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Medical thoracoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898894/clinical-predictors-of-successful-and-earlier-pleurodesis-with-a-tunnelled-pleural-catheter-in-malignant-pleural-effusion-a-cohort-study
#1
Pen Li, Alison Graver, Sarah Hosseini, Sunita Mulpuru, Lorraine Cake, Lynn Kachuik, Tinghua Zhang, Kayvan Amjadi
BACKGROUND: Tunnelled pleural catheters used to treat malignant pleural effusions may achieve pleurodesis. We aimed to identify factors associated with higher pleurodesis rates and earlier catheter removal. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a prospective database of tunnelled pleural catheters inserted consecutively between May 2006 and June 2013 for confirmed malignant pleural effusion. The cohort included patients who underwent medical thoracoscopy. Clinical, radiologic and pleural fluid data were recorded...
April 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723854/diagnostic-accuracy-of-lateral-decubitus-chest-radiography-before-pleural-maneuvers-for-the-management-of-pleurisies-in-the-era-of-chest-ultrasound
#2
Khady Thiam, Julie Berbis, Sophie Laroumagne, Julien Guinde, Bertrand Chollet, Hervé Dutau, Nafissatou O Touré, Philippe Astoul
BACKGROUND: Chest ultrasound (CUS) is the gold standard to detect pleural adhesions before pleural maneuvers. However, the CUS technique is not available in all countries where the assessment is only based on clinical examination and chest radiography. OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of lateral decubitus chest radiography (LDCR) to detect pleural adhesions. METHODS: Consecutive patients with pleural effusions undergoing LCDR followed by medical thoracoscopy the day after were identified from an institutional database...
May 3, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718881/histologic-transformation-from-adenocarcinoma-to-both-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-treatment-with-gefitinib-a-case-report
#3
Yufeng Yao, Zhouyu Zhu, Yimin Wu, Ying Chai
RATIONALE: In the past decade, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) treatment had been an important therapy for treating advanced EGFR-mutated lung cancer patients. However, a large number of these patients with EGFR-TKIs treatment always acquired resistance to these drugs in one year. The histologic transformation is an important resistance mechanism. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we reported a 41-year-old man with EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinoma and he showed histologic transformation to both small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) after treatment of gefitinib...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701376/what-about-having-a-hydropneumothorax-every-month
#4
Sara Lopes, João Maciel, Pedro Cabral Bastos, Paulo Pinho
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a pathological, benign, inflammatory condition characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity, typically in the pelvis. In rare conditions, this estrogen-dependent disease may be extrapelvic, presenting with a variety of symptoms, including Thoracic Endometriosis. METHODS: A 37 year-old woman presented with her third right hydropneumothorax in three months. Her medical history included infertility, an ovarian mass (in study), biliary diskinesia and protein C deficiency...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679518/new-insights-in-the-use-of-pleural-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pleural-disease
#5
Giampietro Marchetti, Sabrina Arondi, Francesca Baglivo, Sara Lonni, Federico Quadri, Alberto Valsecchi, Nicola Venturoli, Paolo Ceruti
The use of transthoracic ultrasound has acquired a wide consensus among respiratory physicians during the last few years. The developing of portable and easily available devices favorites patient's bedside evaluation. Transthoracic ultrasound provides rapid, real-time and low-cost diagnostic information, allowing image-guided chest interventions and reducing procedural risks. The different acoustic impedance between aerated and not aerated organs produces artifacts known as A lines, B lines, sliding sign, lung point, etc...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615010/malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-diagnostic-value-of-medical-thoracoscopy-and-long-term-prognostic-analysis
#6
Li-Li Xu, Yuan Yang, Zhen Wang, Xiao-Juan Wang, Zhao-Hui Tong, Huan-Zhong Shi
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is marked by its difficult diagnosis and poor prognosis. Medical thoracoscopy (MT) is an effective and safe procedure for the diagnosis of exudative pleural effusions and many factors associated with poor prognosis of MPM. We conducted this study to investigate the value of MT for diagnosing of MPM and to identify prognostic factors for MPM patients. METHODS: From July 2005 through June 2014, a total of 833 patients with undiagnosed pleural effusions underwent MT and pleural biopsies were taken...
