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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833249/quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-poststroke-clinic-attendees-at-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-nigeria
#1
Osunwale Dahunsi Oni, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini, Victor O Olisah
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) measures are effective in quantifying disease burden after stroke, more so than levels of debility. The objective of this study is to determine QOL and associated factors of stroke survivors in Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy stroke survivors (study sample) and seventy stable hypertensive patients (control sample) attending clinics at a Nigerian hospital were recruited for the study. Respondents were assessed using sociodemographic/clinical questionnaires, modified mini-mental state examination, modified Rankin Scale, schedule for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry, and World Health Organization-QOL-BREF...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807085/-i-ll-be-in-a-safe-place-a-qualitative-study-of-the-decisions-taken-by-people-with-advanced-cancer-to-seek-emergency-department-care
#2
Lesley A Henson, Irene J Higginson, Barbara A Daveson, Clare Ellis-Smith, Jonathan Koffman, Myfanwy Morgan, Wei Gao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the decisions of people with advanced cancer and their caregivers to seek emergency department (ED) care, and understand the issues that influence the decision-making process. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative study incorporating semistructured patient and caregiver interviews. METHODS: Between December 2014 and July 2015, semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 people with advanced cancer, all of whom had recently attended the ED of a large university teaching hospital located in south-east London; and six of their caregivers...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658799/factors-affecting-whether-or-not-cancer-patients-consider-using-acupuncture
#3
Byeongsang Oh, Thomas Eade, Andrew Kneebone, Nick Pavlakis, Stephen Clarke, Guy Eslick, Jo River, Michael Back
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors associated with utilisation of an acupuncture service in a tertiary oncology setting in an Australian public hospital. METHOD: Cancer patients attending oncology clinics at a university teaching hospital were invited to participate in the evaluation of acupuncture services from June 2014 to May 2015. Patients had a prior diagnosis of cancer (albeit at different stages) and were planning to receive, or were already receiving, systemic and/or radiation cancer treatment...
September 22, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623725/spectrum-and-prevalence-of-thyroid-diseases-seen-at-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-sagamu-south-west-nigeria
#4
Babatunde Abayomi Salami, Olatunde Odusan, Henry Okuchukwu Ebili, Patrick Akintunde Akintola
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of goitrous swelling has reduced in Nigeria since the introduction of salt iodisation programme. Thyroid disorders are the second most common endocrine disorder after diabetes mellitus worldwide. They present to general outpatient, medical and surgical clinics accompanied by great anxiety and poor health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine and describe the spectrum of thyroid disorders seen at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital over a 10-year period...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362621/strategies-to-alleviate-anxiety-before-the-placement-of-a-stereotactic-radiosurgery-frame
#5
Ufuoma E Avbovbo, Susan J Appel
BACKGROUND: Patients scheduled for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) need the placement of a head frame for accurate treatment of brain metastases and other abnormalities in the brain. These patients frequently experience anxiety before frame placement. Although there is evidence that preprocedure education can alleviate anxiety, less is known about education for patients undergoing head frame placement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a preprocedure educational intervention can reduce/alleviate anxiety for patients undergoing head frame placement for SRS...
July 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344609/simlife-a-new-model-of-simulation-using-a-pulsated-revascularized-and-reventilated-cadaver-for-surgical-education
#6
P O Delpech, J Danion, D Oriot, J P Richer, C Breque, J P Faure
INTRODUCTION: Alike becoming a pilot requires competences, acquisition of technical skills is essential to become a surgeon. Halsted's theory on surgical education "See one, do one, and teach one" is not currently compatible with the reality of socio-economic constraints of the operating room, the patient's safety demand and the reduction of residents' work hours. MATERIEL AND METHODS: In all countries, this brings mandatory to simulation education for surgery resident's training...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091275/health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-predictors-among-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Su Wei Wan, Hong-Gu He, Anselm Mak, Manjari Lahiri, Nan Luo, Peter P Cheung, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Limited studies have examined the predictors of HRQoL among patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This study helped to ascertain the predictors of HRQoL from the pool of influencing factors identified by previous studies. AIM: This study investigated the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis and its predictors. METHODS: Using a descriptive correlational design, this study explored the relationship between HRQoL and pain, functional disability, anxiety, depression, medication adherence and social support...
