Read by QxMD icon Read

ovarian teratoma

Teng Liu, Juan Xu, Hong Li Yan, Feng Chun Cheng, Xi Jie Liu
Luteolin, which was discovered in plant foods, has out range of therapeutic actions. In order to examine the potentialeffects of luteolin in ovarian teratocarcinoma, the human ovarian teratocarcinoma cell line PA-1 was used as in vitro and in vivo model. It was confirmed that the luteolin could inhibit the proliferation and colony formation of PA-1 cells in vitro. The flow cytometry results suggested that the luteolin could induce the apoptosis of PA-1 cells and in a dose-dependent manner. Immunofluorescence and PCR results showed the expanded expression of apoptosis was related to Bcl-2 and Bax proteins, which was also heightened in luteolin treated cells than control groups...
March 14, 2018: Oncology Research
Nellihela Leel, Hemanshoo S Thakkar, David Drake, Nordeen Bouhadiba
Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a paraneoplastic, immune-mediated encephalopathy with a known association with ovarian teratomas. We present the first case in the UK of a 7-year-old patient presenting with this condition. Having been previously fit and healthy, the patient presented with an acute onset of cognitive disturbances. The initial suspicion was that of an infective encephalopathy; however, the lumbar puncture results were negative. Electroencephalography reported diffuse background slowing, supporting a diagnosis of encephalopathy...
March 13, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Jyoti Rajpoot, Neelam Sahani, Sufian Zaheer, Indrani Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Anita Lwanga, David O Kamson, Tiffany E Wilkins, Vinny Sharma, Jefree J Schulte, James Miller, Ikram Hassan, Ricardo R Lastra
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (NMDARe) is one of 13 autoimmune-mediated encephalitides that have been discovered over the last decade. This case report describes the course of a 26-year-old female who presented with new-onset seizures and insomnia, complicated by encephalitis. The initial workup ruled out common causes of encephalitis, while a transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS), and computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis did not identify a mass. Based on the suspicion that she may have autoimmune encephalitis, the patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and plasma exchange, but continued to deteriorate...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Coriolan Lebreton, Abir Al Ghuzlan, Anne Floquet, Michèle Kind, Sophie Leboulleux, Yann Godbert
Thyroid carcinoma on struma ovarii (TCSO) is a rare ovarian tumour, derivate from monodermic teratomas. It represents about 0.01% of overall ovarian tumours and 5 to 10% of struma ovarii. The diagnosis is histologic and retrospective after pelvic surgery; radiographic imaging being unspecific. Because of its rarity, the treatment of TCSO is not consensual and should be validated in multidisciplinary team involved in rare ovarian carcinoma. The first treatment is a surgical removal, with a laparoscopic approach...
February 16, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
Masami Sato, Hiroaki Yasumoto, Toshiyuki Arai
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder caused by production of anti-NMDAR antibodies that is often associated with ovarian teratoma and exhibits various manifestations including psychiatric symptoms, seizures, hypoventilation, and autonomic nerve instability. Patients with this disorder who receive early surgical tumor resection along with immunotherapy have better outcome than the rest of the patients. To establish an anesthetic plan, it is important to understand the pharmacological interaction between the anesthetic agents and the disabled NMDAR, because NMDAR is one of the major sites of action for commonly-used anesthetic agents...
2018: JA Clin Rep
Noriko Kato, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Koutaro Murakami, Yuri Iwasaki, Akihisa Kamataki, Akira Kurose
Although ovarian monodermal teratomas, including struma ovarii and carcinoids, are closely associated with mature teratomas, their genetic basis is poorly understood. A series of mature and monodermal ovarian teratomas were analyzed by short tandem repeat genotyping to evaluate their genetic zygosity and its associations. Informative DNA genotyping data were obtained for ten mature teratomas, six struma ovarii, and three carcinoids (one insular, one trabecular, and one mucinous). A homozygous genotype was present in five of the ten (50%) mature teratomas, three of the six (50%) struma ovarii, and one of the three (33%) ovarian carcinoids...
February 17, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
N Arévalo, R Méndez, A Manzano
Liver hemangiomas are the most common benign primary tumors of the liver. Due to their high prevalence, incidental finding of hemangiomas during radiological workup of oncologic patients is not uncommon. We present the case of a patient diagnosed of an ovarian immature teratoma and hepatic lesions with typical radiological appearance of hemangiomas that decreased in size during adjuvant chemotherapy with BEP regimen (cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin). Chemotherapy-induced shrinkage of hepatic hemangiomas can mimic the response of liver metastases to chemotherapy and may induce erroneous interpretations...
February 9, 2018: Radiología
Veronica A Preda, Marina Chitoni, Dennis Talbot, Nicholas Reed, Ashley B Grossman
PURPOSE: Primary ovarian neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) develop in pure form or in association with other tumors, mainly teratomas. The available data regarding this rare condition are limited. Much of the literature focuses on single case reports, previously dismissed as a totally benign disorder, and thus long-term considerations and evidence-based management guidelines are lacking. The objective of the current study was to describe the clinical and pathologic characteristics and the effect of various therapeutic modalities on patient morbidity and mortality from 2 major centers...
