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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629696/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-review-and-emerging-needs-in-india
#1
Sujata Satapathy, Tanuja Kaushal, Sameer Bakhshi, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
CONTEXT: Evidence-based research on psycho-oncology in last three decades lays emphasis upon the critical role of psychological services for better illness adjustment, improved quality of life, reduced distress and cognitive problems among the rapidly increasing pediatric cancer population. JUSTIFICATION: This review aims to summarize the evidence-based psychological interventions in childhood cancer over the two decades and addresses the wide gap that existed between intervention studies worldwide and India, thus highlighting the need for research and appropriate services...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546523/the-effectiveness-of-solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-psychological-distress-among-chinese-parents-of-children-with-a-cancer-diagnosis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Anao Zhang, QingYing Ji, Jennifer Currin-McCulloch, Phyllis Solomon, YuTing Chen, Yaxi Li, Barbara Jones, Cynthia Franklin, Jack Nowicki
PURPOSE: Given the critical role of parental care for pediatric cancer patients, this pilot study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of a hospital-based solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) intervention for reducing psychological distress among parents of pediatric cancer patients in China. Differences between treatment and active control (AC) groups were assessed on dimensions of psychological distress. Parents' level of hope was also assessed. METHODS: Participants (N = 44) were randomly assigned to SFBT or AC...
March 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462179/patient-navigators-for-people-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
Kerry A McBrien, Noah Ivers, Lianne Barnieh, Jacob J Bailey, Diane L Lorenzetti, David Nicholas, Marcello Tonelli, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Richard Lewanczuk, Alun Edwards, Ted Braun, Braden Manns
BACKGROUND: People with chronic diseases experience barriers to managing their diseases and accessing available health services. Patient navigator programs are increasingly being used to help people with chronic diseases navigate and access health services. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to summarize the evidence for patient navigator programs in people with a broad range of chronic diseases, compared to usual care. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Social Work Abstracts from inception to August 23, 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361838/interventions-minimizing-fatigue-in-children-adolescents-with-cancer-an-integrative-review
#4
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Karin Olson, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Fernanda Machado Silva-Rodrigues, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
Fatigue is among the most common, debilitating, and distressing symptoms associated with chronic condition in pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to identify non-pharmacological fatigue interventions in children and adolescents with cancer. For this, we carried out an integrative review of the literature from January 2000 to December 2016. A comprehensive search of four databases was conducted: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Psychology Information, Medline via PubMed, and Web of Science...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350459/nourish-t-targeting-caregivers-to-improve-health-behaviors-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-with-obesity
#5
Marilyn Stern, Jennifer Bleck, Linda J Ewing, Esther Davila, Courtney Lynn, Gregory Hale, Suzanne Mazzeo
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in pediatric cancer survivors (PCS) are alarmingly high. Although healthy lifestyle changes may prevent future health complications, promoting healthy behaviors in PCS is challenging, and few interventions have successfully addressed this issue. PROCEDURE: This randomized control trial evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a parent-focused six-session intervention, NOURISH-T (Nourishing Our Understanding of Role Modeling to Improve Support and Health for Healthy Transitions), compared with enhanced usual care (EUC) on the outcomes of caregiver and PCS anthropometric measurements, eating behaviors, and physical activity...
May 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314654/exercise-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-leukemia-and-lymphoma-during-treatment-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Giulia Zucchetti, Francesca Rossi, Carolina Chamorro Vina, Nicoletta Bertorello, Franca Fagioli
An exercise program (EP) during cancer treatment seems to be a valid strategy against physiological and quality-of-life impairments, but scientific evidence of benefits among pediatric patients is still limited. This review summarizes the literature focused on randomized controlled trials of EP offered to patients during leukemia and lymphoma treatment. Studies published up to June 2017 were selected from multiple databases and assessed by three independent reviewers for methodological validity. The review identified eight studies, but several types of bias have to be avoided to provide evidence-based recommendations accessible to patients, families, and professionals...