April 3, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607149/thoracoscopic-primary-repair-with-mediastinal-drainage-is-a-viable-option-for-patients-with-boerhaave-s-syndrome
#7
Toru Nakano, Ko Onodera, Hirofumi Ichikawa, Takashi Kamei, Yusuke Taniyama, Tadashi Sakurai, Go Miyata
Background: Spontaneous esophageal rupture (Boerhaave's syndrome) is an emergency that can cause life-threatening conditions. Various procedures have been used to treat Boerhaave's syndrome. However, a standard surgical procedure has not been established. Herein, we report our experience with primary suture of the ruptured esophagus via a thoracoscopy or laparotomy. Methods: Between November 2002 and May 2015, 11 patients with Boerhaave's syndrome presented to our department and were managed using one of two surgical procedures based on the surgeon's discretion...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602484/-blue-rubber-bleb-naevus-syndrome-involving-the-pleura
#8
P H Aussedat, S Laroumagne, H Dutau, P Astoul
Bean's syndrome ('blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome') is a rare disease characterized by venous malformations involving various organs. Most often these lesions are localized to the skin and the digestive system. Gastro-intestinal bleeding is the most frequent presentation. Though other organs can be affected, chest localizations are infrequent and pleural localization is exceptional. We report the case of an asbestos-exposed patient with Bean's syndrome with characteristic skin lesions, smoker, hospitalized for the investigation of a hemorrhagic pleural effusion...
March 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531204/drainage-of-multiloculated-tuberculous-pleural-effusion-by-medical-thoracoscopy-when-and-why-should-it-be-considered
#9
S S Kho, S K Chan, M C Yong, S T Tie
Tuberculous pleural effusion (TBE) is a common encounter in our region. Up to 50% of patients with TBE will develop residual pleural thickening (RPT) which can lead to functional impairment. However, the need of drainage remains controversial. We report a case of end-stage renal failure patient who presented with right multiloculated tuberculous pleural effusion which was drained via a medical thoracoscope. Patient reports immediate relief of breathlessness post procedure and one month follow up shown significant improvement of RPT...
February 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522809/onset-and-evolution-of-clinically-apparent-myasthenia-gravis-after-resection-of-non-myasthenic-thymomas
#10
Tommaso Claudio Mineo, Alessandro Tamburrini, Orazio Schillaci, Vincenzo Ambrogi
Patients with thymoma and without clinical or electromyographical myasthenic signs may occasionally develop myasthenia several years after thymectomy. Hereby, we investigated the predictors and the evolution of this peculiar disease. We performed a retrospective analysis in 104 consecutive patients who underwent thymectomy between 1987 and 2013 for thymoma without clinical or electromyographic signs of myasthenia gravis. Predictors of post-thymectomy onset of myasthenia gravis were investigated with univariate time-to-disease analysis...
March 6, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507795/endoscopic-diagnosis-and-management-of-pleural-effusion-in-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#11
REVIEW
Paolo Ceruti, Sara Lonni, Francesca Baglivo, Giampietro Marchetti
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an asbestos-related aggressive tumor, that requires proper diagnosis and management. Symptoms are nonspecific and chest computed tomography (CT) and chest ultrasound (US) are important radiological tools in the initial workup to identify early pathological signs. Performing a medical thoracoscopy (MT) is essential for a definitive diagnosis of MPM. The procedure, integrated with a prior US, allows a global evaluation of the pleural cavity and the execution of multiple targeted biopsies, with low risk of complications...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506211/bronchopulmonary-sequestrations-in-a-paediatric-centre-ongoing-practices-and-debated-management
#12
Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Konstantinos Farmakis, Laureline Berteloot, Francesca Gobbo, Julien Stirnemann, Jacques De Blic, Francis Brunelle, Christophe Delacourt, Yann Revillon
OBJECTIVES: Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) is the second most common congenital lung malformation, with an estimated incidence ranging from 0.15% to 1.8%. Surgical treatment is elective in patients with symptoms, but the management of asymptomatic patients remains controversial. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 99 patients treated for BPS in our institution from January 2000 to December 2015. BPS was diagnosed prenatally in 86 (87%) cases...
February 28, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478341/the-role-of-pleurodesis-in-respiratory-diseases
#13
Rachel M Mercer, Maged Hassan, Najib M Rahman
Pleurodesis is used to obliterate the pleural space, most commonly in patients with symptomatic malignant pleural effusions but also in patients with benign effusions or pneumothorax. Areas covered: Traditionally, chemical pleurodesis has been undertaken at thoracoscopy or using instillation of a slurry through a chest drain. The optimum method of achieving pleurodesis, whether surgical or medical, has yet to be proven. Evidence in the different disease areas will be reviewed, along with ongoing trial evidence, which may change practice...
April 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442240/review-of-emerging-surgical-robotic-technology
#14
REVIEW
Brian S Peters, Priscila R Armijo, Crystal Krause, Songita A Choudhury, Dmitry Oleynikov
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopic and robotic procedures has increased in general surgery. Minimally invasive robotic surgery has made tremendous progress in a relatively short period of time, realizing improvements for both the patient and surgeon. This has led to an increase in the use and development of robotic devices and platforms for general surgery. The purpose of this review is to explore current and emerging surgical robotic technologies in a growing and dynamic environment of research and development...
