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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101437/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-homologous-and-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-for-treating-androgenic-alopecia
#1
Bilsev Ince, Mehmet Emin Cem Yildirim, Mehmet Dadaci, Mustafa Cihat Avunduk, Nedim Savaci
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA), the most common cause of hair loss in both sexes, accounts for 95% of all cases of hair loss. Although the literature has suggested that both nonactivated (n-PRP) and activated autologous (a-PRP) PRP can be used to treat AGA, we did not find any study investigating the use of homologous PRP (h-PRP) for this purpose. Also, to the best of our knowledge, there are no studies comparing the efficacy of h-PRP, a-PRP, or n-PRP on AGA therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the increase in hair density, average number of platelets, complications, preparation, and duration of application in the treatment of AGA using a-PRP, n-PRP, and h-PRP...
November 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936292/evolution-of-oral-cancer-treatment-in-an-andalusian-population-sample-rehabilitation-with-prosthetic-obturation-and-removable-partial-prosthesis
#2
Rafael Flores-Ruiz, Lizette Castellanos-Cosano, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Maribel Gonzalez-Martin, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez, Daniel Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Radical surgical resection as a treatment modality for oral cancer often leads to an extensive deficit in both the maxillary and mandibular levels, where the use of a palatal obturator prosthesis (POP) or removable partial denture (RPP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment with POP and RPP in patients treated for oral cancer in the Unit of Prosthetic Rehabilitation of the University Hospital Virgen del Rocío in a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing oral cancer type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859737/techniques-for-optimizing-surgical-scars-part-1-wound-healing-and-depressed-atrophic-scars
#3
Sailesh Konda, Kathryn Potter, Vicky Zhen Ren, Apphia Lihan Wang, Aditya Srinivasan, Suneel Chilukuri
Surgical management of benign or malignant cutaneous tumors may result in noticeable scars that are of great concern to patients, regardless of sex, age, or ethnicity. Techniques to optimize surgical scars are discussed in this three-part review. In part 1, an overview of the importance of preoperative planning, intraoperative technique, and pathophysiology of wound healing is followed by a discussion of scar revision options for depressed/atrophic scars. Scar revision options for these scars include dermabrasion, needling and subcision, punch excision and grafts, fillers, nonablative fractional lasers, ablative and fractional ablative lasers, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP)...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835207/adverse-events-following-immunization-with-pentavalent-vaccine-experiences-of-newly-introduced-vaccine-in-iran
#4
Manoochehr Karami, Pegah Ameri, Jalal Bathaei, Zeinab Berangi, Tahereh Pashaei, Ali Zahiri, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, Hussein Erfani, Koen Ponnet
BACKGROUND: The most important factors that affect the incidence of vaccine-related complications are the constituent biological components of the vaccine, injection site reactions, age and sex. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence rate of adverse events following immunization with pentavalent vaccine (DTPw-Hep B-Hib (PRP-T) vaccine (pentavac) (adsorbed) is manufactured by Serum Institute of India ltd), which was introduced in Iran in November 2014. It is important to monitor vaccine-related adverse events because of the role of vaccine safety in immunization program success...
August 23, 2017: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566783/a-comparative-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-triamcinolone-to-treat-tennis-elbow
#5
Vanamali B Seetharamaiah, Amrit Gantaguru, Sunil Basavarajanna
BACKGROUND: Lateral elbow pain is common with a population prevalence of 1%-3%. The study was a comparative trial to validate the efficacy of single injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for tennis elbow as compared with single injections of triamcinolone and placebo (normal saline) over a short term period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comparative trial with 3- and 6-month followup evaluated with visual analog scale (VAS) and facial pain scale (FPS). Our study included a total of eighty patients with unilateral or bilateral tennis elbows...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553997/partnership-agreements-less-likely-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia-data-from-a-national-online-survey-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#6
Johann Kolstee, Steven Philpot, Jeffrey Grierson, Benjamin R Bavinton, Duane Duncan, Garrett Prestage
Background: How gay and bisexual men (GBM) establish partnership agreements may be affected by several factors, including age. The ability to communicate with a partner about sexual agreements has important sexual health implications for GBM. Objective: To assess differences in partnership agreements among GBM. Methods: We surveyed GBM about their partnerships using a national, anonymous online survey in 2013-14. We compared men who had monogamous partnerships with men who had non-monogamous partnerships, according to age and other factors...
May 30, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433523/association-of-preresidency-peer-reviewed-publications-with-radiation-oncology-resident-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#7
Shearwood McClelland, Charles R Thomas, Lynn D Wilson, Emma B Holliday, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: The decision of radiation oncology residents to pursue academic versus private practice careers plays a central role in shaping the present and future of the field, but factors that are potentially predictive of this decision are lacking. This study was performed to examine the role of several factors publicly available before residency on postresidency career choice, including preresidency peer-reviewed publications (PRPs), which have been associated with resident career choice in comparably competitive subspecialties such as neurosurgery...