March 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
David R Lynch, Amy Rattelle, Yi Na Dong, Kylie Roslin, Amy J Gleichman, Jessica A Panzer
In slightly more than 10 years, anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis has changed from a rare paraneoplastic syndrome to the most common cause of nonviral encephalitis. It presents fulminantly with progressive psychosis, seizures, and autonomic dysfunction, leading to death if untreated. However, rapid recognition and treatment can lead to survival and a return to baseline levels of functioning in many patients. While initially associated with ovarian teratomas, it is now associated with other tumors and can reflect a postviral event...
2018: Advances in Pharmacology
Mateusz Makuch, Robert Wilson, Adam Al-Diwani, James Varley, Anne-Katrin Kienzler, Jennifer Taylor, Antonio Berretta, Darren Fowler, Belinda Lennox, M Isabel Leite, Patrick Waters, Sarosh R Irani
Introduction N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-antibody encephalitis is mediated by IgG-autoantibodies directed against the NR1-subunit of the NMDAR. Around 20% of patients have an underlying ovarian teratoma, and the condition responds to early immunotherapies and ovarian teratoma removal. However, despite clear therapeutic relevance, mechanisms of NR1-IgG production and the contribution of germinal center B cells to NR1-IgG levels are unknown. Methods Clinical data and longitudinal paired serum NR1-reactive IgM and IgG levels from ten patients with NMDAR-antibody encephalitis were determined...
February 6, 2018: Annals of Neurology
Yuto Uchida, Daisuke Kato, Yoriko Yamashita, Yasuhiko Ozaki, Noriyuki Matsukawa
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a type of autoimmune encephalitis that can be paraneoplastic and usually responds to tumor resection and immunotherapy. More than 75% of patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis fully recover or have only mild sequelae, whereas the remainder experience severe disability. It remains unknown why certain cases have refractory clinical disease courses. We report a case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis with bilateral ovarian teratomas who was refractory to tumor resection and early initiation of immunotherapy...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Manni Wang, Shaoxiong Jiang, Yiwen Zhang, Chong Jiang, Fan Xia, Weiliang Lyu, Xuelei Ma
RATIONALE: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) could reveal potential lymph node involvement and assisted locating sample sites for pathological examinations. PATIENT CONCERNS: Help choose the right treatment strategies for patients. To better stage immature ovarian teratomas with 18F-FDG PET/CT when lymphatic metastasis is suspected while lymph node biopsy results are negative. DIAGNOSES: The ultimate pathological diagnosis was left ovarian cancer, an immature teratoma (IMT) Grade 1...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
S Seward
Encephalitis is a clinical syndrome which can include altered mental status, motor and sensory deficits, altered behavior including personality changes, speech and movement disorders and seizures. While the overall incidence of encephalitis is not known, it is common enough that most pediatric and adolescent medicine physicians will have seen at least one case. Peak times of risk include the newborn period and middle-to-late adolescence.1 It is important for clinicians to have a working knowledge of the broad range of encephalitis etiologies: viral, post-viral, toxic, auto-immune, and paraneoplastic...
January 31, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Tatiana Franceschi, Fabienne Allias, Claire Mauduit, Pierre-Adrien Bolze, Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran
The pathogenesis of benign-looking cartilaginous tissue within the peritoneum is unknown. Chondroid metaplasia of subcoelomic mesenchyme has been suggested, as has been the case for other gynecological diseases such as endometriosis, peritoneal leiomyomatosis, or gliomatosis peritonei, but has never been proven. Chondroid nodules in the peritoneum may represent either teratomatous tissue, fetal rests from a conception product, or metaplasia of pluripotent mesenchymal cells. Herein, the unique genetic characteristics of ovarian teratomas (homozygous at many polymorphic microsatellite loci) versus normal tissues (heterozygous at the same loci) were used to investigate the origin of chondroid nodules in the peritoneum...
January 24, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Kamlesh Kumari, Neeru Sahni, Vimla Kumari, Vikas Saini
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an immune-mediated disease commonly associated with ovarian teratoma. Anti-NMDA-receptor autoantibodies disrupt NMDA function leading to the development of psychosis, seizures and autonomic dysfunction. The treatment includes underlying tumour resection and immunosuppression. Slow recovery and unpredictable clinical course makes intensive care management of these patients challenging. We report the management of two young female patients with anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Atsushi Kaneko, Juntaro Kaneko, Naomi Tominaga, Naomi Kanazawa, Kasumi Hattori, Yoshikazu Ugawa, Arata Moriya, Daisuke Kuzume, Daisuke Ishima, Eiji Kitamura, Kazutoshi Nishiyama, Takahiro Iizuka
OBJECTIVES: To report pitfalls in the clinical diagnosis of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical information of 221 patients with clinically suspected autoimmune neurological disorders who underwent testing for autoantibodies against neuronal cell-surface antigens between January 1, 2007 and September 10, 2017. Forty-one patients met the diagnostic criteria for probable anti-NMDAR encephalitis (probable criteria), but one was excluded because neither serum nor CSF was examined at the active stage...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Xiaotun Zhang, Andrea Jones, Sarah M Jenkins, Yajue Huang
Primary ovarian carcinoid tumors are rare neoplasms that constitute less than 0.1% of all ovarian carcinomas. However, carcinoid tumors metastatic to ovaries are more common. Cell proliferative rate is an important factor in the determination of neuroendocrine tumor prognosis. Limited data are available as regards Ki67 proliferation index in predicting the physiological features of carcinoid tumors involving the ovary. Pathology files of Mayo Clinic Rochester (1995-2014) were searched, and clinical information was collected from medical records...
January 18, 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"