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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675681/characterization-of-leishmania-species-from-central-west-region-of-brazil
#1
Ludiele Souza Castro, Adriana de Oliveira França, Eduardo de Castro Ferreira, Manoel Sebastião da Costa Lima Júnior, Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo, Agnes Antônia Sampaio Pereira, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros Dorval
Leishmaniasis represents a complex of diseases with a broad clinical spectrum and epidemiological diversity. Involving a variety of agents, reservoirs, and vectors, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) presents different transmission patterns, which makes its control especially difficult. Epidemiological characterization with identification of existing Leishmania species in a particular region is essential for understanding this parasitosis epidemiology. Because similar results may be observed in places with overlapping transmission of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis, contributing to knowledge about the epidemiological cycle of cutaneous leishmaniasis is of global interest...
April 20, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669610/parasitic-causes-of-organ-condemnation-in-cattle-slaughtered-in-fako-abattoirs-south-west-region-of-cameroon-and-estimate-of-financial-losses
#2
M K Kouam, R Meningue, D E Fon
An abattoir study was carried out between May and October 2016 to determine the parasitic causes of organ condemnation during meat inspection and to evaluate the attendant financial losses in Fako abattoirs, in the South-West region of Cameroon. Organs (liver, lungs, heart, tongue, kidney, spleen and intestine) were examined at meat inspection following standard procedures and the financial loss was estimated by considering the total weight of condemned organs and the price per kilogram of marketable organs, obtained from the local market...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667798/delusional-infestation-in-psychodermatology
#3
Monica Rosales Santillan, Dustin L Taylor, Jason S Reichenberg
Delusional infestation (DI), also known as delusional parasitosis, consists of a patient's strong belief that he or she is infested with a nonliving substance or living organism despite lack of medical evidence to support this belief. The most commonly reported sources of infestation include insects, fibrous strands, worms, and scabies. Delusional infestation is predominantly seen in women and older patients. This disorder has a variable course and prognosis in patients. Delusional infestation can be a primary psychiatric problem, or secondary to underlying medical conditions or other psychiatric disorders...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603309/the-status-of-demodex-cornei-description-of-the-species-and-developmental-stages-and-data-on-demodecid-mites-in-the-domestic-dog-canis-lupus-familiaris
#4
J N Izdebska, L Rolbiecki
Demodecosis canina is one of the most important dog parasitoses, but its aetiology is still not well known. There are currently two known species of demodecid mite specific to the domestic dog Canis lupus familiaris Linnaeus, 1758 (Carnivora: Canidae). These are Demodex canis Leydig, 1859 (Acariformes: Demodecidae) and Demodex injai Desch & Hillier, 2003. There have also been many reports of the so-called 'short form', considered to be a separate species functioning under the name Demodex cornei nomen nudum, for which, however, no formal valid description has been documented...
March 30, 2018: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600872/treatment-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-associated-with-overlapping-psychodermatologic-disorders
#5
Sausan Alfaris, Katherine France, Thomas P Sollecito, Eric T Stoopler
Delusional infestations are psychodermatologic disorders in which those affected have a false belief they are infested by parasites and/or "growing" inanimate objects from cutaneous surfaces. Individuals with delusional parasitosis (DP) believe parasites, bacteria, worms, mites, or other living organisms are the source of cutaneous symptoms, while those with Morgellons disease (MD) attribute their symptoms to growth of small fibers or inorganic material. In both DP and MD, self-inflicted, non-healing cutaneous lesions caused by scratching at the affected areas to alleviate symptoms are commonly observed...
