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Women aging face fat

Kimberly K Trout, Carol J Homko, Lisa Wetzel-Effinger, Wadia Mulla, Ricardo Mora, Joanna McGrath, Lisa Basel-Brown, Angelina Arcamone, Parichehr Sami, Kepher H Makambi
The purpose of this study was to examine, through a randomized, controlled trial, the effects of a maternal carbohydrate-restricted diet on maternal and infant outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Women diagnosed with GDM were randomly allocated into one of two groups: an intervention group that was placed on a lower-carbohydrate diet (35-40% of total calories) or a control group that was placed on the usual pregnancy diet (50-55% carbohydrate). A convenience sample of participants diagnosed with GDM (ages 18-45 years) was recruited from two different sites: one urban and low-income and the other suburban and more affluent...
May 2016: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Leonardo S Roever, Elmiro S Resende, Angélica L D Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, Fernando C Veloso, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo M M Dourado, Antonio C P Chagas
Ectopic visceral fat (VF) and subcutaneous fat (SCF) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Gender differences in the correlations of cardiovascular disease risk factors and ectopic fat in the Brazilian population still lacking. Cross-sectional study with 101 volunteers (50.49% men; mean age 56.5 ± 18, range 19-74 years) drawn from the Uberlândia Heart Study underwent ultrasonography assessment of abdominal visceral adipose tissue with convex transducer of 3.5 MHz of frequency. The thickness of VF was ultrasonographically measured by the distance between the inner face of the abdominal muscle and the posterior face of abdominal aorta, 1 cm above the umbilicus...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mathias Steinach, Eberhard Kohlberg, Martina Anna Maggioni, Stefan Mendt, Oliver Opatz, Alexander Stahn, Josefine Tiedemann, Hanns-Christian Gunga
PURPOSE: Humans in Antarctica face different environmental challenges, such as low ultra-violet radiation, which is crucial for vitamin D production in humans. Therefore we assessed changes in 25-OH-vitamin D serum concentration during 13 months of overwintering at the German Stations Neumayer II and III (2007-2012). We hypothesized that (i) 25-OH-vitamin D serum concentration would significantly decrease, (ii) changes would be affected by age, gender, baseline (i.e. pre-overwintering) fat mass, baseline 25-OH-vitamin D serum concentration, and station residence, and (iii) our results would not differ from similar previous studies in comparable high latitudes...
2015: PloS One
Kufre Joseph Okop, Naomi Levitt, Thandi Puoane
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with excessive body fat among black African men and women living in rural and urban communities of South Africa. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, Cape Town, South Africa conducted in 2009/2010. The study sample included 1220 participants (77.2% women) aged 35-70 years, for whom anthropometric measurements were obtained and risk factors documented through face-to-face interviews using validated international PURE study protocols...
2015: PloS One
Pilar Ruiz-Cabello Turmo, Virginia Aparicio García-Molina, Ma del Mar Fernández Martínez, Natalia Moratalla Cecilia, Eva Gregorio Arenas, Pilar Aranda Ramírez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The overall intake of a cohort of middle aged women of Granada was studied along with their body composition, anthropometric and sociodemographic characteristics to evaluate if this population does really follow a Mediterranean Diet. METHODS: 206 women aged 53.3 ± 5.5 years old, were evaluated for their body composition, anthropometric and sociodemographic characteristics, dietary patterns, Mediterranean diet score and bone mineral density...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Pattanee Winichagoon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the maternal and child nutrition situation in Asia in transition and its public health implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Countries in Asia are facing a double burden of malnutrition. Accessibility to high energy, less nutrient-dense foods or processed foods affects current dietary patterns, whereas industrialization is leading to more sedentary lifestyles both in rural and urban areas. Stunting and wasting among young children persist but have declined in severity, whereas overweight and obesity have risen rapidly...
