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osteogenesis renal

Steven Goudy, Pawina Jiramongolchai, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Determine predictive patient characteristics that guide the decision to proceed with surgical management of tongue-based airway obstruction (TBAO) in Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of PRS patients between 2005 and 2014 requiring observation in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Patient charts were reviewed for prenatal diagnoses, clinical course, and need for surgical intervention (tracheotomy or mandibular distraction osteogenesis), and the nonsurgical and surgical group were compared with a logistic regression model...
July 5, 2016: Laryngoscope
M C D Agostino, R Frairia, P Romeo, E Amelio, L Berta, V Bosco, S Gigliotti, C Guerra, S Messina, L Messuri, B Moretti, A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, S Russo, R Saggini, M C Vulpiani, P Buselli
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT), after its first medical application in the urological field for lithotripsy, nowadays represents a valid therapeutical tool also for many musculoskeletal diseases, as well as for regenerative medicine applications. This is possible thanks to its mechanisms of action, which in the non-urological field are not related to mechanical disruption (as for renal stones), but rather to the capacity, by mechanotransduction, to induce neoangiogenesis, osteogenesis and to improve local tissue trophism, regeneration and remodeling, through stem cell stimulation...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
M Selvakumar, Harpreet Singh Pawar, Nimmy K Francis, Bodhisatwa Das, Santanu Dhara, Santanu Chattopadhyay
Guided bone regeneration (GBR) scaffolds are unsuccessful in many clinical applications due to a high incidence of postoperative infection. The objective of this work is to fabricate GBR with an anti-infective electrospun scaffold by ornamenting segmented polyurethane (SPU) with two-dimensional Aloe vera wrapped mesoporous hydroxyapatite (Al-mHA) nanorods. The antimicrobial characteristic of the scaffold has been retrieved from the prepared Al-mHA frame with high aspect ratio (∼14.2) via biosynthesis route using Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis miller) extract...
March 9, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volkan Izol, Ibrahim Atilla Aridogan, Ali Borekoglu, Fatih Gokalp, Zehra Hatipoglu, Yildirim Bayazit, Sinan Zeren
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility, safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with spinal deformities were evaluated and the results of a single centre experience were reported. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 1999 and December 2014, 16 patients with spinal deformities underwent PCNL. The anomalies included 5 cases with kyphoscoliosis, 4 with post-polio syndrome, 3 with osteogenesis imperfecta, 3 with myotonic dystrophy, and 1 with ankylosing spondylitis...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Atsushi Suzuki
This report focused on translational research presented in ASBMR 2015 held in Seattle, WA in October 2015. Comorbidity with chronic diseases such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease and the relationship between skeletal and extraskeltal tissues give us more complexed pathophysiological issues to be clarified in superaged society.
January 2016: Clinical Calcium
Nicolas Bonnet, Patrick Garnero, Serge Ferrari
Periostin is a highly conserved matricellular protein that shares close homology with the insect cell adhesion molecule fasciclin 1. Periostin is expressed in a broad range of tissues including the skeleton, where it serves both as a structural molecule of the bone matrix and a signaling molecule through integrin receptors and Wnt-beta-catenin pathways whereby it stimulates osteoblast functions and bone formation. The development of periostin null mice has allowed to elucidate the crucial role of periostin on dentinogenesis and osteogenesis, as well as on the skeletal response to mechanical loading and parathyroid hormone...
September 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Eric T Rush, Jennifer L Goodwin, Nancy E Braverman, William B Rizzo
Patients with Zellweger Spectrum Disorders (ZSDs) have impaired peroxisome biogenesis and severe, multisystem disease. Although the neurologic symptoms of ZSD tend to be the most prominent, patients also have hepatic, renal and adrenal impairment. Little is known about bone health in patients with ZSD, particularly those with mild or moderate presentation. We investigated 13 ZSD patients who had strikingly abnormal bone mineral density for age. DXA scans showed mean lumbar and femoral neck Z-scores of -3.2...
