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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991327/-delusional-parasitosis-intestinal-and-dermatological-clinical-cases
#1
Edith Pérez de Arce, Daniela Rosset, Mario Arcos, Douglas Castillo, Carlos Gil, Caroll Beltrán, Luis Carlos Gil
Illusory parasitosis, better known as delusional parasitosis, is a neuropsychiatric syndrome in which patients have the belief of suffering a parasitic disease, that can not be demonstrated after an exhaustive medical study. These patients are characterized by being polyconsultants in different medical specialties and, many of them, have antecedents of psychiatric disorders, some of them undiagnosed. Knowing the existence of the clinical picture, diagnosing early and empathizing with the patient, could give to clinician some clues for a timely and assertive psychiatric referral, and improve patient adherence to the proposed treatment...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984036/a-cross-sectional-study-of-intestinal-parasitoses-in-dogs-and-children-of-the-periurban-area-of-la-plata-buenos-aires-argentina-zoonotic-importance-and-implications-in-public-health
#2
P Cociancic, M L Zonta, G T Navone
A cross-sectional study was performed between school term dates 2014 and 2015 to diagnose intestinal parasites in dogs and children living with them. The socio-environmental characteristics and hygiene practices of the children were also evaluated in terms of risk factors for parasitic infection of periurban neighbourhoods of La Plata (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Serial coproparasitological samples of 78 dogs and 211 children were analysed by means of concentration and flotation techniques. Socio-environmental variables and hygiene practices of children were evaluated through semi-structured questionnaires which were answered by every family...
October 5, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977397/pulmonary-cyst-embolism-a-rare-complication-of-hydatidosis
#3
Eleonore Ravis, Alexis Theron, Bernard Lecomte, Vlad Gariboldi
Hydatid disease is an endemic parasitosis that results from the ingestion of echinococcosis tapeworm eggs. This condition leads to the formation of cysts, mainly in the liver and lungs, and causes life-threatening complications. Cardiac involvement represents only 0.5-2% of the localizations. We report a rare case of a pulmonary cyst embolism that required emergency surgical intervention.
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969781/an-attempt-to-replace-an-ivermectin-resistant-cooperia-spp-population-by-a-susceptible-one-on-grazing-pastures-based-on-epidemiological-principles-and-refugia-management
#4
C A Fiel, P E Steffan, S M Muchiut, A S Fernández, G Bernat, E Riva, M M Lloberas, A Almada, D Homer
The maintenance of anthelmintic-susceptible parasite refugia to delay the onset of anthelmintic resistance is an almost impossible effort in many grazing livestock production countries given that current refugia consist of already resistant parasites. Rather, efforts could be focused on replacing the resistant parasite refugia by susceptible parasite ones and implementing sustainable parasite control measures from then on. To this purpose, a trial was conducted to attempt to establish a new population of ivermectin-susceptible Cooperia sp...
November 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969775/factors-affecting-prevalence-and-abundance-of-a-perfoliata-infections-in-horses-from-south-eastern-poland
#5
Krzysztof Tomczuk, Maciej Grzybek, Klaudiusz Szczepaniak, Maria Studzińska, Marta Demkowska-Kutrzepa, Monika Roczeń-Karczmarz, Zahrai Abdulhammza Abbass, Krzysztof Kostro, Andrzej Junkuszew
Equine Anoplocephalosis constitute a significant problem in horses worldwide. The aim of this study was to analyse intrinsic (host age and sex) and extrinsic (management type, pasture type and moisture) factors that influence the prevalence and FEC of A. perfoliata infections. Faecal samples were collected from 994 horses managed in studs or individually between 2012 and 2014. The Sedimentation-flotation method was applied for coproscopic analysis, and faecal egg counts were calculated. The overall prevalence was 25...
