabeth I Landzberg, Eric B Rimm, Michael J Landzberg
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) comprise a growing, increasingly complex population. The Boston Adult Congenital Heart Disease Biobank is a program for the collection and storage of biospecimens to provide a sustainable resource for scientific biomarker investigation in ACHD. METHODS: We describe a protocol to collect, process, and store biospecimens for ACHD or associated diagnoses developed based on existing literature and consultation with cardiovascular biomarker epidemiologists...
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834165/adult-chd-patients-under-clinical-follow-up-have-a-similar-quality-of-life-to-the-general-population-in-malta
#17
Maryanne Caruana, Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: The improved survival of patients born with CHD has led to increasing interest in research on quality of life of adult survivors. We report the findings of the first study in Malta carried out to investigate quality of life in adults with CHD under follow-up. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire modelled on the basis of the European Health Interview Survey 2008, including questions on mental health and vitality, was administered to consecutive adult CHD outpatients, aged 16 years and over, between May, 2013 and May, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830637/is-having-a-job-a-protective-factor-employment-status-and-state-of-medical-care-as-subjectively-perceived-by-adults-with-chd-in-germany
#18
Paul C Helm, Elisabeth J Sticker, Roland Keuchen, Marc-André Koerten, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Oktay Tutarel, Ulrike M M Bauer
BACKGROUND: Most patients born with CHD nowadays reach adulthood, and thus quality of life, life situation, and state of medical care aspects are gaining importance in the current era. The present study aimed to investigate whether patients' assessment depends on their means of occupation. The findings are expected to be helpful in optimising care and for developing individual treatment plans. METHODS: The present study was based on an online survey conducted in cooperation with patient organisations...
November 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826705/feasibility-and-accuracy-of-cardiac-right-to-left-shunt-detection-in-children-by-new-transpulmonary-ultrasound-dilution-method
#19
Martin Boehne, Mathias Baustert, Verena Paetzel, Dietmar Boethig, Harald Köditz, Nils Dennhardt, Philipp Beerbaum, Harald Bertram
Transpulmonary ultrasound dilution (TPUD) method, a novel indicator dilution (ID) technique for cardiac output measurement, detects and quantifies shunts, both in children and adults. However, its accuracy and reproducibility in cardiac right-to-left-shunt (RLS) detection have not been investigated. In a prospective observational study, we assessed the validity of TPUD algorithm for RLS detection in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and proven RLS in comparison with controls without shunts between February 2010 and October 2011...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823692/diabetes-diabetes-severity-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk-equivalence-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards
#20
Favel L Mondesir, Todd M Brown, Paul Muntner, Raegan W Durant, April P Carson, Monika M Safford, Emily B Levitan
BACKGROUND: Evidence is mixed regarding whether diabetes confers equivalent risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) as prevalent CHD. We investigated whether diabetes and severe diabetes are CHD risk equivalents. METHODS: At baseline, participants in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study (black and white US adults ≥45 years old recruited in 2003-2007) were categorized as having prevalent CHD only (self-reported or electrocardiogram evidence; n = 3,043), diabetes only (self-reported or elevated glucose; n = 4,012), diabetes and prevalent CHD (n = 1,529), and neither diabetes nor prevalent CHD (n = 17,155)...
November 2016: American Heart Journal
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