May 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298678/the-brainfit-study-efficacy-of-cognitive-training-and-exergaming-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Valentin Benzing, Noëmi Eggenberger, Janine Spitzhüttl, Valerie Siegwart, Manuela Pastore-Wapp, Claus Kiefer, Nedelina Slavova, Michael Grotzer, Theda Heinks, Mirko Schmidt, Achim Conzelmann, Maja Steinlin, Regula Everts, Kurt Leibundgut
BACKGROUND: Cancer survival comes at a price: pediatric cancer survivors bear a high risk for a wide range of cognitive difficulties. Therefore, interventions targeting these difficulties are required. The aim of the present clinical trial is to extend empirical evidence about efficacy of cognitive and physical training in pediatric cancer survivors. It is hypothesized that early cognitive and physical interventions affect the remediation of pediatric cancer survivors in terms of improved executive functions (primary outcome)...
January 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182495/platelet-transfusion-for-patients-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#8
Charles A Schiffer, Kari Bohlke, Meghan Delaney, Heather Hume, Anthony J Magdalinski, Jeffrey J McCullough, James L Omel, John M Rainey, Paolo Rebulla, Scott D Rowley, Michael B Troner, Kenneth C Anderson
Purpose To provide evidence-based guidance on the use of platelet transfusion in people with cancer. This guideline updates and replaces the previous ASCO platelet transfusion guideline published initially in 2001. Methods ASCO convened an Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of the medical literature published from September 1, 2014, through October 26, 2016. This review builds on two 2015 systematic reviews that were conducted by the AABB and the International Collaboration for Transfusion Medicine Guidelines...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942910/improving-functional-mobility-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-treatment-for-non-central-nervous-system-cancers-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Katherine Wacker, Lynn Tanner, Jessica Ovans, Jeffrey Mason, Laura Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancers and subsequent treatments can leave survivors with impairments that may lead to decreased physical performance. Rehabilitation can be an important component of promoting improved physical function in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize evidence for nonsurgical, nonpharmacologic, rehabilitation interventions for children and adolescents undergoing treatment for non-central nervous system cancers aimed at improving their physical impairments and functional mobility limitations...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911724/radioactive-iodine-rai-therapy-for-metastatic-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Frederik A Verburg, Heribert Hänscheid, Markus Luster
Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is the most common endocrine malignancy. It usually has a comparatively benign course. If properly executed, radioiodine therapy can provide an effective treatment of even advanced, metastatic DTC. A major problem in determining the right RAI for a patient with metastatic disease is a comparative lack of evidence. There are no reports on randomized controlled trials in this patient group which can aid us in determining which way to treat which patient. Few non-randomized prospective observational studies have been performed...
June 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751300/twelve-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-guided-self-help-for-parents-of-children-on-cancer-treatment
#11
Martin Cernvall, Per Carlbring, Anna Wikman, Lisa Ljungman, Gustaf Ljungman, Louise von Essen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of parents of children on cancer treatment report psychological distress such as symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTSS), depression, and anxiety. During their child's treatment many parents also experience an economic burden. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of Internet-based guided self-help for parents of children on cancer treatment. METHODS: This study was a parallel randomized controlled trial comparing a 10-week Internet-based guided self-help program, including weekly support from a therapist via encrypted email, with a wait-list control condition...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696047/a-randomized-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-neutropenic-diet-versus-food-safety-guidelines-on-infection-rate-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karen M Moody, Rebecca A Baker, Ruth O Santizo, Inan Olmez, Jeanie M Spies, Amanda Buthmann, Linda Granowetter, Robin Y Dulman, Kanyalakshmi Ayyanar, Jonathan B Gill, Aaron E Carroll
BACKGROUND: The neutropenic diet (ND) is prescribed to avoid introduction of bacteria into a host's gastrointestinal tract and reduce infection. Due to a lack of evidence to support the ND, there continues to be debate among pediatric oncologists regarding its usefulness. This prospective randomized controlled trial evaluated the difference in neutropenic infection rates in pediatric oncology patients randomized to Food and Drug Administration approved food safety guidelines (FSGs) versus the ND plus FSGs during one cycle of chemotherapy...