November 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960311/formication-tactile-hallucinations-delusional-parasitosis-and-morgellons-enough-to-make-your-skin-crawl
#6
Jonathan S Dowben, Peter C Kowalski, Norman L Keltner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953766/delusional-parasitosis-treated-by-atypical-antipsychotic-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-a-case-report
#7
Tiffany Roulet, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: Delusional parasitosis (DP) is an uncommon psychiatric disorder. Patients suffering from this disorder have the fixed false belief of being infested by a parasite. Because of this condition, patients mainly consult with dermatologists or general practitioners. They are often reluctant to see a psychiatrist and to take treatment with antipsychotics because of their belief. The following describes the case of a woman who has the particularity that the DP started a few days after sertraline interruption...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879221/delusional-parasitosis-secondary-to-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia
#8
Sahil Sekhon, Caleb Jeon, Mio Nakamura, John Koo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877704/coproscopy-and-molecular-screening-for-detection-of-intestinal-protozoa
#9
Marawan Abu-Madi, Sonia Boughattas, Jerzy M Behnke, Aarti Sharma, Ahmed Ismail
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitosis is one of several health concerns about immigrants who travel from endemic to non-endemic regions. Reliable rapid sensitive diagnostic tools, for use in non-endemic regions, are urgently required to enable frequent assessment of immigrant workers in jobs where risk of local transmission is a particular concern (e.g. food-handlers). We assessed the burden of intestinal protozoa in newly arrived immigrants and those applying for renewal of work permits in Qatar (n = 735), by both microscopic examination of stool samples and by Real Time PCR methodology...
September 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865900/a-benzimidazole-derivative-rcb15-in-vitro-induces-the-alternative-energetic-metabolism-and-glycolysis-in-taenia-crassiceps-cysticerci
#10
Guaraciara de Andrade Picanço, Nayana Ferreira de Lima, Carolina Miguel Fraga, Tatiane Luiza da Costa, Eliana Isac, Javier Ambrosio, Rafael Castillo, Marina Clare Vinaud
The emergence of resistance to albendazole has encouraged the search for effective alternatives for cysticercosis and other parasitosis treatment. RCB15 is a benzimidazole derivative that may be used against such diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the in vitro effect of RCB15 on the alternative energetic pathways of Taenia crassiceps cysticerci. The cysticerci were in vitro exposed to albendazole sulphoxide (ABZSO) or RCB15 at different concentrations during 24h. The cysticerci extract and the culture medium were analyzed through spectrophotometry and high performance liquid chromatography as to detect glucose, urea, creatinine and organic acids of the energetic metabolism...
December 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821011/the-photodynamic-action-of-pheophorbide-a-induces-cell-death-through-oxidative-stress-in-leishmania-amazonensis
#11
Nathielle Miranda, Hélito Volpato, Jean Henrique da Silva Rodrigues, Wilker Caetano, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura, Sueli de Oliveira Silva, Celso Vataru Nakamura
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by hemoflagellate protozoa, affecting millions of people worldwide. The difficulties of treating patients with this parasitosis include the limited efficacy and many side effects of the currently available drugs. Therefore, the search for new compounds with leishmanicidal action is necessary. Photodynamic therapy has been studied in the medical field because of its selectivity, utilizing a combination of visible light, a photosensitizer compound, and singlet oxygen to reach the area of treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803725/schistosomiasis-drugs-used-and-treatment-strategies
#12
REVIEW
Lidiany da Paixão Siqueira, Danilo Augusto Ferreira Fontes, Cindy Siqueira Britto Aguilera, Taysa Renata Ribeiro Timóteo, Matheus Alves Ângelos, Laysa Creusa Paes Barreto Barros Silva, Camila Gomes de Melo, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Rosali Maria Ferreira da Silva, Pedro José Rolim Neto
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect millions of people in different geographic regions, especially the poorest and most vulnerable. Currently NTDs are prevalent in 149 countries, seventeen of these neglected tropical parasitic diseases are classified as endemic. One of the most important of these diseases is schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, a disease caused by the genus Schistosoma. It presents several species, such as Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma japonicum and Schistosoma mansoni, the latter being responsible for parasitosis in Brazil...