April 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558250/fatal-patent-troglostrongylosis-in-a-litter-of-kittens
#6
Donato Traversa, Leonardo Della Salda, Anastasia Diakou, Chiara Sforzato, Mariarita Romanucci, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Raffaella Iorio, Valentina Colaberardino, Angela Di Cesare
Parasitic nematodes affecting the respiratory system of cats are gaining much attention in the scientific community and new knowledge has recently been acquired on their epizootiology, biology and clinical aspects. In particular, in the past few years, different studies have indicated that the metastrongyloid lungworm Troglostrongylus brevior can be vertically transmitted in cats, although information on its basic biology is still poor. The present paper describes a case of troglostrongylosis in a litter of three suckling kittens, with a focus on anatomo-pathological and biological features of the infection in two of these three animals...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541642/host-parasite-interactions-in-individuals-with-type-1-and-2-diabetes-result-in-higher-frequency-of-ascaris-lumbricoides-and-giardia-lamblia-in-type-2-diabetic-individuals
#7
Eleuza Rodrigues Machado, Núbia Oliveira Matos, Sinione Morais Rezende, Daniela Carlos, Thauana Cristina Silva, Leônia Rodrigues, Maria Jarlene Rodrigues Almeida, Maria Regina Fernandes de Oliveira, Maria Imaculada Muniz-Junqueira, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
Host-parasite interactions in diabetic patients might influence diabetes complications and intestinal parasitosis. The aim was to investigate the occurrence of enteroparasites in individuals with diabetes types 1 and 2. A descriptive study was designed to estimate frequencies of parasites and to compare them in individuals with diabetes types 1 and 2 from two Health Centers and one hospital in the Federal District of Brazil. Patients were allocated to the study by convenience. Three fecal samples of 156 diabetic individuals (120 type 1 and 36 type 2) were analyzed using two parasitological methods...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535593/increase-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-decrease-of-mcp-1-and-some-updated-epidemiology-aspects-of-cystic-echinococcosis-human-cases-in-calabria-region
#8
Giovanni Matera, Maria Teresa Loria, Cinzia Peronace, Tatiana Catanzariti, Pio Settembre, Aida Giancotti, Angelo G Lamberti, Giorgio S Barreca, Luisa Galati, Gessica Dodaro, Maria Mazzitelli, Alessio Strazzulla, Carlo Torti, Angela Quirino, Maria Carla Liberto, Alfredo Focà
We aim to investigate some of the pathogenetic mediators of the human echinococcosis and to obtain updated epidemiological findings on cases of echinococcosis in Calabria, Southern Italy. Echinococcosis diagnosis was based on imaging, serological investigations, and molecular assay. Indeed, real-time PCR indicated the presence of G2/G3 genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus complex. Regarding pathogenesis, a relevant novel tool of immune depression should be deemed the reduced level of serum MCP-1. Also, we found a previously unreported VEGF, possibly associated with neovascularization requested by the parasite cyst metabolism...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490766/association-between-urticaria-and-nematode-infections
#9
Paola L Minciullo, Antonio Cascio, Sebastiano Gangemi
BACKGROUND: The association between parasites and urticaria was first suggested in the last century. A wide range, 0-75.4%, of the prevalence of parasitic infection has been reported with chronic urticaria (CU). Moreover, urticaria may be detected in patients with parasitosis. Nematodes are a type of helminth that infect hundreds of millions of people throughout the world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to collect and review the published studies and cases of urticaria associated with nematode infections...
March 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476600/international-dog-travelling-and-risk-for-zoonotic-onchocerca-lupi
#10
V Colella, R P Lia, G Di Paola, H Cortes, L Cardoso, D Otranto
Onchocerca lupi is a recently recognized threat for the health of animals and humans in European, American, African and Middle Eastern countries. We describe a case of imported O. lupi infection in Italy and report the lifespan of this parasite in a non-endemic area, to advocate increased awareness of the veterinary community for this zoonotic parasitosis.
February 23, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469757/delusions-of-parasitosis-a-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-pathway-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#11
Nicholas Laidler
A large proportion of patients seen in dermatology practices have underlying psychological issues associated with their skin diseases. One of the most flagrant examples of this are patients with delusions of parasitosis. These patients have false fixed beliefs that they are infested by parasites and experience cutaneous sensations of crawling, biting, and stinging associated with their delusions. There is no organic skin disorder and all cutaneous manifestations are self-induced. Rather than a psychiatrist, the dermatologist is often designated by the patient to handle the chief complaint, even though the main disorder is psychogenic...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469358/-survey-and-analysis-of-epidemic-status-of-principal-human-parasitosis-in-ecological-region-of-huaiyang-hills-of-henan-province-in-2015
#12
Zhang Ya-Lan, Zhu Yan-Kun, Chen Wei-Qi, Deng Yan, Lin Xi-Meng, Li Peng, Zhang Hong-Wei
OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemic status of principal human parasitosis in the ecological region of Huaiyang hills of Henan Province. METHODS: According to the scheme of The 3rd National Survey of Principal Human Parasites made by National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, the survey was performed based on the ecological regions. The stratified cluster sampling was made combined with the economic and geographical conditions. The infections of intestinal helminths and protozoans in permanent residents were respectively detected by Kato-Kats technique and iodine solution...
July 24, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466503/dioctophyme-renale-nematoda-dioctophymatidae-in-leopardus-geoffroyi-carnivora-felidae-in-the-neotropical-region
#13
Maira Aparecida Christello Trindade, Marcia Raquel Pegoraro de Macedo, Gertrud Muller
Parasitic diseases affecting wild carnivores remain largely unknown or poorly described. Dioctophymosis is a parasitosis caused by the nematode Dioctophyme renale that is found worldwide. It affects domestic and wild animals and has been reported frequently in Brazil. This paper reports dioctophymosis in a wild felid for the first time.
