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5 ht receptors serotonin locomotion

Patrick D Ganzer, Carl R Beringer, Jed S Shumsky, Chiemela Nwaobasi, Karen A Moxon
Severe spinal cord injury (SCI) damages descending motor and serotonin (5-HT) fiber projections leading to paralysis and serotonin depletion. 5-HT receptors (5-HTRs) subsequently upregulate following 5-HT fiber degeneration, and dendritic density decreases indicative of atrophy. 5-HT pharmacotherapy or exercise can improve locomotor behavior after SCI. One might expect that 5-HT pharmacotherapy acts on upregulated spinal 5-HTRs to enhance function, and that exercise alone can influence dendritic atrophy. In the current study, we assessed locomotor recovery and spinal proteins influenced by SCI and therapy...
June 2018: Experimental Neurology
Tobias Buchborn, Taylor Lyons, Thomas Knöpfel
The serotonin (5-HT) 2A receptor is the primary molecular target of serotonergic hallucinogens, which trigger large-scale perturbations of the cortex. Our understanding of how 5-HT2A activation may cause the effects of hallucinogens has been hampered by the receptor unselectivity of most of the drugs of this class. Here we used 25CN-NBOH (N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyanophenylethylamine), a newly developed selective 5-HT2A agonist, and tested it with regard to the head-twitch-response (HTR) model of 5-HT2A activity and effects on locomotion...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Brian R Noga, Riza P Turkson, Songtao Xie, Annette Taberner, Alberto Pinzon, Ian D Hentall
Spinal cord neurons active during locomotion are innervated by descending axons that release the monoamines serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) and these neurons express monoaminergic receptor subtypes implicated in the control of locomotion. The timing, level and spinal locations of release of these two substances during centrally-generated locomotor activity should therefore be critical to this control. These variables were measured in real time by fast-cyclic voltammetry in the decerebrate cat's lumbar spinal cord during fictive locomotion, which was evoked by electrical stimulation of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) and registered as integrated activity in bilateral peripheral nerves to hindlimb muscles...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
Annina Huser, Melanie Eschment, Nazli Güllü, Katharina A N Collins, Kathrin Böpple, Lyubov Pankevych, Emilia Rolsing, Andreas S Thum
The biogenic amine serotonin (5-HT) is an important neuroactive molecule in the central nervous system of the majority of animal phyla. 5-HT binds to specific G protein-coupled and ligand-gated ion receptors to regulate particular aspects of animal behavior. In Drosophila, as in many other insects this includes the regulation of locomotion and feeding. Due to its genetic amenability and neuronal simplicity the Drosophila larva has turned into a useful model for studying the anatomical and molecular basis of chemosensory behaviors...
2017: PloS One
Matthew A Churgin, Richard J McCloskey, Emily Peters, Christopher Fang-Yen
Biogenic amines are conserved signaling molecules that link food cues to behavior and metabolism in a wide variety of organisms. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans , the biogenic amines serotonin (5-HT) and octopamine regulate a number of food-related behaviors. Using a novel method for long-term quantitative behavioral imaging, we show that 5-HT and octopamine jointly influence locomotor activity and quiescence in feeding and fasting hermaphrodites, and we define the neural circuits through which this modulation occurs...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Anna M Cabaj, Henryk Majczyński, Erika Couto, Phillip F Gardiner, Katinka Stecina, Urszula Sławińska, Larry M Jordan
KEY POINTS: Experiments on neonatal rodent spinal cord showed that serotonin (5-HT), acting via 5-HT7 receptors, is required for initiation of locomotion and for controlling the action of interneurons responsible for inter- and intralimb coordination, but the importance of the 5-HT system in adult locomotion is not clear. Blockade of spinal 5-HT7 receptors interfered with voluntary locomotion in adult rats and fictive locomotion in paralysed decerebrate rats with no afferent feedback, consistent with a requirement for activation of descending 5-HT neurons for production of locomotion...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
E A Kulikova, D V Bazovkina, A E Akulov, A S Tsybko, D V Fursenko, A V Kulikov, V S Naumenko, E Ponimaskin, E M Kondaurova
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: One important syndrome of psychiatric disorders in humans is catalepsy. Here, we created mice with different predispositions to catalepsy and analysed their pharmacological and behavioural properties. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Two mouse lines, B6-M76C and B6-M76B, were created by transfer of the main locus of catalepsy containing the 5-HT1A receptor gene to the C57BL/6 genetic background. Behaviour, brain morphology, expression of key components of the serotoninergic system, and pharmacological responses to acute and chronic stimulation of the 5-HT1A receptor were compared...