May 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006040/a-new-strategy-in-nursing-education-from-hybrid-simulation-to-clinical-practice
#8
Füsun Terzioğlu, Çiğdem Yücel, Gülten Koç, Şahika Şimşek, Beril Nisa Yaşar, Fatma Uslu Şahan, Rabiye Akın, Simge Evrenol Öçal, Cansu Akdağ, Melih Elçin, Merve Mert, Sevda Yıldırım
BACKGROUND: Various instructional environments are used in nurse education to develop students' psychomotor and communication skills, reduce their anxiety levels, and enhance their satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of three different instructional environments on the development of the students' psychomotor and communication skills and their levels of anxiety and satisfaction. DESIGN: A prospective study design was used. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 60 nursing students...
April 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764290/burden-assessment-psychiatric-morbidity-and-their-correlates-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-intellectual-disability
#9
M S Bhatia, S Srivastava, P Gautam, R Saha, J Kaur
OBJECTIVE: Intellectual disability in a child places great stress on a family and caregiver and this leads to significant socio-occupational dysfunction and impaired quality of life for caregivers. This study aimed to assess socio-demographic characteristics, burden, and psychiatric morbidity of the caregivers of persons with intellectual disability, as well as to determine the variables that correlated with burden and psychiatric morbidity. METHODS: An observational study was carried out in an outpatient psychiatric unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in India from October 2014 to April 2015...
December 2015: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26653261/the-effect-of-counseling-on-cataract-patient-knowledge-decisional-conflict-and-satisfaction
#10
Paula Anne Newman-Casey, Sathya Ravilla, Aravind Haripriya, Vinoth Palanichamy, Manju Pillai, Vijayakumar Balakrishnan, Alan L Robin
PURPOSE: Cataract is the leading cause of non-refractive preventable blindness, and comprehensive strategies to increase cataract surgery rates are imperative, including high-quality supportive patient education. We evaluated the effectiveness of non-physician pre-surgical counselors teaching patients about cataract and cataract surgery in improving patient knowledge, decisional conflict, and satisfaction. METHODS: A survey was given before and after 61 newly-diagnosed cataract patients underwent pre-surgical counseling at the Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India...
2015: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26503028/oximetry-supported-self-management-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-mixed-method-feasibility-pilot-project
#11
Michele MacNab, Siew Hwa Lee, Lucy McCloughan, Janet Hanley, Brian McKinstry, Hilary Pinnock
BACKGROUND: Pulse oximetry could potentially contribute to self-monitoring. NHS Lothian's 'Light Touch' service provided COPD patients with a self-management plan based on symptoms and oximetry. The service was overseen (though not actively monitored) by respiratory-trained community teams who were contactable by a telephone helpline. We aimed to assess the feasibility, perceived utility and impact of the 'Light Touch' service. METHODS: A before-and-after assessment of St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and use of healthcare resources during the 6-month feasibility study compared to the previous corresponding 6-months...
October 26, 2015: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330438/benefit-to-family-members-of-delivering-hand-massage-with-essential-oils-to-critically-ill-patients
#12
Charlsea Prichard, Patricia Newcomb
BACKGROUND: In intensive care environments, patients' families are often encouraged to participate in their loved one's care; however, many family members feel anxious, depressed, and unsure about how to help patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the feasibility of teaching family members a simple intervention combining hand massage with essential oils in a trauma intensive care unit and (2) an effect size for use in designing a more powerful trial. METHOD: A quasi-experimental pilot study of the effect of a family-delivered touch treatment on anxiety and depression of family members of patients...
September 2015: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26261814/the-effect-of-problem-solving-and-decision-making-skills-on-tendency-to-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Elaheh Abazarian, M Teimourzadeh Baboli, Elham Abazarian, F Esteki Ghashghaei
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the most prevalent disease that has involved 177 million people all over the world and, due to this, these patients suffer from depression and anxiety and they should use special methods for controlling the same. The aim of this research is the study of the effect of problem solving and decision making skill on the rate of the tendency to depression and anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research is a quasi-experimental (case-control) study...