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465542/the-small-bowel-diseases-detected-by-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-chronic-abdominal-pain-a-retrospective-study
#14
Libin Huang, Zhiyin Huang, Yang Tai, Pu Wang, Bing Hu, Chengwei Tang
Chronic abdominal pain (CAP) remains a particular challenge because of its complicated causes, especially when the disorders involve the small bowel, where it is quite difficult to intubate the flexible endoscopes. This study was to investigate the small bowel diseases detected by capsule endoscopy (CE) in CAP patients to evaluate the role of CE on CAP, and analyzed the relationship among the clinical characteristics of CAP patients and the positive rates of CE findings to search for the indications of CE for CAP patients...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451595/evaluation-of-molluscicidal-activity-of-three-mangrove-species-avicennia-schaueriana-laguncularia-racemosa-and-rhizophora-mangle-and-their-effects-on-the-bioactivity-of-biomphalaria-glabrata-say-1818
#15
Renato Juvino de Aragão Mendes, Adalberto Alves Pereira Filho, Aline de Jesus Lustosa Nogueira, Karla Regina Freitas Araújo, Clícia Rosane Costa França, Iramar Borba de Carvalho, Natale Maria Lindoso da Silva, Alexandre Santana Azevedo, Ivone Garros Rosa
Schistosomiasis is a disease of global extent reaching populations in social vulnerability. One of the control measures of this parasitosis is the use of molluscicidal substances that can fight snails of the genus Biomphalaria, intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni. The aim of this work was to study the toxic activity of three mangrove species (Avicennia schaueriana Stapf. & Leech, ex Moldenke, 1939, Laguncularia racemosa (L.) CF Gaertn, 1807 and Rhizophora mangle L. 1753) on the biological activities of snails Biomphalaria glabrata...
2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424003/a-retrospective-case-series-of-referrals-to-our-psychodermatology-clinic-2009-2016
#16
LETTER
L Roche, V Switzer, B Ramsay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411969/diagnosing-and-understanding-angiostrongyliasis-a-zoonotic-cause-of-meningitis
#17
Carlos Graeff-Teixeira, Alessandra Loureiro Morassutti, Malcolm K Jones
Eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis is spreading worldwide, and it can manifest as a severe neurological disease. Angiostrongyliasis is a food- and water-borne parasitosis that usually exhibits a seasonal and circumscribed geographical distribution. To improve control and treatment of these infections, further studies of transmission dynamics under natural conditions and the development of better diagnostic tools and treatment options are needed.
February 7, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340467/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-pediatric-patients-admitted-to-public-hospitals-in-southern-brazil
#18
Isis Almeida de Almeida, Sabrina Jeske, Marília Arndt Mesemburg, Maria Elisabeth Aires Berne, Marcos Marreiro Villela
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and to identify risk factors associated therewith in hospitalized children. METHODS: Three fecal samples from each patient were evaluated using three different techniques. The patients' nutritional and socioeconomic status and hematologic profiles were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 106 children, 32.1% tested positive for intestinal parasitosis. The associated risk factors were low parental education levels and children's nail-biting habit...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317890/-enterobius-vermicularis-in-the-endometrium-of-the-uterus-a-case-report
#19
Biserka Pigac, Silvija Mašić, Valentina Mašić
Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal nematode of humans and the most common helminth infection. Main transmission path is direct contact between infected and uninfected person meaning ingestion of the eggs. Human infections are usually asymptomatic or manifest as perianal itching. Although ectopic locations are uncommon, Enterobius can occasionally be detected in appendix, kidney, male urinary tract and female genital tract. We present a case from Varaždin General Hospital, Varaždin, Croatia in 2012, involving a 90-yr-old female patient who underwent hysterectomy leading to accidental finding of E...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313694/right-colon-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-mimicking-a-hydatid-cyst
#20
Noelia Ibáñez, Juan Ángel Fernández, Álvaro Jesús Gómez, Pascual Parrilla
Hydatid disease is a fecal-oral transmission zoonosis which is endemically distributed among Mediterranean countries such as Morocco. It usually presents asymptomatically and a diagnosis is made due to cyst complications. It is most frequently located in the liver and lungs and forms large masses. The incidence of colon cancer has increased amongst population under 50 years of age during the last few decades. It has been proposed that young adult cases may have histological characteristics with a more aggressive clinical behavior...
March 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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