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Wida Setiawati, Hinky Hindra Irawan Satari, Yunia Irawati, Made Susiyanti
A 4-year-old girl had suffered from multiple pustules and severely swollen eyelids for a week which led to difficulties in opening her eyes. The pustules burst 2 days prior to admission, causing blood and pus to come out. As a result, the evaluation of eye movement, visual acuity and intraocular pressure was hindered. Eyelids were spasming, hyperaemic, warm and of soft consistency on palpation. Crust and necrotic tissues were also observed. The patient had a history of fever with cough and nasal congestion...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
T N Safonova, N P Kintiukhina
PURPOSE: to identify the role of laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) in diagnostic and to assess the effectiveness of involutional blepharitis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 patients (64 eyes) with chronic blepharitis aged in average 75.21±3.56 years. All patients completed questionnaire (SPEED), underwent Schirmer I, Norn tear break-up time and compression tests, had the number of functioning meibomian glands (NFMG) calculated. The patients' eyelids were examined with LSCM, and the condition of conjunctiva was evaluated by microbiological study...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Alexa M Bouts, Lauren Brackman, Elizabeth Martin, Adam M Subasic, Edward S Potkanowicz
People use their smartphones for everything from web browsing to tracking fitness metrics. However, it is unclear whether smartphone-based apps that use photoplethysmography to measure heart rate are an accurate or valid measure of exercise intensity. Purpose was to determine the accuracy and validity of two iOS-based heart rate monitors, Runtastic Heart Rate Monitor and Pulse Tracker PRO by Runtastic (Runtastic) and Instant Heart Rate+: Heart Rate and Pulse Monitor by Azumio (Instant Heart Rate), when compared to the electrocardiogram (ECG) and Polar® T31 uncoded heart rate monitor from moderate to vigorous intensity exercise...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Nur S Ibrahim, Chee K Chen, Ayunizma Ayub, Ayu S Muhamad
Introduction: Lysozyme is one of the salivary antimicrobial proteins which act as the "first line of defence" at the mucosal surface. The effects of prolonged exercise in the hot and cool environments among recreational athletes on salivary lysozyme responses are very limited in the literature, especially in the Asian countries. Objective: To determine the effects of prolonged running in the hot and cool environments on selected physiological parameters and salivary lysozyme responses among recreational athletes...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Winnie-Pui-Pui Liew, Sabran Mohd-Redzwan
The secondary metabolites produced by fungi known as mycotoxins, are capable of causing mycotoxicosis (diseases and death) in human and animals. Contamination of feedstuffs as well as food commodities by fungi occurs frequently in a natural manner and is accompanied by the presence of mycotoxins. The occurrence of mycotoxins' contamination is further stimulated by the on-going global warming as reflected in some findings. This review comprehensively discussed the role of mycotoxins (trichothecenes, zearalenone, fumonisins, ochratoxins, and aflatoxins) toward gut health and gut microbiota...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Hyun Jun Kim, Sang Yeoup Lee, Hwa Gyeong Lee, Yang Hee Cho, Eun Mi Ko
Few studies have been undertaken to develop cognitive functional improvement-focused exercise programs and determine their effect. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of a cognitive enhancement fitness program (CEFP) on short-term memory and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels according to the cognitive state in middle-aged women. A total of 30 healthy volunteers aged 40-59 years were divided into two groups, that is, a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) group and a non-MCI group based on results from the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Nathalie Rousseau, Albert Mudry