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26161749/helping-doctors-and-patients-make-sense-of-health-statistics
#14
Gerd Gigerenzer, Wolfgang Gaissmaier, Elke Kurz-Milcke, Lisa M Schwartz, Steven Woloshin
Many doctors, patients, journalists, and politicians alike do not understand what health statistics mean or draw wrong conclusions without noticing. Collective statistical illiteracy refers to the widespread inability to understand the meaning of numbers. For instance, many citizens are unaware that higher survival rates with cancer screening do not imply longer life, or that the statement that mammography screening reduces the risk of dying from breast cancer by 25% in fact means that 1 less woman out of 1,000 will die of the disease...
November 2007: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26120337/effect-of-stress-inoculation-training-on-the-levels-of-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-patients
#15
Fahimeh Kashani, Parisa Kashani, Maryam Moghimian, Mahsa Shakour
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a broad group (over 270 types) of diseases. This disease, like other chronic diseases, occurs in all ages and ethnic groups, and is considered as a major health problem. Stress is one of the most important psychological factors influencing the occurrence of physical diseases, and can lead to severe anxiety, depression, and negative effects on health. It can also make individuals vulnerable to physical diseases, and in the long term, leads to death. This study was conducted to determine the effect of inoculation training on stress, anxiety, and depression in cancer patients...
May 2015: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26092195/effects-of-natural-sounds-on-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-patients-receiving-mechanical-ventilation-support
#16
Vahid Saadatmand, Nahid Rejeh, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Sayed Davood Tadrisi, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Sue Jordan
Nonpharmacologic pain management in patients receiving mechanical ventilation support in critical care units is under investigated. Natural sounds may help reduce the potentially harmful effects of anxiety and pain in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of pleasant, natural sounds on self-reported pain in patients receiving mechanical ventilation support, using a pragmatic parallel-arm, randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted in a general adult intensive care unit of a high-turnover teaching hospital, in Tehran, Iran...
August 2015: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25894249/technical-outcome-of-root-canal-treatment-on-permanent-teeth-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P Clarke, A D C Jones, F Jarad, S Albadri
AIM: The aim was to assess the technical quality of root canal treatment conducted in paediatric patients. No specific data is available assessing endodontic treatment quality in children. General adult populations report satisfactory technical quality between 12.8 and 55.7 %, with higher rates by endodontists (77.4-91.0 %). METHODS: Radiographs of 100 chronological cases, conducted by staff (categorised as; junior staff, middle grades or consultants) in a UK teaching hospital, were evaluated retrospectively...
October 2015: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25865587/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-in-hiv-aids-patients-aged-15-25-years-at-aminu-kano-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#18
Shehu Sale, Muktar Gadanya
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with depression in HIV/AIDS patients aged 15-25 years in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. METHOD: The study is descriptive and cross-sectional, and was carried out over a period of 16 weeks at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. The study population included HIV/AIDS patients in the age bracket admitted into the hospital's medical wards, and those attending the HIV/AIDS clinic...
December 2008: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25833074/developing-clinical-skills-in-paediatric-dysphagia-management-using-human-patient-simulation-hps
#19
Elizabeth C Ward, Anne E Hill, Rebecca L Nund, Anna F Rumbach, Katie Walker-Smith, Sarah E Wright, Kris Kelly, Pamela Dodrill
PURPOSE: The use of simulated learning environments to develop clinical skills is gaining momentum in speech-language pathology training programs. The aim of the current study was to examine the benefits of adding Human Patient Simulation (HPS) into the university curriculum in the area of paediatric dysphagia. METHOD: University students enrolled in a mandatory dysphagia course (n = 29) completed two, 2-hour HPS scenarios: (a) performing a clinical feeding assessment with a medically complex infant; and (b) conducting a clinical swallow examination (CSE) with a child with a tracheostomy...
June 2015: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25665671/development-organisation-and-implementation-of-a-surgical-skills-boot-camp-simweek
#20
REVIEW
Pritam Singh, Rajesh Aggarwal, Philip H Pucher, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of increased mortality and reduced efficiency in hospitals due to the annual changeover of junior doctors. This paper describes a framework to develop an intensive simulated week that will recreate experiences and situations that junixor surgical interns will likely face in their first weeks after graduation. METHODS: To provide evidence-based recommendations, a systematic review of published literature using the keywords 'surg*', 'boot', 'camp' was performed...
July 2015: World Journal of Surgery
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