April 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435191/effect-of-postoperative-systemic-therapy-on-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-with-unexpected-pleural-spread-detected-during-thoracotomy-or-thoracoscopy
#15
Chi-Lu Chiang, Lei-Chi Wang, Hsiang-Ling Ho, Chun-Ming Tsai, Yi-Chen Yeh, Wen-Hu Hsu, Teh-Ying Chou, Chao-Hua Chiu, Yu-Chung Wu
Background: Occasionally, malignant pleural disease is only detected unexpectedly during surgery in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Previous studies mostly focused on the role of main tumor resection on patient's outcome, barely addressing the position of postoperative systemic therapy. Methods: The medical records of 5321 non-small cell lung cancer patients who underwent thoracic surgery between January 1990 and December 2012 were reviewed. Pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients with unexpected pleural spread noted during surgery were included...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429254/-evaluation-of-the-diagnosis-value-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-malignant-pleural-effusion
#16
Y X Yu, Z H Tong, X X Zhou, L R Liang, Z Wang, L L Xu, X J Wang, Y B Wu, H J Li, Z Lu
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of serum and pleural fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) for malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Methods: The concentration of CEA in serum and pleural fluid of 286 patients with the diagnosis confirmed by pleural biopsy through medical thoracoscopy were retrospectively analyzed. MPE was confirmed in 171 cases which were divided into two groups (adenocarcinoma group with 121cases and non-adenocarcinoma group with 50 cases) and benign pleural effusion in 115 cases...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346252/sarcoidosis-with-pleural-effusion-as-the-presenting-symptom
#17
Estefania Rivera, Yaron Gesthalter, Paul Vardelaan, Alex Chee, Adnan Majid
A 65-year-old woman, never smoker, with medical history of hypertension, nonischemic cardiomyopathy, and moderate pulmonary hypertension presented with symptomatic bilateral pleural effusions. Thoracentesis revealed a lymphocyte predominant transudate and was negative for malignancy, microbiologic cultures were negative for an infectious cause. Chest tomography showed mediastinal and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, lymph node biopsy with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration showed non-necrotizing granulomas compatible with sarcoidosis...
April 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344253/diagnostic-value-of-medical-thoracoscopy-in-malignant-pleural-effusion-induced-by-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#18
Zhen Wang, Yan-Bing Wu, Li-Li Xu, Mu-Lan Jin, Xiao-Li Diao, Xiao-Juan Wang, Zhao-Hui Tong, Huan-Zhong Shi
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) appears in up to 20% of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of medical thoracoscopy (MT) in the diagnosis of patients with MPE induced by NHL. Between July 2005 and June 2014, 833 patients with pleural effusions of unknown etiology underwent MT in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital (Beijing, China), where diagnostic thoracocentesis or/and blind pleural biopsy had failed to yield an answer. Demographic, radiographic, thoracoscopic, histological and immunophenotyping data of 10 NHL patients with MPE were then retrospectively analyzed...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340490/accuracy-of-closed-pleural-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-pleural-effusion
#19
Renata Báez-Saldaña, Uriel Rumbo-Nava, Araceli Escobar-Rojas, Patricia Castillo-González, Santiago León-Dueñas, Teresa Aguirre-Pérez, María Eugenia Vázquez-Manríquez
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that closed pleural biopsy (CPB) has a sensitivity of less than 60% for diagnosing malignancy. Therefore, controversy has recently emerged regarding the value of CPB as a diagnostic test. Our objective was to assess the accuracy of CPB in diagnosing malignancy in patients with pleural effusion. METHODS: This was a prospective 8-year study of individuals who underwent CPB to establish the etiology of pleural effusion...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320805/success-rate-of-medical-thoracoscopy-and-talc-pleurodesis-in-malignant-pleurisy-a-single-centre-experience
#20
Joke Leemans, Christophe Dooms, Vincent Ninane, Jonas Yserbyt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malignant pleurisy is associated with advanced oncological disease and dyspnoea is the most common presenting symptom. Pleurodesis is the preferred palliative and supportive treatment option, targeting symptom relief. The identification of clinical and endoscopic features that determine the success of talc pleurodesis in malignant pleurisy could guide clinical decision-making. METHODS: All symptomatic patients with malignant pleurisy subjected to talc pleurodesis through medical thoracoscopy between January 2012 and December 2015 were included...
June 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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