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Obesity soa

Ana Espínola Rodríguez, Luis Lores Obradors, Neus Parellada Esquius, Felisa Rubio Muñoz, Neus Espinosa Gonzalez, Elisabet Arellano Marcuello
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity causes important alterations in the respiratory physiology like sleep obstructive apnoea (SOA) and obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), both associated with high morbidity and mortality. Also, these entities are clearly infradiagnosed and in the case of OHS the prevalence is unknown in the general obese population. To determine the prevalence of OHS in the population of patients with morbid obesity and to know the comorbidity related with OHS, the associated respiratory symptoms and the pulse oximetry alterations...
February 23, 2018: Medicina Clínica
Marlon O Coulibaly, Clifford B Jones, Debra L Sietsema, Thomas A Schildhauer
BACKGROUND: Navicular fractures (NF) are uncommon. The purpose of this study was to compare results of operative (ORIF) and non-operative (NOT) treatment in NF. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken on patients diagnosed with NF between March 2002 and June 2007 at a Level I teaching trauma centre. Clinical outcome consisted of functional ability and complications. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients with 90 fractures were identified including 56 males and 32 females with a mean age of 38 (range 17-72) and body mass index of 28...
August 2015: Injury
Kevin D Cassel, Kathryn Braun, Lana Ka'opua, Fuamaila Soa, Claudio Nigg
Obesity-associated chronic diseases persist in Samoan populations in the United States. Samoans and African Americans share cultural similarities such as church affiliation, perceptions of weight and body size, and obesity-related health risks. Adapting an effective energy balance intervention originally designed for African Americans--Body and Soul--might be useful in reducing obesity among U.S. Samoans. To determine potential attractiveness and adaptations, we used aspects of grounded theory to analyze key-informant and focus group interviews with 31 purposively selected Samoans in Hawaii...
December 2014: Qualitative Health Research
David Montero, Guillaume Walther, Antonia Perez-Martin, Charles S Mercier, Sandrine Gayrard, Nestor Vicente-Salar, José Miguel Sempere-Ortells, Pascual Martinez-Peinado, Enrique Roche, Agnès Vinet
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to comprehensively assess the macro- and microcirculation of severely obese adolescents (SOA) and normal-weight counterparts and to determine the longitudinal effects of weight loss on vascular function in SOA. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Seventeen SOA (body mass index z-score = 4.22 ± 0.73) and 19 puberty-matched normal-weight counterparts (body mass index z-score = -0.02 ± 1.04) were included. The SOA participated in a 4 month weight loss program...
March 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
David Montero, Guillaume Walther, Antonia Perez-Martin, Cristina Santamaria, Enrique Roche, Charles Mercier, Agnès Vinet
By means of flowmotion analysis, it is mainly accepted that, in normal conditions, insulin specifically increases the activity of microvascular smooth muscle. The objective of this study was to compare this effect in severely obese and normal-weight adolescents. Laser Doppler measurements were used to assess cutaneous blood flux (CBF) and flowmotion in response to transdermal iontophoresis of insulin in 20 severely obese adolescents (SOA) aged 12-17 years (BMI = 33.34 ± 1.07 kg/m2), and 16 normal-weight adolescents (BMI = 18...
2014: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Ryan B Barwick, Mark D Tillman, Christine B Stopka, Krishna Dipnarine, Anthony Delisle, Mona Sayedul Huq
Individuals with an intellectual disability (ID) have higher rates of obesity, lower rates of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and muscular endurance than do typically developed individuals (TDI) and are twice as likely to develop chronic disease, living half as long as TDIs do. The purpose of this study was to examine the improvements in physical capacity and functional ability in Special Olympic Athletes (SOAs) aged 19-22 years after participating in a functional training (FT) program and compare these scores with those of the SOAs in a resistance weight training (WT) program...
June 2012: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Tomasz Zapolski, Andrzej Wysokiński, Jerzy Przegaliński, Jarosław Wójcik, Jakub Drozd, Teresa Widomska-Czekajska
AIM: The aim of the study was to analyze the factors contributing to the development of anginal pain common in patients with aortic valvular stenosis (SOAS). METHODS: The study included 74 consecutive patients, aged 60,5 (+/- 10,7), with severe acquired valvular aortic stenosis (resting maximum systolic pressure gradient above 50 mm Hg) who were referred for evaluation prior to elective cardiac surgery. The history of angina and its severity according to CCS classification and of common atherosclerosis risk factors including: hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, smoking, diabetes mellitus and family history was taken...
October 2004: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
A Sclafani, F Lucas, K Ackroff
Rats offered a carbohydrate solution (sugar or polysaccharide) in addition to chow typically overeat and gain excessive weight. The present study sought to determine if the palatable taste of these solutions contributes to the overeating response. Adult female rats were fitted with chronic intragastric catheters and given ad libitum access to chow and a drinking fluid that was paired with intragastric infusions. For one group (P + S), the flavored solution was a highly preferred mixture of 2% Polycose and 0...
June 1996: American Journal of Physiology
A Sclafani
Adult female rats were fed, in addition to chow and water, a carbohydrate source that differed in type (glucose, sucrose, or polysaccharide), form (32% solution, powder, or gel), or taste (very sweet, minimally sweet, or bitter). A control group was fed only chow and water during the 40-day experiment. The groups fed the glucose solution, sucrose solution, or one of three polysaccharide solutions (Polycose, maltose-dextrin 10, maltose-dextrin 42) all overrate and gained more body weight and fat than did the control group...
1987: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
L M Verbrugge, D M Gates, R W Ike
This article studies risk factors for physical and social disability among U.S. adults ages 55+ who have arthritis, compared to non-arthritis persons of those ages. The dependent variables refer to difficulties in walking, physical functioning (motions and strength), personal care, and household care. The data set is the Supplement on Aging (SOA) (n = 16,148) that accompanied the 1984 National Health Interview Survey. The SOA data are cross-sectional; relationships of risk factors to disability suggest causation but do not directly demonstrate it...
1991: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
J Terán Santos, F Pascual Lledó, L Rodríguez Pascual, I Arroyo Hidalgo, J P García Muñoz, F Gallo Marín, J L Viejo Bañuelos
Sleep obstructive apnea syndrome (SOAS) is defined by the existence of recurrent respiratory pauses during sleep, in general accompanied by arterial hypoxemia. In the present study the clinical characteristics of 40 patients diagnosed of SOAS are defined, highlighting amongst them de time sleepiness (85%), unavoidable sleep (85%) and tendency to snore (100%). Incidence is greater in males, in the fourth or fifth decades of lives in obese subjects (82%) and with associated hypertension (38%). Treatment with continuous positive pressure on respiratory tract (cPAP) achieves a significant decrease (p less than 0...
February 1992: Revista Clínica Española
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