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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241796/examining-specimens-brought-in-by-a-patient-with-delusional-parasitosis
#1
Caleb Jeon, Mio Nakamura, John Koo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217943/intestinal-parasitosis-and-their-associated-factors-among-people-living-with-hiv-at-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#2
Tegegne Eshetu, Getinet Sibhatu, Mohammed Megiso, Abrham Abere, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Belete Biadgo, Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke
Background: Most HIV clients die of AIDS related intestinal parasitic infections rather than due to the HIV infection itself. Therefore, this study was aimed at determining the prevalence of intestinal parasite and their associated factors among HIV/AIDS clients at the University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted using systematic random sampling technique from March to May 2016. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197728/disulfiram-as-a-novel-inactivator-of-giardia-lamblia-triosephosphate-isomerase-with-antigiardial-potential
#3
Adriana Castillo-Villanueva, Yadira Rufino-González, Sara-Teresa Méndez, Angélica Torres-Arroyo, Martha Ponce-Macotela, Mario Noé Martínez-Gordillo, Horacio Reyes-Vivas, Jesús Oria-Hernández
Giardiasis, the infestation of the intestinal tract by Giardia lamblia, is one of the most prevalent parasitosis worldwide. Even though effective therapies exist for it, the problems associated with its use indicate that new therapeutic options are needed. It has been shown that disulfiram eradicates trophozoites in vitro and is effective in vivo in a murine model of giardiasis; disulfiram inactivation of carbamate kinase by chemical modification of an active site cysteine has been proposed as the drug mechanism of action...
November 30, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194776/endosymbiosis-and-its-significance-in-dermatology
#4
REVIEW
Katarzyna Kubiak, Hanna Sielawa, Wenchieh Chen, Ewa Dzika
Proposed at the beginning of the 20th to explain the origin of eukaryotic organelles from prokaryotes, endosymbiosis is now medically defined by various interaction patterns between microorganisms and their residing hosts, best exemplified by the bacterial endosymbiont Wolbachia identified in arthropods and filarial nematodes, which can influence normal development, reproduction, survival, and transmission of the hosts. Based on the transmission modes, vertical or horizontal, and the function of the endosymbionts, the host-symbiont dependence can be divided into primary or secondary...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189183/ige-sensitization-to-anisakis-simplex-and-diet-recommendation-in-a-polycentric-study
#5
Rosalba Buquicchio, Maria Teresa Ventura, Pier Luigi Traetta, Saverio Nenna, Giuseppe Iadarola, Thea Magrone
BACKGROUND: Allergy to Anisakis simplex (s.) is spreading due to the increased consumption of raw, smoked or marinated fish. In humans, Anisakis s. can directly attack the gastrointestinal mucosa, provoking a parasitosis known as anisakiasis, or giving rise to the formation of IgE and, finally, inducing IgE-mediated reactions like urticaria, angioedema and anaphylactic shock. During recent years, a dietary approach to Anisakis s. infestation has also been addressed. METHODS: A total of 620 patients with urticaria, angioedema, or both and a history of anaphylaxis following consumption of raw, smoked or marinated fish were recruited, evaluated for specific IgE levels to Anisakis s...
November 29, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183355/intestinal-parasitosis-and-anaemia-among-patients-in-a-health-center-north-ethiopia
#6
Megbaru Alemu, Birhane Kinfe, Desalegn Tadesse, Wondemagegn Mulu, Tadesse Hailu, Endalew Yizengaw
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the magnitude of intestinal parasitosis and anaemia in a Health Center, North Ethiopia. RESULTS: A total of 427 outpatients were enrolled and the median age of the participants was 22 years. The prevalence of intestinal parasitosis was 143 (33.5%). Age, place of residence and occupation were significantly associated with intestinal parasitosis. When we see parasite specific factors, significant associations were observed for source of drinking water (P = 0...
