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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110207/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Neslihan Lok, Sefa Lok, Muammer Canbaz
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity may have positive effects on decreasing anxiety, stress and depression, maintaining mental health and ensuring psychological vitality.This study aimed to determine how a "Physical Activity Program" for elderly people in nursing homes affected their depressive symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: We included 80 individuals aged >65years (40 in the intervention group, 40 controls) in this experimental, randomized, controlled pretest-posttest study...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106657/impact-of-case-order-on-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-do-surgeons-need-a-warm-up
#2
Erin Seifert Lavelle, Lindsay C Turner, Jonathan P Shepherd
OBJECTIVES: Warm-up is defined as a preparatory activity or procedure. Using case order as a surrogate for surgeon warm-up, first cases were compared with second or later cases for intraoperative complications, operative time, and length of stay (LOS) among women undergoing laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexies performed from 2009 through 2014 at a large academic center. Any surgery preceding laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy was considered a surrogate for surgeon warm-up...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103853/effectiveness-of-aquatic-therapy-vs-land-based-therapy-for-balance-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sabela Rivas Neira, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Irene Pegito Pérez, Ramón Fernández Cervantes, Jamile Vivas Costa
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a disease with an increasing incidence. It impairs the quality of life of patients and decreases their functional capacity. Aquatic therapy has already been used for managing the symptoms of this syndrome. However, aquatic therapy has only recently been introduced as a treatment modality for improving proprioception in fibromyalgia. The main objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two physiotherapy protocols, one in and one out of water, for improving balance and decreasing pain in women with fibromyalgia...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102293/ocean-warming-and-acidification-synergistically-increase-coral-mortality
#4
F Prada, E Caroselli, S Mengoli, L Brizi, P Fantazzini, B Capaccioni, L Pasquini, K E Fabricius, Z Dubinsky, G Falini, S Goffredo
Organisms that accumulate calcium carbonate structures are particularly vulnerable to ocean warming (OW) and ocean acidification (OA), potentially reducing the socioeconomic benefits of ecosystems reliant on these taxa. Since rising atmospheric CO2 is responsible for global warming and increasing ocean acidity, to correctly predict how OW and OA will affect marine organisms, their possible interactive effects must be assessed. Here we investigate, in the field, the combined temperature (range: 16-26 °C) and acidification (range: pHTS 8...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102202/consistent-negative-response-of-us-crops-to-high-temperatures-in-observations-and-crop-models
#5
Bernhard Schauberger, Sotirios Archontoulis, Almut Arneth, Juraj Balkovic, Philippe Ciais, Delphine Deryng, Joshua Elliott, Christian Folberth, Nikolay Khabarov, Christoph Müller, Thomas A M Pugh, Susanne Rolinski, Sibyll Schaphoff, Erwin Schmid, Xuhui Wang, Wolfram Schlenker, Katja Frieler
High temperatures are detrimental to crop yields and could lead to global warming-driven reductions in agricultural productivity. To assess future threats, the majority of studies used process-based crop models, but their ability to represent effects of high temperature has been questioned. Here we show that an ensemble of nine crop models reproduces the observed average temperature responses of US maize, soybean and wheat yields. Each day >30 °C diminishes maize and soybean yields by up to 6% under rainfed conditions...
January 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099549/warming-up-for-mechanosynthesis-temperature-development-in-ball-mills-during-synthesis
#6
Hannes Kulla, Manuel Wilke, Franziska Fischer, Mathias Röllig, Christiane Maierhofer, Franziska Emmerling
We present a first direct measurement of the temperature during milling combined with in situ Raman spectroscopy monitoring. The data reveal a low temperature increase due to the mechanical impact and clear temperature increases as a consequence of the reaction heat. Based on the data, temperature rises as postulated in the magma plasma and hot spot theory can be excluded for soft matter milling syntheses.
