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neonatal respiratory problems

Soo-Hong Kim, Yong-Hoon Cho, Hae-Young Kim
PURPOSE: Spontaneous colon perforations are usually encountered as necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period, but occur rarely in infants and children without pathological conditions. This study was conducted to describe its clinical implication beyond the neonatal period. METHODS: Cases of spontaneous colon perforation confirmed after the operation were reviewed retrospectively and the clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. Clinical data were compared according to the presence of pneumoperitoneum as initial findings...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Mustafa Kemal Avsar, Tolga Demir, Cem Celiksular, Cenap Zeybek
BACKGROUND: PDA(Patent ductus arteriosus) is a common and clinically important condition which is presented with a number of hemodynamic and respiratory problems such as intraventricular hemorrhage, pulmonary hemorrhage and necrotizing enterocolitis due to increased pulmonary blood flow and stealing from systemic circulation. The incidence of PDA among the infants that were born before the 28th gestational week is as high as 70 %; and spontaneous closure rates in very-low-birth-weight premature neonates(VLBWPN) is around 34 %...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Kandukuri Mahesh Kumar, Indira Veligandla, A R Vijaya Lakshmi, Vanita Pandey
Teratomas are rare tumours which originate from all 3 germs cell layers namely endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm, with varying proportions of each component. The most common site of teratoma is in the sacro-coccygeal region. Teratomas are generally benign and have well appreciable clinical and histopathological features. Incidence of congenital teratoma is 1 in 4000. In head and neck region congenital teratomas usually associated with other anomalies like cystic hygroma and cleft palate with an incidence of 1 in 400...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
T M Alvur, N Cinar, D Kose, O Tiryaki
Characterization of newborn (aged ≤ 28 days) visits to paediatric emergency department (PED). Retrospective study concerning newborns who presented to PED of Sakarya University Maternity and Paediatric Hospital during 2014. We studied the electronic data consisted of admission date, date-of-birth, emergency department diagnosis at discharge (ICD-10 code) and the outcome. A total of 5708 neonates visited PED with an average age of 7.9 ± 5.9 days of age and prevalence of males (56.1%). The major diagnoses were jaundice, respiratory system problems, excessive crying of infant, feeding problems of newborn and prematurity...
February 12, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Fauzia Mohsin, Shareen Khan, Md Abdul Baki, Bedowra Zabeen, Kiswhar Azad
Women with diabetes in pregnancy, either pre-gestational Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 & Type 2) or Gestational Diabetes, are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm labour and increased foetal mortality rate. Adequate glycaemic control before and during pregnancy is crucial for improving foetal and perinatal outcomes in these babies. Perinatal and neonatal morbidities and mortality rates have declined since the development of specialized maternal, foetal, and neonatal care for women with diabetes and their offspring...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Magdalena Zasada, Małgorzata Klimek, Wojciech Durlak, Monika Kotula, Tomasz Tomasik, Przemko Kwinta
BACKGROUND: Children born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) have more respiratory tract complications during childhood. Little is known about respiratory and allergy problems in ELBW children at the threshold of adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A follow-up study was conducted at the age of 11 among ELBW children (n=65) and age-matched controls (n=36). The primary outcomes in the study were the occurrence of respiratory and allergy problems and the rate of hospitalization due to respiratory complications at the age of 11 years, assessed with a questionnaire...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
M Sandeva, E Uchikova
Premature birth (PB) remains an unresolved problem, despite progress in prenatal medicine and the introduction of new methods and techniques of prolonged respiratory resuscitation in recent decades. Premature birth is the cause of 70% of neonatal mortality and 50% of long-term neurological complications in newborns, many of whom debilitating. Notwithstanding the significant progress prenatal care in the last twenty years in developed countries is a trend towards a gradual and continuous increase in premature births...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Sirageldin Mk Abdelrahman, Selma Ma Hamed, Abdelhaleem Nasr
Neonatal respiratory distress (NRD) is a common neonatal problem, which is responsible for high morbidity and mortality. There are few published studies in developing countries addressing neonatal respiratory distress. There is no previously published study in Sudan on this problem. The objective of the study is to determine the frequency, different causes, immediate outcome. It was a prospective, descriptive, cross sectional hospital-based study which was carried out in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Omdurman Maternity Hospital, between February-March 2013...
2014: Sudan J Paediatr
Shahnaz Pourarian, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Deepak Sharma, Sirous Cheriki, Farhad Bijanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common problem in the preterm infants. The frequency of PDA varies with the time of study, and the characteristics of the population included in the trial. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and prenatal risk factor associated with PDA. METHODS AND MATERIAL: This prospective cross-sectional observational study was carried out on neonates who had gestational age below 37 weeks during the period of February 2014 to September 2014...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Rahul Chatopadhayay, Preeti Tiwari, A N Gangopadhyay, Vaibhav Pandey
Whilst rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the third most common solid tumour in children, congenital RMS of the tongue is extremely rare and usually present as painless progressive mass since birth (Dagher and Helman in Oncologist 4:34-44, 1999; Childs and Goudy in Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 5:126-128, 2010). In neonates, presentation with respiratory distress is unexpected as neonates are preferential nasal breathers and restricted oral breathing due to tumour usually poses no problem. We herein report a case of rhabdomyosarcoma of the tongue with co-existent unilateral choanal atresia, presenting with respiratory distress...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
G Singh, R Chouhan, K Sidhu
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is defined as the live births with less than 2.5 kg weight. It is a key determinant of infant survival, health and development. Low birth weight infants are at a greater risk of having a disability and for diseases such as cerebral palsy, visual problems, learning disabilities and respiratory problems. To reduce the low birth weight deliveries, we studied the maternal factors which adversely affect the fetus in utero and their impact on fetus. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on 40 low birth weight pregnancies out of 650 deliveries from July 2005 to Jun 2006...