September 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339078/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-platelet%C3%A2-rich-plasma-formulations-on-extracellular-matrix-formation-and-the-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-human-articular-chondrocytes
#8
Wenjing Yin, Haitao Xu, Jiagen Sheng, Zhengliang Xu, Xuetao Xie, Changqing Zhang
Concentrated leukocytes in leukocyte and platelet‑rich plasma (L‑PRP) may deliver increased levels of pro‑inflammatory cytokines to activate the nuclear factor (NF)‑κB signaling pathway, to counter or overwhelm the beneficial effects of growth factors on cartilage regeneration. However, to date, no relevant studies have substantiated this. In the present study, L‑PRP and pure platelet‑rich plasma (P‑PRP) were prepared, and leukocytes, platelets, pro‑inflammatory cytokines and growth factor concentrations were quantified; they were then used to treat human articular chondrocytes (HACs)...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272234/neovascular-glaucoma-after-vitrectomy-in-patients-with-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#9
Jin-Woo Kwon, Donghyun Jee, Tae Yoon La
To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of neovascular glaucoma (NVG) after vitrectomy in patients with vitreous hemorrhage associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). This retrospective, noncomparative, observational study included 127 eyes of 127 patients with PDR who received vitrectomy with a follow-up period of at least 6 months. The prevalence of NVG and associated risk factors were assessed including sex, age, previous panretinal photocoagulation, baseline intraocular pressure, combined phacovitrectomy, and pretreatment with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) before vitrectomy for the treatment of vitreous hemorrhage...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034559/urinary-paraben-concentrations-and-their-associations-with-anthropometric-measures-of-children-aged-3-years
#10
Jianqiu Guo, Chunhua Wu, Dasheng Lu, Shuai Jiang, Weijiu Liang, Xiuli Chang, Hao Xu, Guoquan Wang, Zhijun Zhou
Parabens, known as ubiquitous preservatives, have been linked to adverse health outcomes in humans. This study aimed to examine urinary paraben concentrations of children at 3 years of age and evaluate their associations with anthropometric parameters. Urinary parabens including methylparaben (MeP), ethylparaben (EtP), propylparaben (PrP), butylparaben (BuP) and benzylparaben (BeP) were measured among 436 children in a birth cohort using gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Generalized linear models were performed to evaluate associations of paraben exposures with age- and sex-specific z scores, including weight, height, weight for height and body mass index...
March 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975003/efficacy-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-glue-in-weight-loss-sequelae-surgery-and-breast-reduction-a-prospective-study
#11
Barbara Hersant, Mounia SidAhmed-Mezi, Simone Lapadula, Jeremy Niddam, Jonathan Bouhassira, Jean Paul Meningaud
BACKGROUND: Seroma and hematoma formations are the most common complications after plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (A-PRP) glue to reduce postoperative wound complications and improve surgical outcomes. METHODS: Fifty-four patients were included in this study. They underwent breast reduction surgery, abdominoplasty, or limb lifting with A-PRP glue application on the entire surface of the subcutaneous tissue at the time of suture...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900700/platelet-rich-plasma-supplementation-in-arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
R D'Ambrosi, F Palumbo, A Paronzini, V Ragone, R M Facchini
BACKGROUND: Results on the effectiveness of PRP supplementation in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are conflicting, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, and double-blind study with two groups of 20 patients each (PRP group and control group). Degenerative supraspinatus full-thickness tears grade C2-C3 were subjected to arthroscopic repair; PRP supplementation was given to patients in the PRP group. The outcomes were assessed by DASH, Constant scales, and ultrasound before and 6 months after surgery...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870974/myocardial-perfusion-in-peripheral-raynaud-s-phenomenon-evaluation-using-stress-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#13
Sophie Mavrogeni, Konstantinos Bratis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Georgia Karabela, Efthymios Savropoulos, Gikas Katsifis, John Raftakis, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Genovefa Kolovou
BACKGROUND: Peripheral Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is either primary (PRP), without any coexisting disease or secondary (SRP), due to connective tissue diseases (CTD). We hypothesized that adenosine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can assess myocardial perfusion in a population of PRP and SRP. PATIENTS-METHODS: Twenty CTDs, aged 30.6±7.5yrs., 16F/4M, including 9 systemic sclerosis (SSc), 4 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 3 mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), 2 polymyositis (PM) and 2 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with SRP, under treatment with calcium blockers, were evaluated by stress CMR and compared with age-sex matched PRP and controls...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868077/platelet-rich-plasma-injections-with-needle-tenotomy-for-gluteus-medius-tendinopathy-a-registry-study-with-prospective-follow-up
#14
James J Lee, Julian R Harrison, Kwadwo Boachie-Adjei, Elizabeth Vargas, Peter J Moley