January 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099269/bilateral-leg-replantation-in-a-3-month-old-baby-after-a-knee-level-crush-amputation-a-2-year-follow-up
#7
Kresimir Bulic, Anko Antabak, Anto Dujmovic, Hrvoje Kisic, Mia Lorencin
We present a case of a successful bilateral leg replantation in a 3-month-old baby after a knee-level crush amputation with the loss of both knee joints. The legs were replanted after 4 hours of warm and an additional 2.5 and 3.5 hours of cold ischemia time. Both legs show motor and sensory reinnervation, without additional procedures performed on the right leg, and after a nerve reconstruction with cadaveric allografts on the left leg. Both replanted legs exhibit excellent bony and soft tissue growth. Two years after the injury, the patient is progressing well with rehabilitation, with favourable odds of having knee reconstructions performed at a later age...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091554/advances-and-environmental-conditions-of-spring-migration-phenology-of-american-white-pelicans
#8
D Tommy King, Guiming Wang, Zhiqiang Yang, Justin W Fischer
Spring migration phenology of birds has advanced under warming climate. Migration timing of short-distance migrants is believed to be responsive to environmental changes primarily under exogenous control. However, understanding the ecological causes of the advancement in avian spring migration phenology is still a challenge due to the lack of long-term precise location data. We used 11 years of Global Positioning System relocation data to determine four different migration dates of the annual migration cycle of the American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos), a short-distance migrant...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090140/influence-of-warm-up-duration-and-recovery-interval-prior-to-exercise-on-anaerobic-performance
#9
M Frikha, N Chaâri, N Mezghanni, N Souissi
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of different active warm-up (AWU) durations and the rest interval separating it from exercise on anaerobic performance. Eleven male physical education students (22.6 ± 2.52 years; 179.2 ± 4.3 cm; 82.5 ± 9.7 kg; mean ± SD) participated in a cross-over randomized study, and they all underwent the Wingate test after three AWU durations: 5 min (AWU5), 15 min (AWU15) and 20 min (AWU20), with recovery (WREC) or without a recovery interval (NREC) separating the AWU and anaerobic exercise performance...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089074/does-teaching-of-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-affect-renal-function-and-perioperative-outcomes
#10
Yannick Cerantola, Guillaume Ploussard, Wassim Kassouf, Maurice Anidjar, Franck Bladou
PURPOSE: Partial nephrectomy (PN) represents the treatment of choice for localized renal tumor<7cm. Minimally invasive approaches are considered standard of care in many institutions. Maintaining acceptable warm ischemic time (WIT) while teaching robotic PN (RPN) remains challenging. The goal of the present study was to assess the effect of teaching RPN on WIT and renal function in patients undergoing RPN. METHODS: Patients undergoing RPN for cT1-T2 renal tumors were included...
January 6, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088495/interaction-strength-between-different-grazers-and-macroalgae-mediated-by-ocean-acidification-over-warming-gradients
#11
E Sampaio, I F Rodil, F Vaz-Pinto, A Fernández, F Arenas
Since the past century, rising CO2 levels have led to global changes (ocean warming and acidification) with subsequent effects on marine ecosystems and organisms. Macroalgae-herbivore interactions have a main role in the regulation of marine community structure (top-down control). Gradients of warming prompt complex non-linear effects on organism metabolism, cascading into altered trophic interactions and community dynamics. However, not much is known on how will acidification and grazer assemblage composition shape these effects...
January 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086987/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-cats-in-mainland-china
#12
Huan Ding, Yu-Meng Gao, Yao Deng, Poppy H L Lamberton, Da-Bing Lu
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii which can infect all warm-blooded animals. As the most common feline definitive host, cats play a vital role in the transmission of T. gondii. However, national estimates of the seroprevalence of T. gondii in cats in mainland China are lacking, and therefore a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to provide insight into national environmental transmission levels and potential transmission to humans. METHODS: Studies published up until July 1, 2016, on T...
January 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080907/unsedated-computed-tomography-for-diagnosis-of-pelvic-canal-obstruction-in-a-leopard-gecko-eublepharis-macularius
#13
Kelly DeCourcy, Eric T Hostnik, Josh Lorbach, Sue Knoblaugh
An adult leopard gecko ( Eublepharis macularius ) presented for lethargy, hyporexia, weight loss, decreased passage of waste, and a palpable caudal coelomic mass. Computed tomography showed a heterogeneous hyperattenuating (∼143 Hounsfield units) structure within the right caudal coelom. The distal colon-coprodeum lumen or urinary bladder was hypothesized as the most likely location for the heterogeneous structure. Medical support consisted of warm water and lubricant enema, as well as a heated environment...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079308/greater-temperature-sensitivity-of-plant-phenology-at-colder-sites-implications-for-convergence-across-northern-latitudes
#14
Janet Prevéy, Mark Vellend, Nadja Rüger, Robert D Hollister, Anne D Bjorkman, Isla H Myers-Smith, Sarah C Elmendorf, Karin Clark, Elisabeth J Cooper, Bo Elberling, Anna Maria Fosaa, Gregory H R Henry, Toke T Høye, Ingibjörg Svala Jónsdóttir, Kari Klanderud, Esther Lévesque, Marguerite Mauritz, Ulf Molau, Susan M Natali, Steven F Oberbauer, Zoe A Panchen, Eric Post, Sabine B Rumpf, Niels M Schmidt, Ted Schuur, Phillip R Semenchuk, Tiffany Troxler, Jeffrey M Welker, Christian Rixen
Warmer temperatures are accelerating the phenology of organisms around the world. Temperature sensitivity of phenology might be greater in colder, higher-latitude sites than in warmer regions, in part because small changes in temperature constitute greater relative changes in thermal balance at colder sites. To test this hypothesis, we examined up to 20 years of phenology data for 47 tundra plant species at 18 high-latitude sites along a climatic gradient. Across all species, the timing of leaf emergence and flowering were more sensitive to a given increase in summer temperature at colder than warmer high-latitude locations...
