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Treatment for anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239239/depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-pharmaco-resistant-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#1
Eleonora Borges Gonçalves, Tania Aparecida Marchiori de Oliveira Cardoso, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Fernando Cendes
Objectives To assess depressive disorders in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) refractory to medical treatment. Methods Adult patients with refractory MTLE completed two questionnaires (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) had a semi-structured psychiatric interview and a high resolution MRI scan. For complete neuropsychiatric diagnosis, as per International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the results were combined with clinical history and additional information from the patients' family...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239052/impact-of-anxiety-on-the-satisfaction-of-dental-implant-patients
#2
Afya Sahib Diab Al-Radha
PURPOSE: To study the influence of anxiety on dental implant patient satisfaction, and to explore if hemoglobin levels and the amount of body fat affected patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred three partially edentulous patients (mean age 42.06 years) who had received dental implant therapy were enrolled in the study. Self-administered questionnaires were given to those patients to evaluate their level of satisfaction with implant treatment. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) self-reported questionnaire was used to determine anxiety levels...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238600/morbidity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-accessing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study-in-one-province-of-canada
#3
Laurie K Twells, Shannon Driscoll, Deborah M Gregory, Kendra Lester, John M Fardy, Dave Pace
Background: In Canada, severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) affects 5% or 1.2 million adults. Bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for severe obesity, but the demand for publicly funded procedures is high and capacity limited. Little is known in Canada about the types of patients undergoing these procedures, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The study objective is to examine the socio-demographic profile, morbidity and HRQoL of patients accessing LSG in one Canadian province...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238216/improved-health-related-quality-of-life-participation-and-autonomy-in-patients-with-treatment-resistant-chronic-pain-after-an-intensive-social-cognitive-intervention-with-the-participation-of-support-partners
#4
Peter Joseph Jongen, Rob P Ruimschotel, Y M Museler-Kreijns, Tmc Dragstra, L Duyverman, J Valkenburg-Vissers, J Cornelissen, R Lagrand, Rogier Donders, A Hartog
Despite the availability of various specific treatments, most patients with chronic pain (CP) consider their pain problem as undertreated. Recently, multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who were given an intensive 3-day social cognitive treatment with the participation of support partners experienced lasting improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-efficacy. In this study, a similar intervention was given to treatment-resistant CP patients with stressors, relational problems with support partner, and distress, anxiety or depression...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238196/the-role-of-new-antidepressants-in-clinical-practice-in-canada-a-brief-review-of-vortioxetine-levomilnacipran-er-and-vilazodone
#5
REVIEW
Roger S McIntyre
Although many branded and generic antidepressants are approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Canada, efficacy and tolerability differ among patients, and new treatment options are needed. Symptom types (eg, fatigue, energy/motivation, cognition, and functioning), medication type, treatment duration, and the need for maintenance therapy are factors that may influence treatment effectiveness. Three antidepressants, vortioxetine, levomilnacipran extended-release (ER), and vilazodone have recently become available in Canada...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237650/needs-of-cancer-patients-in-palliative-care-during-medical-visits-qualitative-study
#6
Dominik Melhem, Serge Daneault
OBJECTIVE: To explore the needs of cancer patients in palliative care and to determine how care providers, including family physicians, could meet these needs more fully. DESIGN: Qualitative study performed using semistructured interviews. SETTING: Palliative care departments (ambulatory and intrahospital). PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients with a diagnosis of cancer deemed to be in the palliative phase, who had already received either chemotherapy or radiation treatment...
December 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237425/german-general-practitioners-self-reported-management-of-patients-with-chronic-depression
#7
Florian Wolf, Antje Freytag, Sven Schulz, Thomas Lehmann, Susann Schaffer, Horst Christian Vollmar, Thomas Kühlein, Jochen Gensichen
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic depression (persisting symptoms for ≥2 years) are a clinically relevant group with extensive (co)morbidity, high functional impairment and associated costs in primary care. The General Practitioner (GP) is the main health professional attending to these patients. The aim of this study was to examine the GPs' perception on managing patients with chronic depression. METHODS: We performed an explorative cross-sectional study with a systematic sample of GPs in central Germany...