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In Western medicine, the long history of the ear syringe dates back at least to the end of the 1st millennium BCE; but the corresponding Ancient Greek word surinx designates another tool. Other Greek and Latin words and phrases, in particular auricular clyster, otenchytes, and pyoulcos, were known as names of the ear syringe until modern times. The aim of this article is to study the Greek and Latin words and phrases referred to as names of the ear syringe up until modern times before syringe became the standard word...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Feng Yang, Ming-Sheng Tan, Ping Yi, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Qing-Ying Hao, Ying-Na Qi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between spinal card decompression combined with traditional Chinese medicine and simple spinal card decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2015, 73 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated, including 42 males and 31 females, aged from 29 to 73 years old with a mean of 50.9 years old. The patients were divided into the simple operation group (34 cases) and the operation combined with traditional Chinese medicine group(39 cases) according to the idea of themselves...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Vinícius Barreto-Silva, Marcelo Bigliassi, Priscila Chierotti, Leandro R Altimari
Immersive environments induced by audiovisual stimuli are hypothesised to facilitate the control of movements and ameliorate fatigue-related symptoms during exercise. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of pleasant and unpleasant audiovisual stimuli on perceptual and psychophysiological responses during moderate-intensity exercises performed on an electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer. Twenty young adults were administered three experimental conditions in a randomised and counterbalanced order: unpleasant stimulus (US; e...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Stephan Jung, Nicole Estrella, Michael W Pfaffl, Stephan Hartmann, Ellinor Handelshauser, Annette Menzel
Grass pollen is the main cause of hay fever and allergic asthma in warm temperate climates during summer. The aim of this study was to determine the content of group 5 major allergens in pollen grains of agriculturally important grass species/cultivars. For each cultivar flowering dates and pollen production of cut anthers were observed in the field and in a climate chamber, respectively. An ELISA was used to quantify the group 5 allergens (Phl p5) in pollen extracts which were gained from the grass species Kentucky bluegrass, perennial rye grass, timothy, cocksfoot, annual / Italian rye grass, hybrid rye grass and festulolium...
2018: PloS One
A D Rogers, M Saggaf, N Ziolkowski
BACKGROUND: Patients with extensive burn injuries are susceptible to a host of accompanying adverse effects should they develop perioperative hypothermia, which occurs in up to ¼ of all major burn cases. This quality improvement project aimed to reduce the incidence of perioperative hypothermia to below 10% of cases in patients with major burn (Total Body Surface Area [TBSA] >15%), within a one year period. METHODS: A baseline diagnostic phase was undertaken to provide a greater understanding of the incidence, natural history and risk factors of perioperative hypothermia...
March 7, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Guoxing Li, Qun Guo, Yang Liu, Yixue Li, Xiaochuan Pan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Global warming has attracted worldwide attention. Numerous studies have indicated that stroke is associated with temperature; however, few studies are available on the projections of the burden of stroke attributable to future climate change. We aimed to investigate the future trends of stroke years of life lost (YLL) associated with global warming. METHODS: We collected death records to examine YLL in Tianjin, China, from 2006 to 2011. We fitted a standard time-series Poisson regression model after controlling for trends, day of the week, relative humidity, and air pollution...
March 9, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Cin-Ty A Lee, Hehe Jiang, Elli Ronay, Daniel Minisini, Jackson Stiles, Matthew Neal
On greater than million year timescales, carbon in the ocean-atmosphere-biosphere system is controlled by geologic inputs of CO2 through volcanic and metamorphic degassing. High atmospheric CO2 and warm climates in the Cretaceous have been attributed to enhanced volcanic emissions of CO2 through more rapid spreading at mid-ocean ridges and, in particular, to a global flare-up in continental arc volcanism. Here, we show that global flare-ups in continental arc magmatism also enhance the global flux of nutrients into the ocean through production of windblown ash...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jianfei Ye, Shudong Zhang, Xiaojun Tian, Guoliang Wang, Lei Zhao, Lulin Ma
Objective Laparoscopic knot-tying and suturing are the most difficult steps in shortening the warm ischemia time and learning curve of laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. This study was performed to demonstrate the safety, oncological efficacy, and technical tips of sutureless retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery (RPNSS). Methods This retrospective study included 78 cases of RPNSS using a sutureless technique and 126 cases of RPNSS using a single-layer barbed self-retaining suture technique performed from December 2012 to December 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Hyoung-Kil Park, Min-Kyung Jung, Eunkyung Park, Chang-Young Lee, Yong-Seok Jee, Denny Eun, Jun-Youl Cha, Jaehyun Yoo