January 11, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078086/unusual-aerobic-performance-at-high-temperatures-in-juvenile-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha
#15
Jamilynn B Poletto, Dennis E Cocherell, Sarah E Baird, Trinh X Nguyen, Valentina Cabrera-Stagno, Anthony P Farrell, Nann A Fangue
Understanding how the current warming trends affect fish populations is crucial for effective conservation and management. To help define suitable thermal habitat for juvenile Chinook salmon, the thermal performance of juvenile Chinook salmon acclimated to either 15 or 19°C was tested across a range of environmentally relevant acute temperature changes (from 12 to 26°C). Swim tunnel respirometers were used to measure routine oxygen uptake as a measure of routine metabolic rate (RMR) and oxygen uptake when swimming maximally as a measure of maximal metabolic rate (MMR) at each test temperature...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072857/quantification-of-local-warming-trend-a-remote-sensing-based-approach
#16
Khan Rubayet Rahaman, Quazi K Hassan
Understanding the warming trends at local level is critical; and, the development of relevant adaptation and mitigation policies at those levels are quite challenging. Here, our overall goal was to generate local warming trend map at 1 km spatial resolution by using: (i) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)-based 8-day composite surface temperature data; (ii) weather station-based yearly average air temperature data; and (iii) air temperature normal (i.e., 30 year average) data over the Canadian province of Alberta during the period 1961-2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072427/calorimetric-studies-on-thermal-properties-of-nano-cryoprotectant-solutions-during-vitrification
#17
H F Xu, B T Hao, L J Liu, L L Tang, B L Liu
:   BACKGROUND: Vitrification, the ice-free cryopreservation, develops rapidly and can become an ideal method for long-term preservation of cells and tissues. But up to now it is not practical for samples with large size because of the ultra-rapid cooling rate required. It has been reported that nanoparticles improve heat conductivity of solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, Hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles(20, 40 or 60nm)at 0.1 %, 0.5 % or 1 % (w/w) were added into glycerol solutions...
November 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071867/identifying-effective-nurse-led-care-transition-interventions-for-older-adults-with-complex-needs-using-a-structured-expert-panel
#18
Lianne Jeffs, Kerry Kuluski, Madelyn Law, Marianne Saragosa, Sherry Espin, Ella Ferris, Jane Merkley, Brenda Dusek, Monika Kastner, Chaim M Bell
BACKGROUND: Nursing plays a central role in facilitating care transitions for complex older adults, yet there is no consensus of the components of nurse-led care transitions interventions to facilitate high quality care transitions among complex older adults. A structured expert panel was established with the purpose of identifying effective nurse-led care transition interventions. METHODS: A modified Delphi consensus technique based on the RAND method was employed...
January 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070466/resistance-to-starvation-of-first-stage-juveniles-of-the-caribbean-spiny-lobster
#19
Alí Espinosa-Magaña, Enrique Lozano-Álvarez, Patricia Briones-Fourzán
The non-feeding postlarva (puerulus) of spiny lobsters actively swims from the open ocean to the coastal habitats where it settles and molts to the first-stage juvenile (JI). Because pueruli use much of their energy reserves swimming and preparing for the post-settlement molt, the survival of JIs presumably depends on resuming feeding as soon as possible. To test this hypothesis, the resistance to starvation of JIs of the Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, was evaluated by measuring their point-of-no-return (PNR, minimum time of initial starvation preventing recovery after later feeding) and point-of-reserve-saturation (PRS, minimum time of initial feeding allowing for food-independent development through the rest of the molting cycle) in a warm and a cold season...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069937/centuries-of-thermal-sea-level-rise-due-to-anthropogenic-emissions-of-short-lived-greenhouse-gases
#20
Kirsten Zickfeld, Susan Solomon, Daniel M Gilford
Mitigation of anthropogenic greenhouse gases with short lifetimes (order of a year to decades) can contribute to limiting warming, but less attention has been paid to their impacts on longer-term sea-level rise. We show that short-lived greenhouse gases contribute to sea-level rise through thermal expansion (TSLR) over much longer time scales than their atmospheric lifetimes. For example, at least half of the TSLR due to increases in methane is expected to remain present for more than 200 y, even if anthropogenic emissions cease altogether, despite the 10-y atmospheric lifetime of this gas...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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