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Medical thoracoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442240/review-of-emerging-surgical-robotic-technology
#1
REVIEW
Brian S Peters, Priscila R Armijo, Crystal Krause, Songita A Choudhury, Dmitry Oleynikov
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopic and robotic procedures has increased in general surgery. Minimally invasive robotic surgery has made tremendous progress in a relatively short period of time, realizing improvements for both the patient and surgeon. This has led to an increase in the use and development of robotic devices and platforms for general surgery. The purpose of this review is to explore current and emerging surgical robotic technologies in a growing and dynamic environment of research and development...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435191/effect-of-postoperative-systemic-therapy-on-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-with-unexpected-pleural-spread-detected-during-thoracotomy-or-thoracoscopy
#2
Chi-Lu Chiang, Lei-Chi Wang, Hsiang-Ling Ho, Chun-Ming Tsai, Yi-Chen Yeh, Wen-Hu Hsu, Teh-Ying Chou, Chao-Hua Chiu, Yu-Chung Wu
Background: Occasionally, malignant pleural disease is only detected unexpectedly during surgery in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Previous studies mostly focused on the role of main tumor resection on patient's outcome, barely addressing the position of postoperative systemic therapy. Methods: The medical records of 5321 non-small cell lung cancer patients who underwent thoracic surgery between January 1990 and December 2012 were reviewed. Pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients with unexpected pleural spread noted during surgery were included...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429254/-evaluation-of-the-diagnosis-value-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-in-malignant-pleural-effusion
#3
Y X Yu, Z H Tong, X X Zhou, L R Liang, Z Wang, L L Xu, X J Wang, Y B Wu, H J Li, Z Lu
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of serum and pleural fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) for malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Methods: The concentration of CEA in serum and pleural fluid of 286 patients with the diagnosis confirmed by pleural biopsy through medical thoracoscopy were retrospectively analyzed. MPE was confirmed in 171 cases which were divided into two groups (adenocarcinoma group with 121cases and non-adenocarcinoma group with 50 cases) and benign pleural effusion in 115 cases...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346252/sarcoidosis-with-pleural-effusion-as-the-presenting-symptom
#4
Estefania Rivera, Yaron Gesthalter, Paul Vardelaan, Alex Chee, Adnan Majid
A 65-year-old woman, never smoker, with medical history of hypertension, nonischemic cardiomyopathy, and moderate pulmonary hypertension presented with symptomatic bilateral pleural effusions. Thoracentesis revealed a lymphocyte predominant transudate and was negative for malignancy, microbiologic cultures were negative for an infectious cause. Chest tomography showed mediastinal and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, lymph node biopsy with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration showed non-necrotizing granulomas compatible with sarcoidosis...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344253/diagnostic-value-of-medical-thoracoscopy-in-malignant-pleural-effusion-induced-by-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#5
Zhen Wang, Yan-Bing Wu, Li-Li Xu, Mu-Lan Jin, Xiao-Li Diao, Xiao-Juan Wang, Zhao-Hui Tong, Huan-Zhong Shi
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) appears in up to 20% of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of medical thoracoscopy (MT) in the diagnosis of patients with MPE induced by NHL. Between July 2005 and June 2014, 833 patients with pleural effusions of unknown etiology underwent MT in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital (Beijing, China), where diagnostic thoracocentesis or/and blind pleural biopsy had failed to yield an answer. Demographic, radiographic, thoracoscopic, histological and immunophenotyping data of 10 NHL patients with MPE were then retrospectively analyzed...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340490/accuracy-of-closed-pleural-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-pleural-effusion
#6
Renata Báez-Saldaña, Uriel Rumbo-Nava, Araceli Escobar-Rojas, Patricia Castillo-González, Santiago León-Dueñas, Teresa Aguirre-Pérez, María Eugenia Vázquez-Manríquez
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that closed pleural biopsy (CPB) has a sensitivity of less than 60% for diagnosing malignancy. Therefore, controversy has recently emerged regarding the value of CPB as a diagnostic test. Our objective was to assess the accuracy of CPB in diagnosing malignancy in patients with pleural effusion. METHODS: This was a prospective 8-year study of individuals who underwent CPB to establish the etiology of pleural effusion...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320805/success-rate-of-medical-thoracoscopy-and-talc-pleurodesis-in-malignant-pleurisy-a-single-centre-experience
#7
Joke Leemans, Christophe Dooms, Vincent Ninane, Jonas Yserbyt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malignant pleurisy is associated with advanced oncological disease and dyspnoea is the most common presenting symptom. Pleurodesis is the preferred palliative and supportive treatment option, targeting symptom relief. The identification of clinical and endoscopic features that determine the success of talc pleurodesis in malignant pleurisy could guide clinical decision-making. METHODS: All symptomatic patients with malignant pleurisy subjected to talc pleurodesis through medical thoracoscopy between January 2012 and December 2015 were included...