January 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Masakazu Miura, Yuki Satoh
Recently the clinical application of bone turnover markers (BTMs) have been achieved significant progress and the measurements of these indices give us better understanding of pathogenesis of osteoporosis. BTMs are known the bone formation marker, the bone resorption marker and the bone matrix-related marker, respectively. In the Guidelines for the Use of Bone Metabolic Markers in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoporosis (2012 Edition) from publishing Japan Osteoporosis Society Committee, the newly and commonly BTMs were considered to give the normal reference value in Japanese people, the influence of renal function on BTMs...
October 2015: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Vivek V Pande, Kapil C Chousalkar, Marie S Bhanugopan, Jane C Quinn
The biologically active form of vitamin D₃, calcitriol (1,25-(OH)₂D₃), plays a key role in mineral homeostasis and bone formation and dietary vitamin D₃deficiency is a major cause of bone disorders in poultry. Supplementary dietary cholecalciferol (25-hydroxyvitamin D, 25-OH), the precursor of calcitriol, is commonly employed to combat this problem; however, dosage must be carefully determined as excess dietary vitamin D can cause toxicity resulting in a decrease in bone calcification, hypercalcinemia and renal failure...
November 2015: Poultry Science
Telma Palomo, Maria C Andrade, Barbara S E Peters, Fernanda A Reis, João Tomás A Carvalhaes, Francis H Glorieux, Frank Rauch, Marise Lazaretti-Castro
Intravenous pamidronate is widely used to treat children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). In a well-studied protocol ('standard protocol'), pamidronate is given at a daily dose of 1 mg per kg body weight over 4 h on 3 successive days; infusion cycles are repeated every 4 months. Here, we evaluated renal safety of a simpler protocol for intravenous pamidronate infusions (2 mg per kg body weight given in a single infusion over 2 h, repeated every 4 months; 'modified protocol'). Results of 18 patients with OI types I, III, or IV treated with the modified protocol for 12 months were compared to 18 historic controls, treated with standard protocol...
January 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Narihito Tatsumoto, Shunsuke Yamada, Masanori Tokumoto, Masahiro Eriguchi, Hideko Noguchi, Kumiko Torisu, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Takanari Kitazono
Vascular calcification (VC) is a critical complication in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The effects of spironolactone (SPL), a mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist, on VC have not been fully investigated in CKD. The present in vivo study determined the protective effects of SPL on VC in CKD rats. Rats were divided into a control group and four groups of rats with adenine-induced CKD. Three groups were treated with 0, 50, and 100 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) SPL for 8 wk, and one group was treated with 100 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) SPL for the last 2 wk of the 8-wk treatment period...
December 1, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Praneet Chaturvedi, Neal X Chen, Kalisha O'Neill, Jeanette N McClintick, Sharon M Moe, Sarath Chandra Janga
Vascular calcification is a complex process and has been associated with aging, diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although there have been several studies that examine the role of miRNAs (miRs) in bone osteogenesis, little is known about the role of miRs in vascular calcification and their role in the pathogenesis of vascular abnormalities. Matrix vesicles (MV) are known to play in important role in initiating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification. In the present study, we performed miRNA microarray analysis to identify the dysregulated miRs between MV and VSMC derived from CKD rats to understand the role of post-transcriptional regulatory networks governed by these miRNAs in vascular calcification and to uncover the differential miRNA content of MV...
2015: PloS One
Pieter Evenepoel, Patrick D'Haese, Vincent Brandenburg
For more than a decade, the Wnt-β-catenin pathway has been the focus of intense basic and clinical research in the bone field because of its importance in skeletal development and maintenance of bone mass. Wnt activation increases bone formation and decreases bone resorption. The Wnt-β-catenin signaling pathway is tightly regulated by several inhibitors, among which Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) and sclerostin have been most comprehensively studied. Mounting evidence indicates that a disturbed Wnt-β-catenin signaling is also implicated in the pathogenesis of the chronic kidney disease-associated bone and mineral disorder (CKD-MBD) and affects its various components...
August 2015: Kidney International
Robert Erdmann, Cansu Ozden, Jens Weidmann, Alexander Schultze
Published recently in the Journal of Pathology, Lavoz et al. show that Gremlin promotes renal inflammation directly via VEGFR2. As Gremlin has been implicated in many other diseases, such as heart, lung and liver fibrosis, osteogenesis, angiogenesis and cancer, the new findings provide a rationale for novel concepts to investigate and potentially treat several pathologies.
