Read by QxMD icon Read

abnormal midwifery

Francesco Brigo, Simona Lattanzi, Eugen Trinka, Raffaele Nardone, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Martino Ruggieri, Ignazio Vecchio, Mariano Martini
In this article, we discuss on the role of the British physician and midwifery practitioner John Clarke (1760-1815) in the characterisation of the various types of seizures and epilepsy and related phenomena ('convulsions') occurring in children. In his unfinished work Commentaries on Some of the Most Important Diseases of Children (1815), Clarke discussed the pathophysiology of convulsions and was the first to describe, 12 years before the French neurologist Louis Francois Bravais (1801-1843) and more than 30 years before the Irish-born physician Robert Bentley Todd (1809-1860), the postictal paresis...
March 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Masoumeh Kordi, Sahar Riyazi, Marziyeh Lotfalizade, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri, Hoseyn Jafari Suny
BACKGROUND AND GOAL: Screening of fetal anomalies is assumed as a necessary measurement in antenatal cares. The screening plans aim at empowerment of individuals to make the informed choice. This study was conducted in order to compare the effect of group and face-to-face education and decisional conflicts among the pregnant females regarding screening of fetal abnormalities. METHODS: This study of the clinical trial was carried out on 240 pregnant women at <10-week pregnancy age in health care medical centers in Mashhad city in 2014...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Philip Steer
The introduction of continuous electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) in labour has coincided with a steady and remarkable fall in perinatal mortality. Whether this is cause or coincidence remains unclear because randomised trials have been underpowered. Attempts to improve the sensitivity and specificity of fetal compromise detection using fetal blood sampling and pH measurement, pulse oximetry, and fetal electrocardiogram analysis have failed to provide evidence of additional value in randomised trials...
November 2017: Early Human Development
Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Jos van Roosmalen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Tarek Meguid
BACKGROUND: While international guidelines for intrapartum care appear to have increased rapidly since 2000, literature suggests that it has only in few instances been matched with reviews of local modifications, use, and impact at the targeted low resource facilities. At a Tanzanian referral hospital, this paper describes the development process of locally achievable, partograph-associated, and peer-reviewed labour management guidelines, and it presents an assessment of professional birth attendants' perceptions...
June 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Caroline Se Homer, Nicky Leap, Nadine Edwards, Jane Sandall
OBJECTIVE: in 1997, The Albany Midwifery Practice was established within King's College Hospital NHS Trust in a South East London area of high social disadvantage. The Albany midwives provided continuity of care to around 216 women per year, including those with obstetric, medical or social risk factors. In 2009, the Albany Midwifery Practice was closed in response to concerns about safety, amidst much publicity and controversy. The aim of this evaluation was to examine trends and outcomes for all mothers and babies who received care from the practice from 1997-2009...
May 2017: Midwifery
Sandra Healy, Eileen Humphreys, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Maternity care is facing increasing intervention and iatrogenic morbidity rates. This can be attributed, in part, to higher-risk maternity populations, but also to a risk culture in which birth is increasingly seen as abnormal. Technology and intervention are used to prevent perceived implication in adverse outcomes and litigation. QUESTION: Does midwives' and obstetricians' perception of risk affect care practices for normal birth and low-risk women in labour, taking into account different settings? METHODS: The research methods are developed within a qualitative framework...
October 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Ellie Wernham, Jason Gurney, James Stanley, Lis Ellison-Loschmann, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: Internationally, a typical model of maternity care is a medically led system with varying levels of midwifery input. New Zealand has a midwife-led model of care, and there are movements in other countries to adopt such a system. There is a paucity of systemic evaluation that formally investigates safety-related outcomes in relationship to midwife-led care within an entire maternity service. The main objective of this study was to compare major adverse perinatal outcomes between midwife-led and medical-led maternity care in New Zealand...
September 2016: PLoS Medicine
Miyoko Tsukisawa
In this paper we present a comparative analysis of Shushi-Sanbaron (Japanese characters) and the original book, Lehrbuch der Hebammenkunst. After the legal reorganisation of the medical professions in Germany in the mid nineteenth century, the textbook Lehrbuch der Hebammenkunst was published for certified midwives. This book has two distinct characteristics; it was written from the physician's standpoint regarding the importance of the professional hierarchy of obstetricians and midwives, and it also served as a practical educator for midwives...
December 2015: Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. [Journal of Japanese History of Medicine]
Kaori Baba, Yaeko Kataoka, Kaori Nakayama, Yukari Yaju, Shigeko Horiuchi, Hiromi Eto
BACKGROUND: The Japan Academy of Midwifery developed and disseminated the '2012 Evidence-based Guidelines for Midwifery Care (Guidelines for Midwives)' for low-risk births to achieve a more uniform standard of care during childbirth in Japan. The objective of this study was to cross-sectional survey policy implementation regarding care during the second stage of labor at Japanese hospitals, clinics, and midwifery birth centers, and to compare those policies with the recommendations in Guidelines for Midwives...
