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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458214/effect-of-tetrahedral-dna-nanostructures-on-proliferation-and-osteo-odontogenic-differentiation-of-dental-pulp-stem-cells-via-activation-of-the-notch-signaling-pathway
#1
Mi Zhou, Nan-Xin Liu, Si-Rong Shi, Yong Li, Qi Zhang, Quan-Quan Ma, Tao-Ran Tian, Wen-Juan Ma, Xiao-Xiao Cai, Yun-Feng Lin
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) derived from the human dental pulp tissue have multiple differentiation capabilities, such as osteo/odontogenic differentiation. Therefore, DPSCs are deemed as ideal stem cell sources for tissue regeneration. As new nanomaterials based on DNA, tetrahedral DNA nanostructures (TDNs) have tremendous potential for biomedical applications. Here, the authors aimed to explore the part played by TDNs in proliferation and osteo/odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs, and attempted to investigate if these cellular responses could be driven by activating the canonical Notch signaling pathway...
February 16, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454947/guide-to-electrospinning-denatured-whole-chain-collagen-from-hoki-fish-using-benign-solvents
#2
Deborah Le Corre-Bordes, Kathleen Hofman, Bronwyn Hall
Tissue engineering requires the design and manufacture of biomimetic scaffolds. Collagen-derived nanofibrous scaffolds have been intensively studied because collagen, in the form of fibrils, is one of the main components of the extra cellular matrix (ECM). Several collagen materials have been used in electrospinning studies including mammalian extracted Type I collagen and gelatin formulations. Denatured whole chain collagen (DWCC) can be prepared by heat denaturing acid-soluble collagen extracted from cold-water fish skin...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453529/toxicity-assessment-in-the-nanoparticle-era
#3
Valeria De Matteis, Rosaria Rinaldi
The wide use of engineered nanomaterials in many fields, ranging from biomedical, agriculture, environment, cosmetic, urged the scientific community to understand the processes behind their potential toxicity, in order to develop new strategies for human safety. As a matter of fact, there is a big discrepancy between the increased classes of nanoparticles and the consequent applications versus their toxicity assessment. Nanotoxicology is defined as the science that studies the effects of engineered nanodevices and nanostructures in living organisms...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450862/recent-progress-in-dendrimer-based-nanomedicine-development
#4
REVIEW
Yejin Kim, Eun Ji Park, Dong Hee Na
Dendrimers offer well-defined nanoarchitectures with spherical shape, high degree of molecular uniformity, and multiple surface functionalities. Such unique structural properties of dendrimers have created many applications for drug and gene delivery, nanomedicine, diagnostics, and biomedical engineering. Dendrimers are not only capable of delivering drugs or diagnostic agents to desired sites by encapsulating or conjugating them to the periphery, but also have therapeutic efficacy in their own. When compared to traditional polymers for drug delivery, dendrimers have distinct advantages, such as high drug-loading capacity at the surface terminal for conjugation or interior space for encapsulation, size control with well-defined numbers of peripheries, and multivalency for conjugation to drugs, targeting moieties, molecular sensors, and biopolymers...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448678/fabrication-and-friction-coefficient-of-graphene-oxide-reinforced-hydroxyapatite-composite
#5
Ming Gong, Qian Zhao, Liming Dai, Yingying Li, Tingshun Jiang
Graphene oxide (GO) reinforced hydroxyapatite (HA) composites with various contents of GO (HA/GO-C) were synthesized with addition of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) by a wetchemical precipitation method using diammonium hydrogen phosphate ((NH4)2HPO4) and calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O) as the initial reactants, and their structure, morphology, crystallization, specific surface area were studied by FT-IR, SEM, Raman spectroscopy, XRD and BET. Particularly, the influence of GO addition and appiled load on the friction coefficient of the obtained composites was investigated...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447433/a-step-into-the-future-applications-of-nanoparticle-enzyme-mimics
#6
Wolfgang Tremel, Karsten Korschelt, Muhammad Nawaz Tahir
We describe elementary concepts, up-to-date developments, and per-spectives of the emerging field of nanoparticle enzyme mimics (so-called "nanozymes") at the interface of chemistry, biology, materials, and nanotechnology. The design and synthesis of functional enzyme mimics is a long-standing goal of biomimetic chemistry. Metal com-plexes, polymers and engineered biomolecules capturing the structure of natural enzymes or their active centers have been made to achieve high rates and enhanced selectivities...
February 15, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445417/bioactive-polysaccharides-from-natural-resources-including-chinese-medicinal-herbs-on-tissue-repair
#7
REVIEW
Qiu Li, Yiming Niu, Panfei Xing, Chunming Wang
Background: Functional polysaccharides can be derived from plants (including herbs), animals and microorganisms. They have been widely used in a broad of biomedical applications, such as immunoregulatory agents or drug delivery vehicles. In the past few years, increasing studies have started to develop natural polysaccharides-based biomaterials for various applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Main body: We discuss in this article the emerging applications of natural polysaccharides-particularly those derived from Chinese medicine-for wound healing...
