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Women aging face fat

T Rajendra Kumar
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is critical for ovarian folliculogenesis and essential for female fertility. FSH binds to FSH receptors (FSHRs) and regulates estrogen production in ovarian granulosa cells to orchestrate female reproductive physiology. Ovarian senescence that occurs as a function of aging results in loss of estrogen production and this is believed to be the major reason for bone loss in postmenopausal women. Although conflicting, studies in rodents and humans during the last decade provide genetic, pharmacological and physiological evidence that elevated FSH levels that occur in the face of normal or declining estrogen levels directly regulate bone mass and adiposity...
December 11, 2017: Endocrinology
Deepika Pradeep Vora, Pallavi S Shelke
BACKGROUND: National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006) India, found that 14.8% of Ever-Married Adults (age 15-49 years) had Body Mass Index (BMI) in the ranges of overweight and obese; compared to 10.6% in the National Family Health Survey-2. These figures highlighted the fact that India already faces a dual burden of chronic malnutrition, i.e., obesity, besides undernutrition. Higher BMI, especially, increased abdominal fat is an important determinant of the development of diabetes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Neil S Sadick
Increasing numbers of men are seeking aesthetic treatments for fat reduction, skin rejuvenation, and other antiaging goals. Compared with women, however, men have distinctly different anatomy and physiologic differences that manifest in the aging process. Given that both anatomy and the aging process affect treatment strategies and clinical outcomes, there is a need for dermatologists to be acutely aware of these male-specific nuances to provide the best clinical care and patient satisfaction.
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
D Vejrazkova, M Vankova, P Lukasova, J Vcelak, V Cirmanova, M Haluzik, B Bendlova
Women with a positive history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) face a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome later in life. The higher risk of these metabolic complications is closely associated with adipose tissue. In this review, the importance of adipose tissue is discussed in relation to GDM, focusing on both the quantity of fat deposits and the metabolic activity of adipose tissue in particular periods of life: neonatal age, childhood, adolescence, and pregnancy followed by nursing...
September 26, 2017: Physiological Research
Yaniré Estrada Del Campo, Laura Cubillos, Maihan B Vu, Aurelia Aguirre, Daniel S Reuland, Thomas C Keyserling
OBJECTIVE: Evidence for the cardioprotective effects of a Mediterranean-style (Med-style) diet is strong, however few Med-style dietary interventions have been developed for and tested among Hispanic Americans (HAs), especially younger HAs of reproductive age whose dietary habits may strongly influence dietary intake for all family members. DESIGN: We adapted a previously tested and evidence-informed lifestyle intervention to reduce CVD risk and evaluated its feasibility, acceptability, and effects on self-reported lifestyle behaviors in this study enrolling low-income HA women attending a Title X family planning clinic in eastern North Carolina...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
Byung Jun Kim, Hahn Sol Bae, Yoonho Lee
Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder with autosomal-dominant inheritance that shows a triad of hallmark characteristics: craniosynostosis, exophthalmos, and midface retrusion. General treatment protocol for patients with Crouzon syndrome has already been established, but there is no standard treatment strategy for adult patients with Crouzonoid appearance. The authors present clinical patients of 1-stage orthognathic and face contouring surgery to achieve functional and aesthetic improvement.One-stage surgery was performed in adult patients with Crouzonoid appearance without a history of facial surgery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jun Sugawara, Seiko Kou, Kenichi Kokubo, Aimi Kuroda, Yoshie Hashizume, Shinji Kobayashi, Jirou Maegawa, Toshihiko Satake
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction and mesotherapy are popular treatments for fat reduction of lower face, but because these treatments are invasive, a novel non-invasive treatment with similar or better efficacy has been sought. There are various devices such as CoolSculpt, laser, RF, and HIFU that are used as non-invasive treatments for fat reduction and body contouring, but these applications have not been applied to facial fat reduction. In this study, we selected Monopolar 1-MHz RF for body contouring to be applied for fat reduction and tightening of the lower face...
October 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
S J Hardcastle, C Maxwell-Smith, M S Hagger, M O'Connor, C Platell
The purpose of the current study was to explore colorectal cancer survivors' information and support needs in relation to health concerns and health behaviour change. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment for cancer within the previous 2 years. Participants were colorectal cancer survivors (N = 24, men = 11, women = 13 M, age = 69.38 years, SD = 4.19) recruited from a hospital in Perth, Australia on the basis that they had existing morbidities that put them at increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
Chytra Anand
BACKGROUND: The desire for and use of nonsurgical injectable esthetic facial treatments is on a rise in Asia. Recent advances, including more versatile facial fillers, refined injection techniques, and adoption of a global facial approach, have in turn contributed to improved patient outcomes and increased patient satisfaction. The sought after nonsurgical treatments include the use of botulinum toxin, con- touring of the face with soft tissue fillers, and thinning of the face with injection lipolysis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Paulo R Alencastro, Nemora T Barcellos, Fernando H Wolff, Maria Letícia R Ikeda, Fabiana Schuelter-Trevisol, Ajácio B M Brandão, Sandra C Fuchs
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of lipodystrophy ranges from 31 to 65%, depending on the criteria adopted for diagnosis. The usual methods applied in the diagnosis vary from self-perception, medical examination, skinfolds measurements, or even imaging assessment for confirmation of fat distribution changes. Although several methods have been developed, there is no gold standard for characterization of LA and LH, or mixed forms. This study aimed to compare self-reported signs of lipodystrophy with objective measures by skinfolds and circumferences, and to evaluate the prevalence of lipoatrophy (LA) and lipohypertrophy (LH) among subjects living with HIV/AIDS on ART...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Julia H Goedecke, Asanda Mtintsilana, Siphiwe N Dlamini, Andre Pascal Kengne
Compared to global estimates, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest projected rates of increase in type 2 diabetes (T2D) over the next 25years. This is attributed to the ageing population, increasing urbanisation and the associated lifestyle changes. Although the prevalence does not differ by gender, deaths attributable to T2D in SSA are greater in women, likely due to differences in beliefs and access to care. Women in SSA also have greater risk factor burden for T2D than men, in particular obesity, which is explained in part by sociocultural factors...