BACKGROUND: Gluteal tendinopathy is a prevalent condition that can be associated with significant pain and disability. To date, no studies have prospectively assessed the efficacy of intratendinous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections as a minimally invasive treatment for gluteus medius tendinopathy. PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the efficacy of intratendinous PRP injections as treatment for chronic recalcitrant gluteus medius tendinopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687944/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-for-superficial-digital-flexor-tendonitis-in-national-hunt-racehorses
#15
S Witte, C Dedman, F Harriss, G Kelly, Y-M Chang, T H Witte
Superficial digital flexor (SDF) tendonitis is a common injury in Thoroughbred racehorses. Injuries require prolonged rehabilitation, with unpredictable outcomes and a high incidence of re-injury. This observational case-control study aimed to compare race outcomes after commonly advocated treatments for tendon healing. Clinical and racing records were evaluated for 127 National Hunt racehorses treated between 2007 and 2011 for an SDF tendon injury. Two age- and sex-matched control horses were selected for each case horse to analyse the effect on post-injury racing outcomes of pre-injury data, lesion severity and treatment group [controlled exercise alone, bar firing, intralesional platelet-rich plasma (PRP), tendon splitting, tendon splitting combined with bar firing]...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569580/sex-related-dimorphism-in-dentate-gyrus-atrophy-and-behavioral-phenotypes-in-an-inducible-tta-appsi-transgenic-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Tatiana Melnikova, DaMin Park, Lauren Becker, Deidre Lee, Eugenia Cho, Nuzhat Sayyida, Jing Tian, Karen Bandeen-Roche, David R Borchelt, Alena V Savonenko
Sex differences are a well-known phenomenon in Alzheimer's disease (AD), with women having a higher risk for AD than men. Many AD mouse models display a similar sex-dependent pattern, with females showing earlier cognitive deficits and more severe neuropathology than males. However, whether those differences are relevant to human disease is unclear. Here we show that in AD mouse models that overexpress amyloid precursor protein (APP) under control of the prion protein promoter (PrP), female transgenic mice have higher APP expression than males, complicating interpretations of the role of sex-related factors in such models...
August 26, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522981/platelet-rich-plasma-for-the-treatment-of-clean-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marwa Ahmed, Sherif A Reffat, Amany Hassan, Fikry Eskander
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer is considered as a major health problem that predisposes to limb amputation. Among the different methods to achieve ulcer healing, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel is gaining popularity. It is thought to stimulate wound closure by providing essential growth factors for healing. This study aims to evaluate the value of autologous PRP gel in the treatment of diabetic ulcers. METHODS: The study included 56 patients of both sex from 18 to 80 years, with clean chronic diabetic foot ulcers divided into 2 equal groups...
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035501/randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-half-head-study-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-the-treatment-of-androgenetic-alopecia
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rubina Alves, Ramon Grimalt
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was identified as having a beneficial effect in alopecia and has been postulated as a new therapy for androgenetic alopecia (AGA). OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of PRP for the treatment of AGA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study in 25 patients with AGA. Platelet-rich plasma was injected in half-head and the other half-head with placebo. Each patient received a total of 3 treatments of PRP, 1 month apart...
April 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26519966/-functional-results-and-treatment-of-functional-dysfunctions-after-radical-prostatectomy
#19
REVIEW
L Salomon, S Droupy, R Yiou, M Soulié
OBJECTIVE: To describe the functional results and treatment of functional dysfunctions after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Bibliography search was performed from the database Medline (National Library of Medicine, Pubmed) selected according to the scientific relevance. The research was focused on continence, potency, les dyserections, couple sexuality, incontinence, treatments of postoperative incontinence, dysrection and trifecta...
November 2015: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457195/risk-factors-for-refractory-diabetic-macular-oedema-after-sub-tenon-s-capsule-triamcinolone-acetonide-injection
#20
Toshiyuki Oshitari, Yuta Kitamura, Sakiko Nonomura, Miyuki Arai, Yoko Takatsuna, Eiju Sato, Takayuki Baba, Shuichi Yamamoto
The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors for a recurrence or persistence of diabetic macular oedema (DME) after a sub-Tenon's capsule triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) injection. The medical records of 124 patients (124 eyes) treated by STTA were reviewed. The age, sex, HbA1c level, best-corrected visual acuity, central macular thickness, insulin use, pioglitazone use, systemic hypertension, serous retinal detachment, proteinuria, panretinal photocoagulation, microaneurysm photocoagulation (MAPC), subthreshold micropulse diode laser photocoagulation (SMDLP), cataract surgery, and history of vitrectomy were examined by logistic regression analysis...
2015: Journal of Ophthalmology
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