December 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237385/systemic-administrations-of-antipsychotic-asenapine-pre-or-postnatal-does-not-induce-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-mice
#8
Maria Silvia Oliveira, Thais Souza Barbosa de Souza, Daniela Miranda Farias, Rozimeri Fatima Coletti, Jorge Aparecido de Barros, Carolina Gomes Carrilho, Susana Elisa Moreno, Eric Murillo Murillo Rodriguez, Sergio Machado, Andre Barciela Veras
Asenapine is an atypical antipsychotic approved by US Food and Drug Administration in 2009 and by European Medicines Agency in 2010 for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder treatment. Currently, many studies have been developed in an attempt to clarify and minimize the risks related to the use of psychotropic during pre/postnatal period on patients with a history of mental disorders. To this finality, the purpose of the following work was to test on animal models the impact of being exposed to this medication during perinatal period upon anxiety and exploration/emotionality of female mice's descendants submitting them, in adulthood, to the Open Field and Elevated Plus Maze test...
December 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237331/autism-spectrum-disorder-consensus-guidelines-on-assessment-treatment-and-research-from-the-british-association-for-psychopharmacology
#9
Oliver D Howes, Maria Rogdaki, James L Findon, Robert H Wichers, Tony Charman, Bryan H King, Eva Loth, Gráinne M McAlonan, James T McCracken, Jeremy R Parr, Carol Povey, Paramala Santosh, Simon Wallace, Emily Simonoff, Declan G Murphy
An expert review of the aetiology, assessment, and treatment of autism spectrum disorder, and recommendations for diagnosis, management and service provision was coordinated by the British Association for Psychopharmacology, and evidence graded. The aetiology of autism spectrum disorder involves genetic and environmental contributions, and implicates a number of brain systems, in particular the gamma-aminobutyric acid, serotonergic and glutamatergic systems. The presentation of autism spectrum disorder varies widely and co-occurring health problems (in particular epilepsy, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and irritability) are common...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237239/sex-steroid-hormones-and-brain-function-pet-imaging-as-a-tool-for-research
#10
REVIEW
R Moraga-Amaro, A van Waarde, J Doorduin, E F J de Vries
Sex steroid hormones are major regulators of sexual characteristic among species. These hormones, however, are also produced in the brain. Steroidal hormone-mediated signaling via the corresponding hormone receptors can influence brain function at a cellular level and thus affect behavior and higher brain functions. Altered steroid hormone signaling has been associated with psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. Neurosteroids are also thought to have a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases So far, the role of steroid hormone receptors in physiological and pathological conditions have mainly been investigated post-mortem on animal or human brain tissues...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235615/-music-therapy-as-a-non-pharmacological-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
N Garcia-Casares, R M Moreno-Leiva, J A Garcia-Arnes
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations. AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235092/bumetanide-blocks-the-acquisition-of-conditioned-fear-in-adult-rats
#12
Meng-Chang Ko, Ming-Chung Lee, Tso-Hao Tang, Tamara G Amstislavskaya, Maria A Tikhonova, Yi-Ling Yang, Kwok-Tung Lu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Administration of bumetanide has anxiolytic effects in rat models of conditioned fear. As a loop diuretic, bumetanide may act as an anxiolytic by modulating GABAergic synaptic transmission through the antagonism of cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs). Its clinical potential for the treatment of anxiety disorders deserves further investigation. In this study, we evaluated the possible role of the basolateral nucleus of amygdala (BLA) in the anxiolytic effect of bumetanide...