Performing warm-ups increases muscle temperature and blood flow, which contributes to improved exercise performance and reduced risk of injuries to muscles and tendons. Stretching increases the range of motion of the joints and is effective for the maintenance and enhancement of exercise performance and flexibility, as well as for injury prevention. However, stretching as a warm-up activity may temporarily decrease muscle strength, muscle power, and exercise performance. This study aimed to clarify the effect of stretching during warm-ups on muscle strength, muscle power, and muscle endurance in a nonathletic population...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Benjamin West, Mohamed Keheila, Jason C Smith, Alexander Erskine, Samuel R Abourbih, Nazih Khater, D Duane Baldwin
Objective: Cryoablation of renal tumors adjacent to the ureter or pelvicalyceal system carries risks for thermal injury of the collecting system. Although cold antegrade perfusion has been described for radiofrequency ablation, warm saline perfusion for renal cryoablation has not been well-characterized. The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and feasibility of antegrade and retrograde warm saline perfusions during percutaneous renal cryoablation. Material and methods: A retrospective review was performed on 136 patients treated with percutaneous renal cryoablation at a single academic institution between 2009 and 2015...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Elie Azoulay, Virginie Lemiale, Djamel Mokart, Saad Nseir, Laurent Argaud, Frédéric Pène, Loay Kontar, Fabrice Bruneel, Kada Klouche, François Barbier, Jean Reignier, Anabelle Stoclin, Guillaume Louis, Jean-Michel Constantin, Julien Mayaux, Florent Wallet, Achille Kouatchet, Vincent Peigne, Pierre Perez, Christophe Girault, Samir Jaber, Johanna Oziel, Martine Nyunga, Nicolas Terzi, Lila Bouadma, Christine Lebert, Alexandre Lautrette, Naike Bigé, Jean-Herlé Raphalen, Laurent Papazian, Antoine Rabbat, Michael Darmon, Sylvie Chevret, Alexandre Demoule
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is the leading reason for intensive care unit (ICU) admission in immunocompromised patients. High-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) therapy is an alternative to standard oxygen. By providing warmed and humidified gas, HFNO allows the delivery of higher flow rates via nasal cannula devices, with FiO2 values of nearly 100%. Benefits include alleviation of dyspnea and discomfort, decreased respiratory distress and decreased mortality in unselected patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure...
March 5, 2018: Trials
Robert B Srygley, Laura B Senior
An ongoing biological debate concerns the difference in trait expression in continuous versus cycling temperature regimes, but are even daily cycling temperatures sufficient to generate natural expression of traits? We compared embryonic development and the duration of diapause for Mormon cricket Anabrus simplex Haldeman (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) eggs incubated in a daily cycling temperature constant in both amplitude and thermoperiod with those in a cycling temperature that was patterned after natural fluctuations in ambient temperature...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Helene Creux, Patricia Monnier, Weon-Young Son, William Buckett
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the experience and outcomes of in vitro maturation without ovarian stimulation (IVM-FP) and conventional in vitro fertilization after ovarian stimulation (IVF-FP) in a fertility preservation (FP) program for women with cancer. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study from 2003 to 2015 was conducted. The study population consisted of 353 women with cancer who underwent 394 FP cycles (187 IVF-FP cycles and 207 IVM-FP) for oocytes and/or embryos cryopreservation...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Maria T Kavanaugh, Jennie E Rheuban, Kelly M A Luis, Scott C Doney
The U.S. Northeast Continental Shelf is experiencing rapid warming, with potentially profound consequences to marine ecosystems. While satellites document multiple scales of spatial and temporal variability on the surface, our understanding of the status, trends, and drivers of the benthic environmental change remains limited. We interpolated sparse benthic temperature data along the New England Shelf and upper Slope using a seasonally dynamic, regionally specific multiple linear regression model that merged in situ and remote sensing data...
December 2017: Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans
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