July 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Zana R Majeed, Esraa Abdeljaber, Robin Soveland, Kristin Cornwell, Aubrey Bankemper, Felicitas Koch, Robin L Cooper
Serotonin modulates various physiological processes and behaviors. This study investigates the role of 5-HT in locomotion and feeding behaviors as well as in modulation of sensory-motor circuits. The 5-HT biosynthesis was dysregulated by feeding Drosophila larvae 5-HT, a 5-HT precursor, or an inhibitor of tryptophan hydroxylase during early stages of development. The effects of feeding fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, during early second instars were also examined. 5-HT receptor subtypes were manipulated using RNA interference mediated knockdown and 5-HT receptor insertional mutations...
2016: Neural Plasticity
Shachar Iwanir, Adam S Brown, Stanislav Nagy, Dana Najjar, Alexander Kazakov, Kyung Suk Lee, Alon Zaslaver, Erel Levine, David Biron
BACKGROUND: Fast responses can provide a competitive advantage when resources are inhomogeneously distributed. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans was shown to modulate locomotion on a lawn of bacterial food in serotonin (5-HT)-dependent manners. However, potential roles for serotonergic signaling in responding to food discovery are poorly understood. RESULTS: We found that 5-HT signaling in C. elegans facilitates efficient exploitation in complex environments by mediating a rapid response upon encountering food...
February 4, 2016: BMC Biology
Marcela Pereira, Bruno J Martynhak, Roberto Andreatini, Per Svenningsson
Serotonin (5-HT) and its receptors play crucial roles in various aspects of mood and cognitive functions. However, the role of specific 5-HT receptors in these processes remains to be better understood. Here, we examined the effects of the selective and potent 5-HT6 agonist (WAY208466) on mood, anxiety and emotional learning in mice. Male C57Bl/6J mice were therefore tested in the forced swim test (FST), elevated plus-maze (EPM), and passive avoidance tests (PA), respectively. In a dose-response experiment, mice were treated intraperitoneally with WAY208466 at 3, 9, or 27 mg/kg and examined in an open field arena open field test (OFT) followed by the FST...
2015: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Dmitry V Zaretsky, Maria V Zaretskaia, Joseph A DiMicco, Daniel E Rusyniak
Yohimbine is a prototypical alpha2-adrenergic receptor antagonist. Due to its relatively high selectivity, yohimbine is often used in experiments whose purpose is to examine the role of these receptors. For example, yohimbine has been employed at doses of 1-5 mg/kg to reinstate drug-seeking behavior after extinction or to antagonize general anesthesia, an effects presumably being a consequence of blocking alpha2-adrenergic receptors. In this report we characterized dose-dependent autonomic and behavioral effects of yohimbine and its interaction with an antagonist of 5-HT1A receptors, WAY 100,635...
October 8, 2015: Neuroscience Letters
A Spiacci, T de Oliveira Sergio, G S F da Silva, M L Glass, L C Schenberg, N Garcia-Cairasco, H Zangrossi
It has been proposed that spontaneous panic attacks are the outcome of the misfiring of an evolved suffocation alarm system. Evidence gathered in the last years is suggestive that the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG) in the midbrain harbors a hypoxia-sensitive suffocation alarm system. We here investigated whether facilitation of 5-HT-mediated neurotransmission within the dPAG changes panic-like defensive reactions expressed by male Wistar rats submitted to a hypoxia challenge (7% O2), as observed in other animal models of panic...
October 29, 2015: Neuroscience
Steven C Leiser, Deborah Iglesias-Bregna, Ligia Westrich, Alan L Pehrson, Connie Sanchez
Antidepressants often disrupt sleep. Vortioxetine, a multimodal antidepressant acting through serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) inhibition, 5-HT3, 5-HT7 and 5-HT1D receptor antagonism, 5-HT1B receptor partial agonism, and 5-HT1A receptor agonism, had fewer incidences of sleep-related adverse events reported in depressed patients. In the accompanying paper a polysomnographic electroencephalography (sleep-EEG) study of vortioxetine and paroxetine in healthy subjects indicated that at low/intermediate levels of SERT occupancy, vortioxetine affected rapid eye movement (REM) sleep differently than paroxetine...
