Read by QxMD icon Read


Mohamed Badri, Ghassen Gader, Kamel Bahri, Ihsen Zammel
Background: Intracranial dermoid cysts are uncommon lesions with characteristic imaging appearances. Symptomatic clinical presentation usually occurs in one of two ways: mass effect or rupture. Radiologically, dermoid cysts typically present as low density masses on computed tomography (CT) scan and are generally hyperintense on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with variable signal on T2-weighted sequences. Case Description: We present the case of a 35-year-old female presented with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Saeed Baradwan, Wed Sendy, Sameer Sendy
BACKGROUND: Of all patients undergoing emergency surgery for acute pelvic pain, approximately 2.7% of cases are caused by ovarian torsion. We report a rare occurrence of bilateral ovarian torsion in a young woman. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 20-year-old white woman who presented with sudden onset of severe lower abdominal pain and nausea. Similar episodes of pain were experienced in the previous few months and diagnosed as a case of bilateral ovarian cyst...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Leonardo Giarraputo, Sergio Savastano, Emanuele D'Amore, Ugo Baciliero
Dermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth are rare, accounting for 11% of all dermoid cysts in the head and neck region. We report a case of a dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth in a 12-year-old boy investigated with ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans. The lesion contained free calcified corpuscles (i.e., the "sack of marbles" sign) considered pathognomonic for a dermoid. Diagnostic imaging may allow diagnosis of a dermoid of the floor of the mouth and plays a pivotal role in depicting the anatomic location of a cyst, thus guiding the surgeon for an optimal surgical approach...
April 2, 2018: Curēus
Wesley E Barry, Grace E Asuelime, Shengmei Zhou, Jeffrey Hammoudeh, Henri R Ford, Eugene S Kim
Perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano are well-described in the pediatric population. They are most common in infants less than 1 year of age and often resolve with oral antibiotics; occasionally they require drainage or fistulotomy. The etiology is commonly associated with cryptoglandular obstruction and subsequent infection, however alternative diagnoses should be considered in cases of recurrent abscesses and fistulae that are refractory to standard treatments. In this report, we present the case of an 8-year-old boy with a complex, recurrent fistula-in-ano that resulted from a rare congenital perirectal dermoid cyst...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Lawrance K Chung, Carlito Lagman, Courtney Duong, Daniel T Nagasawa, Alexander M Tucker, William H Yong, Isaac Yang
Objective  Dermoid cysts are benign, congenital malformations that account for ∼0.5% of intracranial neoplasms. The authors describe a 42-year-old female with a prepontine dermoid cyst who underwent apparent gross total resection (GTR) but experienced cyst recurrence. To date, very few cases of prepontine dermoid cysts have been reported. The prevalent region where these cysts are located can be difficult to determine. In addition, the authors systematically review the literature to characterize the clinical presentation, anatomical distribution, and surgical outcomes of intracranial dermoid cysts...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Andi Nugraha Sendjaja, Hiromasa Kobayashi, Takashi Morishita, Hiroshi Abe, Koichi Miki, Muhammad Zafrullah Arifin, Tooru Inoue
BACKGROUND: Dermoid cysts are rare tumors that are usually seen in the midline structure of the brain, but rarely arise in the petrous apex and cavernous sinus. There have been very few reports of dermoid cysts arising in the infratemporal fossa with scarce anatomical descriptions. Here, we report the case of a patient with a dermoid cyst in the left infratemporal fossa. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 43-year-old female with complaints of non-specific headaches...
June 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Igor Maryanchik, Madhu K Nair
BACKGROUND: Goldenhar syndrome, also known as oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, is a variant of hemifacial microsomia, a congenital condition affecting primarily aural, oral, and mandibular development, with vertebral anomalies, ocular abnormalities, and epibulbar dermoids. As a complex and heterogeneous condition, this disorder varies from mild to severe, and involvement is unilateral in many cases, but bilateral involvement is also known to occur. It presents several complex problems in treatment, requiring an integrated, multidisciplinary approach...
May 7, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Uppar Am, Beniwal M, Dwarakanath S, Santosh V, Sampath S
Split cord malformations are rare entities which may present in an occult manner or in association with other lesions or congenital anomalies. Rarely, these cases may have associated hemicord lesions. We report an unusual case, the first of its kind, a type 1 split cord malformation with two pathologically different lesions (lipoma and dermoid) on one hemicord.
May 24, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Luis Vásquez Elera, Patricia Guzman Rojas, Manuel Sánchez Herrera, Víctor Prado, Carlos García Encinas, Eduar Albán Bravo Paredes, Alejandro Bussalleu
Familial Adenomatous polyposis (FAP) it is based on an autosomal dominant mutation which results in loss of function of theAPC tumor suppressor gene. On the other hand, Gardner syndrome is a type of FAP and is characterized for multiple colonic adenomatous polyps and extracolonic abnormalities as desmoid tumors, osteomas, lipomas, dental abnormalities, dermoid cysts and duodenal adenomas. This report aims to present two patients with FAP: The first one is a patient who presented with osteomas and hematochezia, being diagnosed with Gardner Syndrome after the colonoscopy...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Pei-Hsuan Lin, Yoshiyuki Kitaguchi, Jacqueline Mupas-Uy, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hirohiko Kakizaki
Purpose: To report a rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst. Observations: A 33-year-old female presented with left proptosis with retrobulbar discomfort for 3 months. Computed tomography images showed an orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst. A lateral orbitotomy was performed under general anesthesia. The cyst was ruptured during osteotomy of the lateral orbital rim. The cyst was opened vertically from the ruptured site using a Stephen's tenotomy scissors to visually confirm the internal wall of the cyst and to keep the epithelial lining intact while separating the external wall of the cyst from the bone...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Salvatore Stefanelli, Pravin Mundada, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Vincent Lenoir, Paolo Scolozzi, Laura Merlini, Minerva Becker
Although rare, masses and mass-like lesions of developmental and genetic origin may affect the paediatric craniofacial skeleton. They represent a major challenge in clinical practice because they can lead to functional impairment, facial deformation and disfigurement. The most common lesions include fibrous dysplasia, dermoid cysts, vascular malformations and plexiform neurofibromas. Less common lesions include torus mandibularis and torus palatinus, cherubism, nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, meningoencephalocele and nasal sinus tract...