November 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182646/transcriptome-wide-analysis-of-the-trypanosoma-cruzi-proliferative-cycle-identifies-the-periodically-expressed-mrnas-and-their-multiple-levels-of-control
#7
Santiago Chávez, Guillermo Eastman, Pablo Smircich, Lorena Lourdes Becco, Carolina Oliveira-Rizzo, Rafael Fort, Mariana Potenza, Beatriz Garat, José Roberto Sotelo-Silveira, María Ana Duhagon
Trypanosoma cruzi is the protozoan parasite causing American trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease, a neglected parasitosis with important human health impact in Latin America. The efficacy of current therapy is limited, and its toxicity is high. Since parasite proliferation is a fundamental target for rational drug design, we sought to progress into its understanding by applying a genome-wide approach. Treating a TcI linage strain with hydroxyurea, we isolated epimastigotes in late G1, S and G2/M cell cycle stages at 70% purity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181192/selecting-pcr-for-the-diagnosis-of-intestinal-parasitosis-choice-of-targets-evaluation-of-in-house-assays-and-comparison-with-commercial-kits
#8
G N Hartmeyer, S V Hoegh, M N Skov, R B Dessau, M Kemp
Microscopy of stool samples is a labour-intensive and inaccurate technique for detection of intestinal parasites causing diarrhoea and replacement by PCR is attractive. Almost all cases of diarrhoea induced by parasites over a nine-year period in our laboratory were due to Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium species, or Entamoeba histolytica detected by microscopy. We evaluated and selected in-house singleplex real-time PCR (RT-PCR) assays for these pathogens in 99 stool samples from patients suspected of having intestinal parasitosis tested by microscopy...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162126/targeting-the-master-regulator-mtor-a-new-approach-to-prevent-the-neurological-of-consequences-of-parasitic-infections
#9
REVIEW
Sheila Donnelly, Wilhelmina M Huston, Michael Johnson, Natalia Tiberti, Bernadette Saunders, Bronwyn O'Brien, Catherine Burke, Maurizio Labbate, Valery Combes
A systematic analysis of 240 causes of death in 2013 revealed that parasitic diseases were responsible for more than one million deaths. The vast majority of these fatalities resulted from protozoan infections presenting with neurological sequelae. In the absence of a vaccine, development of effective therapies is essential to improving global public health. In 2015, an intriguing strategy to prevent cerebral malaria was proposed by Gordon et al. 2015 mBio, 6:e00625. Their study suggested that inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin prevented experimental cerebral malaria by blocking the damage to the blood brain barrier and stopping the accumulation of parasitized red blood cells and T cells in the brain...
November 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157367/a-multilevel-study-of-the-environmental-determinants-of-swine-ascariasis-in-england
#10
Ângelo Joel Mendes, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Milton Severo, João Niza-Ribeiro
Ascariasis is considered a common parasitosis of swine worldwide. The disease causes significant economic losses due to its effect on feed conversion ratio and liver condemnations at slaughter (liver milk spots). This study aimed to characterise the between-farm and spatial variance in porcine ascariasis in England and to assess the association between the percentage of infected animals and potential environmental risk factors, including production system, socioeconomic deprivation, soil characteristics (pH, topsoil bulk density, topsoil organic matter, topsoil texture class, soil water regime, topsoil available water capacity, and elevation), and climatic conditions (relative humidity, air temperature, and rainfall) before slaughter...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146070/acute-appendicitis-due-to-parasitosis
#11
Cristina Alejandre Villalobos, David Fernández-SanMillán, Eudaldo López-Tomassetti Fernández, Juan Ramón Hernández Hernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117304/delusions-of-parasitosis-as-an-overvalent-idea
#12
Hobart W Walling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099754/rnai-mediated-specific-gene-silencing-as-a-tool-for-the-discovery-of-new-drug-targets-in-giardia-lamblia-evaluation-using-the-nadh-oxidase-gene
#13
Jaime Marcial-Quino, Saúl Gómez-Manzo, Francisco Fierro, Yadira Rufino-González, Daniel Ortega-Cuellar, Edgar Sierra-Palacios, America Vanoye-Carlo, Abigail González-Valdez, Angélica Torres-Arroyo, Jesús Oria-Hernández, Horacio Reyes-Vivas
The microaerophilic protozoan Giardia lamblia is the agent causing giardiasis, an intestinal parasitosis of worldwide distribution. Different pharmacotherapies have been employed against giardiasis; however, side effects in the host and reports of drug resistant strains generate the need to develop new strategies that identify novel biological targets for drug design. To support this requirement, we have designed and evaluated a vector containing a cassette for the synthesis of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), which can silence expression of a target gene through the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway...