December 12, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233103/anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-general-population-in-rural-nepal
#13
Niresh Thapa, Muna Maharjan, Tirtha Man Shrestha, Srijana Gauchan, Prakash Pun, Yam Bahadur Thapa
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are usually under diagnosed among the patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which has a negative impact on patient quality of life through restriction of activities, loss of independence, and decreased social functioning. The purpose of this study was to describe the levels and characteristics of anxiety and depression in patients with COPD in Nepal as compared to the general population. METHODS: A hospital-based observational comparative analytical study was conducted in the United Mission Hospital, Tansen and the Okhaldhunga Community Hospital, Okhaldhunga, Nepal from June 1st 2015 to April 15th 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232567/mapping-network-connectivity-among-symptoms-of-social-anxiety-and-comorbid-depression-in-people-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#14
Alexandre Heeren, Payton J Jones, Richard J McNally
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depressive symptoms often covary. Yet, uncertainty still abounds vis-à-vis the individual symptom-to-symptom associations between these two disorders. Inspired by the network approach to psychopathology that conceptualizes comorbidity as a natural consequence arising from bridge symptoms that can transmit activation from one disorder to the other, we applied network analytic methods to characterize the associations among core symptoms of SAD-i...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231609/-manual-acupuncture-versus-electroacupuncture-for-menopausal-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Caiyuzhu Wen, Yafei Liu, Xiaoli Pan, Zhen Mao, Li Zhou, Hongxing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical therapeutic effects and safety on menopausal symptoms between manual acupuncture (MA) and electroacupuncture (EA). METHODS: Fifty patients were randomized into an MA group (25 cases) and an EA group (25 cases). In the MA group, the regular needling technique and pseudo-EA were used at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Tianshu (ST 25) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). In the EA group, the acupoints were the same as the MA group and stimulated with EA and pseudo-MA (no manipulation applied in treatment), with disperse-dense wave, 10 Hz/50 Hz, 0...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231496/-acupuncture-combined-with-auricular-point-sticking-therapy-for-post-stroke-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lin Zhang, Yan Zhong, Shulin Quan, Yehui Liu, Xuehui Shi, Zhenguang Li, Jingjing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking based on the western medication for post stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: Sixty patients with PSD were randomly assigned into an acupuncture plus auricular application group (a combination group) and a medication group, 30 cases in each one. 20 mg paroxetine hydrochloride was prescribed orally in the medication group, once a day for continuous 8 weeks. Based on the above treatment, 30-minute acupuncture was used in the combination group for 8 weeks at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Taichong (LR 3), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Fenglong (ST 40), once the other day and three times a week...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231473/-clinical-observation-of-slow-transit-constipation-treated-with-acupuncture-and-modified-weitong-xiaopi-formula
#17
Bo Wang, Yanping Chen, Suning Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in the clinical therapeutic effects on slow transit constipation (STC) among the combined therapy of acupuncture and herbal medicine, simple use of herbal medicine and simple use of western medication. METHODS: Ninety patients of STC were randomized into three groups, 30 cases in each one. In the combined therapy group, acupuncture was used in combination with the modified weitong xiaopi formula. In the Chinese herbal medicine group, the modified weitong xiaopi formula was adopted...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231433/-transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-primary-insomnia-and-affective-disorder-a-report-of-35-cases
#18
Man Luo, Xiaoxiao Qu, Shaoyuan Li, Jingjun Zhao, Yufeng Zhao, Yue Jiao, Peijing Rong
OBJECTIVE: To observe and evaluate the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) at auricular concha for primary insomnia (PI) and affective disorder. METHODS: A total of 35 patients who met the diagnosis standard of PI in Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edition) were included. The self-developed auricular vagus nerve stimulator (TENS-200A) was applied at auricular concha, 30 min per treatment, twice a day, 5 days a week for consecutive 4 weeks...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230385/urinary-microbiome-and-psychological-factors-in-women-with-overactive-bladder
#19
Peng Wu, Yang Chen, Jie Zhao, Guihao Zhang, Jiawei Chen, Junpeng Wang, Huijian Zhang
Objectives: Emerging evidence indicates that alterations to the urinary microbiome are related to lower urinary tract symptoms. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common disorder with complex etiologies and usually accompanied by psychological diseases. More information concerning the urinary microbiome and psychological factors in OAB is required. The aim of this study was to characterize the female urinary microbiome associated with OAB and investigate the relationships between urinary microbiome and psychological factors...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229613/acupuncture-with-or-without-combined-auricular-acupuncture-for-insomnia-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial
#20
Ka-Fai Chung, Wing-Fai Yeung, Branda Yee-Man Yu, Feona Chung-Yin Leung, Shi-Ping Zhang, Zhang-Jin Zhang, Roger Man-Kin Ng, Gar-Chung Yiu
BACKGROUND: Few high-quality, large-scale, controlled trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture,auricular acupuncture and combined acupuncture treatment for insomnia are available. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a randomised, assessor-blinded, waitlist-controlled trial to test the superiority of combination treatment. METHODS: After in-person and polysomnography screening, 224 subjects (mean age 53.4 years; 75.4% female) with DSM-5 insomnia disorder, who were free from major psychiatric disorders and with sleep-diary-derived sleep efficiency averaged over 1 week of <85%, were randomised to acupuncture alone, acupuncture plus auricular acupuncture (combination treatment), or a waitlist in a 3:3:1 ratio...
December 11, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
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