May 2015: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Pascale Mutti Tacani, Danielle de Oliveira Ribeiro, Barbara Evelyn Barros Guimarães, Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Rogério Eduardo Tacani
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle, and edema is among these symptoms. Physiotherapy is often sought by many patients for the treatment of edema; however, for an adequate prescription of physiotherapeutic procedures, the distribution of edema throughout the body has yet to be characterized. OBJECTIVE: To determine the most frequent symptoms and body regions that present with edema in women during the premenstrual period...
2015: International Journal of Women's Health
Kailash Narasimhan, Smita Ramanadham, Rod J Rohrich
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated their experience with facial rejuvenation in the massive weight loss patient. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the senior author's (R.J.R) face-lift patients was conducted. Data on patient age and body mass index, surgical techniques used (when available), and intraoperative and postoperative complications were collected. RESULTS: Of the senior author's 25-year database of 1089 patients, 22 were identified (15 women and seven men)...
February 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jyoti A Shirodkar, Mehmood G Sayyad, Vilas M Nanal, Chittaranjan S Yajnik
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown the association of disproportionate body size measurements with noncommunicable diseases like diabetes. This concept is described in Ayurveda (1500 BC), which uses Anguli Parimana (the breadth of one's own finger as 1 unit) to measure the body proportions. Excessive tallness or shortness (deviation from the reference value of Anguli Parimana) indicated deranged meda dhaatu (mainly adipose tissue). Deranged meda dhatu was associated with Prameha (diabetes)...
July 2014: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Deborah S Sarnoff, Robert H Gotkin
BACKGROUND: Cervicofacial aging is often characterized by a combination of skin and subcutaneous tissue laxity, midfacial deflation, an accumulation of excess submental fat, an obtuse cervicomental angle, jowls, and rhytides of the face and neck. Traditional treatment, and the "gold standard" against which other treatments are compared, is a facelift. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that a combination technique called ACELIFT - an acronym for the Augmentation of Collagen and Elastin using Lasers, Injectable neurotoxins, Fillers, and Topicals - in selected patients, is a viable, safe, and effective alternative to a facelift...
September 2014: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Yoshinari Matsumoto, Sawako Yoshiuchi, Takumi Miyauchi, Humikazu Hayashi, Daiki Habu, Yutaka Kimura
The epidemic of obesity is now a major public health concern in many parts of the world. Face-to-face tailored lifestyle modification therapy is one of the major approaches used for weight loss. However, the lack of time for multiple visits and the lack of resources for administering therapy hinder its implementation. We administered a web-based weight loss program for obese patients from July 2010 to January 2012 that required only 2 personal interviews over 6 months. The program used a system of auto-extraction of behavioural objectives and auto recording of daily weight and number of steps taken...
2014: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nihal Buyukuslu, Kubra Esin, Hilal Hizli, Nihal Sunal, Pakize Yigit, Muazzez Garipagaoglu
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with several chronic diseases, which include cardiovascular, autoimmune diseases, and cancer. Several factors such as exposure to sunlight, skin color, dietary habits, and cultural factors affect serum vitamin D levels. We hypothesized that serum vitamin D levels in young women are associated with clothing styles and investigated this via a cross-sectional study that included 100 female students at Istanbul Medipol University. Our study used a questionnaire in order to collect demographic information...
August 2014: Nutrition Research
Juan Zhang, Thomas Astell-Burt, Dong-Chul Seo, Xiaoqi Feng, Lingzhi Kong, Wenhua Zhao, Nicole Li, Yuan Li, Shicheng Yu, Guoshuang Feng, Duofu Ren, Yuebin Lv, Jinglei Wang, Xiaoming Shi, Xiaofeng Liang, Chunming Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of 'China Healthy Lifestyle for All' on levels of knowledge, taste and intentions to modify future consumption of salt and edible oil. METHODS: Between May and August 2012, a face-to-face survey carried out in all 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in mainland China, achieved a 98.1% response. Intention-To-Treat analysis via multilevel logistic regression was used to examine differences in outcomes between 31,396 non-institutionalised individuals aged > 18 years from 31 'intervention' (i...