November 3, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059677/parasitic-hematuria-six-cases-in-a-row-in-a-single-centre-in-spain
#14
Begoña Ballesta Martínez, Jonathan Rodríguez Talavera, Adrián Amador Robayna, Almudena Carrión Valencia, Nuria Orribo Morales, Lorena García García, Melania Santa Cruz Pérez, Manuel Felipe Ravina Pisaca
Most cases of urogenital parasitosis are registered in Africa. However, migration movements and travellers moving from developed to developing countries are responsible for leading to an increased incidence of genitourinary infections caused by parasites in the western world including Spain having serious economic and health implications. The importance of its early detection and treatment also results from its potential risk for infertility, susceptibility for HIV infection and the development of bladder cancer...
October 24, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040020/first-report-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-tuberculosis-patients-in-china
#15
Yun-Jiao Zhao, Yun-Hong Zhao, Xiang-Yan Zhang, Xue-Juan Sun, Yu-Qin Liu, Yan-Jie Hou, Jing-Qiu Wu, Hui Jia, Yi-Nan Han, Wei Dong, Shi-Ming Yan, Ai-Dong Qian
In recent years, coinfection of tuberculosis (TB) and parasitosis in humans is an emerging problem in coendemic areas, which has been increasingly highlighted in developing countries. However, there is limited information about the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in TB patients. Therefore, through a case-control study, 924 TB patients hospitalized for diacrisis or treatment in northeastern and eastern China, and 924 control subjects from the general population of the same region matched with gender, age, and residence were examined for the presence of IgG and IgM antibodies to T...
October 17, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029918/the-demand-for-skin-biopsy-from-a-patient-with-delusional-parasitosis
#16
Caleb Jeon, Mio Nakamura, John Koo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991327/-delusional-parasitosis-intestinal-and-dermatological-clinical-cases
#17
Edith Pérez de Arce, Daniela Rosset, Mario Arcos, Douglas Castillo, Carlos Gil, Caroll Beltrán, Luis Carlos Gil
Illusory parasitosis, better known as delusional parasitosis, is a neuropsychiatric syndrome in which patients have the belief of suffering a parasitic disease, that can not be demonstrated after an exhaustive medical study. These patients are characterized by being polyconsultants in different medical specialties and, many of them, have antecedents of psychiatric disorders, some of them undiagnosed. Knowing the existence of the clinical picture, diagnosing early and empathizing with the patient, could give to clinician some clues for a timely and assertive psychiatric referral, and improve patient adherence to the proposed treatment...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984036/a-cross-sectional-study-of-intestinal-parasitoses-in-dogs-and-children-of-the-periurban-area-of-la-plata-buenos-aires-argentina-zoonotic-importance-and-implications-in-public-health
#18
P Cociancic, M L Zonta, G T Navone
A cross-sectional study was performed between school term dates 2014 and 2015 to diagnose intestinal parasites in dogs and children living with them. The socio-environmental characteristics and hygiene practices of the children were also evaluated in terms of risk factors for parasitic infection of periurban neighbourhoods of La Plata (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Serial coproparasitological samples of 78 dogs and 211 children were analysed by means of concentration and flotation techniques. Socio-environmental variables and hygiene practices of children were evaluated through semi-structured questionnaires which were answered by every family...
October 5, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977397/pulmonary-cyst-embolism-a-rare-complication-of-hydatidosis
#19
Eleonore Ravis, Alexis Theron, Bernard Lecomte, Vlad Gariboldi
Hydatid disease is an endemic parasitosis that results from the ingestion of echinococcosis tapeworm eggs. This condition leads to the formation of cysts, mainly in the liver and lungs, and causes life-threatening complications. Cardiac involvement represents only 0.5-2% of the localizations. We report a rare case of a pulmonary cyst embolism that required emergency surgical intervention.
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969781/an-attempt-to-replace-an-ivermectin-resistant-cooperia-spp-population-by-a-susceptible-one-on-grazing-pastures-based-on-epidemiological-principles-and-refugia-management
#20
C A Fiel, P E Steffan, S M Muchiut, A S Fernández, G Bernat, E Riva, M M Lloberas, A Almada, D Homer
The maintenance of anthelmintic-susceptible parasite refugia to delay the onset of anthelmintic resistance is an almost impossible effort in many grazing livestock production countries given that current refugia consist of already resistant parasites. Rather, efforts could be focused on replacing the resistant parasite refugia by susceptible parasite ones and implementing sustainable parasite control measures from then on. To this purpose, a trial was conducted to attempt to establish a new population of ivermectin-susceptible Cooperia sp...
November 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
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