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Spondyloarthropathies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686523/clinical-utility-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-biological-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drug-treatment-of-rheumatic-disorders-a-systematic-narrative-review
#1
Noortje van Herwaarden, Bart J F van den Bemt, Maike H M Wientjes, Cornelis Kees Kramers, Alfons A den Broeder
Biological Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (bDMARDs) have improved the treatment outcomes of inflammatory rheumatic diseases including Rheumatoid Arthritis and spondyloarthropathies. Inter-individual variation exists in (maintenance of) response to bDMARDs. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) of bDMARDs could potentially help in optimizing treatment for the individual patient. Areas covered: Evidence of clinical utility of TDM in bDMARD treatment is reviewed. Different clinical scenarios will be discussed, including: prediction of response after start of treatment, prediction of response to a next bDMARD in case of treatment failure of the first, prediction of successful dose reduction or discontinuation in case of low disease activity, prediction of response to dose-escalation in case of active disease and prediction of response to bDMARD in case of flare in disease activity...
July 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681364/treatment-of-a-case-of-ulcerative-colitis-with-sacroiliitis-using-granulocyte-and-monocyte-adsorption-apheresis
#2
Hitoshi Ichikawa, Jin Imai, Hajime Mizukami, Takayuki Shirai, Norihito Watanabe
In Japan, sacroiliitis is a very rare extraintestinal manifestation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and it typically presents with intestinal symptoms. Radiography is used for diagnosis, and reveals erosions, sclerosis, and ankylosis, but magnetic resonance imaging is more useful for early detection. The treatment of spondyloarthropathy such as sacroiliitis and spondylitis includes physiotherapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sulfasalazine, and immunomodulators. In patients intolerant or cases refractory to these treatments, anti-tumor necrosis factor agents are recommended...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666464/animal-models-of-rheumatoid-pain-experimental-systems-and-insights
#3
REVIEW
Bradford D Fischer, Adeshina Adeyemo, Michael E O'Leary, Andrea Bottaro
Severe chronic pain is one of the hallmarks and most debilitating manifestations of inflammatory arthritis. It represents a significant problem in the clinical management of patients with common chronic inflammatory joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and spondyloarthropathies. The functional links between peripheral inflammatory signals and the establishment of the neuroadaptive mechanisms acting in nociceptors and in the central nervous system in the establishment of chronic and neuropathic pain are still poorly understood, representing an area of intense study and translational priority...
June 30, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662824/matrix-metalloproteinases-and-synovial-joint-pathology
#4
Charles J Malemud
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are zinc-dependent enzymes. These enzymes play a critical role in the destruction of articular cartilage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and the spondyloarthropathies. MMP gene expression is upregulated in these synovial joint pathologies in response to elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines and soluble mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, IL-17, and interferon-γ. These molecules are capable of activating the mitogen-activated protein kinase and Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathways by binding the cytokine to their respective receptors on immune cells, macrophages, chondrocytes, synoviocytes, and osteocytes leading to increased synthesis of MMPs...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660909/spondyloarthropathies-mif-drives-inflammation-and-bone-formation-in-as
#5
Sarah Onuora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622455/intestinal-metabolites-are-profoundly-altered-in-the-context-of-hla-b27-expression-and-functionally-modulate-disease-in-a-rat-model-of-spondyloarthropathy
#6
Mark Asquith, Sean Davin, Patrick Stauffer, Claire Michell, Cathleen Janowitz, Phoebe Lin, Joe Ensign-Lewis, Jason M Kinchen, Dennis R Koop, Jim Rosenbaum
Objective HLA-B27 associated spondyloarthropathies are associated with an altered intestinal microbiota and bowel inflammation. Therefore, we sought to identify B27-dependent changes in both host and microbial metabolites in the HLA-B27/β2m rat and whether microbiota-derived metabolites could impact disease in this major model of spondyloarthropathy. Methods Cecal contents were collected from 6wk (pre-diseased) and 16wk (diseased) Fischer 344 HLA-B27/β2m transgenic rats and WT controls. Metabolomic profiling was performed by high-throughput gas- and liquid-chromatography-based mass spectrometry...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592895/spondyloarthropathies-targeting-il-17-in-refractory-psa
#7
Jessica McHugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569265/spondyloarthropathies-gut-bone-crosstalk-in-hla-b27-rats
#8
Joanna Collison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556529/a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-for-bone-articular-lesions-associated-with-dialysis-related-amyloidosis-in-japan
#9
Shinichi Nishi, Junichi Hoshino, Suguru Yamamoto, Shunsuke Goto, Hideki Fuji, Yoshifumi Ubara, Yoshihiro Motomiya, Hiroyuki Morita, Kenmei Takaichi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Takashi Shigematsu, Mitsuharu Ueda, Yukio Ando
AIM: Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) exhibits multiple bone-articular lesions, such as carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), trigger finger (TF), spinal canal stenosis (SCS), destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA), bone cysts, and joint pains. DRA leads to a decrease in activities of daily living (ADL). We investigated the initiation of CTS and TF, and evaluated the relationship between walking disturbances and bone-articular lesions or joint pains. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed...