2018: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445138/non-toxic-engineered-carbon-nanodiamond-concentrations-induce-oxidative-nitrosative-stress-imbalance-of-energy-metabolism-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-microglial-and-alveolar-basal-epithelial-cells
#8
Claudia G Fresta, Aishik Chakraborty, Manjula B Wijesinghe, Angela M Amorini, Giacomo Lazzarino, Giuseppe Lazzarino, Barbara Tavazzi, Susan M Lunte, Filippo Caraci, Prajnaparamita Dhar, Giuseppe Caruso
Engineered nanoparticles are finding a wide spectrum of biomedical applications, including drug delivery and capacity to trigger cytotoxic phenomena, potentially useful against tumor cells. The full understanding of their biosafety and interactions with cell processes is mandatory. Using microglial (BV-2) and alveolar basal epithelial (A549) cells, in this study we determined the effects of engineered carbon nanodiamonds (ECNs) on cell viability, nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, as well as on energy metabolism...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443901/toxicology-of-engineered-nanoparticles-focus-on-poly-amidoamine-dendrimers
#9
REVIEW
Pratap C Naha, Sourav P Mukherjee, Hugh J Byrne
Engineered nanomaterials are increasingly being developed for paints, sunscreens, cosmetics, industrial lubricants, tyres, semiconductor devices, and also for biomedical applications such as in diagnostics, therapeutics, and contrast agents. As a result, nanomaterials are being manufactured, transported, and used in larger and larger quantities, and potential impacts on environmental and human health have been raised. Poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers are specifically suitable for biomedical applications...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442979/development-of-silver-based-bactericidal-composite-nanofibers-by-airbrushing
#10
Sukhwinder K Bhullar, Deepti Rana, Burçak Kaya Ozsel, Mehmet Orhan, Martin B G Jun, Harpal S Buttar, Serge Ostrovidov, Murugan Ramalingam
In this article, we report a simple, cost-effective and eco-friendly method of airbrushing for the fabrication of antibacterial composite nanofibers using Nylon-6 and silver chloride (AgCl). The Nylon-6 is a widely used polymer for various biomedical applications because of its excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties. Similarly, silver has also been known for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties. In order to enhance the antibacterial functionality of the Nylon-6, composite nanofibers in combination with AgCl have been fabricated using airbrush method...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442167/real-time-monitoring-of-hyaluronic-acid-fermentation-by-in-situ-transflectance-spectroscopy
#11
Kirubhakaran Puvendran, Kozhiyalam Anupama, Guhan Jayaraman
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a high-value polysaccharide with many biomedical applications. Microbial production of HA is now replacing the traditional extraction method from rooster combs. Production of medical-grade HA with defined characteristics requires controlled process conditions because there are many fermentation process parameters that affect the microbial synthesis of HA. This necessitates the development of online tools for monitoring multiple analytes during microbial fermentation. Here, we describe the application of in situ transflectance spectroscopy for online quantification of seven major fermentation analytes, viz...
February 13, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440763/rhythm-an-open-source-imaging-toolkit-for-cardiac-panoramic-optical-mapping
#12
Christopher Gloschat, Kedar Aras, Shubham Gupta, N Rokhaya Faye, Hanyu Zhang, Roman A Syunyaev, Roman A Pryamonosov, Jack Rogers, Matthew W Kay, Igor R Efimov
Fluorescence optical imaging techniques have revolutionized the field of cardiac electrophysiology and advanced our understanding of complex electrical activities such as arrhythmias. However, traditional monocular optical mapping systems, despite having high spatial resolution, are restricted to a two-dimensional (2D) field of view. Consequently, tracking complex three-dimensional (3D) electrical waves such as during ventricular fibrillation is challenging as the waves rapidly move in and out of the field of view...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440377/efficient-derivation-of-stable-primed-pluripotent-embryonic-stem-cells-from-bovine-blastocysts
#13
Yanina Soledad Bogliotti, Jun Wu, Marcela Vilarino, Daiji Okamura, Delia Alba Soto, Cuiqing Zhong, Masahiro Sakurai, Rafael Vilar Sampaio, Keiichiro Suzuki, Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, Pablo Juan Ross
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from the inner cell mass of preimplantation blastocysts. From agricultural and biomedical perspectives, the derivation of stable ESCs from domestic ungulates is important for genomic testing and selection, genome engineering, and modeling human diseases. Cattle are one of the most important domestic ungulates that are commonly used for food and bioreactors. To date, however, it remains a challenge to produce stable pluripotent bovine ESC lines. Employing a culture system containing fibroblast growth factor 2 and an inhibitor of the canonical Wnt-signaling pathway, we derived pluripotent bovine ESCs (bESCs) with stable morphology, transcriptome, karyotype, population-doubling time, pluripotency marker gene expression, and epigenetic features...