January 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Emily M Erstine, Jennifer S Ko, Brian P Rubin, Jesse K McKenney, John R Goldblum, Steven D Billings
Sclerosing perineurioma is a rare perineurioma variant thought to occur almost exclusively in digits and palms, predominantly in young adult men. It clinically presents as a solitary slow-growing nodule, sometimes associated with prior trauma. Since 01/01/2000, our institution has received 5 cases in consultation of sclerosing perineurioma presenting in atypical locations. Four of 5 patients were women. The median age at presentation was 45 years (range, 31-62 years). Sites included dorsal tongue, anterior neck, mid upper back, forearm, and proximal anterior thigh...
September 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Kimberly K Trout, Carol J Homko, Lisa Wetzel-Effinger, Wadia Mulla, Ricardo Mora, Joanna McGrath, Lisa Basel-Brown, Angelina Arcamone, Parichehr Sami, Kepher H Makambi
The purpose of this study was to examine, through a randomized, controlled trial, the effects of a maternal carbohydrate-restricted diet on maternal and infant outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Women diagnosed with GDM were randomly allocated into one of two groups: an intervention group that was placed on a lower-carbohydrate diet (35-40% of total calories) or a control group that was placed on the usual pregnancy diet (50-55% carbohydrate). A convenience sample of participants diagnosed with GDM (ages 18-45 years) was recruited from two different sites: one urban and low-income and the other suburban and more affluent...
May 2016: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Leonardo S Roever, Elmiro S Resende, Angélica L D Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, Fernando C Veloso, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo M M Dourado, Antonio C P Chagas
Ectopic visceral fat (VF) and subcutaneous fat (SCF) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Gender differences in the correlations of cardiovascular disease risk factors and ectopic fat in the Brazilian population still lacking. Cross-sectional study with 101 volunteers (50.49% men; mean age 56.5 ± 18, range 19-74 years) drawn from the Uberlândia Heart Study underwent ultrasonography assessment of abdominal visceral adipose tissue with convex transducer of 3.5 MHz of frequency. The thickness of VF was ultrasonographically measured by the distance between the inner face of the abdominal muscle and the posterior face of abdominal aorta, 1 cm above the umbilicus...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mathias Steinach, Eberhard Kohlberg, Martina Anna Maggioni, Stefan Mendt, Oliver Opatz, Alexander Stahn, Josefine Tiedemann, Hanns-Christian Gunga
PURPOSE: Humans in Antarctica face different environmental challenges, such as low ultra-violet radiation, which is crucial for vitamin D production in humans. Therefore we assessed changes in 25-OH-vitamin D serum concentration during 13 months of overwintering at the German Stations Neumayer II and III (2007-2012). We hypothesized that (i) 25-OH-vitamin D serum concentration would significantly decrease, (ii) changes would be affected by age, gender, baseline (i.e. pre-overwintering) fat mass, baseline 25-OH-vitamin D serum concentration, and station residence, and (iii) our results would not differ from similar previous studies in comparable high latitudes...
2015: PloS One
Kufre Joseph Okop, Naomi Levitt, Thandi Puoane
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with excessive body fat among black African men and women living in rural and urban communities of South Africa. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, Cape Town, South Africa conducted in 2009/2010. The study sample included 1220 participants (77.2% women) aged 35-70 years, for whom anthropometric measurements were obtained and risk factors documented through face-to-face interviews using validated international PURE study protocols...
2015: PloS One
Pilar Ruiz-Cabello Turmo, Virginia Aparicio García-Molina, Ma del Mar Fernández Martínez, Natalia Moratalla Cecilia, Eva Gregorio Arenas, Pilar Aranda Ramírez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The overall intake of a cohort of middle aged women of Granada was studied along with their body composition, anthropometric and sociodemographic characteristics to evaluate if this population does really follow a Mediterranean Diet. METHODS: 206 women aged 53.3 ± 5.5 years old, were evaluated for their body composition, anthropometric and sociodemographic characteristics, dietary patterns, Mediterranean diet score and bone mineral density...
June 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Pattanee Winichagoon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the maternal and child nutrition situation in Asia in transition and its public health implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Countries in Asia are facing a double burden of malnutrition. Accessibility to high energy, less nutrient-dense foods or processed foods affects current dietary patterns, whereas industrialization is leading to more sedentary lifestyles both in rural and urban areas. Stunting and wasting among young children persist but have declined in severity, whereas overweight and obesity have risen rapidly...
May 2015: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Pascale Mutti Tacani, Danielle de Oliveira Ribeiro, Barbara Evelyn Barros Guimarães, Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Rogério Eduardo Tacani
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle, and edema is among these symptoms. Physiotherapy is often sought by many patients for the treatment of edema; however, for an adequate prescription of physiotherapeutic procedures, the distribution of edema throughout the body has yet to be characterized. OBJECTIVE: To determine the most frequent symptoms and body regions that present with edema in women during the premenstrual period...
2015: International Journal of Women's Health
Kailash Narasimhan, Smita Ramanadham, Rod J Rohrich
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated their experience with facial rejuvenation in the massive weight loss patient. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the senior author's (R.J.R) face-lift patients was conducted. Data on patient age and body mass index, surgical techniques used (when available), and intraoperative and postoperative complications were collected. RESULTS: Of the senior author's 25-year database of 1089 patients, 22 were identified (15 women and seven men)...
February 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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