May 26, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551170/switching-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-axial-spondyloarthritis
#10
REVIEW
Atul Deodhar, David Yu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of switching tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors on patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: PubMed literature searches were conducted using combinations of search terms including ankylosing spondylitis, spondyloarthropathy, spondyloarthritis, switch/switching, drug survival, and TNF/tumor necrosis factor to identify published articles with data on outcomes related to switching biologic therapies in patients with axSpA...
April 25, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546762/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-clinical-implications-in-the-evaluation-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Sophie Mavrogeni, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Genovefa Kolovou
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is a recently developed noninvasive, nonradiating, operator-independent technique that has been successfully used for the evaluation of congenital heart disease, valvular and pericardial diseases, iron overload, cardiomyopathies, great and coronary vessel diseases, cardiac inflammation, stress-rest myocardial perfusion, and fibrosis. Rheumatoid arthritis and other spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory myopathies, mixed connective tissue diseases (CTDs), systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, and sarcoidosis are among CTDs with serious cardiovascular involvement; this is due to multiple causative factors such as myopericarditis, micro/macrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and finally heart failure...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541295/spondyloarthropathies-abatacept-treatment-for-psa
#12
Dario Ummarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537523/the-pattern-of-uveitis-in-sri-lanka
#13
Jay Siak, Mirna Kumaradas, Soon-Phaik Chee
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of uveitis at a tertiary uveitis referral clinic in Sri Lanka. METHODS: Consecutive charts identified from a registry between January 2010 and December 2014 at the Mediclinic Hospital, Colombo were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Among 750 patients, anterior uveitis (AU) was the most common (285, 38%), followed by posterior uveitis (187, 25%), intermediate uveitis (150, 20%), and panuveitis (128, 17%). 485 (65%) were idiopathic...
May 24, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527043/-new-biomarkers-for-large-vessel-vasculitis-and-spondyloarthropathies
#14
N T Baerlecken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511725/the-performance-of-different-classification-criteria-sets-for-spondyloarthritis-in-the-worldwide-asas-comospa-study
#15
Pauline Bakker, Anna Moltó, Adrien Etcheto, Filip Van den Bosch, Robert Landewé, Floris van Gaalen, Maxime Dougados, Désirée van der Heijde
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to compare the performance of spondyloarthritis (SpA) classification criteria sets in an international SpA cohort with patients included from five continents around the world. METHODS: Data from the (ASAS) COMOrbidities in SPondyloArthritis (ASAS-COMOSPA) study were used. ASAS-COMOSPA is a multinational, cross-sectional study with consecutive patients diagnosed with SpA by rheumatologists worldwide. Patients were classified according to the European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (ESSG), modified European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (mESSG), Amor, modified Amor, Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA), ASAS peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA) and ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR) criteria...