January 10, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319243/to-study-efficacy-of-medical-thoracoscopy-in-undiagnosed-pleural-effusions
#8
Sachin S Dole, Gauri P Godbole, Himanshu S Pophale
Background: Medical thoracoscopy has received interest in recent past for diagnostic as well as therapeutic uses. In this study we describe our experience with diagnostic medical thoracoscopy in pleural effusions of undiagnosed etiology. Objectives: 1.To detect diagnostic yield of medical thoracoscopy in pleural effusions of unknown etiology. 2.To find complication rate in these patients. Methodology: In a retrospective analysis of thoracoscopic procedures performed between March 2011 and December 2014, diagnostic yield and complications of thoracoscopic pleural biopsy for achieving a diagnosis in undiagnosed pleural effusions were evaluated...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318136/pleural-tuberculosis-medical-thoracoscopy-greatly-increases-the-diagnostic-accuracy
#9
Angelo Gianni Casalini, Pier Anselmo Mori, Maria Majori, Miriam Anghinolfi, Enrico Maria Silini, Letizia Gnetti, Federica Motta, Sandra Larini, Sara Montecchini, Roberta Pisi, Adriana Calderaro
Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a standardised work-up in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (TB) that included fibreoptic bronchoscopy and medical thoracoscopy. A consecutive series of 52 pleural TB patients observed during the period 2001-2015 was evaluated retrospectively. 20 females, mean (range) age 39.7 (18-74) years, and 32 males, mean (range) age 45.75 (21-83) years, were included (28 non-EU citizens (53.8%)). The diagnosis of TB infections was established by identification (using stains, culture or molecular tests) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the pleura, sputum and/or bronchial specimens, or by evidence of caseous granulomas on pleural biopsies...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261578/cryobiopsy-of-the-pleura-an-improved-diagnostic-tool
#10
Syed Z Tousheed, Poojaramuddanahally Hanumantharayappa Manjunath, Sagar Chandrasekar, Bangalore Venkatraman Murali Mohan, Hemanth Kumar, Kedar R Hibare, Ranganatha Ramanjaneya
BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy (rigid and semirigid pleuroscopy) has revolutionized the approach to the diagnosis of pleural disease by offering a very high diagnostic yield. Rigid pleuroscopy offers the advantages of therapeutic intervention and larger biopsy specimens, whereas semirigid pleuroscopy using a standard biopsy forceps yields smaller and more superficial pleural samples. Cryobiopsy through semirigid pleuroscope in anecdotal studies has been used to overcome these disadvantages...
January 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225889/efficacy-of-sonographic-and-biological-pleurodesis-indicators-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-simple-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Ioannis Psallidas, Hania E G Piotrowska, Ahmed Yousuf, Nikolaos I Kanellakis, Gayathri Kagithala, Seid Mohammed, Lei Clifton, John P Corcoran, Nicky Russell, Melissa Dobson, Robert F Miller, Najib M Rahman
Introduction: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is common and currently in UK there are an estimated 50 000 new cases of MPE per year. Talc pleurodesis remains one of the most popular methods for fluid control. The value of thoracic ultrasound (TUS) imaging, before and after pleurodesis, in improving the quality and efficacy of care for patients with MPE remains unknown. Additionally, biomarkers of successful pleurodesis including measurement of pleural fluid proteins have not been validated in prospective studies...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214061/medical-thoracoscopy-and-its-evolving-role-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pleural-disease
#12
REVIEW
Vivek Murthy, Jamie L Bessich
Establishing the etiology of exudative pleural effusions in the setting of an unrevealing pleural fluid analysis often requires biopsies from the parietal pleura. While closed pleural biopsy (CPB) has been a popular minimally-invasive approach, it has a poor diagnostic yield, barring a diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. Medical thoracoscopy (MT) is a minimally-invasive ambulatory procedure performed under local anesthesia or moderate sedation which allows for direct visualization of biopsy targets as well as simultaneous therapeutic interventions, including chemical pleurodesis and indwelling tunneled pleural catheter (ITPC) placement...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166899/medical-thoracoscopy-for-exudative-pleural-effusion-an-eight-year-experience-from-a-country-with-a-young-population
#13
Merlin Thomas, Wanis H Ibrahim, Tasleem Raza, Kamran Mushtaq, Adeel Arshad, Mushtaq Ahmed, Salma Taha, Saber Al Sarafandi, Hanfa Karim, Hisham A Abdul-Sattar
BACKGROUND: With the exception of areas with high prevalence of tuberculosis, medical thoracoscopy is becoming the diagnostic modality of choice for exudative pleural effusions. The aims of this study were to determine the diagnostic yield and safety of medical thoracoscopy for exudative pleural effusions and ascertain the etiology of such effusions in Qatar. METHODS: This is a retrospective-descriptive study of 407 patients who underwent diagnostic medical thoracoscopy for exudative pleural effusions from January, 2008 till December, 2015 at the only tertiary referral center performing this procedure in Qatar...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131094/pleurodesis-using-mistletoe-extract-delivered-via-a-spray-catheter-during-semirigid-pleuroscopy-for-managing-symptomatic-malignant-pleural-effusion
#14
Jung Seop Eom, Hyo Yeong Ahn, Jeong Ha Mok, Geewon Lee, Eun-Jung Jo, Mi-Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
BACKGROUND: Talc poudrage during thoracoscopy is considered the standard procedure for patients with symptomatic malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Until now, no alternative technique other than talc poudrage for pleurodesis during medical thoracoscopy has been proposed. Liquid sclerosants, such as mistletoe extract, have been sprayed evenly into the pleural cavity during semirigid pleuroscopy for chemical pleurodesis. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective study using the database of semirigid pleuroscopy to identify the usefulness of pleurodesis using a mistletoe extract delivered via a spray catheter during semirigid pleuroscopy for symptomatic MPE...