January 2009: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
B C W Kuipers, E van Noort, C W F M Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Underwater birth is becoming increasingly popular because of the advantages for the mother. Women who deliver in this way feel less pain and therefore pain relief is less frequently needed during the delivery. But what seems to be forgotten is the fact that aspiration of water by the neonate could take place during an underwater birth, resulting in respiratory distress. CASE DESCRIPTION: A one-day-old neonate was admitted because of tachypnoea following underwater delivery at home...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Natalia L Starodubtseva, Alexey S Kononikhin, Anna E Bugrova, Vitaliy Chagovets, Maria Indeykina, Ksenia N Krokhina, Irina V Nikitina, Yury I Kostyukevich, Igor A Popov, Irina M Larina, Leila A Timofeeva, Vladimir E Frankevich, Oleg V Ionov, Dmitry N Degtyarev, Eugene N Nikolaev, Gennady T Sukhikh
A serious problem during intensive care and nursing of premature infants is the invasiveness of many examination methods. Urine is an excellent source of potential biomarkers due to the safety of the collection procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine the features specific for the urine proteome of preterm newborns and their changes under respiratory pathologies of infectious and non-infectious origin. The urine proteome of 37 preterm neonates with respiratory diseases and 10 full-term newborns as a control group were investigated using the LC-MS/MS method...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Joshua Bedwell, George Zalzal
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in neonates. It typically presents with inspiratory stridor and is often associated with feeding problems. Severe cases present with stridor, apnea, significant respiratory distress, and failure to thrive. Most patients are managed conservatively and can expect to see symptom resolution by 12-24 months of age. About 10% of patients require surgical treatment for their symptoms. Supraglottoplasty is the surgical technique of choice. Results of this surgery are excellent, and severe complications, such as supraglottic stenosis and aspiration, are uncommon...
June 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Hidehiko Koizumi, Bryan Mosher, Mohammad F Tariq, Ruli Zhang, Naohiro Koshiya, Jeffrey C Smith
The rhythm of breathing in mammals, originating within the brainstem pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC), is presumed to be generated by glutamatergic neurons, but this has not been directly demonstrated. Additionally, developmental expression of the transcription factor Dbx1 or expression of the neuropeptide somatostatin (Sst), has been proposed as a marker for the rhythmogenic pre-BötC glutamatergic neurons, but it is unknown whether these other two phenotypically defined neuronal populations are functionally equivalent to glutamatergic neurons with regard to rhythm generation...
May 2016: ENeuro
Gül Kaya, Ercan Sivasli, Serdar Oztuzcu, Nuriye A Melekoglu, Esma Ozkara, Unal Sarikabadayi, Abdullah T Demiryürek
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Our objective was to determine the association between Rho-kinase (ROCK1 and ROCK2) gene polymorphisms and RDS in preterm neonates. METHODS: A total of 193 preterm infants with RDS and 186 preterm infants without respiratory problems were included in this study. Polymorphisms were analyzed in genomic DNA using a BioMark 96...
May 13, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Virgilio P Carnielli, Chiara Giorgetti, Manuela Simonato, Luca Vedovelli, Paola Cogo
Respiratory distress syndrome is a common problem in preterm infants and the etiology is multifactorial. Lung underdevelopment, lung hypoplasia, abnormal lung water metabolism, inflammation, and pulmonary surfactant deficiency or disfunction play a variable role in the pathogenesis of respiratory distress syndrome. High-quality exogenous surfactant replacement studies and studies on surfactant metabolism are available; however, the contribution of surfactant deficiency, alteration or dysfunction in selected neonatal lung conditions is not fully understood...
2016: Neonatology
I Nikitina, V Boykо, T Babar, N Kalashnik, A Yezhova
The clinical analysis of multiple pregnancies. The features of neonatal adaptation process in 96 twins, depending on the type of zygosity. It is proved that the adaptation of the newborn with multiple pregnancy depends on the type of placentation. It is found that monozygotic twins is a risk factor syndromes disadaptation. Children from monozygotic twins compared with dizygotic twins have a higher frequency of the syndrome of respiratory disorders, and more prone to jaundice, hemorrhagic syndrome, violation gemolikvorodinamics II and III degrees...
April 2016: Georgian Medical News
Gregoire Benoist, Mostafa Mokhtari, Antoine Deschildre, Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Laurent Storme, Alexandra Benachi, Christophe Delacourt
RATIONALE: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with a high incidence of respiratory problems, even after initial hospital discharge. These problems are likely to lead to re-hospitalization during infancy, although actual frequency of readmissions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the rate of hospitalization for wheezing in infants with CDH between the time of initial discharge and 24 months of age, and to identify factors associated with readmission...
2016: PloS One
Yeşim Başal, Abdullah Bariş Akcan, Yasemin Durum Polat, Ceren Günel, Aylin Eryilmaz, Sema Başak
Since newborns are obligatory nasal breathers, upper respiratory tract problems may sometimes be life threatening. The most common pathology causing dyspnea and stridor in newborns is laryngomalacia. Nasal cavity pathologies that risk the neonatal airway are more rarely met. These anomalies may be seen either as solitary anomalies or as a part of a syndrome. While choanal atresia is one of the best-known nasal cavity anomalies, choanal stenosis, congenital nasal mid-line masses, congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis, and nasal tip anomalies are more rarely seen structural pathologies...
March 31, 2016: Pediatric Reports
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