May 16, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511289/human-enthesis-group-3-innate-lymphoid-cells
#16
Richard J Cuthbert, Evangelos M Fragkakis, Robert Dunsmuir, Zhi Li, Mark Coles, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Peter Giannoudis, Elena Jones, Yasser M El-Sherbiny, Dennis McGonagle
Objective Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) play a pivotal role in barrier tissues such as the gut and the skin, two important sites of disease in spondyloarthropathy (SpA). It was investigated whether normal and injured human enthesis, the key target tissue in early SpA, harboured ILC3s in entheseal soft tissue (EST) and adjacent peri-entheseal bone (PEB). Methods Interspinous ligament and spinous process bone was collected from donors with no systemic inflammatory disease, enzymatically digested and immunophenotyped...
May 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488046/features-of-the-achilles-tendon-paratenon-and-enthesis-in-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-a%C3%A2-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-study
#17
H Harman, E Süleyman
AIM: We analyzed the ultrasonographic (US) features of the Achilles tendon (AT), paratenon (AP), and enthesis in patients with axial spondyloarthropathies (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and compared these to healthy subjects. Relationships between these findings and clinical and functional parameters were identified. METHODS: The study included 40 axial SpA and 27 RA patients, as well as 30 healthy subjects. Clinical evaluation relied on the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), AS Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL), Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), as well as on a visual analog scale (VAS) for entheseal pain and the Madrid Sonographic Enthesistis Index (MASEI)...
May 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473097/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-chronic-extremity-joint-pain-suspected-inflammatory-arthritis
#18
Jon A Jacobson, Catherine C Roberts, Jenny T Bencardino, Marc Appel, Erin Arnold, Steven J Baccei, R Carter Cassidy, Eric Y Chang, Michael G Fox, Bennett S Greenspan, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Mary G Hochman, Douglas N Mintz, Joel S Newman, Zehava S Rosenberg, Nehal A Shah, Kirstin M Small, Barbara N Weissman
Evaluation for suspected inflammatory arthritis as a cause for chronic extremity joint pain often relies on imaging. This review first discusses the characteristic osseous and soft tissue abnormalities seen with inflammatory arthritis and how they may be imaged. It is essential that imaging results are interpreted in the context of clinical and serologic results to add specificity as there is significant overlap of imaging findings among the various types of arthritis. This review provides recommendations for imaging evaluation of specific types of inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis, seronegative spondyloarthropathy, gout, calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate disease (or pseudogout), and erosive osteoarthritis...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473095/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-chronic-back%C3%A2-pain%C3%A2-suspected-sacroiliitis-spondyloarthropathy
#19
Stephanie A Bernard, Mark J Kransdorf, Francesca D Beaman, Ronald S Adler, Behrang Amini, Marc Appel, Erin Arnold, R Carter Cassidy, Bennett S Greenspan, Kenneth S Lee, Michael J Tuite, Eric A Walker, Robert J Ward, Daniel E Wessell, Barbara N Weissman
Inflammatory sacroiliitis or the seronegative axial spondyloarthropathies often presents as back pain or sacroiliac joint pain of more than 3-month duration with inflammatory symptoms and typically in patients younger than 45 years of age. Imaging plays an important role in diagnosis and disease monitoring. This article addresses the appropriate sequence of initial imaging for evaluation of a suspected spondyloarthropathy, the imaging follow-up of treatment response and the special considerations for imaging of trauma in patients with ankylosis of the spine...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445313/serum-apoprotein-a1-levels-are-inversely-associated-with-disease-activity-in-gout-from-a-southern-chinese-han-population
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Heqing Huang, Bing Yu, Wen Liu, Qingyan Lin, Liying Chen, Juan Chen, Lihua Duan, Guixiu Shi
To analyze the alteration of lipid profile and inflammatory markers in the serum of patients with gouty arthritis (GA), the levels of serum lipid profile, C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESRs) were measured in the serum of 69 gout patients, 35 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 23 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS)/spondyloarthropathy (SpA), and 25 patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The serum levels of apoprotein A1 (Apo-A1) were significantly decreased in patients with gout when compared with RA, AS/SpA, and OA patients...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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