November 7, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123439/thoracoscopic-treatment-of-pulmonary-hydatid-cysts-may-have-a-high-morbidity-risk-in-children-retrospective-analysis
#15
Zafer Dokumcu, Serkan Arslan, Emre Divarci, Ata Erdener, Coskun Ozcan
Objective: Thoracoscopic treatment of pulmonary hydatid cyst (PHC) has been considered to be a good treatment option in both children and adults for nearly 25 years. However, there have been very few pediatric studies published during this period. Our goal is to review our results and evaluate the efficiency of thorascopy in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: The medical records of patients with PHC who were surgically treated between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed...
October 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117867/epicardial-left-ventricular-leads-via-minimally-invasive-technique-a-role-of-steroid-eluting-leads
#16
Etem Caliskan, Florian Fischer, Felix Schoenrath, Maximilian Y Emmert, Francesco Maisano, Volkmar Falk, Christoph T Starck, Tomas Holubec
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively assessed two types of sutureless screw-in left ventricular (LV) leads (steroid eluting vs. non-steroid eluting) in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantation with regards to their electrical performance. METHODS: Between March 2008 and May 2014 an epicardial LV lead was implanted in 32 patients after failed transvenous LV lead placement using a left-sided lateral minithoracotomy or video-assisted thoracoscopy (mean age 64 ± 9 years)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105790/use-of-direct-near-infrared-fluorescent-lymphography-for-thoracoscopic-thoracic-duct-identification-in-15-dogs-with-chylothorax
#17
Michele A Steffey, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess techniques of intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence lymphography (NIRFL) using indocyanine green (ICG) for lymphatic duct identification during thoracoscopic thoracic duct (TD) ligation in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 15) with naturally occurring chylothorax that underwent TD ligation. METHODS: Medical records of dogs treated with thoracoscopic TD ligation in which NIRFL was utilized for intraoperative TD identification were reviewed...
November 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081165/-effectiveness-and-safety-of-argon-plasma-coagulation-via-thoracoscopy-on-the-treatment-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-with-subpleural-bullae
#18
H Zhang, C S Ge, Z M Sun, X C Bu, L Wang, W Zhang, N Zhao
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of argon plasma coagulation (APC) via thoracoscopy on the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax with subpleural blebs. Methods: Thirty patients with spontaneous pneumothorax with subpleural blebs were retrospectively analyzed during the period of Nov, 2012 to June, 2015 in Rizhao Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. According to the classification of pulmonary bullae through medical thoracoscopy by Reid, type Ⅱand partial type Ⅲ pulmonary bullae (2 cm ≤ diameter <5 cm) were coagulated by argon, and pleural adhesions were mutilated by high frequency electrocision...
October 31, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033726/ultrasound-guided-multilevel-paravertebral-block-versus-local-anesthesia-for-medical-thoracoscopy
#19
Maha A Abo-Zeid, Mohammad M Elgamal, Asem A Hewidy, Amro A Moawad, Alaa Eldin Adel Elmaddawy
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration for medical thoracoscopy has an analgesic properties for short duration. Single injection thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) provides limited analgesia. PURPOSE: Comparison between thoracic PVB performed at two or three levels with local infiltration for anesthetic adequacy in adult medical thoracoscopy as a primary outcome and postthoracoscopic analgesia and pulmonary function as secondary outcomes for adult medical thoracoscopy...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021481/cryptococcal-pleuritis-presenting-with-lymphocyte-predominant-and-high-levels-of-adenosine-deaminase-in-pleural-effusions-coincident-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#20
Yoshitomo Kushima, Hidenori Takizawa, Yasutaka Machida, Takafumi Umetsu, Naoya Ikeda, Masaaki Miyoshi, Kazuyuki Chibana, Yasuo Shimizu, Akihiro Takemasa, Yoshiki Ishii
Co-infection with cryptococcus and tuberculosis has rarely been reported. We herein report a case of an 80-year-old man with cryptococcal pleuritis concurrent with pulmonary tuberculosis. He was admitted for progression of left pleural effusion and consolidation in the left upper lobe. Culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was positive in sputum, and analyses of pleural effusion revealed lymphocyte-predominant high levels of adenosine deaminase (ADA). Medical thoracoscopy revealed massive infiltration of Cryptococcus neoformans in pleura without granuloma...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
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