October 2015: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Clinton E Canal, Daniel E Felsing, Yue Liu, Wanying Zhu, JodiAnne T Wood, Charles K Perry, Rajender Vemula, Raymond G Booth
Stereotypy (e.g., repetitive hand waving) is a key phenotype of autism spectrum disorder, Fragile X and Rett syndromes, and other neuropsychiatric disorders, and its severity correlates with cognitive and attention deficits. There are no effective treatments, however, for stereotypy. Perturbation of serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission contributes to stereotypy, suggesting that distinct 5-HT receptors may be pharmacotherapeutic targets to treat stereotypy and related neuropsychiatric symptoms. For example, preclinical studies indicate that 5-HT7 receptor activation corrects deficits in mouse models of Fragile X and Rett syndromes, and clinical trials for autism are underway with buspirone, a 5-HT1A partial agonist with relevant affinity at 5-HT7 receptors...
July 15, 2015: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Jinsong Xue, Hongyan Li, Xueyang Deng, Zhanqiang Ma, Qiang Fu, Shiping Ma
L-Menthone (MTN) is a Chinese old remedy extracted from the genus Mentha. It has been widely used as a cooling agent and a counterirritant for pain relief, although its antidepressant-like effects have not yet been reported. The present study was designed to investigate whether MTN confers an antidepressant-like effect in mice exposed to unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) and to explore its potential mechanisms. The effects of MTN on mouse behavioral changes were investigated in our study. We determined the levels of the nucleotide binding, oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, inflammatory cytokines and neurotransmitters in the hippocampus of mice...
July 2015: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Wenjing Law, Leah M Wuescher, Amanda Ortega, Vera M Hapiak, Patricia R Komuniecki, Richard Komuniecki
Monoamines, such as 5-HT and tyramine (TA), paralyze both free-living and parasitic nematodes when applied exogenously and serotonergic agonists have been used to clear Haemonchus contortus infections in vivo. Since nematode cell lines are not available and animal screening options are limited, we have developed a screening platform to identify monoamine receptor agonists. Key receptors were expressed heterologously in chimeric, genetically-engineered Caenorhabditis elegans, at sites likely to yield robust phenotypes upon agonist stimulation...
April 2015: PLoS Pathogens
Xin Zhao, Chuang Wang, Wu-Geng Cui, Qing Ma, Wen-Hua Zhou
Fisetin, a natural flavonoid, has been shown in our previous studies to exert antidepressant-like effect. As antidepressant drugs are clinically used to treat chronic neuropathic pain, this work aimed to investigate the potential antinociceptive efficacies of fisetin against neuropathic pain and explore mechanism(s). We subjected mice to chronic constriction injury (CCI) by loosely ligating the sciatic nerves, and Hargreaves test or von Frey test was used to assess thermal hyperalgesia or mechanical allodynia, respectively...
2015: Scientific Reports
E M Kondaurova, V S Naumenko, D B Bazovkina
Here we investigated whether the 5-HT3 receptor and the 5-HT3/5-HT(1A) receptors coaction play essential role in the regulation of locomotion, depressive-like and social behavior. It was found that central administration of selective agonist of 5-HT3 receptor m-CPBG (2.5, 5.0, 10.0 nmol) produced significant decrease of horizontal and vertical locomotor activity in the open field (OF) test. Selective antagonist of 5-HT(1A) receptor WAY-100635 (2.0 mg/kg (3.7 μmol/kg), i.p.) attenuated the effect of m-CPBG on behavior in the OF test...
September 2014: Zhurnal Vyssheĭ Nervnoĭ Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova
Mousumi Ghosh, Damien D Pearse
Serotonin (5-HT), a monoamine neurotransmitter synthesized in various populations of brainstem neurons, plays an important role in modulating the activity of spinal networks involved in vertebrate locomotion. Following spinal cord injury (SCI) there is a disruption of descending serotonergic projections to spinal motor areas, which results in a subsequent depletion in 5-HT, the dysregulation of 5-HT transporters as well as the elevated expression, super-sensitivity and/or constitutive auto-activation of specific 5-HT receptors...
2014: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
Jean-François Perrier, Florence Cotel
Serotonin (5-HT) is a monoamine that powerfully modulates spinal motor control by acting on intrasynaptic and extrasynaptic receptors. Here we review the diversity of 5-HT actions on locomotor and motoneuronal activities. Two approaches have been used on in vitro spinal cord preparations: either applying 5-HT in the extracellular medium or inducing its synaptic release. They produced strikingly different results suggesting that the net effect of 5-HT depends on the identity of the activated receptors and their location...
August 2015: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
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