February 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438729/hyaluronan-chemistries-for-three-dimensional-matrix-applications
#14
REVIEW
Monica A Serban, Aleksander Skardal
Hyaluronan is a ubiquitous constituent of mammalian extracellular matrices and, because of its excellent intrinsic biocompatibility and chemical modification versatility, has been widely employed in a multitude of biomedical applications. In this article, we will survey the approaches used to tailor hyaluronan to specific needs of tissue engineering, regenerative and reconstructive medicine and overall biomedical research. We will also describe recent examples of applications in these broader areas, such as 3D cell culture, bioprinting, organoid biofabrication, and precision medicine that are facilitated by the use of hyaluronan as a biomaterial...
February 10, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436994/hydrogels-as-antibacterial-biomaterials
#15
Weiguo Xu, Shujun Dong, Yuping Han, Shuqiang Li, Yang Liu
Hydrogels, as a class of materials for tissue engineering and drug delivery, have high water content and solid-like mechanical properties. Currently, hydrogels with an antibacterial function are a research hotspot in biomedical field. Many advanced antibacterial hydrogels have been developed, each possessing unique qualities, namely high water swellability, high oxygen permeability, improved biocompatibility, ease of loading and releasing drugs and structural diversity. In this article, an overview is provided on the preparation and applications of various antibacterial hydrogels...
February 13, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436028/biomedical-applications-of-recombinant-silk-based-materials
#16
REVIEW
Tamara Bernadette Aigner, Elise DeSimone, Thomas Scheibel
Silk is mostly known as a luxurious textile, which originates from silkworms first cultivated in China. A deeper look into the variety of silk reveals that it can be used for much more, in nature and by humanity. For medical purposes, natural silks were recognized early as a potential biomaterial for surgical threads or wound dressings; however, as biomedical engineering advances, the demand for high-performance, naturally derived biomaterials becomes more pressing and stringent. A common problem of natural materials is their large batch-to-batch variation, the quantity available, their potentially high immunogenicity, and their fast biodegradation...
February 13, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434258/rationally-designed-synthetic-protein-hydrogels-with-predictable-mechanical-properties
#17
Junhua Wu, Pengfei Li, Chenling Dong, Heting Jiang, Bin Xue, Xiang Gao, Meng Qin, Wei Wang, Bin Chen, Yi Cao
Designing synthetic protein hydrogels with tailored mechanical properties similar to naturally occurring tissues is an eternal pursuit in tissue engineering and stem cell and cancer research. However, it remains challenging to correlate the mechanical properties of protein hydrogels with the nanomechanics of individual building blocks. Here we use single-molecule force spectroscopy, protein engineering and theoretical modeling to prove that the mechanical properties of protein hydrogels are predictable based on the mechanical hierarchy of the cross-linkers and the load-bearing modules at the molecular level...
February 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432805/intracellular-drug-delivery-potential-usefulness-of-engineered-shiga-toxin-subunit-b-for-targeted-cancer-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Vera Luginbuehl, Nicolas Meier, Karin Kovar, Jack Rohrer
A treasure trove of intracellular cancer drug targets remains hidden behind cell membranes. However, engineered pathogen-derived toxins such as Shiga toxins can deliver small or macromolecular drugs to specific intracellular organelles. After binding to ganglioglobotriaosylceramide (Gb3, CD77), the non-toxic subunit B (StxB) of the Shiga-holotoxin is endocytosed and delivers its payload by a unique retrograde trafficking pathway via the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytosol. This review provides an overview of biomedical applications of StxB-based drug delivery systems in targeted cancer diagnosis and therapy...
February 9, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430769/illuminating-structure-and-acyl-donor-sites-of-a-physiological-transglutaminase-substrate-from-streptomyces-mobaraensis
#19
Norbert E Juettner, Stefan Schmelz, Jan P Bogen, Dominic Happel, Wolf-Dieter Fessner, Felicitas Pfeifer, Hans-Lothar Fuchsbauer, Andrea Scrima
Transglutaminase from Streptomyces mobaraensis (MTG) has become a powerful tool to covalently and highly specifically link functional amines to glutamine donor sites of therapeutic proteins. However, details regarding the mechanism of substrate recognition and interaction of the enzyme with proteinaceous substrates still remain mostly elusive. We have determined the crystal structure of the Streptomyces papain inhibitory protein (SPIp ), a substrate of MTG, to study the influence of various substrate amino acids on positioning glutamine to the active site of MTG...
February 12, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427541/asymmetric-nano-textured-surfaces-influence-neuron-viability-and-polarity
#20
Andreea Belu, Mehmet Yilmaz, Elmar Neumann, Andreas Offenhäusser, Gokhan Demirel, Dirk Mayer
Three dimensional, nanostructured surfaces have attracted considerable attention in biomedical research since they have proven to represent a powerful platform to influence cell fate. In particular, nanorods and nanopillars possess great potential for the control of cell adhesion and differentiation, gene and biomolecule delivery, optical and electrical stimulation and recording, as well as cell patterning. Here, we investigate the influence of asymmetric poly(dichloro-p-xylene) (PPX) columnar films on the adhesion and maturation of cortical neurons...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
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