August 2015: Journal of Pathology
Jose-Luiz Figueiredo, Masanori Aikawa, Chunyu Zheng, Jacob Aaron, Lilian Lax, Peter Libby, Jose Luiz de Lima Filho, Sabine Gruener, Jürgen Fingerle, Wolfgang Haap, Guido Hartmann, Elena Aikawa
Chronic renal disease (CRD) accelerates the development of atherosclerosis. The potent protease cathepsin S cleaves elastin and generates bioactive elastin peptides, thus promoting vascular inflammation and calcification. We hypothesized that selective cathepsin S inhibition attenuates atherogenesis in hypercholesterolemic mice with CRD. CRD was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in high-fat high-cholesterol fed apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. CRD mice received a diet admixed with 6.6 or 60 mg/kg of the potent and selective cathepsin S inhibitor RO5444101 or a control diet...
April 2015: American Journal of Pathology
Min Zhu, Kun Li, Yufang Zhu, Jianhua Zhang, Xiaojian Ye
After surgical treatment of osteoarticular tuberculosis (TB), it is necessary to fill the surgical defect with an implant, which combines the merits of osseous regeneration and local multi-drug therapy so as to avoid drug resistance and side effects. In this study, a 3D-printed macro/meso-porous composite scaffold is fabricated. High dosages of isoniazid (INH)/rifampin (RFP) anti-TB drugs are loaded into chemically modified mesoporous bioactive ceramics in advance, which are then bound with poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) through a 3D printing procedure...
April 2015: Acta Biomaterialia
Katherine Wesseling-Perry
Although traditional diagnosis and treatment of renal osteodystrophy focused on changes in bone turnover, current data demonstrate that abnormalities in skeletal mineralization are also prevalent in pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) and likely contribute to skeletal morbidities that continue to plague this population. It is now clear that alterations in osteocyte biology, manifested by changes in osteocytic protein expression, occur in early CKD before abnormalities in traditional measures of mineral metabolism are apparent and may contribute to defective skeletal mineralization...
April 2015: Current Osteoporosis Reports
Andrew P Evan, Elaine M Worcester, James C Williams, Andre J Sommer, James E Lingeman, Carrie L Phillips, Fredric L Coe
Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) is associated with recurrent stone formation, but the clinical phenotype is unclear because patients with other disorders may be incorrectly labeled MSK. We studied 12 patients with histologic findings pathognomonic of MSK. All patients had an endoscopically recognizable pattern of papillary malformation, which may be segmental or diffuse. Affected papillae are enlarged and billowy, due to markedly enlarged inner medullary collecting ducts (IMCD), which contain small, mobile ductal stones...
May 2015: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Shu Rong, Xuezhi Zhao, Xiucai Jin, Zheng Zhang, Lei Chen, Yuxian Zhu, Weijie Yuan
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification (VC), in which vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) undergo a phenotypic transformation into osteoblast-like cells, is one of the emergent risk factors for the accelerated atherosclerosis process characteristic of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Phosphate is an important regulator of VC. METHODS: The expression of different smooth muscle cell or osteogenesis markers in response to high concentrations of phosphate or exogenous bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) was examined by qRT-PCR and western blotting in rat VSMCs...
2014: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Shuhei Tara, Hirotsugu Kurobe, Kevin A Rocco, Mark W Maxfield, Cameron A Best, Tai Yi, Yuji Naito, Christopher K Breuer, Toshiharu Shinoka
OBJECTIVE: Tissue engineering techniques have emerged that allow bioresorbable grafts to be implanted that restore function and transform into biologically active arteries. However, these implants are susceptible to calcification during the remodeling process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of pore size of bioabsorbable grafts in the development of calcification. METHODS: Two types of grafts were prepared: a large-pore graft constructed of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA) fibers coated with poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) (PLA-PLCL), and a small-pore graft made of electrospun PLA nanofibers (PLA-nano)...
December 2014: Atherosclerosis
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