December 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746441/economic-evaluation-and-efficacy-of-strategic-selective-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-dairy-calves
#13
Yuly Andrea Caicedo Blanco, Jonata de Melo Barbieri, Renato Ribeiro de Lima, Marcos Aurélio Lopes, Eduardo Mitke Brandão Reis, Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães da Rocha, Adriana de Souza Coutinho, Antônio Marcos Guimarães
In the Experimental Farm of the Universidade Federal de Lavras (EF-UFLA), state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, on their day of birth, female Holstein calves were randomly selected and placed into two groups containing fifteen animals each: Strategic-Selective Treatment (S-ST) or Conventional Treatment (CT). In the S-ST, calves were treated after coproparasitological examinations according to criteria established previously by the researchers. Calves in the CT were treated according to the opinion of the veterinarian of EF-UFLA...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737550/intestinal-cestodes
#14
Camille Webb, Miguel M Cabada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cestodes infections in humans are among the most prevalent parasitosis worldwide. Although tapeworm infection is often asymptomatic, they can be associated with a range of symptoms. The landscape of cestode infections is changing with rapid diagnosis techniques and advanced molecular diagnosis aiding in identification of species specific epidemiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Traditional descriptions of species by location have been challenged with molecular diagnostic techniques, which show variation in distribution of species, thought to be because of globalization and importation of disease...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730247/intramuscular-human-dirofilaria-repens-infection-of-the-temporal-region-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Mircea IonuŢ GheorghiŢă, Mircea Cătălin ForŢofoiu, Cristiana Iulia Dumitrescu, Daniela Dumitrescu, Adrian Camen, Claudiu Mărgăritescu
Dirofilariasis is a zoonotic worldwide-distributed disease, especially in regions with warm to temperate climate, where it recently recorded a significant increase of prevalence. A 61-year-old female, a dog owner, residing in the Southwest of Romania, near a swamp, developed a painless nodule in the left temporal region. The contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a temporal intramuscular cystic lesion. The surgical exploration confirmed the lesion as with intramuscular localization. The histopathology and biochemistry investigations established as a cause of the lesion an infestation with Dirofilaria repens species...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725269/musculoskeletal-echinococcus-infection-as-a-rare-first-presentation-of-hydatid-disease-case-report
#16
A Marzouki, A Naam, S Abdulrazak, B Soumaré, K Lahrach, F Boutayeb
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease (HD) is a cosmopolitan parasitosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus that can potentially affect any part of the human body. Liver and lungs are the most frequent localizations. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We deem interesting to report a case of a primary hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old patient who presented with a painful swelling of the right elbow...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723945/haematological-and-cd4-t-cells-reference-ranges-in-healthy-adult-populations-in-gojjam-zones-in-amhara-region-ethiopia
#17
Wondemagegn Mulu, Bayeh Abera, Zewdie Mekonnen, Yesuf Adem, Mulat Yimer, Yohannes Zenebe, Asmare Amuamuta, Wondimu Gebeyehu
INTRODUCTION: Establishing national population haematological and immunological reference ranges are essential for clinical management of patients. However, there is scarcity of information on community based haematological reference ranges established from Ethiopian population. Therefore, this study aimed at determining haematological and CD4+ T cells reference ranges in healthy adults from East and West Gojjam zones, Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2015 to December 2015 in healthy adult residents of Gojjam zone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722574/intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-and-noninfected-persons-in-a-high-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevalence-region-of-cameroon
#18
Céline Nguefeu Nkenfou, Sandrine Mboula Tchameni, Carine Nguefeu Nkenfou, Patrice Djataou, Ulrich Florian Simo, Alexandre Benjamin Nkoum, William Estrin
The problem of intestinal parasitic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people requires careful consideration in the developing world where poor nutrition is associated with poor hygiene and several coinfecting diseases. Studies have addressed this issue in Cameroon, especially in the low HIV prevalence area. The current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis in people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Adamaoua and to identify associated risk factors. Stool and blood specimens from study participants were screened for intestinal parasites and anti-HIV antibodies, respectively...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719714/myiasis-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-seldom-described-but-commonly-seen
#19
Fábio Muradás Girardi, Maria Lúcia Scrofernecker
Human myiasis is a parasitosis usually found in tropical and underdeveloped countries. It usually affects ulcerated lesions or devitalized tissues, developing after deposition of dipterous eggs. Patients with head and neck cancer are at risk to develop secondary myiasis. A representative percentage of those patients manifest with neglected and advanced tumors, usually in exposed areas and with necrotic tissues. Few case reports and small series constitute the available information about this parasitosis. Most studies have been conducted in patients with skin carcinomas, although myiasis has already been described in association with other head and neck malignancies...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702962/unexpected-parasitosis
#20
M Vaccaro, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, C Guarneri
Neotrombicula autumnalis is an arthropod living in the soil and parasitizes animals only in its larval stage. Depending on climatic conditions, one to five life cycles can take place in a single year. Human infestation is probably underestimated and can be easily missed due to non-pathognomonic cutaneous manifestations in absence of systemic signs. We describe a case of human trombiculiasis and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic management of this ‘synanthropic’ dermatosis.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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