May 15, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
Ayhan Kars, Fatma Atalay, Korhan Kilic, Fatih Bingöl, Yusuf Can
Pilonidal sinuses are recurrent chronic inflammatory lesions which may occur due to penetration of hair particles into skin. Herein, the authors report a pilonidal sinus case that is unusually seen on nasal dorsum and totally excised with the open technique rhinoplasty method. A 20-year-old male patient was admitted to the authors' outpatient clinic with complaints of dysmorphism and discharge from nasal dorsum. Physical examination revealed a swelling in nasal dorsum and hair-containing fistula. Excision was performed with an open rhinoplasty approach...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Nirupama Kasturi, Jayashree Rajkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Félix K K Ségbédji, A J Tokpo, A A Nubukpo-Guménu, N K Alaoui, L M A Quenum, K Chakour, M F Chaoui, M Benzagmout
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dermoid cysts represent benign embryologic tumors. Children and young adults are most affected. Infected intradural dermoid cyst with complete dermal sinus of posterior fossa is exceptional. The main feature of this dermal sinus leads from the midline intradural cyst through an opening in the occipital bone to be attached to the skin. METHOD: We report two cases of infected intradural dermoid cyst with complete dermal sinus of posterior fossa in children, with special attention to the clinical, anatomical features of this rare combination...
May 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Smita Bussari, Sindhu M Ganvir, Manish Sarode, Prabhakar A Jeergal, Anjum Deshmukh, Himanshu Srivastava
Introduction: Salivary gland tumors are the most histologically heterogeneous group of tumors with the greatest diversity of morphologic features among their cells and tissues. The present study was aimed at assessing the validity of Ki-67, a cell proliferation marker, as a prognostic factor in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors and to study whether it is related to age, sex, anatomical site, and size of the lesion in salivary gland tumors. Materials and methods: A retrospective study consisted of benign salivary gland tumors (BSGTs) (n = 15), malignant salivary gland tumors (n = 18), and normal salivary gland parenchyma (n = 15)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Devon M Livingstone, James Brookes, Warren K Yunker
Congenital midline nasal masses have been traditionally excised through rhinotomies and bicoronal incisions. These approaches are disfiguring and potentially morbid, leading pediatric otolaryngologists to seek out less invasive, endoscopic-assisted approaches. Here we present a nasal dermoid excised with a minimally invasive, endoscopic assisted open rhinoplasty approach. The preoperative workup as well as perioperative steps for excision are documented, with the hope that this will assist other practitioners with this approach...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Dariusz Owczarek, Andrzej Malinowski, Miłosz Wilczyński
Aim of the study: was an evaluation of the effects, exerted by obtained haemostasis on ovarian reserve, depending on haemostasis technique, applied after laparoscopic enucleation of endometrial cysts. Material and methods: Sixty-six female patients, at the age of 20-35 years, were included into the study. The diameters of the cystic lesions were within 40-70 mm. The patients were randomly assigned to two study groups. Group 1 involved patients after laparoscopic enucleation of ovarian cysts, in whom haemostasis was achieved by ovary suturing, while Group 2 included patients with haemostasis achieved by bipolar coagulation technique...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Aina Brunet-Garcia, Elizabeth-Daniela Lucena-Rivero, Laia Brunet-Garcia, Marta Faubel-Serra
Background: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts in the oral cavity are relatively uncommon lesions of developmental origin. They often remain asymptomatic for years until they grow enough to interfere with speech, deglutition and less often with breathing which can pose a critical risk to the airway and require immediate surgery. Case description: A case of an epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth affecting a 37-year-old man is presented; this lesion was surgically enucleated with an intraoral approach...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Amela Sofic, Azra Husic-Selimovic, Vahidin Katica, Elma Jahic, Una Delic, Adnan Sehic, Fuad Julardzija
Research goal: The aim of the research is to define the possibilities of TVU and the MRI in the diagnosis of the most common benign ovarian lesions which cause pelvic pain. Patients and methods: In study were included n=74 patients with pelvic pain, who were examined with TVU and then with an MRI of pelvis. Diagnostic results of all patients (n=74) divided into two groups according to the modality that was performed (TVU results n=74 and MRI results n=74 MRI ). We compared the results of TVU and MRI, and with a pathohistological finding after surgery...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Abhishek Bavle, Rikin Shah, Naina Gross, Theresa Gavula, Alejandro Ruiz-Elizalde, Klaas Wierenga, Rene McNall-Knapp
A 5-year-old boy presented with worsening headaches for 3 months. On examination, he was found to have a hairless fatty tissue nevus of the scalp (nevus psiloliparus), subcutaneous soft tissue masses on the right side of his face, neck, mandible and right buttock and epibulbar dermoid of the right eye (choristoma) (Figs. 1A, B). Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large suprasellar mass, which was debulked and found to be a pilocytic astrocytoma. Testing was not performed for the BRAF/KIAA1549 fusion or BRAFV600E mutation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"