October 2014: Preventive Medicine
Joan Fontdevila, Eva Guisantes, Esteban Martínez, Eduard Prades, Juan Berenguer
BACKGROUND: This work evaluates the effect of adding platelet-derived growth factor to autologous adipose tissue grafts in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus facial lipoatrophy by means of objective measurements. METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial conducted at the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona. Patients with facial human immunodeficiency virus atrophy were randomized into two groups, one treated with autologous fat injection (group A), and another treated with autologous fat injection with plasma rich in growth factors (group B)...
August 2014: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Derya Akdağ Cırık, Berna Dilbaz
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy of reproductive-aged women that manifests itself with a variety of features. For this reason, three different diagnostic criteria have been introduced. For adults, the National Institutes of Health Conference (NIH) criteria, which consists of hyperandrogenism and oligo-anovulation, is the most widely used. Symptoms of PCOS usually start with puberty and may overlap with normal pubertal development. Hormonal fluctuations during this period make the diagnosis of PCOS more difficult...
2014: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Renato Giua, Claudio Pedone, Simone Scarlata, Irma Carrozzo, Francesca Flavia Rossi, Vincenzo Valiani, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
UNLABELLED: Background: Age-related changes in pulmonary function increase respiratory muscle work. In the face of this increased demand, poor muscle mass, frequently associated with age and multi-morbidity, can reduce endurance and strength of respiratory muscles. Furthermore, poor muscle mass may per se contribute to exercise intolerance and lower physical performance. The aim of the study was to evaluate if respiratory muscle strength has a significant impact on physical performance in an elderly population...
August 2014: Rejuvenation Research
David R Hooper, Tunde K Szivak, Brett A Comstock, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Jenna M Apicella, Neil A Kelly, Brent C Creighton, Shawn D Flanagan, David P Looney, Jeff S Volek, Carl M Maresh, William J Kraemer
Exhaustive resistance training programs that have been previously referred to as extreme conditioning protocols have increased in popularity in military and civilian populations in recent years. However, because of their highly fatiguing nature, proprioception is likely altered during such programs that would significantly affect the safety and efficacy of such programs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the alterations in movement patterns that result from extreme conditioning protocols and to evaluate if these protocols can be deemed safe and effective...
April 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
V K Knudsen, J Matthiessen, A Biltoft-Jensen, M R Sørensen, M V Groth, E Trolle, T Christensen, S Fagt
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe dietary patterns in Danish adults and to examine which demographic and health-related lifestyle factors are associated with dietary patterns. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data derived from the Danish national survey of diet and physical activity collected in 2003-2008 and included 1569 men and 1785 women. Diet was assessed by a 7-day pre-coded food diary. Information on age, gender, weight, height, physical activity, smoking habits, educational level and attitudes towards healthy eating habits was derived from face-to-face interviews...
June 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Farshad Amirkhizi, Fereydoun Siassi, Mahmoud Djalali, Soudabeh Hamedi Shahraki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities in general and abdominal obese women. METHODS: In this study, 160 women 20-45 years old were randomly selected. General information data were gathered from each sample using questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. Activities of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes were also evaluated by measuring activities of copper zinc-superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) in selected subjects...
January 2014: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Giovanni Ahmed Hernández-Vega, Rafael Ruiz-Eng, Alvaro Montiel-Jarquín, Eduardo Gómez-Conde, Aurelio López-Colombo, Aldo Pérez-Aguilar, Ruth Bejarano-Huertas
Background: Parry-Romberg syndrome is characterized by the presence of progressive hemifacial atrophy that affects the growth and development of structures on one side of the face. Our objective was to introduce collagen-polyvinylpirrolidone as a new therapeutic option for Parry-Romberg syndrome in two clinical cases. Clinical cases: two women, aging 56 and 28 years old, with facial hypocrhomic lesions, and right and left fronto-malar sunken area respectively, treated with topic steroids + penicilamina, fat grafts and silicone implants without improvement...
November 2013: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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