January 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494529/nash-therapy-omega-3-supplementation-vitamin-e-insulin-sensitizers-and-statin-drugs
#13
REVIEW
Stephen Caldwell
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the more aggressive form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NASH can progress to hepatic fibrosis, cirrhosis, portal hypertension and primary liver cancer. Therapy is evolving with a substantial number of trials of promising new agents now in progress. In this article however, we will examine data for several older forms of therapy which have been fairly extensively studied over the years: Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) supplements, vitamin E, insulin sensitizing agents with a focus on pioglitazone and statin agents...
June 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423223/implementation-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-real-time-pain-management-smartphone-app-for-adolescents-with-cancer-a-multicenter-pilot-clinical-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lindsay A Jibb, Bonnie J Stevens, Paul C Nathan, Emily Seto, Joseph A Cafazzo, Donna L Johnston, Vanessa Hum, Jennifer N Stinson
BACKGROUND: Pain in adolescents with cancer (12-18 years) is common and negatively impacts health-related quality of life (HRQL). The Pain Squad+ smartphone app, which provides adolescents with real-time pain self-management support, was developed to address this issue. This study evaluated the implementation of the app to inform a future randomized controlled trial (RCT) and obtain treatment effect estimates for pain intensity, pain interference, HRQL, and self-efficacy. PROCEDURE: A one-group baseline/poststudy design with 40 adolescents recruited from two pediatric tertiary care centers was used...
October 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267893/the-effect-of-hypnosis-on-anxiety-in-patients-with-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
Pei-Ying Chen, Ying-Mei Liu, Mei-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common form of psychological distress in patients with cancer. One recognized nonpharmacological intervention to reduce anxiety for various populations is hypnotherapy or hypnosis. However, its effect in reducing anxiety in cancer patients has not been systematically evaluated. AIM: This meta-analysis was designed to synthesize the immediate and sustained effects of hypnosis on anxiety of cancer patients and to identify moderators for these hypnosis effects...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224100/early-infant-male-circumcision-systematic-review-risk-benefit-analysis-and-progress-in-policy
#16
Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111876/investigating-the-heterogeneity-of-alkylating-agents-efficacy-and-toxicity-between-sexes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials-comparing-cyclophosphamide-and-ifosfamide-maiage-study
#17
REVIEW
Brice Fresneau, A Hackshaw, D S Hawkins, M Paulussen, J R Anderson, I Judson, S Litière, U Dirksen, I Lewis, H van den Berg, N Gaspar, H Gelderblom, J Whelan, A V Boddy, K Wheatley, J P Pignon, F De Vathaire, M C Le Deley, G Le Teuff
BACKGROUND: A marginal interaction between sex and the type of alkylating agent was observed for event-free survival in the Euro-EWING99-R1 randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide in Ewing sarcoma. To further evaluate this interaction, we performed an individual patient data meta-analysis of RCTs assessing cyclophosphamide versus ifosfamide in any type of cancer. METHODS: A literature search produced two more eligible RCTs (EICESS92 and IRS-IV)...
August 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
April 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922922/a-sleep-hygiene-and-relaxation-intervention-for-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sue Zupanec, Heather Jones, Lyndsey McRae, Efrosini Papaconstantinou, Julie Weston, Robyn Stremler
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and fatigue are common and distressing pediatric cancer-related outcomes. Sleep hygiene education and relaxation techniques are recommended to improve sleep in healthy children and adult cancer survivors. No studies have tested these interventions to improve sleep and fatigue for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the home setting. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to establish the feasibility and acceptability of a sleep hygiene and relaxation intervention to improve sleep and fatigue for children receiving maintenance chemotherapy for ALL...
November 2017: Cancer Nursing
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