February 24, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Sandra Healy, Eileen Humphreys, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Risk and risk assessment are increasingly affecting how maternity services are governed with rates of intervention continuing to rise in obstetric-led services for low-risk women. AIM: This review synthesises original research that examines how perceptions of risk impact on midwives' and obstetricians' facilitation of care for low-risk women in labour. METHODS: A five stage process for conducting integrative reviews was employed...
April 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Jyai Allen, Kristen Gibbons, Michael Beckmann, Mark Tracy, Helen Stapleton, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes including preterm birth, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, low birth weight infants, and artificial feeding. OBJECTIVE: To determine if caseload midwifery or young women's clinic are associated with improved perinatal outcomes when compared to standard care. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary Australian hospital where routine maternity care is delivered alongside two community-based maternity care models specifically for young women aged 21 years or less: caseload midwifery (known midwife) and young women's clinic (rostered midwife)...
August 2015: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Jenny Ingram, Debbie Johnson, Marion Copeland, Cathy Churchill, Hazel Taylor, Alan Emond
AIM: To produce a simple tool with good transferability to provide a consistent assessment of tongue appearance and function in infants with tongue-tie. METHODS: The Bristol Tongue Assessment Tool (BTAT) was developed based on clinical practice and with reference to the Hazelbaker Assessment Tool for Lingual Frenulum Function (ATLFF). This paper documents 224 tongue assessments using the BTAT. There were 126 tongue assessments recorded using the BTAT and ATLFF tools to facilitate comparisons between them...
July 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Rosemary Dodds, Deborah Neiger
In light of the recent NCT petition to Health Minister Dr Dan Poulter MP to update guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of tongue-tied babies to avoid stress and difficulties feeding for babies and their families, discussion has been sparked amongst mothers, midwives, health visitors and breastfeeding counsellors as to how exactly services could be improved. Access to evidence-based, family-centred care is vital to address this potentially distressing condition. But are we too quick to jump in with a diagnosis that may ultimately be of no clinical significance? This articles presents two professional perspectives on the issue and highlights the pertinent research available...
October 2014: Practising Midwife
Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Pieternel S Verhoeven, Judith Manniën, Linda Martin, Hans S Reinders, Evelien Spelten, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: Two prenatal screening tests for congenital anomalies are offered to all pregnant women in the Netherlands on an opt-in basis: the Combined Test (CT) for Down syndrome at twelve weeks, and the Fetal Anomaly Scan (FAS) at around twenty weeks. The CT is free for women who are 36 or older; the FAS is free for all women. We investigated factors associated with the CT and FAS uptake. METHOD: This study is part of the DELIVER study that evaluated primary care midwifery in the Netherlands...
2014: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Judith Manniën, Lisanne A Gitsels, Hans S Reinders, Pieternel S Verhoeven, Mohammed M Ghaly, Trudy Klomp, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, prenatal screening follows an opting in system and comprises two non-invasive tests: the combined test to screen for trisomy 21 at 12 weeks of gestation and the fetal anomaly scan to detect structural anomalies at 20 weeks. Midwives counsel about prenatal screening tests for congenital anomalies and they are increasingly having to counsel women from religious backgrounds beyond their experience. This study assessed midwives' perceptions and practices regarding taking client's religious backgrounds into account during counseling...
2014: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Erica Gibson
BACKGROUND: This research focuses on how women understand and experience labour as related to two competing views of childbirth pain. The biomedical view is that labour pain is abnormal and anaesthesia/analgesia use is encouraged to relieve the pain. The midwifery view is that pain is a normal part of labour that should be worked with instead of against. AIMS: To determine differences in the preparation for and experiences with labour pain by women choosing midwives versus obstetricians...
September 2014: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Valerie Finigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Midwives
Helen Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Midwives
Shahida Zaidi, Ferdousi Begum, Jaydeep Tank, Pushpa Chaudhury, Haleema Yasmin, Mangala Dissanayake
Since 2008, the FIGO Initiative for the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences has contributed to ensuring the substitution of sharp curettage by manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) and medical abortion in selected hospitals in participating countries of South-Southeast Asia. This initiative facilitated the registration of misoprostol in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and the approval of mifepristone for "menstrual regulation" in Bangladesh. The Pakistan Nursing Council agreed to include MVA and medical abortion in the midwifery curriculum...
July 2014: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Natasha Carr, Paula Foster
Midwives are increasingly performing the examination of the newborn. his article considers the importance of the examination of the hips in the screening process. The significance of history taking, knowledge of risk factors and the hip examination will be explored. The necessity for early detection and treatment of hip abnormalities, along with referral pathways that the National Screening Committee quires will be highlighted. The impact of late detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) on the lives of families and children will also be considered...
March 2014: Practising Midwife
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"